HAEVESTEE.—R. M. Williams, Rockville, Md.-This invention consists in atta'ching the finger bars and platforms to the framework of the machine in such a manner that said finger barS and platforms may rotate about a common center in a horizontal plane. HoRSE-PowER.—Geo. W. Moyers, Gordonsville, Va.-This invention consists in arranging the line shaft under the power wheel in such manner that the former may be vertically adjusted with reference to the latter, without removing the power wheel, or in any manner interfering with it. COTTON AND HAY PRESS.—Wm. C. Banks, Como Depot, Miss.-This invention relates to an improved arrangement for operating the movable supporting block, and an improvement in the construction and application of the metallic plates attached to said movable beam against which the rotating screw nut bears. COTTON CHOPPER AND SCEAPER—H. B. Cage, Madison Station, Miss.-The object of this invention is to provide for public use a simple and cheap cotton chopper and scraper, so constructed that the chopper shaft can be conveniently removed and the instrument then used either as a scraper or ordinary plow. FIRE-PROOF PAINT.-Emil Kunzendorf, New York city.-This invention tion relates to a new composition, which, when applied to wood or other combustible matter, will render the same comparatively fire-proof. The invention is applicable to all buildings, and all combustible matter, as a roof paint, and wherever fire-proof qualities are required. SUPPORTING BARS FOE VEHICLES.-James B. Brewster, Flushing, N. Y.- This invention has for its object so to strengthen all kinds of supporting bars for wheeled vehicles and sleighs—that is to say, axle beds, bolsters, fellies, and sleigh runners, that the same will not be liable to split or break. nor to yield in the direction in which the greatest strain is applied. MACHINE FOE PLANING AND MoLDiNG—Frank Douglas, Norwich Town, eonn.—The object of this invention is to provide for public ui'le a machine for planing and molding, in which the several parts are more perfectly and readily adjustable than heretofore,so that it can be operated with increased convenience, while, at the same time, it is adapted to a greater variety of work. COMBINED PIPE TONGS AND WEENCH.—V. K. McElheny, Pittsburgh, Pa.- This invention consists in combining with a main stem, having a fixed jaw at one extremity and a handle at the other, a movable iaw, held by a band upon one side of said stem, and a lever, with a sliding fulcrum, for operating said movable jaw, upon the opposite side of said stem. FOLDING CHAIRS—E. W. Vaill, Worcester, Mass—This invention consists in attaching rigid arms, pivoted at both ends, directly to the rigid seat of a folding chair, when such seat has slots in its siaes for the reception of pins in the upper ends of the short legs, so as to allow the latter and the rigid seat to be folded back compactly against the back posts of the chair. BINDING ATTACHMENT FOE REAPING MACHINES.—J. H. Mudgett, Caman- che, Iowa—The object of this invention is to provide a simple and efficient binding attachment for reaping machines, which will secure the grain from the reaper and present it, in bunches or gavels. to the attendant, and place the binding cord in a convenient position, to enable him to tie it quickly and discharge the sheaves, so bound, into a carrying rack, where they are retained until a sufficient number accumulates to form a shock,when they may all be discharged together by the pulling of a trip catch. HYDRANT AND STOP-COCK RoDs.-Henry Rausch, Brooklyn, N. Y.-This nvention has for its object to furnish an improved hydrant and stop-cock rod, which shall be so constructed and arranged as not to be liable to be detached when removing the key, and at the same time stronger and not so liable to be eatenaway by rust and broken as when constructed in the ordinary manner. HAMES FASTENER—A. J. Tompkins and J. M. Wegand. ClarKsville, Iowa. —Thisinvention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and reliable adjustable hames fastener, designed especially for fastening the lower ends of the hames, but which nlay be used with equal facility for fastening the upper ends of said hames. COMBINED SEED SOWER AND Cui,TivATOR.—John W. Doud, Ward's Corners, Iowa.—This invention has for its object to combine with the improved cultivator, patented by the same inventor January 7, 1868, and numbered 73,173, a broadcast seed-sowing attachment, which shall be simple in construction, and so constructed and arranged as to do its work accurately and well. BASE-BURNING STovE.-Robert Batting, Albany, N. Y.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved base-burning stove, or heater, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to furnish a greater amount of heat from the same or a less quantity offuel than is possible with stoves constructed in the ordinary manner. WHEELBARROW.—Peter Noling, Woodsids, Wig—This invention has for its object to furnish an. improved barrow, which shall be so constructed and arranged that a much greater amount of work may be done in the same time, and with greater ease than when an ordinary barrow is used, and which shall, at the same time, be simple in construction and effective in operation. CAR CoupLiNG.—James A. Morrison, Brady's Bend, Pa.-This invention has for its object to furnish an improved car coupling, strong and simple in construction, effective in operation, conveniently operated, and not liable to break or get out of order. IIAY TEDDEE.-J. K. Collins, Hartford, Vt.-This invention las for its object to furnish a simple and convenient machine for teeming hay, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to operate the tedding forks with a movement similar to the movement cf the fork when the hay is being tedded by hand. WATER WREEL.—V. M. Baker, Preston, Minn.-This invention has for its object to improve the construction of horizontal water wheels 80 as to make them more efficient in operation, enabling them to utilize a larger proportion of the water, and bring them more fully under the control of the operator. PROCESS FOE MANUFACTURING “,VooL INTO ALL KINDS OF COLORS AND GOODS WITHOUT THE USE OF OIL OR GREASE IN CARDING AND SPINNING- J. Saxton and B. Saxton, Sumner, Ill—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved process, by the use of which wool n..ay be manufactured into yarn and cloth ,vithout the use of oil or grease, so that the work may all the time be clean and the cloth ready for market when taken from the loom. PEAT MACIIINE—John S. Kelly, New York city.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective machine for scraping, condensing, and partially drying peat upon the bed and without removing it therefrom, thereby enabling the peat to be prepared for market at trifling expense. VELOCIPEDE.—McClintoclc Young, Frederick, Md.—This invention relates to a new manner of constructing the frame, or reach, the steering frame, the saddle, and the brake of a velocipede, for the purpose of producing a light instrument fully as strong and reliable as the heavy machines now in use. BRIDLE BIT.—C. M. Huckins, Johnsbury, Vt.—This invention relates o a new bridle bit for horses, which shall be so constructed that it may be used as a straight rigid bit or as a power bit, when driving or riding an unruly or hard-mouthed horse, and which shall be so constructed as to give he rider or driver full control over the horse. DENTISTS' GRINDING WHEEI..—John K. Merrick, Odell, 111—This invention relates to improvements in grinding wheels, tor dentists' use, for grinding and polishing teeth. It consists in the construction of such wheels of glass, and in a peculiar form calculated to promote the efficiency thereof, CONSTRUCTION OF CARS—M. C. Lawless, Montana, Iowa.—This invention relates to improvements in the attachment of the timbers of cars which support the drawheads to the permanent stringing, the object of which is to afford a ready means of detaching them for repairs. ROOF SCAFFOLD BRACKET.—S. Clough, Monmouth, Maine—This inven- tionrelates to a new and useful improvement in brackets for scaffolds on roofs. LuBRiCAToR—Carl August Baumgart, Allegheny City, Pa.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in lubricators, or “ oilers,” whereby theyare rendered more sure in their operation and more useful than they have hitherto been. COMPOUND FOE ROADWAYS, PAVEMENTS, ETC.-Russell Fisk, New York city.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in compounds, to be used in connection, by admixture, with sand, gravel, broken stone, cinders, and other like matters, for the construction of sidewalks, pavements, till, brick, and artificial stone. WAT.FR TWEER.—Eaward Davidson, Boston, Mass—This invention relates to improvements in water tweers, designed to provide a simple. cheap, and efficient arrangement; also, an adaptation of the same for connection directly to the water tank, or for detachment and use separated and moved away from it, as is sometimes required by the fnature of the work in hand. MEDiCATEDCiGARS.—Louis Walther,New York city.—This nvention relates to improvements in cigars, and it consists in imparting an improved flavor to them, and in expelling the nicotine by steeping the tobacco leaves previous tto being formed into cigars, in a [liquor formed of vegetable substances. HAY OR COTTON PREss.—James A. McGillivrae and C. O. Wheeler, Matte- son, Ill—This invention eonsists of an arrangement in a case, adapted in shape and size for occupying that position on a wagon of an ordinary wagon box, of a sliding plunger operated by racks and pinions, receiving and discharging passages and doors and door fastenJ;lgs. Also, of adjustable ends and walls for the chamber, in which the finished bale is inclosed. RAKING, LOADING, AND ELEVATING APPARATUS.-Cbarles P. Hale, Calhoun, Ky.—This invention relates to improvements in raking, or gathering, loading, and elevating apparatus for hay, straw, sand, and other substances to be gathered from the ground for loading, transporting, and elevating to a stack, building, or other place. It consists in an improved arrangement on a truck ofa ra^, or gathering instrument, which also delivers the substance gathered into a rack, and a receiving and delivering or elevating rack with connecting and tripping gear for a hoisting apparatus. CASTING HOLLOW ARTICLES.—J. Brunner, New York city.—This invention consists in forming the hollow castings by the employment of chill molds, made in two parts, with large openings from the exterior to the molds at one side, and smaller air-escaping passages from the opposite siq,s, which molds are plunged into the molten metal from which the castings are to be made, with the said large openings downward and the smaller oneR upward, so that the metal will flow in freely to the molds and become chilled against the suriace of the molds and solidified sufficiently to form the exterior shell of the article required. The flask or mold is then raised vertically out of the molten metal to allow the central part not solidified to flow out, leaving the castings hollow. They are then removed from the molds in the usual way. VISE AND DRiLL.—Otis Dean, Richmond, Va.—This invention relates to improvements in the construction ofthevise and drill, recently patented by the inventor, in which improved device the fixed jaw is made use of as the stock of the drill spindle, the movable jaw as the table and support of the articles to be drilled, and the vise serves as the feed screw. The present invention comprises an improved arrangement of the vertical adjusting spindle of the support for the jaws, and the adaptation of the feeding or visescrew for operation, either by the ordinary viselever or by the crank used for turning the drive spindle ; also, certain improvements in the connection of the vise screw and the drill spindle withthe fixed jaw. MACHINE FOR WIRING BLIND RoDs.-John Holzberger, Newark, N. J.- This invention relates to a new machine for forcing wire staples into the rods of window blinds, and also into the slats of the same. The invention consists in the arrangement of double-detaining plates, which serve to separate the several staples as the same slide down on an inclined plate. STIRRUP.—C. R. Van Osdel, Chicago, Ill—This invention has for its object to construct a stirrup, which will form a support for the whole foot, which can be adjusted for any length of foot, and which will swing around to release the foot in case the rider is thrown. HORSE HAY FoRK.-David P. Stewart, Spruce Creek, Pa.—This invention consists in the arrangement. upon a straight pointed stock, to which the elevating rope is attached, of a set ofjointed hooks capable of closing with the point of the stock to be forced into the hay, and then opening to hold the hay, and a set of gathering and holding hooks, connected together by slides parallel with the stock and operated simultaneously by setting and tripping levers. CAR COUPLING.—A. H. Clark, Otisville, Mich.—The object of this inven. tion is to provide a safe and durable coupling for railroad cars, one which shall couple automatically and. be sure in its operation. REAPING AND MOWING MACHINES.—E. M. Birdsall, Penn Yan, N. Y.— This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in fastening the knives or cutters to the cutter bars of reaping and mowing machines. CRIBS AND CEADLES.—L. A. Chichester, Poughkeepsie,N. Y.—This invention relates to an improvement in cribs and cradles for children and dolls, whereby they are made cheaper, handsomer, and more durable, than when made in the ordinary manner. FRICTION MATCHES.—W. H. Rogers, New York city.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement infrictionmatches, and it consists in coating the match below the igniting end with an inflammable composition. HOISTING APPARATUS.—W. M. Howland and G. L. Howland, Topsham, Me.—This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for hoisting heavy weights , pulling stumps, and the like, by hand power, and consists in the application to one of the legs of a tripod, which is detachably com nected,to the other two by a hook,having a double shank which is separated for attachment to the said leg, so as to provide a space between the end of thelegandthehook for the same, of a pair of ratchet wheels on a.chain, winding shaft, a pair of pawlf:, connecting rods, operating lever, and a device for throwing the pawls out of action with the catch wheels, under an arrangement whereby the stones or other weights may be raised or lowered, by the distance of one or more notches of the ratchet wheels at each movement of the lever. COMBINED TABLE AND CRADLE.—E. A. 'Goodes, Philadelphia, Pa.—This invention consists of a circular or other formed table top, the under half of one side of which is detachable, a set of semi-clliptical legs, and a circular brace connected to the legs at the center, made i^wo parts and brought together,;all so arranged as to be readily adjusted to the conditions of either a table or cradle. FASTENING BOLT NUTS.—W. C. Mason, Beaver Falls, Pa—The'object of this invention is to provide means of preventing the turning off of saw nuts from their bolts. COMPENSATING OR EQUILIBRIUM SPRING.—Charles Shea, Newark, N. J. —The object of this invention is to provide meansfor avoiding the jar and inconvenience on carriages and railroad cars, and for economizing springs on the same. The invention consists chiefly in providing compensating springs in connection with the ordinary springs of carriages, cars, locomotives, etc., the said compensating springs being so arranged that they act in an opposite direction to the main springs. DRAFT BARS FOR VEHICLES.—J. B. Brewster, Flushing, N. Y—THE* object of this invention is to so strengthen the draft bars, that is to say, the whiffletrees, evener bars, pole yokes, poles, and shafts, of all wheeled vehicles and sleighs, that the same will be greatly strengthened in the direction In which the greatest strain is applied. MACHINE FOE MAKING COP TUBEs.—Henry and James Douglas, Glasgow, Scotland—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in machinery for making cop tubes, whereby it is designed to provide more, efficient machines than those now in use. The invention consist:; in a new and improved arrangement of forming rollers, a forming mandrel, and a, finishing bruEh. BAKING AND DRYING STOVE.—F. S. Reefy and S. M. Zent, Roanoke, Ind. —This invention relates to improvements in baking and drying stoves,. whereby it is designed to provide an attachment to a cast iron stove which may be used for drying fruit or baking, with great facility, and. which will utilize the heat as much as possible. IMmmum to' (tewpMMtg.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 21, 18, 284 (October 1869)