Under this heading we shall puilish weekly notes of same of the more prominent home and foreign patents. EG G BEATEE, ETC.—H. G. Fougen and A. C. Fougen, Cape Girardeau,Mo, —This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine for beating eggs, churning, mixing liquids, and other similar uses, which shall be simple in construction and effective in opeiation. SAD inoN.—lYI. W. Montgomery and E. H. '.Votaw, Springfield, Mass.— This invention has for his object to fiirnish an improved su.d iron, which t hall be so constructed and arranged that the handle may be readily attached and detached for convenience in heating and using the sad Irons. ExFANDiNGPLOW.—A.W.Wi1kinB and S. T. "Eskridge, Eome.Ga .-This invention has [or its object to improve the construction of expanding plows in such a way that the standards may be moved to"\vard and from each other squarely, and in such a way that the pitch of the plows may be adjusted as required. ICE PlTCHERS, E'rc.—Kingston Goddard, Eichmond, N.Y.—This invention has for its object tofurnish a simple, neat, durable, light, and inexpensive jce pitcher, which shall hp.ve all the beauty and durability of a solid silver pitcher, and may be manufactured at trifling cost. SINGH OE BELLY-BAND FASTENER FOK RIDING AND PACK SADDLES ...C.H. H0rne,ASt0ria, Oregon.—This invention has for its object to furnishan im. proved fastener for sinching: up riding and pa.ck saddles, which shall be Bimple in construction and convenient and effective in use. SEED PLANTEK.—John M. Shaw, Water Valley, Mis.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved seed planter, designed more particularly for planting cotton and corn, which will open the furrow, drop the seed and coTer it, leaving the top of the ridge rounded and smoothed off, and which may be easily adjusted for planting either klnd of seed. DiTomNG MACiiiNE.—J. W. Weston and M. H. Weston,Windsor, 111.— This inventi0n has for its object to furnish a simple. convenient, and effective machine for digging ditches, grading roads, raising hedge rows, and similar uses. BED FASTEKING.—Nickolas Zins, Evansville, Ind.—This invention has for its object -1;o furnish a simple, strong, durable, and convenient fastening for connecting the rails to the posts of a bedstead, and one which shall be so constructed as to be held securely in place without screws or other fastenings. COMBINED EAKE.WEEDEE.AND SMOOTHEK.—A. F. Duckwitz, New York city.—ThiS invention has for its object to furnish an improved instrument, which shall be so constructed as to adapt it for use as a ;rake, as a weeder for cutting oft' the weeds in walks andotherplaces, and as a smoother for smo0thing off the surface after it has been properly raked. rMBEELLA AND DEESS SUSPENDER.-Messrs. McDougall and Eden, Manchester, Eng.—Thls invention relates to a new umbrella and suspender. It is made in the following manner : A piece of elastic cord, rather longer than would be required for a dress suspendermerely is employed; the ends are connected in any suitable manner, when it is placed round the waist. A metai plate is then provided. in whieh eight holes are pierced in a line, and near to eacli other. The elastic cord is thenpassedbackward and forward through these holes alternately, leaving a loop of the same between the two center holes. This loop forms the umbrella suspender, and maybe lcngthened or shortened by drawing the elastic cord through theholes. A button or tassel is attached to the loop, for facility for urawing out or ex-p.anding the loop when the umbrella is removed from it. ADJUSTABLE BENCH CLAMP.—O. L. Fenner, Rochester, N. Y.—The inventor has constructed a new adjustable bench clamp, to be used by carpenters and other mechanics. VELOCIPEDE.—Charles A. Maynard, St. Louis, Mo.—This Invention relates to a new three-wheeled velocipede, which is propelled by the weight of the rider, placed alternately upon one of two oscillating frames, so that the rider may, by alternately sitting down and standing- up, impart the requisite motion to the vehicle. VELOCIPEDE.-S. M. BaUcy, Cottage Grove, Minn.—This invention relates to a new velocipede, which is to be lighter, easiermade, cheaper, and more substantial than those heretofore in use. COMBINED SEEDER, ROLLEK, AND DKAG.—John V. B. France, Boscobel. Wis.—This invention relates to a new agricultural implement, which is so constructed that it willserve to scatter the seed on the ground and to work the same into the soil, all by one operation. PHOTOGEAFHIC PRINTING APPAEATUS.—L. J. Marcy, Newport, R. I.—This invention relates to a. new instrument for printing- photographic pictures, on, more particularly, transparencies by the aid of artificial light. Such plates are used as slides for magic lanterns and other purposes. The invention consists of a lamp of novel construction, placed into a frame, or case, so that the Eght will be projected towards the negative through a narrow aperture of the case. The invention consists, also, in the general arrangement and construction of the aforesaid case or frame. Ops1t.A.TiNG GRINDSTONE .—Hamilton Pray, Sharon, Conn.—This invention relates to a new and Improved mode of operating revolving grindstones, whereby one person is enabled to turn or revolve the stone and to hold the article to be .ground. DUPLEX DOUBLE SIPHON FORCE PUMP.—Samuel B. B. Nowlan, C.E., New York city.—Thisinvention relates to new and important improvements in force pumps for raising and forcing water. TELEGRAPH WIRE IN8ULAT0E.~W. D. Gu.seman and E. C. Bright, Mor-gantown. Va.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in insulators for telegraph wires. CONDENSING VALVE.—Charles Hughes, Yng Flor De Cuba, Colen, Cuba. —This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in valves for spreading and spraying the water in jet and surface condensers. Co:liBiNED JET AND SURFACE CONDENSEE.—Charlea Hughes,Yng Flor De Cuba, Colen, Cuba.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in condensing vessels, whereby they may be used for either jet or surface condensation, so as to use the water for the boiler supply, or as injection water, or for other purposes. MAONE FOE TURNING WOODEN WARE.—John C. Bryant and A. W. Turner, Gardner, Mass.—This invention relates to a new and useful machine for turning and squaring the ends of wooden pails, tubs, kegs, and other wooden ware. PRESERVING EGGS AND OTHER ARTICLEB.-Mrs. S. Bruner, Marshall, Mo. —This invention relates to a new and useful invention and discovery, whereby eggs may be kept perfectly good and sound for an indefinite period of time. AuTOMATio BoiLEK FEEDEK.—Silas Cook, Magnolia, lowa.—'l'his invention relates to a new and important improvement in the method of supplying stenm boilers with water, whereby a uniform hight of water in the boiler is automatically maintained. HiNGE.—Louis Friihinsfeld, Newark, N. J.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in hinges for hanging the covers of trunks and chests, and for all purposes, to which the ordinary butt hinge is adapted, but which is more especially designed for trunks and similar articles. STEM-WINDING WATCI.—Edward Bourquin, New York city.—This invention relates to various improvements in the setting, winding, and entire working apparatus of watches, and consists in the construction of the various devices pertaining thereto, with an object of obtaining greater power with less friction than could heretofore be produced, and also to provide far greater facility of controlling the whole movement. ScHooIJ DESK AND SEAT.—B. W. Arnold, Des Moines, lowa.—This invention relates Jo improvements in combined desks and seats for use in schools. such as have the desks arranged upon the backs of the frames for the seats, and are arranged for folding the seats up and desks down. The invention consists in certain improvements in the hinge joints for both the seat andthe desk. HAY ELEVATING FOKK.—Samuel G. Simpson, Mill Creek, Pa.—This invention consists in the attachment to the suspending yoke, which is pivoted to the outside tines, about one third of the distance from the head towards the points of a curvedbar and spring tripping catch, which work through a slot in the handle, the spring catch engaging with the handle to hold the fork in the position for elevating a load ; also,of a curved suspending bar, projecting in the opposite direction towards the point of these teeth, and which, when the suspending yoke is set for elevating, is thrust forward into the hay on the tines in a manner to hold the same from slipping off. MACHINERY FOR PROPELLING CARS AND BOATS.—G. T. Beauregard, New Orleans, La.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in machinery and apparatus for propelling cars, and other vehicles, on land, and boats on canals or rivers, by means of overhead wire, or other rope deriving motion from stationary engines, or other power, at intervals: along the route. PLow.—P.Burns, Indiana, Pa.—This invention relates to improvements in cast iron or steel plows,and consists in forming the mold board, landside,and point or spreader in separate parts, and joining them together by bolts; also,in dovetailing the point or spreader to the uloldboard in a. manner to sustain the shocks caused by the points striking large stones, and other obstructions, in a way to relieve the bolts by which the point is connected to the moldboard, of the strain of such shocks. The object of forming the plows in the several parts, as stated, Is to make the work of molding more simple and easy than When cast together. APPARATUS FOR COOKING.—This invention consists of a vessel, having a jacket or inner lining of tin, or other proper metal. The jacket has a nozzle or lip, and being filled with water, is placed on the "fire ; by this means the inner space or compartment of thejacketed vessel is heated with dry heat, and so adapted as to receive a partially roasted joint ofmeat, or any other substance requiring to be completely cooked. The whole of this apparatus is inclosed in a vessel which is covered with some substance which is a bad conductor of heat, and is termed by the in ventor a heat retainer. By this combination a great saving of heating material is effected, and the meat Is never rendered hard, as Is often the case in the ordinary methods of cooking. HYDRAULIC CEMENT, OH ARTIFICIAL STONE .—This invention consists in the production of an hydraulic cement, which may be white or tinted, and which perfectly resists the action of water, and is suitable for ornamental purposes for the decoration of buildings. The principal components of this compound are lime, silica, and alumina,the two latter being extracted from refractory clays. In order to bring about theformation of the double silicate of lime and alumina, sulphuric and boracic acid are added in small quantities. The proportions of the constituents are varied, as the cement is required to set slowly or more quickly. For producing the cements the substances in an anhydrous state are employed in the following proportions : Fat lime of first quality..........fi"956 to 74-6.55.5 per cent by weight Ef.fractory clay...:.................2?182 to 43-889 " " fiulplmte of limti.................. 4-7r.7 t.o 9-055 U H Boracic acid........................ 0-105 to 0-401 " The cements formed between these limits vai-ylng iii'the rapidity with which they set, hut are of equal quality, and attain in the course of time the same degree of hardness. The substances are mixed after being ground to a. fine powder, they are then made into bricks with water, and are baked at a white heat ; after this theyara reduced to an Impalpable powder. This powder, mixed with water, is tnen used as the cement, either plain or colored, and can be molded as required. The inventor is M. Jules Antoine Dubus, of Paris. CLOTHES LINES.—P. C. Johnson, Central City, Col.—This Invention has for its object to do away with the props or sticks commonly used to support clothes lines at or near the middle . to prevent them from hanging too low. DOUBLE SUPPLY ATTACHMENT TO PUMPS.—D. F. Dodge, Lowville, N. Y. —The object of this invention is to provide a device by means of which water or other liquids can from either one of two reservoirs be guided to one pump. The invention will be particularly useful iu households, where the same pump can be used to obtain water from a well and from a cistern, as' may be desired. The invention consists in the application of a plug within a chamber, which communicates with the suction pipe of the pump, andwith the two supply pipes leading to the two reservoirs. The plug has two apertures through it ; either one of which can be brought in communication with the suction pipe. One aperture will connect one suppy pipe and the other aperture the other supply pipe with the pump. A slight turn of the plug will therefore serve to bring either the cistern or well into connection with the pump. BEDSTEAD FEAME.—J. N. Farnham, Hartford, Conn.—This invention relates to a new frame for single and double bedsteads, which are provided with elastic or flexible sheets for the support of tlie bedding. The inven-ion consists in the use of slotted or double inclined end pieces in which the ends of the fabric are clamped, and in the employment of longitudinally adjustable standarils to which the said end pieces are secured. By this arrangement the fabric is securely held and can be stretched or slack-eUed at will. BOOK AND MUSIC STAND.—Edward Conley, Cincinnati, Ohio.—This invention relates to a new book or mu.sic stand whicb is adjustable in every re.. spect,so that it can be set at any suitable hight, and in any desired position to suit the position of the reader, and which can also be used as a nursery table, and for other purposes. SUBMARINE TELEGRAPH CABLES.—M. G. Farmer, Boston, MasfI.—This invention consists in combining a strengthening wire or wires with the cen tral electrical conductor or conductors; thus dispensing with the use of strengthening wires upon the exterior of the insulating substance. MILLSTONE DEESS.—John Fairclough, St. Joseph, Mo.—The object ofthis invention is to provide an arrangement of the furrows, or " dress " of mill.. s tones, whereby the draft will be greatest at the eyes, where the grinding movement of the surfaces is less, gradually diminishing towards the periphery as the movement of the said surfaces increases. STEAM PUMPS.—W. W. Gilbert, New York city.—This invention relates to improvements in steam pumps, and has for its object to provide certain improvements in the arrangement of the steam piston, for cheapening the construction and simplifying the adaptation of the same for use, in opening and closing the parts of a steam actuated piston valve ; also to provide certain improvements in the construction of the pump valves. CLOVER AND FLAX THRASHING MACHINE.—S.H. Lintan, Burrows, Ind.— This invention relates to improvements in machines for thrashing and separating clover and fiax, and has for its object to provide a more simple and cheap machine than those now in use. It consists of an improved construction of the teeth or beaters and its case ; and also of an improved arrangement of the separating devices. STAYS AND CORSET .—H. A. Lyman, London, England.—The object ofthis invention is to provide a well-fitting and convenient corset SEWINGMACHINE FAN.—D. W. Glassie.—This invention relates to a device which may be attached to the balance wheel of a sewing machine, or in any suitable manner to an actuating wheel driven by any convenient power, and is provided with fans which may be caused simply to rotate, or to have a compound motion, reciprocating and rotary ; and it consists in a certain combination of mechanical means for operating the fans, whereby a lady can operate the sewing machine and fan herself simultaneously, without being sensible of the greater exertion of power she is required to make. BED SPRING.—F. J. Gardner, Washington, N. C.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and very elastic bed spring, PLOW.—C. C. Ansley, Americus, Ga.—This invention has for its object to furnish a light, simple, convenient, and effective plow, and one which may be easily made, and will be of light draft. DOUBLE TAPERED PLATE FOE THE MATERIAL OF BLANKS FOE CULTIVATOR TEETH, ETC.—W. H. Singer, Pittsburgh, Pa.—This invention consists in a plate of the proper metal, run between rolls of such shape as to give it the required double transverse taper, such plate being of any desired or practicable length, and serving as the material out ofwhich blanks may be cu t for immediate formation into shovels, plows, or cultivator teeth. ROLLING MACHINE AND PRODUCT.—W. H. Singer, Pittsburgh, Pa...Thi8 invention consists in placing tapering rolls upon shafts for the,purpose of producing beveled edges upon agricultural and other toolsi-euch edges having heretofore been produced by hammering or grinding, and in combining with such tapering heads a sliding rest for supporting the blankij while going througli the beveling operation. SPRING BED BOTTOM.-Peter W.Kniskern, Ft.Smith, Ark.—Thi8 invention relates to improvements in spring-bed bottoms, the object of which is to produced an improved spring bed bottom, and to construct the same wholly, or mostly, of wood. and in a simple and inexpensive manner. FEED-WATEE HEATEE.—John Fairclough, St. Joseph, Mo,—The object of invention is to provide feed-water heaters for steam boilers,having greater heating capacity, and adapted, also, for filtering the water, and to have great condensing capacity for returning the steam, as feed water, for iise where the feed water is not always abundant, and particularly adapted for portable traction engines. BRIDGE.—Samuel Ensign, NewFranklin, Ohio,—The essential feature of this Invention consSts in . the conatruction and arrangement of the chords, which aremade up of bars or slabs ofeither rolled or castmetal,bolted together, and so shaped as to permit them to be cheaply formed and joined together. Another part of the invention consists in the arrangement of the braces, suspension rods, and posts, and the supporting blocks for the same. FLUE CLEANER.—John Fairclough, St. Joseph, Mo.—This invention relates to an improved arrangement of pointed metallic tubes for taking steam from the steam dome, or other part of the boiler, and discharging- it in jets into the flues of the boiler for forcing out the collections of soot and other matters in them, and scouring the surfaces of the flues, the arrangement being such that the nozzle may be directed against all parts of the said surfaces.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign patents" in Scientific American 21, 25, 396 (December 1869)