Railway Appliances. Car Fender.—Theodore Coeheu, Brooklyn, N. Y. The platform of this fender, covered with WIre netting, is pivotally held in brackets under the forward end of the car, the fender extending forward horizontally at a Rlight distance above the track. At the front end of the femier, and extending somewhat beyond It, is a guard rail, with rearwardly extending side rods, which are adapted to be pushed inward by an object C' jning in contact with the gnard rall, and a catch is time released by which the fender is dropped down npon the track, the lower side of the fender having shoes adapted to ride npon the rails. The fender may also be dropped to its lowermost position by the motorman or gripman pressing upon a foot lever. Car Coupling.James D. McDonald, Port Morien, Canada. This is a coupling adapted to couple with another one like itself or with the old fash ioned link and pin coupling, holding the link in a man ner to guide it accurately into an opposing coupling, and the link being automatically faRtened. Spring buffers are arranged to take up part of the shock and prevent a link from being badly bent, and the device automatically sounds a gong or alarm when a coupling is made or the cars are uncoupled. Cattle Guard. Harvey M. Jack, Palestine, Texas. This improvement compri8es sections of metallic frames and plates secured between the rails and along each side of the track, to guard a gap in the fence and keep cattle off the track, the plates having pricking points designed to prick the legs of the stock at or above the top of the hoof. Adjacent to the points or prongs are inclined surfaces on which the feet of stork will slide to bring the prongs in contact with their legs. Electrical. Measuring Instrument. Herschel C. Parker, Brooklyn, N. Y. To accurately indicate the volts and amperes of an electric current thIS inventor provides a coil of wire pivotally mounted between the poles of a permancnt magnet, and adapted to move an index moving over a scale gradnated to indicate eitber volts or amperes, or both. The coil is adapted to be placed in circuit with a resistance, to ascertain the voltage of a current, and to ascertain the amperage it is in cluded in a shunt or branch circuit from the main cir cuit, the resistance being then cut out of circuit with the coil. Time Alarm Attachment.Max Wolff, New York City. Combined with the alarm post of a clock or similar mechanism, according to this improvement, is an electrical circuit including a generator and an alarm, and having flexible terminals connected with the post and normally out of contact with each other. The terminals are twisted by. the turning of the alarm post, the terminals beingthue crossed and brought into contact with ::ell other to close the circnit. Iecbanical. Friction Gear.Charles and Harry llnrgon, Malin Bridge, England. Thie is an improvement for transmitting motion-from a line of shafting to flexible or jointed shafts by which shearing or clipping machines are driven. A peripheral friction gear is em played. the driven pinion being on a counter shaft parallel to the main shaft, the driving pnlley and pinion being also parallel to the main shaft, and of sufficient breadth to permit lateral deviation of the driving pulley. The first member of the flexibly jointed transmission shaft is conpled to the pinion shaft by a universal toothed coupling which allows one shaft to assume any angle relative to the other through a range of 180. miscellaneous. Tire Inflator.Donald McKenzie, London, Canada. Thisisadeviceforautomatically inflating the pneumatic tires of bicycles and velocipedes, and comprises an air pump of novel character arranged upon the inner part of the wheel rim, and having a pivoted arm with snitable tread projecting ontwardly from the tread of the tire, to come in contact with the gronnd at each revolution of the wheel, and thns antomatically keep the tire fully inflated, 3 safety valve preventing too high pressure. Vehicle Starting Mecha nism. Auguste M. G. de la Rochefontenilles, Paris, France. According to this improvement clutch boxes loosely mounted to turn on the rear axle and emhracing the wheel hubs with spring-actuated clutch dogs are flexibly connected with one arm of an elbow lever whose other arm is connected with the dranght mechanism, the alTange ment relievingthe horses of the sudden strain necessary to put the vehicle in motion, and the starting mechanism ceasing to act when the wheels have acquired the velocity they would have with the dranght applied directly to the axles. Elevator and Dumping Device. Ferris J. Nowlin, Guilford, Ind. To elevate a loaded vehicle and dump the contents into a car or as required, this inventor has devised a portable device readily ope rated by horse power, the vehicle being returned by gravity to receive another load. The improvement com prises a sill frame and an upright frame with inclines, in combination with a twopart sectional hinged traveling frame operated by link bars and rope and pulley can. nections. The whole apparatus may he loaded on wagons for transportation or compactly stored. Safety Catch for EI,evators.John S. Chase, Lansing, Kansas. To securely hold the cage of freight or passenger elevators in case of accident to the hoisting device this inventor provides a simple arrallgement of a cam adapted to engage with its cam surface the guide posts for the cage, the cam being on a shaft turning on the cage, while a spring-pressed arm on the shaft is connected with the hoi.t;ng cable. Should the cable break or become sJacLktbe cams would he instantly thrown in contact with the guide post to lock the cage so that it could not descend. Book Boarding Apparatus. John Ring, Washington, D. C. This invention provides a 8im pIe mechanism for book binders' use by which to accu. rately bind and stop the boards and books in proper relation in piling. It comprises a base frame with front and rear gnideways, a carrier in the front guideway havmg an adjustable end stop, there being underlying snpports adjustable on the front gnideway and having extensible sections, while side stops movable in the rear guideway have adjustable stop portions, with other novel features. It is deSigned that with this Improvement an inexperienced person shall do more and better work than a skilled workman in the old way, the machine automatically gaging the books and boards as the piling proceeds. Protecting Metallic Surfaces. Marion D. Fleming, Butte, Montana. For the protection more especially of pipes from corrosion by mineral waters or air contaminated with corrosive impurities, according to this invention, the metal is freed from grease, and two coats applied of a composition containing powdered silica. powdered litharge, powdered asbestos, pow dered plumbago, liquid shellac and alcohol in proportions specified. Eyeglasses or Spectacles.Albert E. Butterfteld, Portland, Oregon. By means of this im' provement a full sized lens may be used in spectacles or eyeglasses for distant vision, while other lenses are so attached to the distance lenses that they may be brought over them, rendering the same glas8es fitted for near work. When the glasRes are to be nsed for distant vis ion the auxiliary glasses may be carried entirely out of the way, the adjustments being effected without the ne cessity of removing the glasses or spectacles from the nose of the wearer. Window Fastener. Ewing Eaches and Robert M. Kerr, Konisville, Ky. A rotatable bolt is, according to this improvement, mounted in the meeting rail of the lower sash, the bolt having a crank arm on its inner end and a handle on its outer end, and a slotted plate is secured over a recess in the meeting rail of the upper sash, the slot extending downward from the npper edge of the plate and having an upwardly curved lower end. The fastening is simple and inexpensive, may be qnickly applied and does not detract frcm the appear ance of the sashes. Axle Lubricator.Jesse D. Lyon, Higginsport, Ohio. This invention provides a simple and durable device for Inbricating the axle from a reser voir held on the hub, the reservoir being formed at the end of the hub by the hub band and a cap. The oil is fed to the spindle by capillary attraction, aided by the motion of the bearing surfaces and by centrifugal action, due to the rotary motion of the boxing. Bedstead Iron. Edwin F. Tilley, New York City. For rigidly attaching tubular or other iron bedposts to the side rails this bedstead iron is made in two sections, one having a rib on its outer face and adapted to be secnred to the side rail of thc bedstead, while the other section has a groove receiving the rib of the first section and a second groove receiving the post, the two sections being bolted together. Cover for Cooking Vessels.William C. Mapledoram, Fort William, Ontario, Canada. This cover has an angnlar pivoted handle, the lower or horizontal member of the handle engaging the caver when its other member is in an approximately vertical position. The improved cover is desigued to remove the danger of burning or scalding when handling a heated pot or pan to pour ont hot or boiling contents. Non-Refilling Bottle. John N. Adams and Wilton F. Jenkins, Richmond, Va. This bottle has automatic shifting valve or stopper devices which, when the bottle is held with its neck nppermost, will close off the ontlet, and when the bottle is tilted will shift to allow thecontentetofreelyflowout. The neck of the bottle has a contracted valve seat in which is held a gravity valve and keeper, together with a supplemental keeper consisting of a spring ring member and a central flexible portion. This valve device can be added to the bottle without materially increasing the cost of its mann facture. Designs. Coal Scuttle.John W. Feeny and Roe Reilly, Elmira, N. Y. This scnttle has a flat black rising above the hody of the scuttle, the projecting npper end flaring. Cuff Holder.LOUis P. Kleiderer, Henderson, Ky. 'rhis device has a wavy shank portion, at each end of which is a laterally projecting pin. Chuck for Hat Blocks.Ferdinand Herbin, Amesbury, Mass. This chuck has thickened side portions with beveled inner sides, there being open ings in the depressed central part of the plate and oppo site peripheral recesses in the thickened side portions. Note.-Copies of any of the above patents will be furnished by Munn & Co., for 25 cents each. Please send name of tne patentee, title of invention, and date of this paper.
This article was originally published with the title "Recently Patented Inventions" in Scientific American 73, 25, 396 (December 1895)