How the amount of ibor involved in the complicated structures which ladies now wear at the backs of their heads can be accomplished by a pair of hands without eyes, has always been to us an inscrutable mystery. Our own back hair with its simple parting is a matter of some anxiety, only relieved by consultation with some one of our household, previous to our emergence into the street of a morning; and when the answer is satisfactory there always remains a gloomy doubt on our mind, as to whether the inspection was carefully made and the answer based upon the real state of things. We have been assured the amount of experiment which enables a lady to adjust her hair unaided is something very remarkable; and that it has hitherto been guided only by the sense of feeling, theresult of each experiment being determined by aid of a handmirror. If this be really so, the article herewith illu strat- ed and described must be a boon, which to the science of hair-dressing is what the telescope is to astronomy. This adjustable mirror is attached to the frame of any toilet glass, no matter what size or shape, by means of a flat plate screwed to the back side of the top of the frame, and having a shoulder which also rests on the top of the frame. This plate has a double adjustable Joint from which extends forward a hollow rod, movable in any direction and held wheu adjusted by milled set-screws at the double joint. Within the hollow rod slides a bent rod to which a circular mirror is attached, which may be drawn out, or thrust in as occasion may require, and fixed by a set-screw passing through the side of the hollow rod. The reflector may thus be lowered or elevated, turned to the right or left, and fixed in any position required. The reflector is also fixed to the rod by a movable joint and set screw, so that it can be placed at an any required inclination. It is finished in superb style, being silver-plated throughout, and makes an elegant and ornamental addition to the toilet glass. We are informed this article has met with a very favorable reception in Europe, and as its convenience and utility are obvious, its introduction in the United States will probably be an easy matter. The agent for the patentee, is Chas. J. Hartmann, room 46, No. 40, Broadway, New York city, whom, address for further information. How Bronze Statues are Cast. Among the various branches of fine-art metal work, the casting of bronze statuary, a chef-d'ceuwe of Elkington's establishment, possesses perhaps as many points of interest as any. A leading process of bronze casting is known, says the Engineer, as the cire perdue, or wax process. A structure of iron bars, forming the skeleton of the, statue, sustains the core. This rough angular outline stands on a kind of platform, having a fire-hole beneath for the purpose of melting the wax when the statue is completed. A mixture of clay, pounded brick and other material, capable of being easily worked when moist, and very solid when dry, is then used for building up the skeleton, so as to present the general contour of the figure, but less than the proposed statue by just the thickness of the metal to be employed. Over all this is placed an equal layer of wax, on which all the details are expressed by the sculptor. " When," says Mr. Aitkin, our informant," the work is satisfactory from every point of view, ascending rods of wax representing channels, by which air is to find exit on the metal entering the molds, are placed wherever required. Viewed in this state, the model and its accompaniments strongly suggest the venous and arterial system of the human body, as shown in anatomical works, with the difference that the wax rods are external to the model of the body, which is visible through the intervening mesh-work. The whole model and rods are then painted over with fine loam Hn a liquid state, the process being repeated until the crust is strong enough to sustain a thick loam plaster. It is then bound with iron hoops, and a fire is lighted beneath the platform. The outer coating of wax, exactly representing the metal to be cast, is melted out, and the mold is intensely heated until dry enough to receive the molten metal from a reverberatory furnace adjacent to the mold. Jets are made for the introduction of the metal, and the apertures left by the melting of the wax rods afford a ready mode of exit for the air. The plug of the furnace is withdrawn, the flowing metal fills the mold, and the statue is completed. This process is somewhat hazardous, seeing that any defect in the casting would completely destroy the long labor of the artist." —Mechanics1 Magazine. Telegraph Verdict. The case of Henry L. Davis against the Western Union Telegraph Company, which has recently been on trial at Cincinnati, Ohio, resulted in a verdict for three thousand dollars damages, with costs, amounting to over two thousand dollars more, against the company. This was a very important suit, involving the question of the right of telegraph companies to discriminate in the transmission of dispatches. The plaintiff's telegraphic reports were delayed in order to give the company's reports precedence. The legal principle on which this decision is founded is, that a telegraph company is a public servant, bound to transact all business confined to it fairly and impartially, and that it has no right to afford exceptional facilities, even for the transmission of its own business, when such business comes into competition with that of the public. The fairness and justice of this principle must be admitted by every unprejudiced person, and we hope that it will be vigorously maintained by courts and legislatures, until the time shall come when a person desiring to make use of telegraphic facilities shall have assurance of fair treatment under any and all circumstances.—Telegraplier. A FIKM in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, has contracted to make 1,000,000 feet of wooden tubes, to lay down in that city for gas pipes. They are made of timber six inches square, bored in the same way as pump barrels. The large list of patents now issuing weekly, indicates that the back cases are being rapidly disposed of. This will be good news to inventors whose applications have been long pending. We feel assured that hereafter there will be no such annoying delays in the examination of cases, such as have been experienced for two years past. Inventors will find the present a very favorable time to present their applications. We are prepared to furnish those who contemplate applying for patents, with complete and explicit instructions how to proceed. Our facilities for the prgmpt transaction of patent business are unequaled. Patents granted in 1855 can be extended under the general law, but it is requisite that the petition for extension should be filed with the Commissioner of Patents, at least ninety days before tKe date of the expiring patent. Many patents are now allowed to expire which could bo made profitable under an extended term. Applications for extensions can only be made by the patentee, or, in the event of his death, by his legal representative. Parties interested in patents about to expire, can obtain all necessary instructions, free of charge, by writing to this office.
This article was originally published with the title "The Adjustable Looking—Glass Reflector" in Scientific American 20, 24, 376-377 (June 1869)