Invention, speaking of this ship, concludes its article with the following eloquent remark :—" We wish good fortune to this noble vessel. Such a ship floating upon the ocean, , whose bed is crossed by a transatlantic cable, is a proper spectacle to give a high idea of human power and the progress of civilization.Patent Claims Issued from the Unite. Statea Patent OSHco FOR THE WEEK ENDING DECEMBER 29, H157. [Reported ojjlcially lor ihe Scientific American.'] STRAW CUTTETRS—Win, Barrett, of Stephcntown, N. Y. : I claim the combInation of gage, K, and its handle, Ht with the bar, G, and link, L, and spring, S, by means of which an obliqne drawing as well us downward movement is given to the knife, substantially as oet forth. HAND STAMPS—E. E. Barrett, of Salem, Mass. : I claim so arranging and constructing the ink fountain, 0, that when combined with the inking roller of a haud- stamp press, H shull serve the douhle purpose of inking the roller and distributing the ink over its surface in the manner substantially Ui described. GEARING FOR FEED ROLLERS IN HE-SAWING MAOUINES—D. B. Bartholomew, of Lancaster, Pa. : I claim the arrangement of a screw shaft, K, transversely and at right angles to the vertical adjustable feed rollers, G G', when combined with the gearing, J J J, by mean8 of a screw pinion, L, substantially as and forthepur-p oses set torth. [For a further description of this, see another column. ] OIL CANS—Joseph Francis Berendorf, of Paris, France. Patented in France, May 21,1856 : I claim as my invention the construction of oil-cans provided with an internal cylinder and piston and a spring in the manner and for the objects substantially as descrihed. SPRINGS FOE RAILROAD CARS—J. C. Blair, of Pitts-burg, Pl\. : I claim a spring composed of a series of leaves or plates, so bent or curved, as that when piled one upon the other, the highest and lowest points of one leaf shall be in contact with the lowest and highest points respectively of the next adjacent leaf or plate, and so on throughout the serie!, substantially Hi describod. FURNACES—B. F. Bloou, of Port Jp-ckson. N. Y. : I do not claim the returning of smoke to afire, either with or without oxydation, whether under the grate 01' into the flames, whether through the boiler or outside of tlie boiler, all of which processes are old aud uapatentable. Neither do I claim placing a fan blower either within or without the smoke-bos, smoke ttack, or any chimney flue, for the above I,urposes or any of them. First, I claim a scuttle, G, in combination with the flues of th. boiler aa heretofore described, as a protection, a guide, and a re-heater for the gases posing through the flues, substantially aa set forth for the purpose specified, whether the said scuttle be made ]Jlain or indented, and whether it pass directly downward to the grate, or traverse some other portioll of the inside surface vf the fire-box. Second, I am aware that David Matfchmv obtained a patent, May 15, 1855, for a pipe of less diameter thnu the inaicle of the base of the smoke stack, set up in the Eftmeand extending downward to the vicinity of the bottom of the smoke-bor, having the exhaust pipes beneath it, and an annular space b9twcen it and the base of the a tack, the whole designed to draw the smoke from the top of the smoke-box into the annular space and thence up the stack, und also to uraw the sparks from the bottom of the amoke-bex, l(;;;i they (10 injury thereto. I do not c1aim snch an arrangement, nor one that will effect the purpose for which he claims it. I claim a dowmvurd bifurcated continuation of the smoke stack, without any egress from the smoke-box bat ween thia continuation and tlie fca3e of the stack, and extending1 aojifivard as far may be without disturbing those JinE(aYier spark8 which may have fallen to the bottom of the smoke-box, iuto which bifurcations the exhaus) pipes turn upward, the ';'hole being designed, lil closing egress for tho SinOleflat the top, to give,the sparkaan opportunity to nettle in tlie smoke-box or be returned to tlio fire through, the nozzle, II, also to restrain the hot air and gas frum immediately leaving the smoke-box at the tOD. at the same time thnt the ltgs, K, vdll select the matter of thair draft from the cooler and lower instead of the lihtr and hotter gases of the top of the smoke-box. INSTRUMENTS FOR DRAFTING GOATS—Simeon Cprley, of LeXington, S. C. : I do not claim the invention of any of the measnrement s obtained by my instruments. Nor do I claim separately considered the employment of a hoop or ring for ohtr.llling meaburements and applying the same to the cloth. But I claim the triangle, DKP, haying an arm, I)', combined with the hoop or ring. A, substantially aa described for the purposes set forth. [By the employment of these instruments very accurate measures may be obtained, uud from thia system a per4 feet fitting coat can be ma(1e.] DEFLECTING PLATES AND SPAKK ErciErvER IN LOCOMOTIVES—Wra. II. Bullock, of Boston, Masa. : I am aware that a high bluHt pipe has been uSbd, bnt it is found it is not practicable in coal-burning engines as now cons truefced, witlrout a means substantially such as described for treeing tlie smoke arch, therefore I do not claim the high or elongated blast pipe, but I craim the reservoir, G, in connection with tho elongakd blast-pipe, F, substantially at set fCl't!l. - POTATO DIGGERS—I. S. Eunncl1, of Montrose, Pa- : I claim .POTATthe ODarrangement relatively to eac!l other and for united operation (if the oblique-hinged wingR, D D, diagonal ph"oted adjustable rakes, F F, pivoted l1rljustable rods, G' G', ana dot!ble mold bou'd plowshare, E, a a, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. nVith thia implement the potatoes can be thrown nI on either side of the hill, separated from dirt, the vines cleared away so ae to leave the potatoea on the sm'face of the soilin regular row!, and the soil reduced to a condition for receiving Beed for a succeeding crop.] LIIFTING JACKS—Jolm Callaghan, of Sfcroud Glades, Va. : I claim the construction of a lifting jack, provided withH('iie.3 ol perforations, c c c, e, and movable alternating fulcrum.-*, d il (' A, the uouhle-notched lever. g g g. Fi.?, 2, combined with the chain, J J J K, and Btay-holc, L L L, substantially aa shown ami in the manner described. 'VASHING MACHINES—Thos. C. Churchman, of Sacrnmento, Cal. : I claim the construction of a washing machine combining a horizontal and perpendicular motion produced on the washboards, D and E, by the tnrning of the crank and shaft, A, and the running of the wheels, G G, in curved tracks, I'1, as represented and described. CLAMP FOR SETTING SAWS—C. E. Cook, of Cambridge, 0. : I claim the two V-5haped frames A A, connected at one end by a hinee, a, or its equivalent and provided with th.e bars, C D, the adjustable steel 0; metallic bar, b, prOVIded with Dueveled edges and the bars or stops, h h, the frames being brought togeandther by the screws, e, and nub!, f, the whole being arranged substantially as and for the purpose Bet forth. [ [The object of this invention is to obtain a eimple, ' chcnp and efficient clamp, and one that will facilit:lte to Ua great extent the old plan of setting saws by meRns of aa punch, a mode still continued by many mechanics.] CONNECTING THE PANELS OF PORTABLE FIELD FENCES —John H. Bruen, of Elmira, N. Y.: I claim the buttOD, e. in combination with the other devices described for locking and securing the panels of field fences in manner set forth. SEEDING MACHINES—Win, Coggeshall, of Massillon, Ohio, and B. B. 'Varner. of Wadsworth, Ohio : We do not claim the alternate arrangoment of seed cavities in thoseed roller, so as to produce a corresponding depos-ite of seeel in separate adjacent rows or drills, being aware that such is not new. We claim the levers, U V, respectively bearing the removable ,and replaceable gear wheels. S T, when arranged, operated Rnci combined together, and in comhination with the gear wheels of the seed rollers and the driving wheel, substantially in the manner and for the purposes specified, disclaiming all other combinations of levers and bearing not essentially the same as set forth. MAOHINE FOR SAWING HAND RADIO OE STAIR WREATHS—John Davis. of Cincinnati, Ohio : I am aware that it has been proposed to produce stair-rail wreaths by presenting the plank from which they are to be sawn at an oblique angle with the axis of rotation of the aaw equivalent to that afforded by the longitudinal adjustment of my clamp stocks, KK',or their equivalent. Eut I claim, first, Providing what is technically known HS " .spring" in the rail by presenting the sidesa of the plank (that is to say, the cutting planes of the warped surface) acutely or obtusely to the plan of adjustment of the clamp stocks, KK', or their equivalent. Second, The described construction and arrangement of the hinged jaws, M M', m m,' and thcir accessories, n 0 p" operating as explained in combination with the adjustable clamp stock, K K'. RAILROAD CAR CARRIAGE SPRINGS—George Douglass, of Scranton, Pa. : I do not claim broadly the causing of one lcaf of a spring to overlap another. An example of this ia seen in the device ol" 8. S. Barry, rejected 1852, in which the ends of the upper spring overlap those of be under spring, the two eulls fitting together on the tongue and groove plan. The employment of the tongue and groove avoids the necessity of eyes and bolts to connect the enus of the springs, in other respects, the above plan resembles the elliptic pringspring, the ,Ycight being applied in the middle of the upper and lower leaves. My improvement ia quite different, aa the upper leaves serve chiefly at) horizontal chords to prevent the too 1ride opening of the lower leaves. The strain upon the upper leaves is chieHy in a horizontal direction. Nor do I claim the broad idea of suspending the lattd UPOll the eu(ls of elliptical springs. But to the b?.st of my knowledge it is a new feature in elliptical carriage springs, so to 31Tange them as thrvt ony set ol th leaves shall serve as horizontally elastic chords to prevent the under opening of the other set of 12"aves. I claim as a new article of manufacture, a carriage spring made substantially as set forth. [Tliis improvcn1Cllt rcbtes to tllnt kind of s11ring kaov,"n as elliptic," Rna com;ists in a noyel mode of constrncting and combining the uVper and lower plates of the spring, whereby greater strength is obtained with a less weight of metal that is required in the ordinary method of conatruction.] BUR GI.AR-P ROOF SAFES,—Leopold Eidlitz, of New York City : I claim forming an improved burglar-pi'oof plate (or its equivalent) by'the union of an outwardly chiUed hardened layer of molten iron with the ribfoedaiirib.ee of a zig-zag sheet oO ron 8ubst:,ntially as set forth. DEVICE FOR ATTACHING LIGHTNING Rors—J. B. Elliott, of Philadelphia, Pa. : 1 do not claim forming a conductor of corrugated metal strips or plates, for they luive bftn previously used. Neither df)l)e(nprev I claim lyserratingused. or notching the edges of the strips ,yidch form the conductor, nor do I claim the manner of connecting aaid strips. But I claim connecting the conductor to the building by meana of the wires, g g', bent aa shown, and secured in the head of the spike or nail, i, f01' the purpose set forth. [This is deacribed on [mother l1agC. ] DRY SAND CORUS— 'Ym. Gage and Richu. B. Pd-thonsen, of Buffalo, N. Y. : 'Ve uro aware that fiour in a dry or unprepared state has long been used in the compusition of dry :mnd coreA, we therefore disclaim its application or use in thia well known way. We claim ibe application and use of the viscous substancc, or par.te, which we obtain from flour, in the manner described, in admixture witii sand, for the purpose of forming dry sand cores, in the manner set forth. WAPsn-HOAED—Win. U. GtilHaha and B. W. Safford, of Arlin-ou, Vt.: We do not claim broadly, the employ-me it or use of H eorrngate(l sheet metal plato, for the rubbing smfuce of a wash-board, fur they have been previously nsed. But we claim con'ugating the sheet mebl plate in the form specifically as shown and described for the purpose setforth. [This wash-board, from the 1leculiar form of the corrugation, affords a good surface for rubbing, and abo allows the water to run away without splashing.] LOCOMOTIVE KN INK WHEELS—G. S. Grig?s, of Hox-bury, Mass,: I do no claim the introduction of wood between the rim and t"ro of locomotive and other railroad wheels. But I claim confining tho blocks of desribewood upon d,fortbeir sides, in the manner substantially as deaeribed, for the purpose of preventing them from being forced out and destroyed, aa set forth. MACHINE FOR SAWING SHINGLES—-Geor.,C HaH, of Morgantown, Va,: I am aware that a rocking b ;d has been used for this purpose, but my horizontally moving carriage does not rock many manner. I claim, in combination with the horizontally reciprocp.ting carriage, C, for carrying the bolt to the saw, the transverse carri'lge, I. also moving en hOl'izontal ways, but provided with rih3, n n n, so axrangcd as that the block or bolt dropping upon them shall be lwld in the IJroper pOSition for alternately changing the point and butt of the shingle, and for piving the shingle tho proper thickness and taper as set forth SPRING BOTTOMS FOE BEDSTEADS—Royal Hatch, of Straft'ord, Vt. : I claim stretching the sacking bottom, G, upon springs, F, all in tho manner substantially as described, [The hottom ofthis bed is of sackiag attached to the ends and Bides by means of spiral springs, so that a perfcctly elastic bottom is obtained in a simple and cheap manner.] MOORING VESSELS—A. W. Handcock, of Allegan Co., Mich. : I claim mooring a vessel during foul weather, by means of two hawsers, Band C, payed out at the usual bow hawser hole, and at the hawser hole, D,which 1 especially construct abaft the forechains, whereby a bow anchor, and a waist anchor are arranged and opcrabed substantially in the manner and for the purposes Bet forth. TOOL FOR TURNING JOURNALS—-Jamcs Hall, of Nmr Haven, (jonn. : I do not claim to be the nrst inventor of a revolving cutter stock for turning journal3, as I am ofare that such a forturning hns been used journafor turning a crank and other articles. But I claim the combination substantially a3 de-ccribed of the divided hollow cylindrical cutter box, A A, furnished with ratchet teeth on its exterior, and tightening screws, b b, and the divided ring, c c, handle D, pawls, j7, und fastening screw, f, the whole operating as set f orJ-.li, [A notice of this will be found on anothcr page.] BLACKSMITHS' TONGS—Wm. Hart, of Mayville, Wis.: I claim constructing the tongs with revolving jaws, B B, placed or fitted in the shanks, b, Bubstantially as described for the purpose Bct forth. [By theBe tongs having revolving jaws, they will grasp articles of different sizes and taperJorm with sur3ty and ease.] WATER CLOSETB—J. T. Henry and Wm. P. Campbell, Pa. : Disclaiming the discharging of a stream of water into the llipe communicating with the basin from a ciatern, the level of water, in which is the same as thnt required in the basin when the valve is closed, ad such a device is shown ill the English patent of John Ody, sealed :May 13,1855. We claim the chamber, D, with its valve, d, in combination with the pipe. C, of the basin, C, the cistern. E, and communicating pipe, F, when the same are con-structed and arranged in respect to each other, in the manner set forth and for the purpose apecified. BALANCES FOR DETECTING COUNTERFEIT MONEY— Ferdinand J. Herpers, of Newark, N. J. : I do not claim to be the inventor of swinging index baTS for weighing machines, and therefore I disclaim the same as used in my apparatus. Their employment is not ea-sential. as my instrument can be made and uaed either with or without the same, us may be desired. I claim as a new article of manufacture a coin balance, when constructed as described. [This is described on another page.] GUIDE GAGE FOR SAWING TIMNER—Jacob Hoke, of Grand Detour, Ill. : I claim the graduated squares, A, constructed ns shmvn, and provided with slides, c, also graduated and arranged as and for the purpose set forth. [Full particulars of this invention will bo found in another column.] M01HNG MACIITNES—Silas E. and Morgan P. Jackson, of Booneville, N. Y. : 'Ve claim counteracting the side draft of a harvesting machine by attaching the power that draws it to the nncontrollpd end of a chain, the other end of said chain being attached to the lower end of a stud or bar, located and arranged with regard to the frame, as described. MOWING MACMNEB—Silas E. and :Morgan P. Jackson, of BooneviHc, N. Y. : We do not claim a raising wheel and 1eyer as generally applied to harvesting machines. But we claim the combination in harvesting machines having but one main supporting wheel, the finger bar resting on the ground and supported by braces connecterl with it and the main frame of the muchine, of the hinged lever, E, and hinged axle, F, with its wheel, I, WIlen arranged and located in relation to the rear cross piece of the frame and the driver's 8eat, snbstantially a?j uescribed. THROWING INTO AND OUT OF GEAR THE TOOL OF MORTISING MACHINES—Levi Kittinger, of East Greenville, Ohio : I am aware that a hollow chisel containing an auger has been previously used, and also connected to a sliding gate, and I am also aware that 8aid parts have been placed in adjustable frames. I therefore do not claim the above parts. But I claim operating or adjusting the two parts, e f, by the nut, R, by means of the oblique bars, h h, connected with the parts, e f, and used in connection with the catch, S, for the purpose specified. [A full description and engraving of this machine will be found on page 97, present volume of the SCI. AM.] SEEDING MACHINES—James Lawaon, of Lawrence, Mass. : I do not claim the wheels, M, for forming the furrows, for they have been previously used. Nor do I claim the two frames, A F, arranged as shown, for they have also been previously used. Hnt I claim operating the marking device formed of the bara, S S, and the slides, I, by means of tlie cams, P, with pins, r, attached, when said cams are placed on the hollow shaft, E, which encompasses the axle, D, and is connected thorewith by means of the nuts, a, fitted on the slotted ends of shaft, E, whereTjy the dropping and marking devices may be regulated as described. [This invention has a device for forming the furrows, regnlutlng the distributing device, and throwing the whole in and out of gear at the will of the operator.] HOES—Horace A. Lothrop, of Sharon, Mass.: I do not claim a hoe made with u single triangular blade. Nor do I claim one as made of a single blade, having two opposite parallel edges and a triangular notch, whose opposite side and the parallel edges of the hoe plate form lW!lndaries of two teeth extending from the plate But I claim an improved manufacture of hoe, or one huving its blade composed of two or more separate isosceles triangular plates or teeth, each being lapped on or connected to that next to it at their two corners, and each being supported by a separate prong of a furcated shank, as described. PREPARING PIASTIO CoTTOSr-James M. Legare, of Aiktm, S. C. : I claim the process of rendering cotton and other fibrous materi!ds, including lignines of all kinds, p1astic, and capable of being worked by hand or applied to roofing, and other kiudred uses, in the manner and for the purnoscs- set forth in the specification. HARVESTERS—John Long, of Masillon, Ohio : I am aware that cranks and cam wheels have been used in mowera and reapers for driving the vibratory knife bar, and being old devices, do therefore not claim them. But I claim giving the cutter bar, g, the Vibratory motion by two complex spur wheels, Ll I2, in combination with the reciprocating shaft, 2, the whole being constructed and arranged in the manner and for the Ilarposcs set forth. SEED DRILLS- ,Jacob Mumma, of Harrisburgh, Pa: I claim the comhination of the broad-casting apparatus for sowing pulverized manures with the seed drills, when the former is placed ill advance of the latter, the whole being arranged and operated m the manner and i or the pUTposes specified. GRINDING Mnxs—Frauklin Olds, of Providence, R. I. : I do not claim to be the first inventor of mills in which the upper stone was made adjustable. But so far as I am aware, no grinding mill has ever been made in which the upper stone is held and adjusted in the manner described by me. Nor has any mill been made which contained the several other features of novelty which I have set forth. But I claim a grinding mill made substantially as set forth. [In this improved grinding mill the parallelism of the stones is preserved, and the spindle prevented from being subjected to any lateral pressure. The rotating stone can be readily adjusted and maintained at any distance from the stationary onc.] EOTAHY PUMPS—Oliver Palmer, of Buffalo, N. Y. : I claim the pistons, B B2, constructed as described, in combination with the metallic packing, C, operated aa described, said pistons and packing revolving together in the manner and for the purpose set forth. DOOR SPRING—Charles P. Peek, of New York City : I claim the employment of a variable bearing roller, j, as described. [This spring provides a variable power, decreasing Mc the door is brought nearer to the frame, so that it may be shut without banging or clash.] JOURNAL BOXES FOR RAILROAD CARS, &C—James A. Norris, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the combination of an ordinary gland and stuffing box with the Journal box of a r:111rond car, whereby the oil i' rotating ed, and the admission of tho du.:it rendered impossible, the whole constructed and arranged ad and for the pur-110se specified. MACHINES FOR BINDING GRAIN—Lodner D. Phillips, of Chicagol 111.: I claim the circular revolving platform n, in combination with the rake, d' d' d', and apron, c', for the purp.ose of gathering the grain and conveying it to the binding receiver. i' Y i'. I also claim the construction and combination of the grooved arms, S' S', "dth the slotted lcver, k', for the purpose of carrying and crimping the band and compressing the stalks in proper shape for binding. I also claim the constrnction and arrangfment of the apron with straps and pins, v', in combination with the box, d e f g, for the purpose of feeding the binding clamps with bands taken from the maaa of straw placed in said box, one at a time. TRAOI-CI,EARERA FOR MO'YING MACHINES—Abraham Marcellus, of Amsterdam, N. Y, I claim the vibrating clearer, U, and adjusting spring, E, in combination with the wing. B, diviuer, a, and operating wheel, if, said paTts being constrncted and arrant;cd in relation to each other, as and for the purposes set forth. [By means of a vibrating plats or knife, this machine, as it is pushed along the track, cuts all the long grase, and clears the track.] ROTARY STEAM ENGINES—John B. Root, of Youngs-town, N. Y. : I claim the arrangement of means for operatjng the oscillating abutment and the valve, as set forth. RAILROAD CAIL COUPLING—John F. Rague, of Du-buque, Iowa : I do not confi ne myself to any particular mode of operatmg or rotatmg the hooks, E, for tllat may be done in various ways. But I claim the rotating or revolving hook E, in combination with the buffers, K, the above parts being placed within the draw head anu arranged as shown for the purpose specified. [By this invention the cars are not only made aelf* coupling, but the brakeman can uncouple them when running at any speed. It consists in the employment of a revolving hook placed within the drnw-head, and in conjnnction with a buffer alED placed within the draw-head.) MAKING VOLUTE SPRINGS—Daniel G. Robbin) of New York City : I claim the comb;nation of a con!cal l'oller with a mandrel, EO us to COlI a yolute spring, as set forth. I nes claim the comhination of two conical rollers moving in opposite directions, with a double conical mandrel, so as to coil a double volute spring at one op- I also claim directing the coiling of the plate into a volute spring, so as to cause it to assume the desired conical form by means of the volute upon the conical roller. which volute is turned in a direction the reverse of that in the spring to be forHlcd. JOINTS FOR CARRIAGE TOPS—A. C. Shelton and Byron Tuttle, of Plymouth, Conn. : We claim providing the lower ends of the arms, ABCD, v.dth cire.ulnr plates, abed, and shoulders, e, said plates being so arranged as to constitute a barrel over which the shoulders, e, mar move, said shoulders giving support to the arms, A BUD, all as described. [This is an extremely simple and durable joint, and is applicable to any top which ia formed of bows. J CIDER 1IILI,S—H. O. Sheidley, of Republic, Ohio : I claim the hollow stem, d, in communication with the interior of the curb, in combination with the follower and curb. substantially as and for the purposes But forth. I also claim the combination of the cap piece, G. ratchet piece, I, ratchet, r, with its cheeks. g g, cam lever, L, and secondary levers, 11, arranged and operating as set forth. PORTFOLIOS—Henry T: Sisson, of Providence,!!. T. ; I claim the cords, d, passing throngh tne strips OJ' plates a a, and attached at one end to the slides, B, fitted or placed WIthin the guides, C, or any equivalent device for tightening the same, and the opposite ends attached. to needles, e, which pass through perforations in one of the strips, a, as shown and described for the purpose set forth. [This portfolio is especially applim.ble for preservin3 niusie, pictures, or periodicals, as fresh ones can ('asHy be placed in it, from time to time, without disturbing damaging those already in.] COTTON PRESSES—Riley Smith, of Towanda, Pa. : I claim ao combining a set of falling weights, or their equivalents, with a movable cotton or pressing box_and its levers, as that when the united fo rce of aaid weights is applied to saidbox, it shall start it up, and draw in its lovers, and admit of a batter application of the first moving power of the press, as set forth. I also claim the ao applying of the ropes or chains that draw down and force up the pressing box to the follower, as that the slack of one shall load or he in ad-vanceof the winding up of the other, as set forth, and for the purpose explained. I aiso claim the application of the roller, T, with its eccentric, w! and pins, 12 3, for the double, purpose of a fastening to'said door, and as a means of tightening up the bale ropes, as sct forth. HARNESB SADDLES—Richard Swift, of New Haven, Conn. : I claim the method of adjusting tlie pad of the harness by means of the male screws on the turrets, working in the female screws of the arms of the yoke, so aa to spread the pad by elevating the arms in tho boxes, or contract it by depressing them, when the whole is constructed, arranged and made to operate as described. GOVERNOR FOR STEAM ENGINES—H. N. ThrooP! ot' Pultneyville, N. Y.: I claim the combinution, 4, or their equivalents, the expanding segments and links constituting the expanding rim, and the springs to operate as described. [A description of this invention will be found on another page.) HEAD-RESTS—Elisha Waters, of Troy, N. Y. : I claim the within-described folding portable bead-rest for car and other seats, when made adjustable in, on, or by a strap buckled or otherwise fastened to the back of the seat, as set forth. SEED PLANTERS—L. F. Ward. of Marathon, N. Y. : I claim the combination of devices for operating the plnnger to deposit the seed automatically, consisting of the marking coga, J, the lever, H, pins I, and apring, k, constructed and arranged as describeu. LOOOMOTIVE ENGINES FOR PRODUCING INORKABED ADHESION TO TLLE RAILS WHEN REQUIRED—Franz \Vind-hausen, of Duderstadt, Hanover: In combination with the exhaust steam pipes of locomotive engines, I claim the apnaratus described for drawing from the smoke box and forcing upon the rails in front of tho driving wheels the products of combustion, when eaid apparatus is revolved to operate by the reaction due to the escape of steam from the cylinder, Bubstantially as set forth. I also claim the arrangement described for regulating the supply of hot air, smoke, and other vroducts of combustion upon the rails, by causing the draft either through the chimney, D, or tlw pi]Jes, E, or both the chimney and the pipes, substantially in the manner specified. PUMPS—Francis G. Wynkoop, of Corning, N. Y. : I claim the combination of seat, f, loose piece, h, and rubber packing, r, as set forth. ROTARY PUMPB—William A. Young, of Charlotte, N. * C. : I am aware that sliding piatons have been fitted in j rotating heada placed eccentrically within cylindrical f caves or boxes, and arranged in varIous ways, (said de- f vices being employed both for rotating pumps and ro- tUj'Y engines. I therefore do not claim broadly, the em- ployment or usc of sliding valvps or buckets placed WItllUl a head fitted eccentrically in a case or box. But I claim placing the sUdin!' valves or buckets, F, ,yithin the rotating headl DI tangcntially with its sh'aft: J'J, or tangential with a circle concentric therewith and w!th. the head, the hnad being placed eecentrically wItlnD the um' or case, A, which is provided with the induction and c,lllction passages, a b, as and for the purpose Bet forth. I fUl'tlwr cldm the curverl projections, h, at the cuter cnds .?f the valves or buckets, P, as and for the purpose specified. [This pump ) intended to be submerged, and is opcrrtcs by means of a series of valves or buckets placed withiu a circular robtillg hend, which is placed eccentrically within a cylindrical casa or box, whercby the valve's are made sclf:'ucting, and a very efficient pump is obtained.] HARVESTERS—\Valter A. Wood, of Hoosick Fans, N. Y. ! I claim so filling up the space between the forks or hounds of the tongue with the castor block. to WhICh the custor wheel, Rt and lever, S, arc attached. as that, by the introduction of a rod that passes through them, as at g, they may Oe made rIgId, and serve to support each other, in turning the machine, in the manner and 10r tho purpose set forth. IIAEVE3TBES—Walter A. Wood, of Hoosick Falls, N. Y. : I claim so constructing the frame of a combined reaping and mowing machine. and combining it with a Epring track-clearer, us all that part of the frame in rear of the cutter-bar may be disjointed and removed by simply taking ont the bolts, m n t, said track-clearer remaining attached, for the purpose of adapting the machme to the cuttmg of tangled or lodged grass, without obstructioll, whilst the machine, with the driver npon it. remains perfectly balanced, as set forth. POTATO DIGGERS—Alexander AndersoD, of Markham, Canada : I claim the opening shares, 8 and 6, and the share or shovel, 7, 0, and 3l in combination with figures. 4, and revolving toothed cylinder. 8 and 2. for the purpose of digging and separating potatoes from the soil, the whole being constructed and arranged as described. CIRCULAR. SAWING MACHINES—E. H. De 'Vitt. (aa-signor to himself and Butler N. Strong,) of Xenia, Ohio: I am aware that vertical and horizontal saws have been. previously used, and also a combination of reciprocating and vertIcal saws have been used for the purpose described. I therefore do not claim the employment or a horizontal and vertical circular saw separately or irrespective of their a1Tungemcnt as shown. I claim the construction -of sawing machines in the manner described, viz., having one of the circular saws J, arranged vertically, and the other circular circularsaws sa arranged horizontalll' both saws cutting simultaneously, and being carried in adjustable frames, C D, all as set forth, for the purposes specified. [This sawing machine cuts vertically and laterally at the same time, by using two circular saws, set at rIght angles to each other, and rectangular pieces, such as laths, can be cut at one operation. It saves time and labor, and cannot but prove a valuable acquisition to lumber-sawing.] PAINT COMPOUND—John M. Merrymon, of Logans-por;, Ind., (a-sIgnr to himself and J. Ir. Jordan, of At",lCa, Ind.) : I claim the combination of quicklime and resin for a paint material, in tho manner for the purposes set forth. COVERING THE HEADS OF NAILS—William H. Van Gieson, (assignor to himself, S. M. Buckingham and E. Brown,) 01 Water bury, Gonn. : I do not claim the cutting out and bending from the center outwards of disks of metal tor the purpose of making grummets, as in the IJatent of Johu Alexander, June 20,1854. A piece of metal cut in the form necessary for a grummet could' by no p05sibHity, be made to cover a nail head. But I claim a nail covered in the manner substantially as described. [The plates which afe to cover the nail heads arc first cut in a star or pointed form, and afterwards swaged into a dish vshape; they are then placed on the nail heads, and tho points turned under, thus forming a strong and good cover.] SUAM SRRING BEDSTEAD—Charles T. Younu of North Chelmsford, Mass., (assignor to himsel" and Henry Crowther, of Lowell, Mass.: I do not claim constructing bedsteads of metallic tubing, as such ia old and well-known. I claim the rods, I, connected to the end rails Nv when these rails, and the side rails, A, are connected by a common coupling to the bed post, arranged as and for the purposes set forth. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENT. SELF-ADJUSTING SAOK-HOI.DEE—Augustus Stonerl of Mount J?y, PR. Patent dated April 28, 1857 : I claim the c;ist Iron clamp or clasp, and its adjustment, as sot forth. [A GOOD FORTNIGHT' S WOEK FOR TILE HARD TIMES.— The number of patents issued from the Patent Office for the past two week", exclusive of designs and reissues, amounts to one hundred and twenty-one. Of this number, forty-six of the cases were prepared at the Scientific American Patent Agency. showing that more than oue-thira of the whole number of cases which are successfully prosecuted throngh the Patent Office are conducted through the principal and branch offices of MUNN & Co.
This article was originally published with the title "The Leviathan" in Scientific American 13, 18, 137-139 (January 1858)