IMPORTANT DECISION IN THE U. S. CIRCUIT COURT BY JUDGE GEIEB. E. A. L. Roberts vs. The Reed Torpedo Company et al. —Within the last few years the production in oil wells has been greatly increased by lowering down into them large iron flasks containing from 6 to 10 pounds of gunpowder or nitro-glycerin. and then exploding: the mass by means of a percussion cap on the top of the flask, on to which cap a weight was dropped from the top of the well. Cane Stubble Shaver.—P.G. Kleinpeter, Plaquemine, Iberville Parish, La.—This invention consists in the use of a horizontal knife, which is attached to the landside of an ordinary plow to cut the stubbles while the plow is forced through the ground. The invention also consists in attaching a rake to the outer end of the knife for raking the cut stubble into the furrow. Hoisting and Dumping Machine foe MiNEs.—Geo. Martz, Pottsville, Pa.-This invention relates to hoisting water and coal from mines,and dumping the same into chutes. Tm Bender.—Wm. Willhide, Fetterman, West Va.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple, convenient, and effective apparatus for the purpose of bending tires and other metallic bars. Grain Sweater, Dryer, and Cleanee.—Wm. Hull and C. W. Hammond, Baltimore, Md.—This invention relates to that class of machines for cleaning grain, etc., in which a hollow rotating cylinder is employed, provided with oblique or “worm” flanges, partitions, or deflections for moving the grain longitudinally with the cylinder as the latter rotates. I-.low-wATER Detectoe.—G. B. Massey, New York city.—This invention relates to a new safety attachment to steam boilers whereby an alarm will be instantly given as soon as the water sinks below a certain desired level, and it has for its object to construct an apparatus whichwill operate with with certainty at low as well as high pressure. Railroad-cab Journal Box.—J. B. Collin, Altoona, Pa.—This invention relates to a new journal box for railroad cars, which is so arranged that it can be conveniently opened or closed, but not spontaneously drop open during the motion of the car, and so that the oil, flowing over at the bank of the box, cannot reach the wheel, and so that the packing within the box cannot be thrown forward against the lid to force the same open. Cotton and Hay PREss.—Joseph K. Davis, Menticello, S. C.—This invention relates to that class of cotton and hay presses in which the bale is . formed at the top of the press, the platen being worked upward by means of two vertical screw rods. Such presses must of necessity have doors tltroughwhich to get into the upper end of the press box,as well as a cover which can be removed when occasion requires. Wagon BEAKE.—Milton Ssvtterlee, Foreston, Ill.—This invention relates to that class of wagon brakes in which a lever is employed to throw a shoe or drag under one or both of the hind wheels, or remove it therefrom ; and this improvement consists in a peculiar construction of such shoe, whereby it not only better adapts itself to the inequalities of the ground, but, also, prevents the sliding or sluing of the wagon on ice, or other smooth surface. Ice Maciiine.—D. L. Holden, New Orleans, I.a.—This invention relates to that class of ice machines in which chimogene gasoline, rigoline, and other kindred substances are sprayed into a freezing chamber, or into freezing pipes, and consists in a new and improved construction of the spraying apparatus, whereby the cleaning and repairing are greatlyfacilitnted,together with a new apparatus for purifying the gasoline, and during the process. and a. new and improved arrangement and combination of all the parts, whereby the whole is greatly simplifed,and its cost and expense of running; reduced, while its effectiveness is increased. Construction of Vessels.—W. A. Farley, St. Andrew's Bay, Fla.—This invention consists in producing patterns of two different curves taken from two radii; the one obtained by taking two thirds the measurement of the beam of the required vessel, and tlie other from a radius of one half the said measurement. Also, in the use of the said pattern, in a manner to obtain the required curves for any part of the sides and bottom of the vessel, by one pattern. Hat Pouncing MACHINE.—John Rosencranz, Boston, Mass. -This invention consists of one or more pairs of conical rollers, and a vibrating brushing or rubbing device,arranged and adapted for imparting a rotary motion to the hat, by passing the brim through the rollers, which press it and move it against the brushing apparatus for brushing and finishing the brim. Track SIGHtEE.—Geo. W. Plumb, Milford, Conn.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple and efficient instrument whereby the rails of railroads may be sighted for adjusting and trueing without the labor and ttelay of placing the head down upon the rail, which is not only tedious but injurious to the physical condition of the sightcr, when the rails are hot in warm weather. PuMP.—Chalkley Griscom, Lewis Griscom, and J. P. Griscom, Mahanoy Plain, Pa.—This invention relates to a new pump, to be used for mining and other purposes, and its object is to throw a continuous stream and to keep the water at an uninterrupted flow, so that when the column of water is once started, it will continue to move as long as the pump is in motion. Feed Attachment to Carding MACiiiNEs.—James Lawton, Glenham, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new attachment to carding machines, which is to be a substitute for the ordinary strap heretofore in use. Hod ELEVATOR.—Thomas M. Pelham, New York city.—This invention relates to improvements in platforms, such as are used by builders for elevating and returning the hods containing bricks, mortar, and other substances, and has for its object to provide an arrangement whereby the persons who take the hods from the platform after being ele-vatcdmay do so without requiring to step on the platform in shouldering the hods, as they must now do, as the elevators are at present constructed, by which serious accidents occur by the falling of the platforms owing to the slipping of the hoisting gear, breaking of the ropes, and other causes' The invention also has for its object to provide an arrangement whereby a greater number of hods may be carried up in the same space or on platforms of equal size to others now in use. • WaterDooes foe FuRNACEs.—Joseph Philips and DavisKeeley,Phanix-ville, Pa.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in doors for puddling, blast, and other furnaces, and consists in producing a circulation of water in a channel through the door by means ofparti-tions. Miter ViSE.—Charles \V. Wilson, Norfolk, Va.—This invention relates to an improvement in means for fastening miter joints, more especially designed for use in making picture frames, but applicable to other purposes. Machine for Cutting Sheet ME'l'AL.—John A. Wells, Holly Springs, Miss.—Thjs invention relates to a new and improved machine for cutting circles from tin and other sheet metal. Hydraulic Dredging Maciiine.—R. S. Elliott, St. Louis, Mo.—This invention relates to improvements in machinery for dredging river bottoms and the bottoms of other water ways used for navigation, and is intended for removing bars of sand and other similar matter from navigable channels. Bui-iiaTj Case.—J. A. Dandi'idge, Buffalo, N. Y.—In carrying out this nvention the cases are constructed preferably of wood, and are covered with a metallic formed by upon wax or any other substance that can be easily molded into ornamental designs of raised figures, and to connect the said ornamental covering tlie back is filled with a cement impervious to wet, which will adhere to both wood and metal, and when so filled apply t.m to the exterior, thus uniting them together and protecting the cases from penetration by moisture, or the same may be applied to metallic cases as commonly constructed by the ordinary process of electro-plating or to cases of other substances capable of electro-plating. Machine for Fastening the Bottoms to Polygonal Sheet-Metal CANs.—Reuben Brady, New York city.—This invention relates to a new machine for crimping the turned-up edges of sheet-metal plates to the sides Of polygonal sheet-metal vessels so as to thereby securely fasten such plates or bottoms to the vessels, Steering Appaeatus<—Henry Edward Skinner, London, England^ This invention relates to a new steering apparatus, which, while it is of verysimt:lle construction, will develop much power, and give full control Of the rudder. The invention consists in the application of two screws working one within the other. rEISSUE S. 83,182.—PrintingCertain Textile Fabrics and Yarns. -Dated October 20, 1868 ; reissue 3,647.—American print “Works, Fall riv er, Mass., assignees ot .John Lightfoot. 86,273.—Pump Device for Steam and other Enginery.— Dated .January 26,1869 ; reissue 3,648,—Charles Edward Blake, San Francisco Cal. EXTENSIONS. Corrugated Beam.—Richard Montgomery, New York city. Letters Patent, No. 13,399, da ted S eptemb er 25, 1855 . Gang Plow.—Thomas J. Ball, Bryan, Texas.—Letters Patent :0ro.12,791, dated May 1, 1855. Inventions Patented in England by American",. [Compiled from the “ Journal of the Commissioners of Patents."] PROVISIONAL PROTECTION FOR SIX MONTHS. 2 386 —Sewing Machitux—C. Lockman, Hamilton, Canada. August 10 1869. 2 “>90 -P. ui¥il Ciiaib.— lo'. Nicklin and It. Willis, Troy, K. Y. Septembe: 2, 1869. 2,598.—Steas Boilek.— H. TY. Luders, Philadelphia, Pa. September 3 1869. 2,600.—Teansmittiso Powe” by Means of Am ob Fluid.—It. Spear New Haven, Conn. September 3, 1869. DE SIGN S. 3,667.—Bust of Alexander Von Humboldt.—Henry Ber- fer, New York city. 8.—Carpet Pattern.—Jonathan Crabtree (assignor to .Tames Bromley&Brothers) Philadelphia, Pa. 3,669.—Stove.—Addis E. Chamberlain and John B. Crowley, Cincinnati, Ohio, assignors to Adclis E. clutmberlain, O. N. Bush,and F. V. Chamberlain. 3,670.—Railway Car Ventilator Case or Shell.—M. '1'. Hitchcock, Springfield, Mass. 3,671.—Cap of a Fruit Can.—Julius L Livingston, Pittsburgh, Pa. 3,672.—Clock Case.—George B. Owen, Winsted, Conn. 3,673.—Face-plate of a Latch. — Emery Parker, New Britain, Conn. 3,674.—Harness Mounting. — James Patterson Robbins, Philadelphia, Pa. 3,675.—Stove.—Watson Sanford, New York city. 3,o76.—Plate OF' A Stove.—Robert Scorer and Robert Ham, Troy, N.Y. 3,677.—Carpet Pattern.—Isaac Starr, Jr., Phil adelphia, Pa. 3,678.—Trade Mark.—Geo. W. Tucker, Manchester, N. II. 3,679.—Fireplace Heater.—Samuel L. Utter, Brooklyn, N. y. 3,680.—STOVE.—Samuel L. Utter, Brooklyn, N. Y. 3,681.—Stoye.—Nicholas S. Vedder, Troy, and Thomas S. Heister, Lansingburg, N. Y., assignors to John H. Herron&Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. 3,682 to 3,(S84.—Flooi? OiLClOTH—John T. Webster, New York city., assignor to Page, wilder&Co., Hallowell, Me. Three patents. 3,685.—Felt Border—John T. Webster, N ew York city., assignor to “ Crossley Company,” Bridgeport, Conn. 3,686.—Reflector.—August Wil _elm, Philadelphia, Pa. THE ABOVE (TT REPRESENTS OUR patent circular saw -with movable or inserted teeth, for which we claim the following advantages over all others :— The shaiike )f our saw teeth are elastic, and. exert a uniform distr:. ision in the sockets. The stability of the plate is in no way affected by inserting new sets of teeth. Eaeh tooth may be independently adjusted to the cutting line. Wo rivets, keys, or other objectionable appliances are employed in connection with the teeth ; they are as simple in construction as a nut for a bolt, and easily applied. III short all the difficulties heretofore experienced in the use of movable teeth for saws, are fully met and obviated by this Tlie Subscribers manufacture the “",V. G. TTJTTLE'S Patent Cross Cut Saws,” J. H. TETTLE'S Patent Double Hook Tooth Saws:” also, Cast steel Circular and Long Saws. Sin/le and Double Cylinder and other Power and Hand PriL Mug Machinery. t^T” Our Illustrates Catalogues sent free to all, ivho will please address us. R HOE&CO., Manufacturers, 26 tf 29 and 81 Gold st.. NcwYoi'k. THE ArcMUectw/ral Review, AND American Builder's Journal. By SAMUEL SLOAN, Architect. Volume 1, bound in extra Cloth, now ready. Price $1 5( BSr^This Reviewis Royal Octavo,and published Month ly. Each part containing sixty-four pages of letter press together with eight fall-size page illustrations—the lat-te mainly in wood, occasionally in lithography o chromo-lithography. The terms are Fifty Cents pei: Monthly Part, or Six Dollars per Annum, payable l a c n i receipt of the subscription price. Allordersshould be addressed to the Publishers, Claxton, Remsen &; IIaffelfinger, 819 and 821 Market fit ..Philadelphia, Pa. We Put fauiue falta W atcfies Into the hands of purchasers in any State, T erritcry, Town,VUlage,or Frontier Settlement.at the Lowest New York Wholesale Prices. The Express Companies take _tliem from us and deliver them to the customers in any part of the Union, however remote. The package can be opened, and the watch examined, and not till then is the purchaser required to pay for it; and if,on examination, it is not satisfactory, there is no obligation to receive it. Our descriptive and illustrated Price List gives full information In regard to the watches,and our plan ot sending them by express. Every one should have .a copy; we send it postpaid on application ; no return stamps required. When you write, please state that you saw this in the Solent mo American. HOWARD&CO., Jewelers and Silversiniths,No.619Broadway, New York. QMITH&WOODS' S improved Invalid Bedstead, Patented July 6th,1SG9 Especiallyadaptedfor usein famm'esandhospitals. Pro nouncad by Physicians and Surgeons the best thing eve. seen in this line. Send for descriptive circular to F. H. SMITH, North Hebron,N. Y. State and County Rights for sale. BOGARDUS' iCccentric Mills for Grinding Bones, Sugar, Clays, Salts, Guanos, Pot Shells. Ores Feed, Drugs, Spices, 'Fobaceo. Coffee, Paints, Printers Inks, etc. JAS. BOGARDUS, cor. White&Elm sts.,N.Y Safety Boiler. THE Position of this Boiler as absolutely 1 safe from disastrous explosion , economical in fuel, and as a thoroughly reliable, durable, practical, and efficient Steam Generator, is fully established, as evinced by the sale of about One Hundred and Fifty Boilers, the sale, to many purchasers, of a second one after trial of the first, and bythe experience of thosewho have used it. Its safety is self-evident,it not being built of any dangerous materials, as large wrought ironplates, containing unseen defects, nor cast iron. which cracks and gives way instantly, but being composed of the best Wroughtlron Boiler Tubes, testedto5001bs.pressure, water and steam inside of them, and having no large t many other advantages.resulting fromitssectionalform, as lightness, low freight, facility of enlargement, etc., are equally evident upon examination. Its use secures the economy of highpressure witfcout danger. In view of the thousands of victims maimed or murdered by all the common forms of boilers, no humane man can afford to incur the risk of usinr a. boiler in which such fearful results are possible. They are possible, and somewhat probable in all Shell Boilers. the danger being inherent in the large diameter, and ready to develop itself, at any moment, man explosion. Root's Safety Boiler offers absolute immunity from such results. Send or Illustrated Pamphtet. Address CO., Second ave., cor. 28th st., New York. A Boiler of 120-H. P. at American Institute Fair until Oct. 30, 1869; AND SELL NO OTHER—Into the hands of all respectable dealers throughout the country of our own manufacture. . All Genuine Howard Watches are marked “ E. Howard&Co., Boston.” both on the plate and dial, and non< without such marks are genuine,whoever maysell them n o e l d e t ers,send to E.Howard&Co.,U4 Tremont at, Boston Mass., and yon will be at once attended to. We have nc connection with Howard&Co..619 Broadway,New York as is frequently supposed. E. HOWARD &CO., 114 Tre emont TRON PLANERS, ENGINE LATHES, I Drills, and other Machinists' Tools, of Superior Quality, on hand and Slnishiiur. For sale Low. “For Description and Price, address NEW HAVEN MANUFACTUR ING CO., New Haven, Conn. 5 tf os 71>T?Xr —Our New Catalogue of Im- 1 XV ilJ $.^J* proved STENCIL DIES. More than Q-OAA A MONTH is being made with them ?\rj6\)\J S. M. SPENCER&CO,, Brattleboro Vt. NESTER'S COMBINED CARPENTER'S Tool saves one fourth the labor at Weather Board ing. Inquire of the Trade. Send stamp for circular to 27 Part Row, New York. THE “ Tanite Emery Wheel. Does not G1aze,Gum, Heat, or Smell. Address THE TANITE CO., Stroudsburg, Monroe Co., Pa. Drawing .Materials. WHATMAN'S PAPERS .—White and Yellow Roll Drawing Paper' 40 and 54 inches wide Tracing Muslin, Tracing Paper. Muslin-backed Drawing Paper, 40 and 54 inches wide. Winsor&Newton's Colors India ink. Faber's Drawing Pencils, etc., etc. Priced Catalogues Bent free. JAS. W. QUEEN&CO., 924 Chestnut st. Philadelphia. TNCREASE TWIST DRILLS, FLUTED I HAND REAMERS, exact to Whitworth'e Gag, and Beach's Patent Self-centering Chuck, manufactured by Morse Twist Drill and Machine Co., New Bedford, Mass, ITi TURNER, Civil, Railway, and Mechan \j» ical Engineer. Address, care ol W. JACKSON 504 Walnut st., Philadelphia, Pa.
This article was originally published with the title "The Torpedo Patent Case" in Scientific American 21, 16, 252 (October 1869)