On Saturday, May 24, 1902, the two great republics of the world joined in the celebration of an international event which carries the thought of the American patriot back to the struggles of his ancestors for independent existence. i 11-3 unveiling of the statue of Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Count de Rochambeau, was something more than an ordinary function. It was the occasion of a remarkable gathering of representative men of the United States and France, and one in which the armies, the navies and the civil governments of both nations united to do honor to the soldier who was the official representative of the French govern-ment, and who with French money and French arms and French men extended the helping hand to the Colo-nies. The story of Lafayette's generously voluteer-ed services is already known to every schoolboy, but it remained for the flrst Congress ot the twentieth century to do substantial honor to Rochambeau. The credit for the initiative In this worthy tribute is due tor Mr. Jules Braeufve, the Fi-ehch Consul and Chancellor Of the French Embassy, who as early as 1899 flrst suggested it. A year later the flrst bill was introduced in the united States Congress, and on March 3, 1901, a bill was passed and approved appropriating 7,500, and in the following year a-second appropriation of 15,000 was secured, which amounts have since been further supplemented by other sums for the entertainment of guests sent by France to our shores to celebrate the event. Immediately in front of the White House at Washington, and facing its grounds and closer than any other public reservation, is Lafayette Square, so called for many years after the French general who gave his services to the cause of the American Colonies in their struggle for independence. At the southeast corner of this square stands the Lafayette monument. At the southwest corner stands the statue just erected to the memory of Rochambeau. It is a signiflcant circumstance that of all the many statues that now adorn the capital city of the United States, there are none, not even of domestic heroes, which are so closely positioned to the home of the Chief Executive of the United States. Count Rochambeau was born in Vend me, July 1, 1725, and died at Thor , near that city. May 10, 1807. He entered the French army in 1742 and distinguished himself in various campaigns, reaching the rank of lieutenant-general. In 1T80 he was placed in command of the French army sent to America. He embarked at Brest, May 2, 1780, under the escort of Chevalier de Ternay with five ships of the line, and in 1781 he actively co-operated with Washington in the movements which led to the capitulation of Corn-wallis at Yorktown. It is said to be an authenticated fact that just before the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, Rochambeau advanced to Robert Morris, the financier of the Colonies, the sum of 20,000 out of the French war chest to pay the men under Washington and relieve their pressing necessities. In recognition of Rochambeau's services. Congress gave him a vote of thanks and presented him with two pieces of cannon captured from the English. On his return to France, in 1783, he was made Governor of Picardy and Artois, and in 1791 was made Marshal of France. Bonaparte also named him grand officer of the newly-created Legion of Honor and pensioned him. During the reign of terror Rochambeau was imprisoned, and only escaped the guillotine by the death of Robespierre. The statue, which is in bronze and of heroic proportions, is the work of Ferdinand Hamar, the deaf-mute French sculptor, and is a replica of the one erected in France. L. Parent is the architect, and the stonework of the pedestal, which is of French limestone, is by Ferdinand Gaussen. Besides typifying the happy relation of the two peoples, it is a handsome addition to the statuary of the United States capital, graceful in design, artistically executed, and well placed. Its most salient feature is the flgure of the general in the uniform of his rank and with arm outstretched in the attitude of command. A symbolic flgure below typifles the sentiment and meaning of the monument. A female flgure representing liberty, with drawn sword in one hand, extends protection over the American eagle, which as a young fledgling is posed in an attitude of deflance against attack. The left hand of the figure bears aloft the entwined flags of France and of the United States, and the prow of ship in the background suggests the help from over the sea. Lower on the pedestal is displayed the shield of the United States, bearing the thirteen stars of the original Colonies. In recognition of the dignity and importance of the event, France has sent her splendid battleship, the "G a u 1 o i s," whose formidable propor-ti o n s and equipment are so well shown in the illustration. It is an i nt e re sting fact that this flne specimen of a modern warship was built at Brest, the very port from which Rochambe au embarked for America in 1780, and she is also the first French battleship o f the first class to cross the Atlantic. This ship brought with her, as representatives of the army and navy of France, V i c e-Admiral Four-nier, Inspector-General of the Navy; Lieutenant-Colonel Meaux Saint Marc, orderly OfiBcer and per-s o n a 1 repre-sentative o{ 379 President Loubet; General Brug re, Commander-in-Chief of the French Army, Vice-President of the Supreme Council of War and Inspector-General; General de Chalendar, Commander of the 14th Infantry Brigade; Lieutenant-Colonel Hermite, Commander of the 6th Battalion of Foot Artillery; Captain of Artillery Peuilloux de Saint Mars, and Captain of Cuirassiers Lasson, attached to the General Staff of the government at Paris. Representing civil life, and previously arrived in the passenger steamer 'Touraine," were the present Count and Countess de Rochambeau; the present Count de Lafayette; M. Croisset, of the Faculty of Letters; M. Le Grave, Commissioner to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition; and other well-known civilians. In appreciation of the courtesy of the French government Secretary Moody assigned a special squadron from the United States Navy to meet and salute the Incoming "Gaulois'' and act as an escort of honor. This squadron consisted of the cruiser "Olympia," Rear-Admiral Higginson's flag-ship, and the battleships "Kearsarge" and "Alabama." The ceremonies at the unveiling of the statue in Lafayette Square included the following programme: Invocation by Dr. Stafford; welcome by the President of the United States; unveiling of the statue by the Countess Rochambeau; music, "The Marseillaise," by the French Band; presentation of the sculptor, M. Hamar; remarks by the French Ambassador (in French); selection by the French Band; remarks by General Horace Porter, United States Ambassador to France; selection by the Marine Band; address by Senator Lodge; "Star-Spangled Banner," by the French Band; remarks by General Brug re; benediction by Bishop Satterlee. Following the ceremonies of the unveiling, social functions in entertainment of the guests will follow as a pleasant ending of the celebration. It is understood that the guests will visit various points of interest in the United States before returning to their native land.