In Rainbows End, by Vernor Vinge, a 2006 science-fiction novel set in the near future, modern medicine brings a talented Chinese-American poet, Robert Gu, back from end-stage Alzheimer’s disease. Before treatment, Gu is bedridden and can neither talk nor remember his children. After the therapy, his memory returns, although he develops a different set of talents. Flowers for Algernon, the 1959 short story by Daniel Keyes, entertains a related fantasy in which a futuristic treatment transforms Charlie, a mentally retarded man, into a genius.