Citizen scientists examine thousands of satellite images of Mongolia to identify sites and features of potential archaeological interest; the idea is that this will assist archaeologists currently working on the ground. Researchers can study in real time the most promising citizen-scientist tagged objects (roads, rivers, structures, etcetera) using 3-D virtual reality, ground-penetrating radar and unmanned aerial vehicles. The goal of the Valley of the Khans archeological project is to identify archeological sites without disturbing them.

With the growing trend of rogue illegal mining in the region, such protective measures will be critical in the preservation of this iconic symbol of world cultural heritage and the rich cultural patrimony throughout Mongolia.