Skip to main content


Tools and Human Evolution

Presenting a series of articles on the human species, with special reference to its origins. It is now clear that tools antedate man, and that their use by prehuman primates gave rise to Homo sapiens

By Sherwood L. Washburn

The Origin of Speech

Man is the only animal that can communicate by means of abstract symbols. Yet this ability shares many features with communication in other animals, and has arisen from these more primitive systems

By Charles F. Hockett

The Distribution of Man

Homo sapiens arose In the Old World, but has since become the most widely distributed of all animal species. In the process he has differentiated into three principal strains

By William W. Howells

The Origin of Cities

The agricultural revolution ultimately made it possible for men to congregate in large communities, and to take up specialized tasks. The first cities almost certainly arose in Mesopotamia

By Robert M. Adams

The Scientific Revolution

Observation of nature by Renaissance artists and craftsmen was a precursor of the new scientific outlook. This in turn accelerated technology, leading to the industrial revolution

By Herbert Butterfield

The Human Population

In the short span of his existence man has come to consume more food than all other land animals put together. This raises the question of how many men the earth can support

By Edward S. Deevey

The Present Evolution of Man

Man still evolves by natural selection for his environment, but it is now an environment largely of his own making. Moreover, he may be changing the environment faster than he can change biologically

By Theodosius Dobzhansky


  • 50 and 100 Years Ago: September 1960

  • The Origin of Society

  • Science and the Citizen: September 1960

  • The Agricultural Revolution

  • Mathematical Games

  • The Amateur Scientist

  • Letters

    Letters to the Editors, September 1960

  • Recommended


  • Departments

    The Authors

  • Bibliography

Purchase To Read More

Already purchased this issue? Sign In to Access
Select Format
September 1960

20% Sitewide for President's Day