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Technology and Economic Development

Presenting an issue devoted to the problem of how nations can attain a state of self-sustaining growth. This article outlines the history of development and of the division of nations into rich and poor...

By Asa Briggs


At the current growth rate the world's population would multiply sixfold in a century. Recent history suggests, however, that the rate will be cut by people acting in their own private interest...

By Kingsley Davis


The first task of a poor country is to improve both the quantity and the quality of its nutrition. Basically this calls for education, not only in agriculture but also in food econon1ics and technology...

By Nevin S. Scrimshaw


Men need water to drink and for many other purposes but by far the largest amount of water they have available must go to agriculture. Again the basic need in the proper utilization of water is education...

By Roger Revelle


Modern man has made himself largely by burning fuel. The supply of fuel appears to be almost inexhaustible, and a high level of fuel consumption is not a prerequisite of development but a result of it...

By Sam H. Schurr


Deposits of important minerals that can be economically mined are poorly distributed over the surface of the earth. Modern substitutions may, however, alleviate some of this imbalance

By Julian W. Feiss

Education for Development

Capital investments can be made not only in industry but also in people. This article compares problems of education in four underdeveloped countries: Nyasaland, Colombia, China and Egypt...

By Frederick Harbison

The Structure of Development

Analysis of an economy by the input-output method reveals its internal structure, which is dictated largely by technology. Applied to underdeveloped economies, the technique maps out paths to growth...

By Wassily Leontief

The Development of Nigeria

The first in a series of four articles on specific problems of development. Nigeria, the most populous nation of Africa, has just launched its advanced toward self-sustaining growth

By Wolfgang F. Stolper

The Development of India

With a diversified population of 450 million, it has perhaps the most complex problem of development. It seeks to advance by methods that follow its traditional avoidance of coercion

By Pitambar Pant

The Development of Brazil

Although Brazil must still be classified as an underdeveloped nation it is the most advanced of the nations in the Tropical Zone and it is well on its way toward self-sustaining growth

By Celso Furtado

The Development of the U.S. South

Not so long ago the 13 Southern states were an underdeveloped "country" within the U.S. An account of the process by which a quasi-colonial region was integrated into the national economy...

By Arthur Goldschmidt

The Planning of Development

Future development will not strictly parallel classical industrial revolutions. Technology, economics and ideology all make it likely that governments will play a central role in directing the process...

By Edward S. Mason


  • 50 and 100 Years Ago: September 1963

  • Science and the Citizen: September 1963

  • Letters

    Letters to the Editors, September 1963

  • Recommended


  • Mathematical Recreation

    Mathematical Games

  • Amateur Scientist

    The Amateur Scientist

  • Departments

    The Authors

  • Bibliography

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