Skip to main content


Microelectronic Circuit Elements

The basic functional element of a modern electronic circuit is the transistor. Microelectronic technology has made it possible to employ large numbers of them in a single circuit

By James D. Meindl

The Large-Scale Integration of Microelectronic Circuits

When thousands of circuit elements are integrated on one chip, the integration is said to be large-scale. Many of these circuits not only are electrical but also follow the rules of Boolean logic...

By William C. Holton

The Fabrication of Microelectronic Circuits

The patterns of integrated circuits are made in the large and then are put on the chip photographically. The objective of fabrication methods is the production of chips at the lowest cost per function...

By William G. Oldham

Microelectronic Memories

Present memories based on transistors typically store some 16,000 bits (binary digits) on a chip. Magnetic-bubble and charge-coupled devices are providing an even higher density of information storage...

By David A. Hodges


A microprocessor is a computer central processing unit on a single chip. Currently it is associated with other chips in a microcomputing system. Now emerging, however, are complete computer systems on a single chip...

By Hoo-Min D. Toong

The Role of Microelectronics in Data Processing

Large modern computers could not exist without microelectronic components. Microelectronics has also led to the rise of smaller computers able to perform tasks that do not call for larger ones...

By Lewis M. Terman


Introducing an issue on the microelectronic revolution, in which putting large numbers of electronic elements on silicon "chips" has profoundly increased the capabilities of electronic devices...

By Bernard M. Oliver

The Role of Microelectronics in Communication

The essence of systems such as the telephone, radio and television is signal processing. The large capacity, high reliability and low cost of microelectronic devices make them ideal for such purposes...

By John S. Mayo

Microelectronics and Computer Science

The functional architecture of the computer has traditionally been shaped by the size of specialized components and concepts of how people think. Microelectronics is now eliminating these constraints...

By Ivan E. Sutherland and Carver A. Mead

Microelectronics and the Personal Computer

Rates of progress in microelectronics suggest that in about a decade many people will possess a notebook-size computer with the capacity of a large computer of today. What might such a system do for them?...

By Alan C. Kay


  • 50 and 100 Years Ago, September 1977

  • Science and the Citizen, September 1977

  • Letters

    Letters to the Editors, September 1977

  • Recommended

    Books, September 1977

  • Mathematical Recreation

    Mathematical Games, July 1977

  • Amateur Scientist

    The Amateur Scientist, September 1977

  • Departments

    The Authors, September 1977

  • Bibliography, September 1977

Purchase To Read More

Already purchased this issue? Sign In to Access
Select Format
Scroll To Top