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The Mechanization of Work

Introducing an issue on the continuing Industrial Revolution two centuries after it began. In the U.S. it has now displaced two-thirds of the labor force from the production of goods

By Eli Ginzberg

The Mechanization of Agriculture

In the U.S. at the beginning of the 19th century some 70 percent of the labor force worked on the farm. Today 3 percent not only feeds the population but also produces a large surplus for export...

By Wayne D. Rasmussen

The Mechanization of Mining

Today more than 80 percent of the mineral needs of the U.S. economy are met by only 1 percent of the labor force. Here the mechanization of mining is examined in terms of its effect on the mining of coal...

By John M. Karhnak and Robert L. Marovelli

The Mechanization of Design and Manufacturing

Mechanization on the factory floor continues, but greater changes are being introduced by new technology for the design of products and for planning, managing and coordinating their manufacture...

By Thomas G. Gunn

The Mechanization of Commerce

Such services as finance, transport, distribution communication are being mechanisede even more than the production goods.In the process they call for workers with ever high level of education...

By Martin L. Ernst

The Mechanization of Office Work

The office is the primary locus of information work, which is coming to dominate the U.S. economy. A shift from paperwork to electronics can improve productivity; service to customers and job satisfaction...

By Vincent E. Giuliano

The Mechanization of Women's Work

When it began two centuries ago, it was characterized by low pay and occupational segregation. The same holds true today, although women are entering the labor force in larger numbers

By Joan Wallach Scott

The Distribution of Work and Income

When workers are displaced by machines, the economy can suffer from the loss of their purchasing power. Historically the problem has been eased by shortening the work week, a trend currently at a standstill...

By Wassily W. Leontief


  • 50 and 100 Years Ago: September 1982

  • Science and the Citizen, September 1982

  • Letters

    Letters to the Editors, September 1982

  • Recommended

    Books, September 1982

  • Amateur Scientist

    The Amateur Scientist, September 1982

  • Departments

    The Authors, September 1982

  • Metamagical Themas, September 1982

  • Bibliography, September 1982

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