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Soviets in Space

Cosmonauts have spent more than 5,600 days on board Soviet space stations since 1971. Yet cosmonaut activities are just a small part of the Soviet Union's robust space program

By Peter M. Banks and Sally K. Ride

The Genes for Color Vision

Recently isolated, the genes encoding the color-detecting proteins of the human eye have yielded new clues about the evolution of normal color vision and the genetic bases of color blindness...

By Jeremy Nathans

Giant Ocean Cataracts

Undersea cataracts that descend farther than any waterfall and carry more water than any river play a crucial role in maintaining the chemistry and climate of the deep ocean

By John A. Whitehead

The New Superconductors: Prospects for Applications

Further feats of materials science are needed to realize commercial hopes for high-temperature superconductors. A long-term commitment to research will make success more likely

By Alan M. Wolsky, Robert F. Giese and Edward J. Daniels

From Bird Song to Neurogenesis

Studies of song-control centers in the canary brain reveal that new nerve cells are born in adulthood and that they can replace older cells. Such neurogenesis could hold the key to brain self-repair in humans...

By Fernando Nottebohm

The Chemical Effects of Ultrasound

Intense ultrasonic waves traveling through liquids generate small cavities that enlarge and implode, creating tremendous heat. These extreme conditions provide an unusual chemical environment...

By Kenneth S. Suslick

Teeth and Prehistory in Asia

Minute differences in tooth structure enable the author to reconstruct the great prehistoric migrations that peopled the New World as well as east Asia and the Pacific Basin

By Christy G. Turner II

The History of Census Tabulation

By 1880 a growing population and burgeoning data almost crippled the U.S. Census Office. Herman Hollerith came to the rescue in 1890, mechanizing the census with his punched-card tabulating system...

By Keith S. Reid-Green


  • 50 and 100 Years Ago: February 1989

  • Stable Orbit

  • Econo-SDI

  • Future Imperfect

  • Hidden Chemistry

  • In Memoriam

  • Blame it on the Moon

  • First Impressions

  • POU! Goes the Homeobox

  • A Breed Apart

  • Exercising Choice

  • Labeled Therapy

  • Fusion's Future

  • Supercomputing

  • Sharpening the Edge

  • A Tiny Mouse came Forth

  • Essay: How Can Science Best Serve the President?

  • Letters

    Letters to the Editors, February 1989

  • Recommended

    Books, February 1989

  • Amateur Scientist

    The Amateur Scientist, February 1989

  • Departments

    Computer Recreations, February 1989

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