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Making Headway against Cancer

A single cure is still elusive, but for people touched by his disease, modern understanding is paying off in better treatments, better prevention and brighter prospects

By John Rennie and Ricki Rusting

Fundamental Understandings

How Cancer Arises

An explosion of research is uncovering the long-hidden molecular underpinnings of cancer -- and suggesting new therapies

By Robert A. Weinberg

How Cancer Spreads

Tumor cells roam the body by evading the controls that keep normal cells in place. That fact offers clues to fighting cancer

By Erkki Ruoslahti

Causes and Prevention

What Causes Cancer?

The top two causes -- tobacco and diet -- account for almost two thirds of all cancer deaths and are among the most correctable

By David J. Hunter, Dimitrios Trichopoulos and Frederick P. Li

Strategies for Minimizing Cancer Risk

Simple, realistic preventive measures could save hundreds of thousands of lives every year in developed countries alone

By Graham A. Colditz, Nancy E. Mueller and Walter C. Willett

Chemoprevention of Cancer

Someday people should be able to avoid cancer or delay its onset by taking specially formulated pills or foods

By Peter Greenwald

Is Hormone Replacement Therapy a Risk?

By Nancy E. Davidson

Toward Earlier Detection

Advances in Cancer Detection

Tests to look for the presence of a tumor before any symptoms appear may save more lives than new drug therapies do

By David Sidransky

Advances in Tumor Imaging

New tools yield a three-dimensional view inside the body and automated advice on interpreting the anatomical landscape

By Charles A. Pelizzari and Maryellen L. Giger

Should Women in Their 40s Have Mammograms?

By Gina Maranto

Does Screening for Prostate Cancer Make Sense?

By Gerald E. Hanks and Peter T. Scardino

Improving Conventional Therapy

Advancing Current Treatments for Cancer

Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy can now cure many cases of cancer. Future methods will be even more effective

By Everett E. Vokes and Samuel Hellman

When Are Bone Marrow Transplants Considered?

By Karen Antman

Twelve Major Cancers


Therapies of the Future

Immunotherapy for Cancer

As knowledge about the immune system grows, scientists are devising ways, using the body's own defenses, to attack cancer

By Lloyd J. Old

New Molecular Targets for Cancer Therapy

Investigators are exploiting the characteristic molecular abnormalities of cancers in new approaches to treatment

By Allen Oliff, Frank McCormick and Jackson B. Gibbs

Fighting Cancer by Attacking its Blood Supply

By interfering with the expanding network of blood vessels in tumors, researchers hope to cut off the underlying support system

By Judah Folkman

Living with Cancer


Cancer patients today have many options for easing distress. These interventions may not prolong life, but they can improve its quality

By Jimmie C. Holland

Alternative Cancer Treatments

Miraculous cures are a myth, but some regimens may well improve the quality of life for patients

By Jean-Jacques Aulas

Controlling the Pain of Cancer

Despite enormous advances in treating pain, many cancer patients still suffer needlessly. Some simple practices can make a difference

By Kathleen M. Foley

What Are Obstacles to Ideal Care?

By W. Wayt Gibbs

Finding More Information


  • From the Editor

    Reasons for Hope

  • Letters

    Letters to the Editors, September 1996

  • Recommended

    Reviews and Commentaries--Moral Kin?

  • Anti Gravity

    Put a Sock on It

  • 50, 100 & 150 Years Ago

    50, 100 and 150 Years Ago: Thermal Vision, Views of Boston from the Sky and Trains in France

  • Wonders

    Neptune, Velikovsky and the Name of the Game

  • In Brief

    In Brief, September 1996

  • Profile

    Envisioning Speech

  • Mathematical Recreation

    The Interrogator's Fallacy

  • Amateur Scientist

    The Pleasures of Exploring Ponds

  • Science and the Citizen

    Cosmic Puffery

  • Mysterious Maladies

  • Smog From Space

  • By the Numbers

    World Birth-Control Use

  • Working Knowledge

    Working Knowledge on Freeze Drying

  • Connections


  • Cyber View

    The Internet is Learning to Censor Itself

  • Field Notes

    A Day at the Armageddon Factory

  • Technology and Business

    Alarming Nets

  • New Chip off the Old Block

  • For Your Eyes Only?

  • Artificial Blood Quickens

  • Recently Netted....

  • In Focus

    Hiv's Achilles' Heel

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