Where was the Iceman's home, and what was he doing at the high mountain pass where he died? Painstaking research--especially of plant remains found with the body--contradicts many of the initial speculations...
New archaeological excavations reveal that as the ancient island societies suffered from environmental decline, they developed an extreme religious preoccupation with life and death
Recently excavated artifacts from Pakistan have inspired a reevaluation of one of the great early urban cultures--the enigmatic Indus Valley civilization
The largest known Neolithic settlement yields clues about the roles played by the two sexes in early agricultural societies
Paintings and engravings made by ancestors of the San peoples encode the history and culture of a society thousands of years old
Excavations in northern Syria reveal the metropolis of Nabada, founded 4,800 years ago. Its elaborate administration and culture rivaled those of the fabled cities of southern Mesopotamia...
Mashkan--shapir was for a brief time one of the most important cities in the world. Its remains challenge traditional notions of power distribution in early urban society
Workmen and their families lived some 3,000 years ago in the village now known as Deir el-Medina. Written records from the unusually well educated community offer fascinating descriptions of everyday activities...
For centuries, this ancient Shona city stood at the hub of a vast trade network. The site has also been at the center of a bitter debate about African history and heritage
A Peruvian culture older than the Incas made unprecedented use of gold and other metals. Studies of Sicán metalworking techniques offer hints about this mysterious society
The lives of the Aztec common people were far richer and more complex than the official histories would have us believe
New approaches offer insight into the lives of Native Americans after the Europeans arrived
- From the Editor