There is a fine line between autism and alexithymia—feeling emotions but being unable to identify them
Children of scientists and engineers may inherit genes that not only confer intellectual talents but also predispose them to autism
There are 2,027 ways to be diagnosed with autism in DSM-IV and only 11 ways in DSM-5, but the numbers alone are misleading
A new finding could enable detect of increased risk of autism at birth, which could enable early treatment or interventions
Genetic sequences that code for physical features that differ between boys and girls also seem to contribute to risk for the disorder
California scientists have identified autism clusters where children are twice as likely to have autism and mostly have highly educated parents
The animals' motion may correct rhythm coordination problems
A study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences followed a small group of high-functioning people with autism and found that they responded more to social cues when given the hormone oxytocin. Karen Hopkin reports
A hard look at whether the rise comes from more awareness, better diagnosis—or something else
New research suggests the two conditions may be de different outcomes of one genetic syndrome
Most of the candidate genes play roles in cellular processes also implicated in intellectual disability
For every 1,000 mothers who develop gestational diabetes by 26 weeks, seven children may develop autism spectrum disorders, a study finds
With autism on the rise, what research has been done on the possible environmental causes?
Some autism symptoms reduced in children six years after their parents receive communications training
Children whose mothers were exposed to high levels of fine particulate pollution in late pregnancy have up to twice the risk of developing autism as children of mothers breathing cleaner air, scientists reported
Can avoiding bread and milk ease the disorder?
Babies whose moms lived within a mile of crops treated with widely used pesticides were more likely to develop autism, according to new research
Autism is one of three diagnoses that the DSM-5 includes in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While our understanding of this condition has grown exponentially, research has been fraught with controversy. Autism appears to be on the rise, depending on how you define it, and its causes more complex than imagined. In this eBook, Understanding Autism: The Search for Answers, Scientific American’s editors have gathered the most current information on autism, including how it’s diagnosed, risk factors, treatments and therapies.
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