And so do the alligators—they protect bird nests from egg-stealing raccoons and other predators, but they don’t work for free.
Florida’s Everglades are home to lots of large wading birds, like egrets and herons. But the ‘Glades also have lots of raccoons and possums. The birds’ nests are an all-you-can-eat buffet. And when an invasion occurs,
[Lucas Nell:] "sometimes thousands of birds will abandon their nests, and just leave, and there's littered remains of dead chicks and eggs that have been eaten."
In order to seek protection from their furry foes, birds actually prefer to build their nests in plots of swamp with a resident alligator.
This is Scientific American’s 60-Second Science. I’m Christopher Intagliata. Got a minute?
In fact, in one study a graduate student planted fake alligators. And the birds seemed to prefer to build nests close to them.
Nell and his colleagues took to the Everglades at night, hunting for gators near and far from nests.
[Nell] You have to use a spotlight and you see the little demon eyes shining out of the marsh.
They lassoed the gators, pulled them into the airboat, and took blood samples and body measurements. Turns out the gators near bird colonies were 13 percent fatter. Which means this unusual arrangement may be mutually beneficial. The birds get protection. And the alligators? They feast on any chicks that get kicked out of the nest, as well as on the rest of the extra-productive swamp life, fertilized by all that guano. The findings are in the journal PLoS ONE. [Lucas A. Nell et al, Presence of Breeding Birds Improves Body Condition for a Crocodilian Nest Protector]
There is one drawback for adult birds who stray too close to their bodyguard: Gators are not discriminating diners.
[Nell] I liken it less to a bodyguard situation, more like keeping some psychopathic murderer in your yard, to keep out cat burglars.
Thanks for the minute! For Scientific American’s 60-Second Science, I’m Christopher Intagliata.
[The above text is a transcript of this video.]
Executive Producer: Eliene Augenbraun
Producer: Lydia Chain
Writer and Narrator: Christopher Intagliata
Audio Engineer and Editor: Steve Mirsky
Stock Video Footage: Videoblocks, ©iStock.com
Special Thanks: Lucas Nell, Nicholas Vitale