A photographer in LondonMr. H. Wat-kinsadvertises to get up visiting cards with the caller's portrait on one corner. We shall probably soon be receiving letters with the writer's face indelibly portrayed at the top of the sheet. -------------- --------------- MacIline foR Pegging Boots and SUoes.S. D. Tripp, of Stonehaven, Mass., objects to our note, headed as above, on page 345 of the present volume of the Scientific American, and says that he has a machine J that will peg boots and.shoes perfectly. Patent Claims Issued from the Unitell States Patent Office FOR TUE WEEK ENDING JULY 20, 185S. [Repo1'ted officially or the Scientific American.] ** Circulars giving full particulars of the mode of applying for patents, size pi model required, and much other information useful to inventors, may be had gratia by addressing MUNN & CO., Publishers of the Scientific American, New York. Tube JointB for CondensErsHoratio Allen, of New" York City : I am aware that in lines of piped for conveying water. short pipes of wood, banded at. the ends with iron. have been used to connect the Iron piPC2, the iron pipe being driven into the wooden pipe, or the wooden pipe into the iron pille. nut this combination ia not onc for making an imperfect joint tight. but is a combin:ltion of wooden and iron pipes, the joints of which shall not form the material used being imperfect. And I do not claim such combination of wooden and metal pipes. as embraced within my device. I claim making the joint formed by two metal surfacEs (as in the ioints of the tub.es in the tube sheets of surface condensers, and other similar instruments) tight, by inscrting between the tube and tube .sheet. a tube of seasoned or compressed wood, made eIther In one or several pieces, relying on the expansion .of. the wood after being saturated by water to make the Jomtspring, tinht and on the freedom of the metal tube to move endwise without affecting the tightness of the joint" to avoid injurious results from the expansion and contraction of the metal tube, all substantially in the manner and for the pnrposes set forth. Connecting the Ends of Railroad RailsK. H. Allen, of \Vorcestcr, Mass.: I cl:1im the combination of the rails, E elliptical or spheroidal band, D, chair A, and adjustaule wedge \ all arranged and constructed sub,tantially as and for the purposes sct forth. [The nature of this invenUon is in thc use of a chair which extends from one tie to another, in conjunction with railroad rails which have open horizontal slots in their meeting cnds. and an elliptical or spheroidal band, which passes through the slots in the ends of the rails and underneath the chair, and is fastened by an adjustable wedge firmlyin place. This arrangcment so secures the joints of rails that the weigbt of the en gine and train over the same does not depress or deflect the point of junction to a greater degrec than otker portions of the rails arc depressed. It also presents a safeguard against displacement of the rails either by thrust or latcral motion.] Knife CleanerJ. J. Banta, of Jersey City, of N. J.: I claim the combinations of the cushions, b and c, - and hopper. e, with the spring. h b, the whole acting substantially as and for the purposes specified. Combination of Electro and Permanent Magnets TO RENDEE TEU:GRAPIIING MAGNETS EASY Ol AdjustmentEdmund F. Barnes, of Brooklyn. N. Y.: I claim the combiuation and use in a telegraphic line, or in connection with telegraphic instruments, of the permanent magnet with the electro-magnet, arranged and connected substantial1y as and upon the principles set forth, to prevent the disturbing effect of atmospheric electricity, &c., as described. I also claim constructing the permanent magnet, B, when used substantially as dcscribed, as an armature of the electro-magnet, with soft iron inserted therein, substantially as set forth. to render its action more forcible in connection with the elcctromagnet. Twma BoxW. R. Bennett and C. Storer,of Bos- ton Mass. : We claim in combination with the box. A)fort, the eyelets, g. attached to the shaft, D, and operating in the manner substantially as set forth. Second, We claim the knife guard, E, constructed and operating in the manner substantmlly as descnbed. Washing MachineWilliam Brown, of Duncannon, Pa.: I claim, first, The manner described of hinging thc forward portion, b. of the rubber to the rear 1Jortion, b, of the same, for the pnrposes Bet forth. Second, The manner described and shown of hinging the rubber, b b. to the uprights, in combination with the manner of suspending the uprights, a a. by means of slots, pivots and springs, for the purpose set forth. [This washing macbine consists of a tub with a fluted concave bottom and a fluted rubber, which is hung above, and vibrates over said bottom ; the clothes are attached to the ruhber 80 as to be washcd bctween it and the concave tub bottom. The rubher is suspended by springs, so as to allow of any desired force being ap. plied to the clothes, without the neccssity of the operator being compelled to bear the labor of lifting the rubber to apply said forcc. It is also rendered flexible by hinged joints, so as to accommodateitself to any bunching of the clothes bcneath it. This is one of the simplest washing machines ever patented. and it performs the operation of washing clothes in a manner somewhat similar to the human hands.] Machine for sharpening Gin SawsA. H. Bur-dine of Chulahoma, bliss. : I claim, first, The arrangement of the adjustable feeding pnwl, L L. spring file frames i j, and slotted or jointed adjustable frame, C D b a substantially as and for the purpose set forth. Second, The particular arrangement specified of the Belf-clamIling Rnd self-sustaining frame. C a b, in combination with the pawl, L, for the particular purpose of feeding old circular gin snws while on the shaft and in the grain framc. substantially as set forth. Third The particular manner shown of arranging the clamping part, C. of the frame, on the upper part, D, of the frame, for tho purpose set forth. [This machine is designed for sharpening old cotton gin saws without the necessity of rcmovillg them from the frame. The machine is exceedingly simple, and is placcd on the saw, and fceds it by its own tecth: We have scen the machine operate, and it certainly does work perfectly. The saw teeth are sharpened with a bevel on each side toward the point, and a whole gin of saws can be sharpened in auout five hours. whereas by hand it usually requires two or three days.] ~ PlowsG. D. Colton, of Gnlcsbnrgh, III. : I claim \** arranging the frame, B, secured to the axle, C, as de-iS\ scribed, with the strap, n, cord, m, and ivindlass, G-, i,f(k the several parts being operated in the manner and for y ) the purpose set forth. Also this in arrangement with \h the revolving colters and a double-pointed beam, all Mtrbeing constructed and operated substantially as de-| scribed. Machines for cutting out the Soles of Boots and ShoesJohnCrawshaw1 of Rochester, N. Y.: I claim combining the cutter and the pattern with each other, and with the wheel, D, by means of the pattern gear, m, pinionFOR, o, groove, n, tongue, r, cutter carriage, cdMAcnlNESe, slot, f and the cutter stock, E, or thenOF equivalents, the whole being arranged to operate substantially as specified. [A notice of this improvement is siven in another column] Fire Boxes for Locomotive EnginesLeonard CrosHman and Samuel Atkinson. of .Elizabeth Uity, N. J. : We claim the arranging of the grate bars centrally in the bottom of the fire box of wood-burning locomotives and surrounding said grates with dead plates, when said grate bars and dead plates are susceptible of being removed or replaced BubstantIally in the mallDer and for the purpose set forth. Manufacture of Hard Runner GoodsGustavus Cuppers, of Collegc I'oint, N. Y. : I wish to have it distinctly understood that I do not claim as my iuven tion the heating or curing process, as it is called, nor the combination of india rubber and gutta percha with sulphur, nor any other combination already patented and described. But I claim the improvement in the hardening or curing process of caoutchouc or india rubber and of gutta perchal by which articles .wares, goods .and merchandize may be manufactured -IutO any deSired 8lZe, form or shape, substantially as described. Steam HeaterChauncey A. Dickerman, of Nmvtimore, Haven. Conn. : I claim the arrangement of the chest of steam-heating flues, I I 1 I I I, mutually parallel, and incliued as described, in combination with similarly inclined and parallel air flues, K, heated thereby, Both the steam and the air having passed once through its flue oa passage across the chest. is at once discharged to its final deEtination in the maDuer and for the purpose set forth. THe arrangement 01' combination as thus described and represented I claim as an eiilcient and cbeap apparatus. Spring BoltEdward Doen, of New Britain, Conn.: I claim the combination with the guided sliding baltl A, and surface plate, B, of a loose or freeiy arranged spring, S, let into tle body of the 'bolt. and protected or encased thereby for operatlOn on, at points some dlS. tancc apart, and with the bolt, and against the surface plate, substantially as described, lor the purpose set forth. Grinding M[llsG-crrett Erkson, of New York City : I claim combining with the two eccentric grindins plates having the saId axis of rotation, substa!ltiapying as described, a male aud tcmale nut, conccntnc WIth each other. and attached to and rotating with the eccentric plates, as set forth, and for the purpose specified. Making 'VatCU CasesEdwin Field, of Providence, R. I.: I do not claim, broadly, any peculiar formation of the faces of rolls. whereby metallic stock generally may be delivered t,hul'efrom finished in its required form. Nor do I claim any peculiarity of form thereof, for working gold or other plated stock exclusively, or for delivering such stock in any required form or shape, In a finished state direct from the rolls. Nor do I restrict myself to the preciBe form described, to the exclusion of allother, or more perfect one for the purpose. First, I claim the us? of the rolls, S S, in connection with the rolls, F F, constructed and operating as specified. Second, I claim the peculiar shaped threads, E 1 E 2, of the mandrel, E, to prevent flattening, and for properly stretching the center stock in coiling the same in the first instance, E'. and tbr shaping and unparting a proper iucline to the bevel stock In the second Instance, E 2. Carpenter's RuleWilliam O. C. Fritschler, of Brooklyn, N. Y.: I cla.im the arrangement and combination ot the lcvel, a. WIth the movable arm, I, furmshed with a spirIt level upon the center, so that oy means ot the arc, g, and the screw, h, the glasses, c and d, may be so placed as to indicate the precise pOdition in rclation to the Uplumb and level," whatever111ay be th.e variation of angle the Dart b may uecessartly assume, the said variation being indicuted by the scale on the are, e, all ot which is fully described. Canal. BoatJames E. Gibson, of Port Carbon, Pa. : I claim in combination with canal boats made in two parts, so coupling the parts together that each shall have an up-and-down movement independently of one another, substantially as awl for the purposes set forth. Saw-filing MachineHeman How, of Georgetown. Mass.: I claim the crank shaft, P, operating as set fort,h, in combination with the slotted upright or moving frame, J, the flat spring, S, and the round metallic springs, L L, substantially as described and for the objects specified. Seed DrillsJ. W. Kirk, of Riaing Sun, Md. ; I claim a seed hopper which has at each point of discharge t\VO passages arranged alongside. and one a little iu advance of the other, and both used at the same time, ill combination with a seed slide which has tvo passages similarly arranged, and of equal depth WIth each other, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [By the peculiar arrangcment of duplicate di$chargctwe pMsagcs in the bottom of the hopper and in the distributing slide defined in the above claim, the grain is llUshed in different directions. One strcam docs not interfere with the other, and is not so liable to choke. The stream is more steady and constant, and the grain consequently is not so much bunched when deposited into the soil. This improvement is a very simple one, yct it appeara to he of considerable utility.] Machine for Pressing GrapesHenry Krausc, of New York City : I do not claim to bu the inventor of rollers for pressing grapes. But I claim the soft roller, D, in combination with the adjustable hard roller, E, arranged and operated by means of the cogged gearing, in the manner and for the ostensible purpose 8ubst"ntially as dc,cribed and Bhown. Casting HingesCOnrad M. Lane, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I do not claim forming the joint of the hinge by casting teats at the ends of the knuckles of onc 1eaf in to cor;esponding recess.es in the ends of thc knuckles of the other leaf, for thIS has been preVIously done. ' But I clailll casting substantially as shown, the knuckles, a" g, of the respective leaves, B p, so that the inner parts or sides of the knuckles will torm parts of cylinders of smaller diameter than the outerpart.s to admIt of the easy moving 01 thc joint wlthout addItlDnal labor or finishing as described. [A description of this invention will be found on another page.] Machines for Digging PotatoesMalcom Little, of Clyde, . .: I claim the arrangement of the fork, E, within and in combination with the roller, G-, substantially in the manuer and for the purpose specified. Mill Stone DressGeorge W", Loy, of Jefferson, Texas : I claim having the two stones, A B, provided rcspectively with straight and curved furrows, disposed or arranged as shown and described, for the purpose sct forth. [This invention consists in having onc stone provided with straight tangential furrows, and the other with curved furrows, whereby the millstones are rendered much more efficient in their operation then by the ordinary drcB5 most gcnerally employed, Dr by any of the improved dresses that have recently been used in a feV cascs.] Casting Iron KettlesCornelius McGinniss, of Pittsburgh, Pa. : I claim constructing the metallic core as described, of three or more pieces. united by bolts, 80 as to be readily detachable, one of which pieces is a narrow central strip, which may be removed after the kcttle is cast, and before it is sufficiently cool to remove the entire core, for the purpose of allowifig the contraction of the casting without danger of bursting. Vapor Burning LampsNicholas Mason, of Chelsea, Mass.: Firat, I claim the two holes, q q, in the wick tube, for the purposes set forth. Second, I claim my cylindrical sheath, arranged and operating substantially in the manner and for the pur poseB set forth and described. Third, I do not claim cutting off the gas by mcans of rolling valves, as this is common in steam engines, and in gas and water cocks and other lamps. But I claim the double row or scries of rolling valves contained within the mouth-piece of the burner. arranged and operating in combination with each other, and with the throat-piece of the wick tube, substantially in the manner Bet fortll and described. PropellerDatus E. Mcrick,of Cleveland, Ohio : I claim the special form of the wing desClibed. having its angular position upon the shaft, in combination with the flange having its greatest depth at the central part of the pcriphery of the wing, and tapering therefrom each way to the edge of the wing, as set forth. Breech-Loading FmEarmJames H. Merrill, of Baltimore, Md.; I claim converting what is known as the ** Jenka' carbine" from a looee pow4er and ball-loader to a cartridge loader, viz.: by plugging up the vertical opening through which that gun was loaded. cutting away in rear of the barrel, so as to load at the rear end of the bore, and allowing the lever, toggle, Rnd piston to COllle far enough back to admit a cartridge to be dropped in behind the bore, and then run up into the chamber, with " groove' and pin to gnide the togglc and piston, us set forth. Maclline for Making ChainEdwin H. Perry, of Providence, R. I.: I do not claim the combination ot a carrier on which the blank link is transported a die or perforated plate bK which the arms of the links are bent inward, and a forming guide or tube in which the chain is held and transmitted, as such combination is covercd by the patent granted heretofore to Lauriston Towne, October 20,1857. But I claim, first, The perforated plate F, or its equivalent, in combination with a former for striking up the body of the link, the two so combined performing tne function of enabling the link after it is struck up in the die to be lifted out of the same for the purpose of being deposited in the next position necessary in the formation of the chain, substantially as described. Second, I claim the arrangement of the slidcs, ppp, for bending over the arms of each link after it has been struck up in the die. Third. I claim constructing the end of the tube where in the chain is formed, in tlle manner substantially as described, so that it shall be enabled to perform the fuuction of grasping the link when deposited in it, and retaining it at the same time, holding it firmly in place while the arms of the under link are being bent over it, as set forth. Fourth, In combination with said tube I claim the adjustable contracti.ng collar, for the purpose of regulating the degree ot resistance which must be overcome in forming the chain, by means of which the chain can be, at pleasure, woven more or less compactly, as set forth. Method Of Feeding the Tool Carriage in Turning LathesAdam Rennio, of Binghampton, N. Y. : I claim the combination of the level'" A, with .the arms, D, and the jointed propeller, B B, with the racks, E and C, reBpectively, for the purpose of feeding the tool carrier, as described. And I claim the back- rest, L, for the purpose described. Maciiink for M-aking Axe PollsGeorge Reynolds, of Manchester, N. H. : I do not claim, broadly, the method described of manufacturing an axle poll, by compressing a bar of metal between dies or swages, projecting from the ince of thc roUs in which they are set. Neither do I'claim as new "the use of a die provided with a groove or recess in which the head of the axe poll is tobe formcd. But I claim, first, The use of a drawing die, D'. pro. vided with projections, ' " "', or their equivalents, substantially as described, so that the blank of metal when subjected to compression shall be thereby drawn out farthest at the corners. whereby the bit can be more completely wclded into thc poll, and the eye of the axe in consequence be made more perfectly, as set forth. Second, I also claim making the lower die, D. with a recess or groove across its face of the form, substantially as described, so that the metal which forms the head of the axe poll shall be thereby crowded toward the edges of the head inBtead of being piled into a ridge in the middle, and at the same time a greater proportion of metal be forced into the back of the head, as and for the purposes specified. Third. I claim the combination of the feeding finherd, I I", or their equivalents, with one or more cams, J J', or their equivalents, so arranged and operated that at the proper moment of time, the blank of metal can be by the machine automatically led between the dies, to undergo the severnl operations to which it is to be subjected, as described. Fourth. In combination with the dies or roUe, an ad-adjustable guide, S S, and gage, R. either with or without the spring fingers, V V, Fig, 7, for the pUrpo!cs specified. Fifth, The compressing clamp for holding the axe poll. and shaping the head of the axe, during the operation of bending, constructed and operated in the man. ncr and on the principle substantially as described. Straw CuttersRobert Sinclair, Jr., of Baltimore, Md. : I claim the described arrangement of the teeth, a a, upon the masticating and propelling cylinder, b, constructed with the nodular projections on either side and operating like molar tceth to propel and cruoh the fodder, as set forth. Railroad SwitchesG. R. Smith. of !thica, N, Y. I claim the rack and pinion at the basc of a perpendicular rotating or partially rotating shaft, when combined with a spring lever and a circle or segment of a circle, said lever being fixed at right angles to said shaft. and playing on said circle orsegment, and into slots in the same, and said segmenrt or circle being horizontal. Further, I claim the above named combination when further combined with a signal lantern. which lantern revolves wholIy or in part, when adjusted to the top of said shaft, said lantern havinc different color edifiasses, and revolving on an axis, drawn perpendlCularly through the center of said lantern. HeeT.Srravers for Boots and ShoesVarancB Snell, of North Bridgewater, Mass. : I "Claim combining with the stock and the stationary knife the adjustable guard, so arranged as to be susceptible of being removed from thc said Btock, as set forth. F.Iremens TrumpetsWm. Staehlen, of 'Villiame. burg. N. Y. : I am aware that paraboloidal cud pieces have been applied to trumpets, and I do not claim such devicei but I am not aware that an end-piece nn4 body, each of paraboloidal form have been previously used in the construction of speaking trumpets. I claim the end-piece, C, and body. D. constructed in paraboloidal form, and arranged relat.ively with each other and the mouth-piece, A. substantially as and for the purpose s.t forth. Clotnes' DryerS. H. Tift, of MorriHvillc, Vt. : I disclaim the mere combination of a sliding 1mb with expanding arms, as such does not constitute my inven tion. But I claim the combination of shaft, A, huhs, B and C, arms, D, and bl'ace5, E. with the sliding collar, F, and catch, G, the whole constructed, arranged and operating as and for the purpose sct forth. Macnine for Cutting noth Bevels Simultaneously on Barrel HeadsA. D. Stewart, of Bennington, Vt. : I do not claim, broadly, the use of a concave cutter, nor do I claim, broadly, the employment of more than one saw or cutter upon an arbor. But I claim thc arrangement and combination of saws, f g1 saw, J, and mandrel, II, as shown and de scribed, whereby both bevels are simultaneously cut. [A description of this invention appearB in another column.] Steam StoveJ. L. Sutton, of Non-istown, Pn. : I claim the new manufacture of steam stove described. to wit : a stove or furnace and boiler, with two or Illorc concentric radiators, around or above said boiler and furnace, and arranged to receive the air heated Uy said furnace and boiler, and impart additional heat to it as it ascends around and between them, Bubstantiu11y as described. Apparatus for hanging up and Oarrying off PaperhangingsT. Van Deventer, of New Brullswick, N. J. : I claim first, The employment of the intermediate bauds, , in combination wit,h the hanging-up belts, c c\ and carrying off bande, t' t', substantially as described, the whole operating as set forth. Second, The springs, 5 5, applied to the lath bos, E, to operate substantially as and for the purposc set forth. [A notice of this improvement will be found in another column.] Manufacture of Steatite Articles J. Von Schwarz, of Nuremburg, Bavaria : I claim prcparing gas burners or other articles of manuf!lctl1l'e from the natural SUbstance known as steatite. in euch a manner as to give said articles an intense degree of hardnesB, and also a capacity to resist high temperatures, substantially as set forth. Appabatus for R.eOtifyingGarJner 'Vaters and J. W. Harnett, of Cincinnati, Ohio : We do not of courso claim the prinCiple of continuous distillation, nor any of the various modcs by which Pisterious, De-rosne, Coffey, and others have rendered its practical application more and more simple and easily regulated. Neither do we claim the beer and spirit columns or the general arrangement and mode of operating Coffey* s apparatus. But we claim, first, The use of solid plates, with lJent 11ipes or their equivalcnts, instead of perforated platc8 in the beer column, in the manner and for the llurvoses set forth. Second, The use of the exhaust steam regulator. in distillation, by this or other apparatus, whereby Rtcam of any degree of tension may betaken from the boiler, and reduced to any less desired uniform pressure ; and whereby the exbaust steam from engines maY'be regulated in like manner. using the exhaust steam from boilers. together or separately as may be desired, iu the manncr and for the purposes set fortb. Third, The combination of the beer and spirit e-o lumns, with the exhaust steam regulator, with or with. oul the whistle valves actins as described and for the purposes sct forth. PlowsWalter 'Varren, of Pcnn Yan, N. Y. : I claim the described arrangement of beam. A. and its portion, G, with the moldboard, B, and its Iandside portions, E F, the whole being constructed as and for the purposc set forth. LoomsJoseph Welch, of Philadelphia, Pa. : As a multiplier of the pattern wheel of looma has boen used before, and patented by Barton H. Jenks, on the 24th October, 1854,I do not claim, broadly, increasing the capacity of said p"ttern wheel by means of a multiplier. But I claim as as an improvement in the said multiplying apparatus the arrangement and combination consisting of the extra ratchet wheel, G, and its pinion H, in connection either directly or indirectly with the pattern wheel; the adjustable pawls, C' and C", on their actuating lever, D, and the prolongation. 0, on the usual operating pawl, C, of the pattern wheel, the said devices or their equivalents. being arranged so ns to effect the changes as desired, in number at any given point of the pattern wheel during it s rotation, sub,tantmlly as sct forth and described. Electro-Magnetio House AlarmWm. 'Vhiting, of Roxhury. Mass. : I claim the improved hOllse Ulal" described, consisting of a combination of the following elements, viz. : First, a series of electro-magnetic drcuits : second, an indicator to designate the respective circuits ; third, an alarm apparatus ; fourth, the window or door springsthe whole operating us set forth to sound tha alarm, and indicate the circuit attacked. Machines for Hulling and Cleaning RWeDadd Henwood ancl James Stephens (assignors to themselves and T. F. Rowland), of Brooklyn, N. Y. : We claim the cylinder, F, 11rovidcd with wedge-shaped spiral grooves, .inclinlng uutwards and dowllwaru8, substantially as describedl in combination with the stutionary india-rubber lining, D 2, or such equivalent lining that is firm cnoixgh to null the grain, and yielding cnough not to break much of it in the process of hulling. We also claim making the top of the cylinder. F. convex or conical with curved wedge-shaped grooves, HS described, in combination with the stationary adjustable disk above it, lined with india-rubber. gutta percha, or Bome equivalent SUbstance for the purpose set forth. 'Ve claim acylindcrcovercd with wire card clothing, in combination with. a cylinder of perforated sheet metal, when both are made to revolve in opposite directions, for the purposes set forth. 'Ve claim the huller covered by the first claim, in combination with the scourer covered by the fourth-claim, arranged and operating as described. FlouRing MillsSamson Wolff, of Vicksburg, Miss. : I claim increasing or decreasing the effective grinding action or fdction of the stones, B H, without the necessity of changing the distance between the grinding surfaces, by baving the spindle, C, ot the .running stone, B', arranged between an unyielding, but adjustable step. D. and a pivoted weighted yieldmg lever, J J, in the particular manner specified, tor the Ilurposes Bet forth. [By this invention any necessary additional weight can be given to, or any surplus weight removed from, the nmning stone in such a manner that said stone, nlthough heavily weighted, will act with a pressure which can be counteracted by any snperior resistance of the grain or other object between the stones, ns in the event of clogging of the grain from too great moisture or ununiform distribution of feed, and in perfect delivery at the pcriphery of the stones, and consequently the flour will be kept discharged in a cooled state, and the miller enabled to adjust his grind surfaces to suit the amount of steam power he has on hand. This is certainly a good improvement, an engraving of which will appear shortly.] Cotton PressesR. G. Williams, of Hannahatchee, Ga. : I claim so arranging the press in relation to the screw that any required leng.th of lever for operating the press may be obtained, the press resting on the-upper main sill, A, instead of resting on the ground sill, as set forth. ClotnKs' RaokGeOr"e Young, Jr., of Saratoga Springs, N. Y. : I claim the arrungement of the folding timbers, b b b b, with the centraL timbej', a, by which thcsaid foldingtimbers. when extended form supporting legs in combination with the lowcr arms, d d, widened for the reception of the supporting pillS in the manner and tor the purpose set forth. t Soldering IronH. J, Behr0ns (assignor to Charlcs ( S. Pomeroy). of New York City : I do not claim the usc of a hollow soldering iroa, so made for the purpose of ' receiving a red hot piece of metal to increase or con- jf 371 f .----------------------- ~ tinue the heat of the surface for a longer space of time, for auch contrivance ia not new. But I claim the use ot a hollow soldering iron, con-taing solder, with or without m valve to rcaulate the flow thereat as substantially set forth. I also claim the combination of a hollow soldering iron containing solder, with an opening through WhlC.h the .Roider may puss as required in the process of 801-dermg. its delivery being automatic to its use, StRaw SnAKEHS Leonard ElIigt of Mill Cree , l S., assignor to Andrew Garrett, of Myerstown. Pa. : j claim, first, The movable bottom, w, in combination wIth. the trms, 4 and 5, and spring, p, as setforth in the specification. Second, The movable capt a. adjnsted as described and for the purpose set forth. AND WlOK FOB VapOE LAMPSM. Safford (asignor to himself and G. P. Kinnp y), of Bostonk Maas. : I claim the combiuntion of the auxiliary wick with n lifter or rod, or ,yUh thc same and ex. tlllgUlshcr, so as to (nable such wick to be moved in its tl.lbc in manner and for the purpose essentially as specified I also claim, in combination with the vapor generator, and its auxiliary wick tubo, f, a closing cap or extinguisher, .and one or more conauits. n n, applied in the wIck tuue, substantially in manner as specified, the whole being to produce effects as stated. I also claim a foraminoua wick tube, or its equivalent, in its combination Wittl a main wick and an auxiliary wick applied to it, and to operate with it, substantially in manner as explained. HoRse Po\VeRsWm. Rider (assignor to himself andJ. B. Sweetland), of Almont, Mich. : I do not claim brondly, a worm wheel and screws, as that is a well-known mechanical device. But I claim the arrangement and combination, as shown and described, of the right and left screws, J J', placed in the shaft, K, in connection witli theworm wheels, I I, which gear into tho scre,v,. JJ', and are rotated from the drlving wIled, D. by means of the gearing, (Sa. [A right and left screw is placed on tho shaft from which the power is taken, and arranged with worm wheels anll driving gear! whereby a simple device is obtained, and the reqnisite degree of speed transmitted from the driving shaft to that from which the pO\ver i8 taken. with be least pos3ible amount of friction.] F,luid Meter _B. D. Weatherbee, (assignor to himselt and L0rEmZO Harding), of Worcester, MasR. : I do not wish to be understood as confining myself to the exact shape or proportion described, but to vary them as may be fOllnd convenient, so long as I keep the same principles 01' moues of operation. 'Yhat I claim is, first. The arrangement of the weIghted tube, D, the vessels, H, and A, when constructed and operating substantially as set forth. Second, I claim the combination of the siphons. J .1, with the vessels, H H, and tubes, G, with valves, I I, for the purposes specified. Converting RotaRy into ReOiprf)cating Motion John J. \Verks (asBignor to Susan Weeks), of Locust Valley, N. Y. : I claim forming tIle oblique arm, E, on the rptatmg shaft, D, and placing the collar or hub, F, WIth rod, H, attached on said arm, the lower end of thc rou, H. being fitted in the slide, I, Bubstantially as and for the purpose Bet forth. [This invention consists in forming an arm obliqnely on a rotating shaft, and having a collar fitted loosely on this arm, the collar having a rod attached to it at right angles, and the lower end of the rod fitted loosely in an aperture in the alide, to which a reciprocating movement is given from the shaft, or a rotary motion given the shaft from the slide.] DESIGNS. StovesG"rrettson Smith and Henry Brown (assignors to J. G. Abbott and A. Lawrence), of Phil..acl phia, Pa. PitoheesGeorge W. Smith, of H.rtford, Conn.