American Inventions Patented in Great Britnin. The much talked-of American ingenuity is no mere vain boast, but a sterling and living faet, which is gradually making an impression deep and lasting on the continent of Europe. The great number of Americans who take out patents for inventions in Great Britain may be estimated from the fact, that by one steamer we have received nine specifications of American inventions patented in Great Britain through the Scientific American Patent Agency alone! By a short analysis of these nine we shall be able better to estimate their influence on British social economy. First, there are three inventions of W. Mt. Storm, of this city; one on repeating firearms, which gives to revolvers greater readiness of operation, durability and facility for repair, combined with elegance and compactness, and also ensures more quickness and certainty in the operations of loading and firing, under such contingencies as occur on horseback, or while in a boat, and avoids the fouling of the lock by the smoke and gas resulting from the discharge. Another is for an improvement in breech-loading fire-arms, whereby the force of the discharge tightens the joint between the chamber and the barrel. A third is for a hand bullet-mold, which allows of bullets being made by hand with great perfection and speed. These inventions, in combination with many other American devices in the art of war, now in use in the British army, teach us that even if our people do not sanction alliances, offensive and defensive, they at least furnish some of the material used by the Old Country in her attempts to spread civilization and Christianity in the dark quarters of the earth. H. W. Adams, of Brooklyn, N. Y., patents a compound for feeding, especially adapted to the respiratory organs of animals. It is produced by the oxydized residuums of the distillation of volatile or solid hydro-carbons, such as coal, tar, or resins and balsams in combination with corn, potatoes, rye, oats, barley, buckwheat, or other farinaceous or feculaceous substance. The construction of boats, buoys, and floats made of gutta percha, or gutta percha mixed with glue, and manufactured by pressure while in the heated state, at one operation, has been patented by E. B. Larchar, of New York. Such an invention cannot fail to prove valuable in a country with such dangerous shores as England; and where a liberal and humane Duke, now deceased, offered some hundreds of pounds as a prize, for the production of a good life-boat. S. J. Burr, of Brooklyn, N. Y., has patented a flnid meter, which is of the flexible diaphragm description. This invention consists in transmitting motion in a peculiar manner from the flexible diaphragm to the valve or valves, by which the direction of the flow is changed to fill and discharge the measuring chambers, and to the registering apparatus, whereby packed working joints are entirely dispensed with, and the movement of the meter is made very easy. The invention of S. Gardiner, Jr., of New York, illustrated on page 320, Vol. XII, of the SCIENTIFIC AMKKICAN, and noticed on page 131 of the present volume, has also received Letters Patent. James Harrison, Jr., of New York, has invented considerable improvements in the manufacture of coiled springs, such as are used for sofas and chair seats. He employs a conical mandrel, and passes the wire around it by means of three rollers, so arranged that they are always advancing and retiring along the surface of the mandrel, and by this means give the double conical shape to the spring. [ John S. Blake, of Claremont, N. H., has fgiven his aid towards proving the practical Sturn of the American mind, by inventing some improvements in the manufacture of paper, which consists in the combination of a pump vacuum chamber, air and water chambers, pipes and vacuum chest, provided with cocks whereby the pulp on the endless wire cloth is compressed, and deprived of moisture by atmospheric pressure, and the edges of the paper cut or trimmed in a perfect manner. Another improvement is in the means employed for stretching or keeping in a distended state, and also for guiding, the endless felt apron which conveys the paper from the wire cloth apron to the usual pressure and heated cylinders. Let us recapitulate: Three patents for firearms and connecting apparatus, one each for the preparation of food, construction of boats fluid meter, lighting gas by electricity, manufacturing springs and paper; subjects so varied, all real substantial improvements, owned by Americans and used in Britain. Who shall say that we are not leaving the impress of our progressive hand upon the age in which we live? This is a harvester containing many important and valuable improvements, all tending to increase the utility of the machine, and adding to its practical value, the chief of which is having the steering apparatus under the perfect control of the driver, so that all side draught is avoided. In our engravings, Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the harvester, and Fig. 2 a plan view of the steering arrangement, A platform, A, is supported by two wheels provided with gear teeth, B, which, as they rotate, by moving along the ground, give motion to the horizontal bars, C, each of which carry a cog wheel, D, at the end, one giving motion to the cutting device, and the other to the raking or gathering arrangement. The cutters, , afe operated by the eccentric and connecting rod, E, and may be covered with an endless band passing over two rollers, one of which is shown at G, and operated by the band and wheel, II, and the straws are delivered from the band in sheaves by the measuring device, I. The raking attachment consists of a bent rod, J, attached to two arms, K, which are given a back and forward and up and down movement simultaneously, by being suspended on the crank-shaped axle, L, which is rotated by the band and gear wheels, M. All the front part is placed in a frame, N, which is capable of being elevated or depressed by the crank,, pulley, m, and cords, I. The steering arrange- ment will be seen in Fig. 2. On the platform A, is a hand wheel, 0, the axle of which is a shaft, P, having a pinion, P, at its end, working into a rack, E, which turns the two wheels, S, supporting the front framing, T, by a kingpin. This hand wheel is operated by the driver, and by the cords, s; it also moves the board, t, having the hooks to which tie horses are attached connected to it, thns always throwing the line of draught in the same direction as the machine is steered by the two front wheels, S. It is the invention of N. A. Pattergon, of Kingston, Tenn., and was patented by him on the 13th of October, 1857. He will be happy to furnish any farther information. This improvement consists in the method of attaching the share, and other parts of the plow, to the beam, so that the farmer may always be able to adjust the line of draft to the right place; and at the same time it makes the plow stronger, as the front bolt, _;', acts as a strong brace. The cost is not increased, and although a few pounds more metal is added, le3S wood is required in its construction. In our engravings, Fig. 1 shows the plow in perspective, and Fig. 2 is a view of the attachment separated. A are the handles, and B the beam. E is a wedge, by whose means the plowman can give the plow more or less land. C is the share, from which rises an upright casting, D, having on its end the semi-spherical projection shown by dotted lines in Fig. 2, which fits in the cavity of the piece, D', interposed between it and the beam. A bolt, /, passes through the beam, and is secured by a nut, b, at the top, and after passing through g, being part of the plow, it is again fastened by a nut. Another bolt, _;, passes through the beam, and is secured by a nut under the little platform, k, and on the top of the beam by a not, i. The semi-spherical projection on D and D', is an efficient method of securing the plow to the beam, and at the same time retaining a sufficient amount of elasticity. The clevis, I, is also a convenience in gearing up. The plowman takes out the bolt, and the clevis drops down, and hooks directly in the double-tree. It is the invention of Thomas Sharp, of Nashville, Tenn., and was patented by him October 6, 1857. He will give any further information on being addressed as above. A GREAT WATERFAix.-—The falls of Kakabacca, on the Eed Eiver, are 172 feet high, and though not so wide as those of Niagara, are stated to be much grander and wild
This article was originally published with the title "American Inventions Patented in Great Britain"