The World Patent To the Editor of SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN: Your article in the issue of September 9th, 1911, on “The World Patent” is very interesting, and should pave the way to the realization of said object. A universal patent would be a great benefit to the industrial world, which you so cleverly photograph, and you as a leading scientific journal of this country should take up this subject and follow it with the same ardor and energy with which you are following the naval, aeronautical, and other important fields. Your devotion to this subject should influence activity in other quarters, resulting in the realization of said universal patent. The obstacles to the realization of said universal patent may appear great, but they can be easily removed by the concentrated efforts of the inventive or patent world and the countries forming the International Union. To this end I take the liberty to humbly offer a few suggestions. The effectiveness of a universal patent depends very much upon the support given to the matter by all the countries of the International Union as well as by many of the other countries not yet members of the union. To further make a universal patent effective, it must be issued at one predetermined place to the subjects of all the countries favoring such patent rights union. As most of the countries would desire to have some control over their patent business, the most effective plan may be to have universal patents issued by an international patent office, and working patents issued independently by each country, as will be seen hereafter. To insure the validity of a universal patent, a system of examination and record must be instituted at one predetermined place, whereby all the patents issued heretofore or to be issued by the countries of the union could be thoroughly traced and examined when necessary. For the above purposes an international patent Ofce should be established at a predetermined place, where all patent applications are to be filed, examined, issued, contested, or adjudicated. Said international patent office can have within its system a judiciary board for the consideration of lawsuits connected with said patents. Said international patent office constituting a centralized industrial bureau, should have in every important branch of its service attaches from every country a party to the union. Within a predetermined length of time, each country forming a part of the union could have filed with said international patent office complete records of all the patent transactions of said country. The international patent office should issue a universal patent, representing certification of examination, for any invention found after due searching and examination to be entitled to same. Said universal patent in turn shall command the issue of a working patent (without any further examinations or objections of any kind) in each of the countries of the union in which application there for be made, the two patents constituting the complete patent in each respective country. To defray the working expenses of said international patent office, a predetermined fee should be paid for each patent application. Such universal patents could be issued for twenty years, and could be made renewable for an additional number of years after the payment of additional taxes. A suitable tax should be paid to the country of which the applicant is a citizen, upon the issue of a working patent, and only half of such tax should be levied by each other country in which a working patent is secured. The validity, as to priority and patent rights, of a universal patent shall be absolute in all the union countries and subject to formulated laws, rules, regulations, and decisions of the patent office, but the working of a patent in any one country shall not be allowed before securing a working patent. For efficiency and uniformity, a language to be used for the international patent office transactions should be determined upon. Universal patent cases may be judged in any country of the union in which the case arose, but the decisions rendered should be subject to ratification by the board of justices of the international patent office, for which express purpose such board should be created. The above plan could be placed in working order within five years from its adoption, without interfering with the operations of the various existing patent off;ces. Since the United States issues the greatest number of patents, it is entitled to be designated as the home of the In terna tional Patent Office, second in choice being Great Britain or Germany. For a central location England or France may be preferred. An alternate plan would give the International Patent Office the power to issue a universal patent valid in all countries of the union without the additional working patent. Such plan, however, would be more difficult to realize at the present time, since it would centralize in the International Patent Office all the powers and authorities of record, examination, and guarantee also absolute justice, instead of having this International Patent Office as an examining department for all the union countries and as a composite board of record-based justice, as it is essentially intended to be. H. B. T. Philadelphia, Pa. Music a Palliative and Restorative in Cases of Nervous Prostration To the Editor of SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN: The readers of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN would doubtless be interested in a few incidents illustrative of the effect of music on the mentally sick. The Georgia Sanitarium for the Insane has been making experiments along this line of thought. Whilj the results thus far collated are not demonstrative nor conclusive, they are suggestive. An instance of the palliative influence of music came under the writer's immediate observation. A patient with acute nostalgia (home sickness) on hearing a Stella grand piano music box, that was presented to the sanitarium for research work, immediately wrote home: “The nostalgia is gone. It is no longer acute home sickness with me. There is a Stella music box here that is health, happiness, heaven.” A clergyman with chronic aphasia (inability to command words) on hearing the same instrument, summoning his will power in one supreme effort to speak, exclaimed, “That Stella is a star when .it comes to music! I have been praying to die that I might go to Heaven, but Heaven is in that Stella music. Bless you, friends! What am I doing? I have lost my aphasia, the music of Heaven has given me my tongue again.” A lawyer whose melancholia was complicated with acute nostalgia attended a series of musical entertainments that diverted his thoughts into new channels, and gave surcease to his imaginary troubles. Within thirty days he retrieved his former standing and was appointed a superior court judge. The rationale or explanation of these marvelous results is apparent: The resuscitation or resurrection 0, the will power by means of the emotions, or the addressing thj will through the media of the emotions that make their appeal through music. The language par eminence of the emotions is music. Good music conduces to the restoration of the nervously prostrated by diverting the mind from brooding over imaginary troubles. By a soothing influence exerted upon the nerves, it calms the perturbed brain tissue, and acts as a stimulus, vivifying partially atrophied faculties, and inspiring hope, the hope that the melancholiac may yet accomplish some great achievement. Owing to the fact that the State has all it can do to provide the absolute necessities of life for its three thousand insane, there is no appropriation for musical instruments. We are therefore under the necessity of laying these facts before the philanthropic with an invitation to cooperate with us in further research work. The State will pay express charges on small boxes marked “Georgia State Sanitarium Library.” Large boxes containing orchestrions, phonographs, player-pianos, or other automatic musical instruments should have express prepaid and be addressed to the writer at the musical department of the State sanitarium. A large cathedral organ would facilitate the work of research. We are not averse to second-hand material. REV. JOI- E. AMOS. Milledgeville, Ga. Winter Cruises Arranged by the Hamburg-American Line Under Perfect Conditions To South America Take a Delightful Cruise to South America, by the S. S. Bluecher (12,500 tons), the largest cruising steamer sailing from one America to the other. Offers every luxury and comfort. Leaving New York, January 20, 1912. Ports of call: PORT OF SPAIN, PERNAMBUCO, SANTOS, BUENOS AIRES (across the Andes), PUNTA ARENAS (through the Straits of Magellan), VALPARAISO, RIO DE JANEIRO, BAHIA, PARA, BRIDGETOWN, and ST. THOMAS. Optional side trips everywhere. Duration of cruise 80 days. Cost, $350 and up. West Indies Fve Delightful Cruises to Panama Canal, Venezuela and Bermuda, leaving New York by the Palatial Twin-screw Steamers S S. Moltke (12,500 tons), 28 days, Jan. 23, Feb. 24, 1912 . $150 and up. S. S. Hamburg (11,000 tons), 21 days, Feb. 10, March 7,1912, $125 and up. S S. Moltke (12,500 tons), 16 days, March 16, 1912 . . $85 and up. Grand Annual Cruise to the Orient By tbe most palatial cruising steamer afloat, S.S. “VICTORIA LUISE” (16,500tons). Sailing from New York, January 30, 1912, on a 78-Day Cruise to Madeira, Spain, tbe Mediterranean, and tbe Orient. Cost, $325 and upward. The “Victoria Luise” is equipped witb modern features providing every luxury and comfort on long cruises. Italy and Egypt Special Trip by tbe superb transatlantic liner “Kaiserin Auguste Victoria,” tbe largest and most luxurious steamer of tbe service. Equipped with Ritz-Carlton Restaurant, Palm Garden, Gymnasium, Electric Baths, Elevators. Will leave New York, February 14, 1912, for Madeira, Gibraltar, Algiers, Villefranche (Nice), Genoa, Naples and Port Said, Time for sigbt-seeing at eacb port, To or from Port Said, $165 and up. To or from all otber ports, $115 and up. Grand Annual Event < few accommodations available on S. S. Cleveland,from SanFrancisco,Feb.6,1912 AROUND THE WORLD November, 1912, and February, 1913, by tbe Large Cruising Steamsbip, "VICTORIA LUISE” (16,500 tons). Your comfort and pleasure assured. Send for booklets, giving information, etc. HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE - - - 41.45 Broadway, New York Boston Philadelphia Pittsburgh Chicago St. Louis San Francisco Expert Athletics For Boys The last word on Football rules and practise; the new est kinks in Baseball; the best there is to know about Hurdling, Cross· Country Running, Swimming, Snowo Shoeing, Kite-Flying-all by the foremost authorities -will be found in The Youth's Companion HUT” Subscribe to.day, sending $1.75 for 1912, and get all the issues “Spm ofr T he Com pan ion for the remaining weeks of i911 Free. On Jan 1912, the price will be advanced to $2. See offer below. 300 Glorious Stories for 1912 Stories of primitive Indian life, of perilous adventure by sea and land-stories for men and women, for boys and girls-articles by famous soldiers, statesmen, sailors, me1 of affairs. By subscribing to· clay you will get free the re1llaining 1911 issucs containing the opening chapters of Ralph D. Paine's great serial "THE CROSS AND TiE DRAGON" A story of missionary devotion and heroism during the Boxer Rebellion ill China -a story that you will wbh never would end. JU,USTRATED AK"OU"'CEMEKT FOR 1912 AND SA:PI,1 COPIES OF Till1' PAPI2R SENT ANYWIIl;Rg. HOW TO GET THE FREE ISSUES EVERY NEW SUBSCRIBER who at once cuts out and sends this slip (or mentions this publication) with $1.75 for the 52 issues of The Companion for 1912 will receive ALL THE REMAINING ISSUES FOR 1911, including the beautiful Holiday Numbers for Thanksgiving and Christmas. THE COMPANION PICTURE CALENDAR FOR 1912, lithographed in ten colors and gold. Then The Companion for the 52 weeks of 1912-from now until January, 1913, for $1.75. LI)]27 - - ________ THE YOUTH'S COMPANION, BOSTON, MASS. If you use- 10,000 letterheads a year - or more You are the man who needs statIonery on For your business it has a doub!e advantage. Like all fne bond papers it produces zmpresszve stationery. Un/ike all others Construction Bond has an economical method of distribution that assures its users Impressive Stationery at a Usable Price Here's how: Construction Bond is sold dinet to responsible printers and lithographers only. It is sold and handled only in quantities of 5CO lbs. or more at a time. Other fine bond papers are distributed through local jobbers who resell to any printer. They will sell, and usuaJly deliver, as little as 15 lbs. at a time. The obvious saving in our method of distribution-no jobbers' profi and no small lot handling expense-comes off the price you pay for fne bustness stationery if you secure Construction Bond. You can secure it only of the best printers and lithographers in your locality. Their names, and our portfolio of handsome specimen letterheads showing all colors, finishes and thicknesses of Construction Bond, will be sent you free if you ask us on your bminess letterhead or enclose your busmess card. w. E. Wroe&CO., 1015 Michigan Ave., Chicago rr v\ Built in all sizes and all types from 1 to 7 ton capacity, bodies to conform to your special requirements. iUliSVfl ^ S/ MACK Leading GasolineTruck of America THE 'MACK” truck is sold exclusively on its own merits. Our files contain hundreds of glowing letters from pleased owners, written straight from the heart. There is practically no avenue of commerce that the “MACK” has not entered with inevitably satisfactory results. If contemplating the purchase of a motor truck for your business it would perhaps influence your decision and we might suggest, guide you to a wise and satisfactory purchase, to communicate with those who are employing the “MACK” system of transportation and learn from them direct the many distinctive advantages of the Leading Gasoline Truck of America. Tell us your special requirements, when writing for catalog and we will place before you facts and figures as to economy of maintenance and operation; possibilities of a heavier and more rapid delivery service. Don't do yourself the injustice of buying a truck until you have our “NACK"' booklet-a postal brings a copy to you. INTERNATIONAL MOTOR COMPANY Executive Offices: 30 Church St., N, Y. Works: Allentown, Pa., Plainfeld, N. J. (Sus and Senee StatIOn, in Jill lllflLiPiL Utinj J STDCGC P0W1DER and every shaver satisfied With Colgate's, you now have your choice of three methods-Stick, Powder or Cream. The result is the same-for whichever you use, you get the perfect mmim LOTHER Softening, soothing, sanitary. The most wiry beard yields quickly to the blade. Your skin is left with a sensation of coolness and comfort. S^l 11 CORTES STICK Do not ill-treat your face or handicap your razor by using an inferior lather ^^ Trial size of Stick, Powder or Cream sent for four cents. COLGATE&CO., Dept. 70, 199 Fulton Street, New York J/al'crs of C'lshml're HouQur{ Toilet Son P -luxurious. las/ing, Hllec. 1V3T1 *Tjl