Remedy for Slight Burns. DOESthe “Handy Man” ever burn himself? Of course. One of the best, most convenient remedies he can use is a solution of picric acid in water. It is very satisfying and just a little gratifying to have the excessive pain of frst degree burns instantly quieted. First degree burns are superfcial, and the nerve endings, not being destroyed as in the deeper second and third degree burns, set up a howling remonstrance in the way of pain. Picric acid of a strength 1 to 200 (about one-third teaspoonful to one pint of water) or a saturated salution is used. It is antiseptic and will prevent suppuration. It is analgesic and “will make it feel good.” It stains yellow, but the stain comes out in the wash. Keep a small vial af the acid handy. When you get a burn (if skin is not broken), sprinkle a little acid in a basin of water. Saturate a strip of gauze or cloth with this and bandage in place. In a very little while (01 as soon as the picric acid coagulates.the albuminous exudate) the pain is quieted. For Deep Burns. Use picric acid as above far deeper burns (blisters and broken 'skin), but be more careful. Pour a little alcohol in the basin to be used. Roll it abaut so that the alcohol wets all the inside. Set it on fre and every germ in that pan dies instanter. Paul water that has been boiled from the tea kettle into the pan, and add the picric acid. Bandage the burn with clean aseptic gauze and saturate it with the solutian. Blisters shauld be apened and contents expressed. Open them with a needle, the business end of which is sterilized by holding in the fame of a match. The soot will do no harm. Far still deeper burns or burns of large area (third degree) milch can be done by the abave to alIfviate sLffering until physician can be had, blt send fur him at once, The attending shock is serious. For rall Guts and Alras'ons. If the Handy Man cuts his finger or knacks the skin of his knuckle he shauld proceed as follows: I. Cleanse the wound. Hydrogen peroxide is becoming a favarite antiseptic and with good reason. Besides being a germ killer it acts and cleanses mechanically. Its efervescence dislodges and carries away dirt and any foreign matter that might infect the wound. Try it on a splinter of decayed wood at which you have picked and fussed in an (mdeavar to extract. The hydrogen peroxide “boHs” it right out. Therefore cleanse the cut by pouring on from a bottle a little of .it, full strength. (A medicine dropper is convenient.) II. Dust on a little aristol. Aristol is an iodine campound, having the useful antiseptic properties of iodoform, but lacks the disagreeable odar and irritating properties of the latter. With the exudate from the wound it forms a good artifcial antiseptic scab. It may be purchased in small sifting top bottles. III. Apply a protective dressing. A bit of absorbent cotton pasted down over the wound with colladion forms a stif protecting shield, which stays in place. May be washed over with saap and water and will not require renewal for two or three days. For a cantused fnger nail, or cut near end of fnger so liable to painfnl knocks it forms a stif, comfortable thimble that is soft inside, looks better than a rag and daes nat interfere with work. For smaller, more superfcial wounds than the above a useful dressing, better than the questionable court plaster, or even adhesive tape, is colladion, to which has been added aristol or iodaform (50 grams to the ounee). A small glass rod, the ends of which have been smoather by melting with a blowpipe in an alcohol fame, makes a convenient applicator for the collodian. Pass it through the cork and leave it in the bottle permanently. For Wounds and Painful Injuries. In case of deep wounds the colladion dressing is not applicable and the soathing properties of a moist dressing are desired. Pour a measured quart of water into the basin to be used. Gage the quantity with your eye. Throw out the water and .sterilize the basin (as above) by pouring a little alcohol into the basin and railing it about to wet all the inside. Set it on fre with a match and the basin is thoroughly sterilized. Pour a quart of water that has been bailed directly from the teakettle into the basin. One tablet bichloride of mercury (as usually prepared) makes a 1 to 2,000 solution when added to the quart af water. Sterilize another smaller basin by the method described above and paur a part of the salution into it for later use. Cleanse the wound as thoroughly as conditions permit. Hydrogen peraxide of full strength or diluted with water is usually sufcient. If the wound is very dirty and much lacerated, as machinists' wounds are apt to be, the fallowing method of cleaning is perhaps better: Add to 1 quart warm water in which the wound is to be washed 2 teaspoonfuls Iysol. (This makes about 1 per cent solution.) Lysol has an odor similar tn carbolic acid, but is not So paisanous. It forms a soapy solution, hence its value as a cleansing agent. It numbs the parts and makes them less sensitive to pain. The part should now be thoroughly irrigated with the bichloride salution in the larger basin, being sure that all the Iysol solution is removed from the wound. Surgically clean gauze (sterilized, aseptic) is now bandaged aver the wound and moistened with the clean bichloride solution saved in the smaller basin far this purpose. Bandage lightly. If the gauze dries and the wound becomes painful insid- of 4 haurs, remove the outer plain bandage and moisten the gauze with the sol uti an again. Use weaker bichlaride of mercury solution for the next and succeeding dressings (1 to 4,000). If taO strong healing granulations may be retarded. Hore Made Aseptic Gauze. Plain aseptic gauze (absorbent) may be prepared at hame by the following method: Far each fve yards of ardinary cheese cloth use one-quarter pound common washing soda to sufficient water to caver the gauze. Boil for one-half hour and rinse in several changes of water to remove the soda. This pracess rem aves the fat or oil from the fabric and makes it absorbent. After it has been dried it is cut into suitable Sizes-strips one yard long and four inches wide are convenient. The gauze is now sterilized and packed ready for use in the following manner: Screw tap jars with caps are placed in a large bread pan, and the gauze is arranged loosely in the other end of the pan. Place in the oven and bake until the gauze begins to scorch slightly. Remove pan and all to a table and while hat paek the strips into the jars. Use a pair of forceps or lang tweez- c·rs and a shart wire far this purpose. The tips of the tweezers and wire shauld be made sterile by passing through an alcohOl flame several times, or they may be ster. llzed by baking with the jars and gauze. Seal the jars and you have a good supply of aseptic gauze ready for instant use. Wlhen using the gauze it is well to remave the strips WIth a parr of tweezers, the tips of which have been sterilized in an alcohol fame. This avoids possibility of cantaminating the gauze left in the jar. A quick, canvenient alcohol fame may be had by saturating a small pledget of cotton in the mouth of a bottle. Moist bichloride gauze, which is expensive to buy ; yet invaluable in case of accident, is made as follows: Prepare and pack the gauze as abave. Then prepare a 1 to 1,000 solution of bichloride as just explained (burning out the pan with alcohol and using boiled water). Pour this solution over the gauze in the jar until it is thoraughly saturated and allaw it to stand for 24 haul'S. Pour of the excess and seal it air-tight. If dry bichloride gauze is desired prepare the gauze as .above, dry it thoraughly in the oven and repack. However, the maist gauze is to be preferred. In using this ga uze observe the precaution statec] abave, i. e., use weaker antiseptics after 24 hours and for subsequent dressings. Moist picric acid gauze for burns may be made and kept in a jar far immediate use as follaws: Prepare and pack aseptic gauze, as above. Prepare a picric acid solutian in the manner described (1 to 200) and pour it over the gauze. Let it stand and then pour aff the excess and seal it air-tight. How to Extract Broken Watch Screws S MALL screws frequently break ?J af II clockworks, and in small machinery, and can not easily be remaved. A simple toal to extract the broken of screws is here shown. It consists of a cramp, large enough to reach across a watch plate. Provide twa or three sets of 3/32-inch steel screws with different sized hardened chisel-like paints. To use the tool, tighten the chisel point against the broken screw, and when you have a frm grip, turn the whale tool around, and the broken screw will invariably he drawn out.
This article was originally published with the title "Handy Man's Medicine Chest"