The annexed engravings represent a new and useful machine for paring, coring, and quartering apples, which is also applicable lor purposes of a similar nature where the first operation is only required, and is owned by N. E. Smith & R. W. Fenwick, of New York City, to whom the entire patent has been transferred by W. H. Lazelle, the inventor. Patented Jan. 25, 1853. Figure 1 is a perspective view of the machine, and exhibits the manner of performing the above-mentioned operations. Figure 2 is also a perspective view of the machine on a larger scale, showing the same more clearly. This machine consists of a semicircular stationary rack, A, having a hollow traversing lever, B, which turns on an axis, C, and is moved horizontally back and forth by means ol the handle, G, and pinion, F, which latter gears into the teeth of the rack, A. The pinion, F, is fixed to the outer end of a hollow spindle, which turns lreely inside the hollow lever, B, and has at its other end a flanged fork, D, on which the fruit, E, is placed to be pared. Supposing the fruit to be as represented, on the end of the fork, and the handle, G, moved round from lelt to right to the position shown in figure 2, the apple will be nearly pared by the stationary swinging knife, H, which is kept up in contact with the apple by the spring, H'. As the lever is moved in a horizontal direction, as described, the prongs of the fork and also the apple, will traverse a semicircle, and the knife, H, will act longitudinally fiom the blossom to the stem end of the apple. By the pinion, D, being made to traverse the rack the spindle attached to trie pinion gives motion to the fork, and thus the latter is made to revolve with a rapid motion against the knife, H. Thus it will be seen that the apple and the fork have two motionsone in the path of a horizontal circle, and the other describing vertical circles. The swinging knife, H, being allowed to yield, and yet being firm and flexible, by means of the spring, H', renders it very efficient and accommodating for apples of different sizes and of unequal sur- face, and also obviates the great wear and tear from the excessive tension that is necessarily exerted in the old machines on the spring, which is drawn out, as the knife traverses over the semi-diameter of the fruit. The apple being pared, and the handle drawn to the extremity of the rack, the machine is in a position ready for coring and quartering, the apparatus for performing these operations consists ot a coring rod, J, which passes through the fork, F, having a button at its juter and a collar at its inner end, in which latter is fixed a single prong that serves for holding the apple while being pared, and then retains it when it is knocked off the fork, D, after having been pared, in order to be cored and quartered. For the purpose of effecting the last-named objects, the coring rod, J, is forced by the hand against the cutter, I, which consists of a hollow tube furnished with four knives. The number of these latter may, however, be increased to any extent when it is desired, instead of quartering, to slice the apple for drying or other objects. After the apple has been cored and quartered, the rod, J, is allowed to return to its original position by means of a spring in the outer end, between the button and the pinion, F, the said spring being compressed as the rod is forced against the cutter, I, and resuming its former position when the hand is withdrawnthe apple and core falling into proper receivers. This machine presents manifold advantages over anything of a similar nature, both with respect to cheapness, durability, and also saving of labor as well as time, it being capable of performing almost double the amount of work in a given time than can be done by any other. Among its advantages is the use of a traversing handle instead ot a crank, by which it has a horizontal instead of a rotary motion, thus rendering the operation quicker and also easier to be effected. All the parts of this machine can be made as strong as desired, and not one of them is liable to get out of order. It is a machine that will endure without requiring to be repaired for a great number of years, and it pares apples with great rapidity and with astonishing precision. A silver medal was awarded to the inventor at the last Fair of the American Institute. Applications for State rights, which will be granted at a moderate price, and for machines to be made to the sole proprietors, N. E. Smith and R. W. Fenwick, 14* Vandam st.
This article was originally published with the title "Improved Apple Paring Machine"