Reported Officially for the Scientific American Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDINO JtlTCABY 25, 1853 S JOINING CORNERS OF BOXES, &C—By John Bell, of Harletn, N. Y.: I claim joining corners of boxes, &c, by means ol double oblique parallel mortises aad tenons, so that neither the sides nor ends can bn separated or displaced, without previous removal of the top and bottom of the box, asset forth. STEAM DIAPHRAGM PUMPS—By James Black & Orson Beecher, of Philadelphia, Pa.: We claim, first, the p'pe, E, valves, L L, or their equivalents, so constructed and arranged as to draw the air, etc , from the condenser, and drive it into the discharge pipe or elsewhere, by the column of water in said pipe, operated by the working of the diaphragm, which causes said column of water to work the equivalent of an air pump to the condenser. Second, the pipe, D, aad valve, S, or their equiva leats, so constructed and arranged as to draw the water from the condenser by the raising of the diaphragm, thus causing the water pump to work an exhaust pump or its equivalent, to the condenser, at the same time that it does its ordinary work, as described. MANUFACTURING WIGS—By Charles Bourgard, of Ne f York City : I do not confine myself to the precise means of g'.ving motion to or adjusting the several parts essential to the operation of the machine; Iknow that it is possible to move and adjust them in other ways, to produce the same effect; and I do not claim the employment of the hooked or bearded needle, irrespective of the manner of its employment. But I claim (for the purpose of making the partings, or those parts of wigs and all articles of a similar nature, where the artificial scalp or skin isvi sible and the surrounding parts), the employmentof two or more adjustable slideirames forcarrying the silk or other material, into which the hair is to be inserted, in combination, as described, with a reciprocating hooked or barbed needle, either the said frame or needle having such a movement aa is necessary to insert the hairs at a proper distance apart. TANKING—By Henry Bretney, of Sprinfield, Ohio : I claim continuously towing the hides in separated layers, through the tanning liquor, in such manner that each hide, made fast only at one edge or end to the towing mechauiam, will be gently stretched and kept spread out by the resistance of the liquor, which is ciused freely to circulate in contact with both sides or surfaces of the hides, whereby every hide of quantity, however large, ia equally and constantly exposed to the action of the tanning liquor and the siretching action upon the hides adjusted, aa specified. SERVING MACHINES—By Freeman Palmer, of Con-naaut, Ohio : I claim the arrangement aud combination of parts, by which; the material to be sewed is carried around under the needle, in a way to secure any required length of stitch, consisting of the shaft aad the screw regulator, together with the lever and clamp, upon the feed wheel, substantially as described. ?WEARING APPAREL, &C.—By Samuel M, Perkins, of Springfield, Pa.: I claim the art or method as de scribed, of making seamless felt articles of use, and ?wearing apparel, by giving the batting of wool or fur the desired shape, and uniting its edges, where required, with silk or any other non-shrinkingequi-valent, or by such shrinking threads or fibre, aa will resume their original state, when dry, substantially as set forth. I do not claim the mode of carding or preparing the batting, as that was well knowo, long before my invention; nor do I claim the shrinking or-feHing process, as that has also been well known. MACHINES FOR PARING APPLES—By WE H. La-zelle, of New York City (assignor to S. B. Senwick. of Washiugton, D. C & N. B. Smith, of New York City) : I claim tlie apple paring machine, constructed with a stationary circular rack or way, in combination with a traversing lever, for operating the fork on which the apple or other article is placed, the said handle having a pinion on it, which traverses tha said racti, and gives rotary motion to the fork, making the apple to revolve against the swinging spring knife, while the handle is pushed backwards and forwards in a horizontal direction, by the operator, in the manner described. PIANOFORTES— By Joseph Piffaut, of NewOrleans, La.: I clii m, in combination with the metallic frame of a pianoforte, the movable part which supports the bridge, and which is raised or lowered at pleasure, by means of a key operating through the screws and levers, or their equivalents, for the purpose of raising or lowering the tone of the instrument, and at the same timo preserving its accord, substantially as described. SUGAR DRAINING MACHINES—By J. w. Archibald, of Porto .Rico, West Indies (assignor to Horace Southmayd, of New York City) : I claim the employment ofa fibrous or flexible bag, made ofcotton, linen, hair, cloth, or any other substance placed loosely or secured by loop.?, as described, in a centrifugal or depurating sugar machine, inside of the wire gauae cylinder, and containinfthe sugar, said bag not beirjg permanently attached to the machine by an? screw or clamp, Sc, but to be freely placed in and lifted out of the machine entirely, when the sugar is depurated, as set forth. GOLD WASHER AND AMALGAMATOR—By Ahiather P. Potter, of Uoston, Mass.: I claim, first, a wheel, or its equivalent, arranged in the tube above-mentioned, VJO as to be operated by the water containing the metals, &c , as it issues into or descends in the t ibe. so as to agitate the water by the motion of the wheel, whether it is made to operate some other agitating apparatus, or otherwise. Second, the openings or their equivalents, in combination with the openings, or their equivalents, substantially as described, for giving such direction to the water as will move the mercury in the manner &et foith. EXPANDING DRILL—By Thos. Prosser, of !Jew York City : I claim the combination of the inclined cutter, with a screw cut thereon, bevel screw pinion, or its equivalent, and collar IF atsged in the manner described, so that by holding said collar, du ing the rotation of tW dril , a continuous feed motion Is communicated to the cutter. OMNIBUS REGISTERS.—By Pettr Tatlavnll, of Washington, D. C.: I claim the spring, operated and arranged in combinatien with the inclined planes and escapement tube, in the manner and for the purpose described. WINNOWERS OF GRAIN—By A. B. Childs, of 'Rochester, N. Y. Patented in England May 22, 1852 : I claim regulating the blaBt for the second winnowing of grain, by combining with the revolving fan, which generates both the first and second blast, and a compensating safety valve, as eet forth, but I make no claim to a spring valve, in itself, as such a contrivance is well known for various purposes. I also claim the self regulating valve, which prevents the admission of air into the machine, T?ail8 it opens, to discharge the impurities separated from the grain, and thus prevents an undue accumulation of them at the bottom of the air chamber, DESIGNS COOKING STOVE—By S S. Jewett &F. H. Root,of Buffalo, N. Y , two designs. WOOD STOVE—By S. S. Jewett & F. H. Boot, of Buffalo, N Y. COOKING STOVE—By J. G. Lamb, of Cincinnati, Ohio (assignor to Alex. Bradley, of Pittsburgh, Pa ) COOKINO STOVE—By Jos. Pratt (assignor to Bowers, Pratt & Co ), of Boston, Mass.
This article was originally published with the title "List of Patent Claims"