We have received two very good samples of the above sugar from Samuel W. Fain, of Dandridge, Tennessee. They were obtained ' from the juice of the Chinese cane by Thomas Evans, of the same place. Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Offlco FOE TOB -WEEK ENDISO FEBEUAEY 19, 1858 IReporled officially fcr the Scientific American.'] MOI>B OP CONNECTING TUB TEUCKS OF RAILWAY CAES—T. F. Allen, of DvErsviUe, Iowa : I claim connecting the trucks of raiWay cars with each other, and with the bodies of said cars, by means of the diagonal rods, a ft,nd tho auxiliary tension rods, b b, or the equivalents of sarode, wtien combined and operating withacb othervBuJDatantially la the manner and for the purpose set forth. SIGNAT. IJVNTEEN—Daniel Ammen, U. S. Navy : I claim tho ]nculiar construction and an-angement described of fixed colored screens or glasses to bowsprit cap lanterns, whereby only one color can be seen from any given point at the same time, which consista in the application of fixed red and green glasses oi'screens, in-dicatiusrespectively "port" and "starboard" sides, when theaecolored glasses or screens form arca of 90o, or thereabout, upon, the cylinder of the lantern, and when separated by a wlii'te glass or screen forming an arc of 46 or thereabout, substantially as set forth. SEEDING MACinNEe—Chester Barton, of Savoy, Mass. : I do not-claim the employment or use of the pressure rollers. Nor do I claim the seed-distributing device, for these are old and well-known devices, and in common use. But I claim the frame. B', provided with the seed-distributing device, and having the pressure rollers, N N, and drivQj-'s stand, O, attached, when said frame is connected with the axle. A, and the shaft or windlass, I, or its equivalent, and the whole arranged to operate Bibsta,ntiully as and for the purpose set fortb. [This invention consists in attaching the irame which carries the seed-distributing deviee, and to which the pressure rtfllers and driver's seat are attached to the axle of the wheels, in such a way that the frame may be readily raised, when necessary, by the driver, and kept in an elevated position, so that the rollers, &c., will be free from the ground while the maclnne is being drawn from place to place. The weightof the driver also increases the pressure on the rollers, and tends to keep the machine in position when not elevated.] CuuEN—H. D. Baker, of Pittstown Corners, N. Y. : I claim operating the dash-rod, K, of the churn, IJ, through the medium of the oscillating chair, C, treadle, E, crank shaft, F, grooved wheel, G, and bar, H, connected with lever, I. it being understood that I do not claim, separately, any of the described parts, but the whfil when combined and aiTangcd to operate as and for tliu purpose set fortli. [By this invention the churn is operated by the tilting of a chair ia which a person seats himself, and by rocking, churns the butter without any further trouble. It is highly ingenious.] FiT.TEiiiNG ArPAEATire—Charles Ballard, of Worcester, Mas3. : I claim, first, Tncreasina the extent of the surface of the filterinc mfidium by lolding. or supporting the folds, substantially as described. Second, I claim the combination of the pipes. B and C, and heads havmg passafjes, as described, with the case, A, when constructed and operating as set forth. KoT.T,rai FOn WiNiTOW SHADE—J. B. Bailey, of New York Cihy : I do not claim the spring. F, for the purpose of holding the roller in any position, as that has* been before used and patented bV Purchase Miles, of Hartford, Conn., improvements in window curtainroll-en and fixtures, patented respectively March 3, 1857, and April 7.1857. Nor do 1 claim the endless band. Nor do I claim the use of the india rubber as new, for the purpose of creatine friction oa a pulley, as that has been before known and nsed. But I claim the application of an india rubber band, or equivalent substance, on the nlane of the pulley at M, in combination with the endless band or corrl, for the purpose ofroUiner and unrolling a curtain or shade, in the raannerset forth. OnE-WAsnKR—H. Barnard, of Morristown, N. Y. : I claim the scries of pans. C C. of Pizes graduated as described, attached to the upright shaft, B. which receives a combined rotary, reciprocating and vibratory motion, by which varying degrees of asitation are given to tho pans, substantially as and for the purpose described. [This machine consists of a series of pans, attached one below another, to an npriglit slmft, which has a rotary, a vibratory, and a longitudinal motion imparted to it by suitable mechanism. The pans gradually increase in aizo from the top to the bottom of the series, and the substances to be vasted beingintroduced with a stream of water into the top one, the orerflow of the water from one pan to another from the top to the bottom of the seris, combined with the movements'of the pana with the shaft and the action of a series of stationary or movable agitators, effect the washing operation in a very perfect manner.] GrOLTVwAHEK—Henry Barnard, of Morristown, N. Y. : I claim the employment of a series of pan?, C C, furnished with a series of annular retention rims, k, projecting from their upper side, and arranged one below another, fast on a horizontal revolving and vibrating shaft, and being alternately larger or smaller in size than one another, from the top to the bottom of the series, and alternately inclined inward n.nd outward, or made concave and convex, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [This i a modification of the alrove described machine, to suit the requirements of gold-washing. The pans are all of the same size, and are open in the center, being connected to the central shaft by arms, and between each of these is a deflecting plate, somewhat smaller than the pans, and being inclined in anopposite direction, acts as an auxiliary one. A series of rims or annular projections are placed round both series of pans, and serve to retain the gold, the motions of the machine being the same as above.] RAILEOAD SNOW PLOWS—J. K. Babcock, of Honeoye Falls, N. Y. : I claim forming the body of the plow or device of two boxes, A A. mounted onthe truck, B, substantially as shown, so that said boxes may be tilted, for the purpose of readily dischaiing their contents. I also claim, in combination with the boxes, A A, the inclined plane, C, mounted on wheel, e, and applied to , the truck, D, substantially as andforthe purpose speci-' fied. I fur herclaim attaching the doors, b, to the boxes, S,7 A A, by means of the rods, d, fitted In the pivoted bear-ings, j, at one end, and provided with hooks, k, at the opposite ends, whereby the doors are rendered capable ol being adjusted either parallel with each other, and forming sides for the boxes, A A, or in oblique positions to form mold-boards or deflectors, for the purposes set forth. [This invention con sists in having two oblong rectangular boxes placed parallel with each other upon a truck, and so mounted that when filled they can be readily tilted, and the snow discharged from them. An inclined plane is mounted on wheels, andconnected to the front end of the truck to form a share, and the outer sides of the boxes are provided with doors peculiarly arranged, so that they may, when necessary, be adjusted to form mold-boards or deflectors, and the plow rendered capable of clearing the rails of snow at a greater or less depth.] HANGEES FOE SnAFTiNG—William B. Bement, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I do not claim supporting a box or bearing for a shaft upon trunnions cast on the box, nor suspending the same upon the pointed ends of screws. Nor do I claim the more common arrangement for holding tiie box, so as to allow an" universal motion of the same, by means of the ball and socket. Nor do I claim adjusting the same vertically by means of a screw and two nuts, the former sliding up and down in a cylindrical tube. I claim the construction of the single stem, k, carrying the box, C, and so aiTanging it relatively with, and connecting it to, the hanger or support, bv bushing E, that the box and shaft shall have a co-operative self and universal line adjustment with each other, and the shaft have a univei'sal position adjustment, so as to be moved readily to find any and every point or location within the required limits, and be secured therein, and that the line of the shaft may be placed and run above the support or below the hanger, to constitute it a long or short one, and also receive any and every line and self-adjustment positions within a complete horizon or circle, essentially in the manner and for the purposes set forth and described. MACHINE FOE MAKING CIGAES—Louis Beauche, of Paris, France. Patented in France May 22,4856 : I claim f QrmiB the- core of cigars, and covering the Sfime with toba;cco leaves, so s to acquire a perfect shape hy meoa of the apparatus described, consisting mainly of endless hands made of india rubber, or any other suitable yielding substance, revolving in contrary directions, soastogq,ther tile tobacco for forming the core under ivquired press lU'e. I also claim at, or near the ends, ef the covering bands, shaping dies, which are so constructed as to allow the leaves to be fed in and between them, to give a perfect form to the conical end of th e cigar. I also claim the arrangement described of knives on each of the frames supporting the band rollers. I also claim the general arrangement of parts constituting a cigar-making machine, substantially as specified. PowBEE FLASKS—J. H. Breckenridge, of Meriden, Conn. : I claim the combination of a chambered cutoff, constructed and operatingeubstantiallyas set fortli, with a receptacle or flask, and a delivery tube, the whole constituting an apparatus for charging fire-arms. EOTAEY BLAST-PEOnuciNG CHAIE—L. K. Breisach, of New York City : I do not daim the an-angemcnt of stationary seats with one pa-of bellows, witii onefoot to be worked upon by a kind of pump-handle, in order to produce a current of air. But I claim the combination of the portable rotary chairs, with double-acting two pairs of side bellows, and the mechanism described, by which, with little muscular exertion, constant currents of air are obtained for cooling Che operator. HAETESTEES-AlbertD. Brigg3, of Springfield. Mass.: I claim the combination of the inter mittinely vibrating gate, H, intermittingly moving apron, E. and adjustable plates, 12' E', piuced over the ai)ron, E, arranged as shown, so as to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [The grain, when cut, is by this machine separated, while being discharged, into proper quantities to form sheaves or gavels, and the grain which is ait is kept entirely distinct from that which is being cut] MACHINE EOE CUTTING KEY-BOAEHB FOE MSTCVVT INSTEUMENTS—Derwin R Butler, of Chesterfield, Ohio: I do not claim to have invented the mode of making uniform and equal or unequal divisions by the intervention of a spacing or " dial plate," with holes or notches corresponding with the required divisions, as gearing is cut. and many-similar operations "performed through its instrumentality. But I claim the use of the spacing plate. H, with ranges of holes, hi h2 hS, and others, if necessary, but one range of which shall conform to, and correspond with, the musical chromatic scale, and the other with the mechanical divisions ofthe key-board and itsframe, in combination with the carriage and platform, the oscillating fmme, F, and tool mandrel, C, and the vertical bar, F', (said carriage having a longitudinal and transverse motion,) and the whole operated in the manner and for the purposes as set fortli, by the mechanical devices described, or their equivalents. PnoPELi.iNG CANAT. BOATS—Herman Camp, of Dunkirk, N. Y. : I do not confine myself to the precise construction , proportions, or arraogemenir set forth, but include all modifications thereof as shall be best adapted to secure the desired object, by means substantially the First. I claim the an-angement and location of the propelline wheel, D, and Its supporting frame, fj C, at or near the center of the boat, for the purposes ahdsub-stantiallyas set fortli. Second, I claim suppai-ting the engine uiJon the vertically-moving frame, C C, for the purposes substantially as described. ITiird, I claim the combination of the flexible steam pipe, G, with the stationary boiler, H, and the vertically moving engine, E. for the purposes and substantially as set forth. INDIA KUBBEE DOOE MAT—Edwin M. Chaffee, of Providence, R. I. : I do not intend to confine myaelf to the lozenge cells, as it is obvious that square and some other forms will do as well. Neither do I intend to confine myself to ribs or ridges intersecting each other, as it is evident that ridges forming various figures vill answer much the same purpose, such, for instance, as run circular, parallel, serpentine, zig-zag or angular, or any other raised surface of rubber. Nor do I confine myself to rubber alone as the only gum, as gutta percha, and other gums, may be substituted for it. I claim the mat as formed by ridges or grating, together with the cells or spaces, of whatever form, the one to serve as scrapers to clean the foot, and the other to contain the dirt, whether of rubber, gutta percha, or other flexible gums. METALLIC WiNTX)W SHTTEES—.lohn B. Cornell, of New York City; I claim constructing metallic shutters, doors, &c., of double casings of sheet metal, com binea with a frame composed of T-shaped metallic bai-s, euh-stantially as set forth. TEAP FOE CATCHING KATS ANI> OTIIEE ANIMALS—a D. Fink, of Columbus, Ohio : I claim the pivot catch or trigger, with arms, d, with square and beveled slots or catches, for supporting an.l disengaging the floor, C, operating as described and for thepurpose setforth. FiEE Box ANB GEATE—J. J. Folts, of Bufl"alo, N. Y. : I am aware that cylinders with grates attached to their ends, and revolving basket grates, have been used. These Ido not claim. But I claim a revolving or turning fire-box. which is open at its opposite sides or ends, when used in combination tvith a fixed grate, substantially in the manner described and represented. SuEVEYOEs' PEOTEACTOE—J. A. Finn, of Simpson co., Ky. : I claim the forming of two concave protractors, and combining them with a convexprotractor, square and scale of admeasurement, so as to form one instrument, by which plotting of every description may be done with greater facility and equal is not superior accuracy. SniNT,E MACHiNE-George Craine, of Fairfield, Iowa : I claim first, In combinarton with the pivoted reciprocating cradle, L, the pawl lever, w, ratchet, v, and its shaft, u, for tiltirg said cradle alternately from one side to the other to fonii the butts and points of the shingle, substantially as described. I also claim, in combination with the reciprocating carriage, the device tor giving to it a slow forwArd motion, and a quick backward motion, viz., the elliptical spur gears, E F, with their shafts, cranks, and connecting rods, as set forth and represented. I also claim so an-anging the two carriages and two saws, as that one shall serve as a check balance or governor to the other, and nice versa, by making the sum of the forces of the two saws wlien sawing to conform to that of one of them when it alone is sawing, the compensation being effected by the comparative length of the kerfs that each or the single saw may be cutting, as set forth. LIFFPKESEBVING MATTEESS—G P. CVossman and E. M. Qnimby, of Warren, Mass. : We do not claim the employment or use of cork, nor do we claim separately orapartfromthe whole any ofthe parts decribed. But we claim the springs. A, and corks, B, connected by the eords or straps, ac, encompassed by the filling or layer?, Cand enclosed by the case or covering, D, provided with jjockets, 13, and straps, G,the whole forming a new tind useful article of manufacture for the purpose specified. [Springs, such as are ordinarily used by upholsterers, are used in this mattress placed between plates of cork, so that an elastic as well as buoyant mattress is obtained, and having strings at the sides, a number of them might quicldy bo connected into a raft which would hold a goodly number of persons.] PUBLIC CLOCIC—A. P. Crane, of Boston. MaBS. : I claim, first, Winding up and renewing the motive power at regular intervals for keeping tli pendulmu in motion, so as to supersede the necessity of winding up by hand, and so as to drive the pendulum independently of the other movements of the clock, by the arrangement of devices described or their equivalents. Second, I claim windingupthe cord and weight that drives the pendulum, by means of the drop lever catch or its equivalent, operating by its downward movement upon the liooked arm, and thereby turning the drum upon which the cord ig wound, stibstantially as de- Third, I claim the arrangement of devices f orwinding up every hour the cord and weight whereby the hands are kept in motion, in combination with the drop lever catch, whereby the escapements are operated in such a manner as to give an intermittent rotary motion to the wheel for carrying the hands, and prevent its moving more than one" tooth at a time. And in combination with the foregoing, I claim the means employed for carrying the hour hand, the same consisting of tlie notched or tooth wheel, moving eccentrically and imparting the necessary motion to the wheel,-'0', as set forth. KocKiNU CnAiES—Thos. \V. Currier, of Lawi'ence, Blass. : I claim the above described mode of combining rockers, F F, with the chair-stand. A, and the recumbent back, B, vi&., by levers, D D, and arms, EE, arranged and connected with the back, B, the arm rests, C C, and the chair-stand. A, and jointed to the rockers, substantially in the manner described, so as to enable a person bv laying hold of. and moving the back, either to cause the chair to be supported on its legs or on its rockers, as occasion may require. FiELn FENCK—John Drown, of Huron, N. Y.: 1 claim the combination of the wedging clamp:- and chairs, with the perpendicular tension wites or rods, arranged and operating together, substantially in the manner and for the pm-pose specified. HoLniNG HOESB REINS-J. A. and.F. Dnnworth, of DobhsFerry. N. Y. : We claim tlie elastic tubes. C C, ortlieh-equivnlonts, placed within a aise, A,.attached to the dash-hojird. the reins being attached to the tubc-, and tlie whole arrangetl substantially as and for tlie purpose set fortk [This rein-holder provides a permanent hold fast for the reins, one that may be connected to the reins, and ?ivillnotat all interfere with their proper management while the horse or horses are being driven, and at the same time holding the reins the moment they are dropped from the hands of tlie driver. ] T'EEEPHOTEOTOES-Josiah Foster, of Sandwich. Mass.: I do not claim surrounding the trunk of a tree by a trough to contain a liquid, and so that such liquid may present an impediment or barrier to the passage of insects or worms aerwtbetFttgh. But what I do claim is arranging the trough around the tree, so that there may be a clear simce for the passage of insects or worms, bcitweenit and the tree and suspending the said trough from the body of the tree by means of an elastic or flexible elastic cover of cloth or other suitable materials, extending around and affixed at its upper edge or part to the trunk of the tree and at it its lower edge to the trough, the whole being substantially in manner, and so as to operate as and for the purpose above specified. I also claim in connection with a flexible cover applied to the trunk ofthe tree as described, making the circumventing trough in two or more sections or separate troughs so jointed or ai.plied together at their abutting ends, so as to be capable of being tipped, so as to enable their contents to be discharged in manner as set forth. METHOD OP SECITETNG THE PT.ANE IEON TO ITS STOCK —P. A Gladwin, of Boston, Mass. : I claim the two plates, D F, constructed as shown, viz., the plate, D, being provided with the foot jiieres or projections, f f. and the oval opening, e, and the plate, F, provided with the bit, g, and pivoted to tlie part, c, ofthe throat, C. so that the bit may work within the oval opening, e, of plate, D, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This invention consists in a new way of securing the iron in the planer, so that the iron may be readily adjusted in the plane, and at the same timefirmly secured therein.] CcTTEESFOE HAEVESTEES-John Gore. of Fredonia, >. Y. : I claim the cutters, II, as constructed with the conical truncated pivot near its end, and oblong aperture near its center for the purpose set fortb, in combination with the cutter. E, when secured on bar, A, and fingers, D, by dovetails and set screw, as described, and forthe purpose specified. KAHEOAD SNOW PLOWS-H. T. Hartman, of Lexington, Va. : I claim the combination of the inclined clearer, A, with the double inclined bottom of the car in the manner and for the purposes set forth. WINDOW FRAMES-Sebastian Haas, of Buffalo, N. Y,: I claim the aiTangement ofthe grooves, f f2, g g 2. and h, in the irame, and the operation of the sash, as de-sa-ibed. WATEE BACKS FOE KANGES—James Ingram, of New York City : I claim arranging thewater back and parts connected with and supporting the same in substantially the manner specified, so as to allow the said water back to be moved away from the fire or be brought in contact with the same without disturbing the pipes and connections, substantially as and forthe purposes spoci-fied, and in combinstion with said movable water back, I claim the lever, k, and weight, 9, to move the intervening soap-stone or fire brick, supstmtially as specified. REVOLVING HAEEOWS—W. A. HoiTall and R. G. Sirwell,, of GrayviUe. 111. : We do not claim the employment or use of horizontal toothed wheels, forthey liave been previously used. But we claim the emplovmedt or use of three horizontal rotary toothed wheels, C C E, aiTanged as shown, viz., the back wheel, E, having a permanent axis, and the two front wheels, C C, being rendered capable of lateral adjustment, so that the width ofthe h.arrow may be increased or diminished as desired, and the space or width of ground included between the- outer edges of wheels, C C, perfectly pulverized. We also claim the elastic bars, DDF, provided with pressure rollers, i i j, and bearing on their respective wheels, CC E', substantially as described andforthe purpose set forth. [Many harrows are simply teeth attached to rotating wheels, to which motion is given by the forward motion ofthe implement connected with pressure rollers. This invention is an improvement on that class. It consists in the employment of three wheels having teeth and attached to a triangular frame, two of the wheels being made adjustable, so that they may be brought nearer together or further from each other as required, and all the wheels are provided with pressure roUers so arranged as to ensure their rotations with the forward movement of the machine, and at the same time allowing a certain amount of vibratory motion in a vertical direction, so that they may conform to the inequalities of the ground over which they pass. By this arrangement the harrow is rendered extremely eimpl' and efficient, and capable of being adapted to various uses, some of which are usually perf onned by a cultivator.] HAEPOON AOT> INCE—H. W. Harkness, of Bristol, Conn. : I am aware that other devices designed to accomplish similar results have been made. But I clahn the arrangement of the barbed spears, A A. lance. C, rod, D, lever, G, line J. substantially in the manner and for the purpose as described. TOOLS FOE CT.ENCHING NAILS—D. .1. I[endrick;-on, of Otego, N. Y. : I claim the construction of the lips or jaws of pliers, as described, for the purpose of clenching the nails with which the shoes are fastened to tlie feet of horses and cettle, the clenching being done without a hammer or pounding as heretofore, as set fca-th and described. BuicK lAcniNEG—Geo. O. Houck and Henry Gore, of Springfield, Ohio: >Ve claim, first. The boxes or followers, FF, applied to or fitted on the ends, c c, of the frame, 12, and connected tliereto, substantially as shown for the purpose set fortli. Second, Tiie liinged plates or shelves, c, which receive the molds attached to the fj-ame. A, as shown and used in connection with the stationary frames, M, and sMingframes,H, provided with the wires, g, the whole being arranged to operate as and forthe purpose set 1'hird, Tlie slidinsr frames, H, provided "wdth the wires, e, or their equivalents, and connected with the springs, t, in connection with the spring catches, I, the above parts being arranged so as to be operated automatically from the reciprocating foUower frame, E. substantially as andforthe purpose specified. Fourth, Tliestrips or ledges, h, placed within the box, B, substantially as and for the purpose se t forth. [This invention consists in a novel device connected with the pressing mechanism, whereby this mechanism may be rendered inoperative while the t9inp; ring device is in operation. The invention also consists in the peculiar means employed for presenting the molds to the press-boxes, and for cutting off the excess of clay. There is also an improvement in the mad-mill, whereby the bottom of it and the press boxes are relieved to a considerable extent ofthe pressure ofthe superincumbent clay, and consequently much friction is avoided.] RaiPTNG AN> MOWING MACIIISES—CllElS. HoWCll, of Cleveknd, Ohio : T daim the method of connecting the castoriruck with tlie main frame when used in connection with a lever, E, and arm, d, as described, whereby the operator is enabled instantly to raise the cutting apparatus to surmount such obstacles as may suddenly present themselves, and to regulate the hight ofthe cut, and at the same time allow the machine to accommodate itself to the inequalities of the ground. CA8TOE FOE F0EN1TEE—Jacob Kluzer, of Pittsburg, Pa. : I claim the improved mode of constructing castors for furniture described, fliaving the shank and its body cast in one piece, and the roller and its pivot in another,) by making m each arm of the shank a deep recess with a collar above and a wedge-sJiaped entrance from beneath, forthe purpose of receiving tlie axis or pin ofthe roller in the manner herein before described. The recess to hold the roller in place when there is no weight upon it, and the collar to mwa as a bearing tor the journals ofthe axis to sustain the weight it has to support. KNITTING MACinNES—Joseph K. and E. E. Kilbourn, of Norfolk Conn. : We claim combining the needhis and sinkers with a reciprocating carriage operating substantially as setforth. AVe also claim the adjustment of the position of the needleSatthetimethe sinkers are forming the folds of yarn by means of grooves in the nasing whose sides converge, so as to insure the uniform width of the stitches. We also claim the combination of a reciprocating series of needles M'ith a reciprocating thread guide, op-perating substantially us set forth, so as to move at times with the needles and to remain stationary at other times when the needles are moving. We also claim the varying ot the width of the fabric, by causing the thread guide to pass down between one pair of needles and to rise between anotherpairby mechanism operating substantially ay set forth, thus producing a selvage edge when widening is effected. We also claim the combination of under supports operating snbstantiaflv as set fortli, with a reciprocating series of needles, so as to support the needles and efiect the closing of their barbs. We 0lso claim combining with a reciprocating series of needles and sinkei-s, cam bars, or their equivalents, in such manner as to impart the necessary movements for forming the loops to tho several members of the series in succession, substantially as set fortli. We also claim combining a reciprocating series of needles and siniters, with reciprocating mechanism for taking up the work as it is formed, substantially as set forth. HAENES3 TKEES-F. B. Kuclmhold and D. B. Sturges, of Newark, N. J.: We claim the hook, b, in combination with the grooved nut, f, and cross bar. d,tofo:-m the concealed joint, in the manner and for the purpose specified. EXTENSION KEACII FOK WAGONS-J. W. Langdon, of Marengo, 111. : I am aware that reaches have been devised in various ways, so as to be rendered capable of being extended as occasion may require, and I do not broadly claim constructing a reach of two parts so connected as tobe extended or shortened. But I claim the arrangement of the pawl, E, screw, F, pinion. D, and rack, C, as and for the purposes set forth, whereby the reaches may be expanded, contracted and locked at pleasure, and effective assistance given to tho team when necessary by the driver. [This reach is formed of two parts, one being placed over the other, and connected by clasps or guides which keep thei together, but allowed to slide longitudinaUy-To one prta rack is fixed, and a pinion is fitted in the i other, the pinion gearing into the rack and provided with a atop or paWl, the whole being arranged so that I 195 an extension reach is not only obtained, but a device to assist the tfiama in extricating wagons from sloughs and helping them over obstacles.] EETKIGERATOKS-W. D. Ludlow, of New York City : I claim the provision substantially as described ot an hermetically closed or sealed ice reservoir within or in connection with a vessel containing water, or any other matter to ba cooled or kept cool. HlNBE-John C. Mason, of New Hartford Center, Cona. : I claim the construction of a loose joint butt hinse, which becomes a tight joint as soon as turned from the position ia which it is put together in the manner set forth, or in any other manner substantially the same, whereby I am enabled by putting hiui,'es on each edge ot a door to open it right or left, or by reversing the butt to make a solid hinge, as described. ?SVATER CLOBETa—Francis McGhan, of Washington, D. C. : I claim the chamber, D, behind valve, f, in adjustable communication with the water-head, and having a waste discharge by the operation of the lever tilting the pan. substantially as and for the purpose set forth. ICE SPUK—Chas. Monin, of Buffalo, N. Y. I claim the curved or bow-shaped metallic plate, t>, attached to the heel, B, ol the boot or shoe, and constructed anrl arranged substantially as and for the purpose sot forth. [This ia a contrivance which may be attached to the heel of a boot or shoe, and having a serrated edge will prevent the wearer from slipping when walking on ice. When not required it can be turned over the heel, and is no inconvenience, and in summer it can be removed with ease, to be just as easily replaced in the winter again. IIAKVESTEES—Frederick Nishwitz, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : I claim the lever, H, attached to the draiigut-pole, E, and connected by the cord or chain, d, to the front end of the frame. A, in connection with the pawl, lever f, and adjustable stop, k, the whole being arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [In this harvester the sickle is raised by means of the draught-pole when the machine is " backed," as in turning at the end of the swath, and thus made free from the ground when required. The sickle can also be maintained at a proper hight to cut the grain.] ATTACHMENT FOK HARVESTERS—J. W. Patterson, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the combination of the elevated or counter platform, B, which receives the grain and from which the rake, d, receiveg and deposits it, wi th the rake w jirraaged, viz., with the whe el, P, on which the outer end of the rake rides, the indine plane or hinge-rail, O, the weight or ball, N and the chain, C, substantially as sot forth and described. RECEIVING MABNET—Nathaniel Parks, of Rome, N. Y. : I claim of my improvement in receiving magnets for telegraphs, opening and closing the circuit by means of a vibrating permanent magnet inclosed within one of the helices, together with an electro-magnet, and oper-.iited upon by both poles of the electro-magnet in the manner set forth. CAR WUEELS-S. C. Pairish, of Nashville, Tenn. : I claim a car wheel made substantially shown and described, viz., the hub and rim connected by means of two plates having corresponding radial coiTLigations, said plates being cast with the hub and rim, and their several corrugations being united together so as to form a series of radial chambers within the wheel, as and tor the purijoses set forth. [This improvement consists in connecting the hub and rim by means of two plates havingcorresponding radial corrugations, all being cast together, BO as to form a series of radial chambers in the interior of the wheel, their several corrugations being connected together.] COTTON PRESSES-H. W. Randle, of Barnsville, Ala : I claim the revolving box, B. and follower, V, mounted on a carriage as described, in combination v/ith the sliding frame, d, e, e, so constructed as to lock the box, and be withdrawn, substantially as set forth. FLY TRAP-Thomas II. Scott, of La Grange, Ga. : I claim the arrangement of the recess, C, end A', spaces, e f, chambers, c d, end piece, g, openings, ii', receptacles, D D', box. A, and partition, a, all as described, whereby the catching and retaining capacity of the contrivance is doubled without any augmentation of the driving power, and with little or no increased expense ia construction. [An endless belt is so connected with fly cages, that when a fly descends on the belt, it is drawn into the cage and cannot escape. It is a simple and cheap contrivance for getting rid of our summer pests.] FraiLiNG THE SAILS OP WIND WHEELS-G, W. Shaw, of Thompson, Conn. : I claim attaching the sails, E, to the frames, BC, substantially as shown, whereby the wind is allowed to pass between the sails and within the wheel, and to act against the sails as it I'asses out from the wheel. I further claim attaching the upper ends of the sails, E, to rollers, h, which have cords, i, passing around them at one end, the ends being connected to a plate, F, placed on the shaft. A, and resting upon the spring, G, the above parts being used in connection with the movable frame, C. whereby the area of the sails may be increased or diminished as desii-ed, forthe purpose set forth. [This windmill is formed of vertical sails placed between two horizontal wheels; they are set angularly, so that the wind may enter the wheel between the sails and propel it by reaction, and passes out between them, thewindasit leaves the wheel acting simultaneously upon the greaterportion of the sails. There is also an improved reefing arrangement. ] BANK CHECK CANCELER—William M. Simpson, of Newark, N. J. : I claim, first, The application and use of the cancelling knives, a, a, a, in combination with an ordinary press for the purpose of canceling checks and other instruments in writing; substantially as described. Second, I claim as new and of my own invention the use of the sectors, D, D, D, operiing between the knives a, a, a, through the disk, O, by means of the pins, E, E, E, and in contact with the checks below and the projecting edge of the barrel, H, above, substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth. Third, I claim the combination together of the disk, 0, the sectors, D, D, D, and pins, E, B, M, with the knives, a, a, a, piston, C, and barrel, 11, substantially as set forth. LuBElCATORS—W. R. Stevens, of Alexandria, La. : I claim the arrangement shown and described of the disk, E, and valves, F, when the latter operate, and are rendered adjustable, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [This valve has a spindle passing through the oil receptacle, to which are attached two valves and a lever outside, so that when the cup is filled with oil, the lever can be turned so as to open communication between it and the cylindrical receptacle, and at the same time close all connection between the receptacle and the steam-chest; and when the receptacle is full, the reverse operation can be performed. The valves are kept to their seats by means of springs.] RAILROAD SAFETY SWITCHES-Joseph Wood, of Jersey City, N. J. : I claim the combination of the safety rails, b b', the forked rails, a a' a" a'", and the guard rails, c * c', arranged and operating in the manner and f or the 3 purpose described. itlLL BUSHES—George Strauses of Boonsborongb, Md.: I claim providing the bush segments with shoulders, d d, arranged substantially as described, whereby all the segments a re adjusted by moving either one of them by means of a single set screw. I also claim beveling the upper end of the segments, in the manner and for the purpose specified. REPEATING FIKE-/-RMS—Charles C. Terrel, of Shulls-burgh. Wis. : I do not claim the invention of a double chambered slide, when each chamber is furnished with a solid or permanent breech. But I claim, first, The employment of a double sliding charge-holder, C, having openings, b b', right through it, in combination with a breech screw, D. arranged opposite the bore of the barrel, so that the saidbreech screw makes a complete chamber of either opening, b or b', which is in line with the barrel, and at the same time makes a tight joint between the chamber and barrel, while the opening is in condition to receive a cartridge through its rear, from a magazine in the stock of the gun, and easily detached. Second, In coiiibiuation with theuseoftwo magazines, arranged as described, I claim combining the double sliding charge-holder, C, and the hammer, with the lever, E, under the stock, by means of the bevel gearing, E'E, and the eccenti-ic pin, d, and wrist pin, w, Bubstantinlly as described, so that by moving the lever in either direction, the charge-holder has imparted to it tlie necessary movement to receive a new cartridge from one of tlie magazines, and present another cartridge in line with the barrel, and the hammer is cocked, thus enabling the gun to be fired twice with one movement of the lever baclc and forth. Third, Combining the hammer with the breech screw, so that the cocking and letting ofl of the former will draw back and drive up the latter, by means of the fork 15, 16, the slide, 0, with its finger, 11, and the spiral groove, 12, in the liead of the breech screw, the whole operating substantially as described. [We have noticed this invention in another portion of this journal.] PLOWS-Marshall Turley, of Galesbwgh, 111.: I claim first. The combination of the beams, plow shank, lever, and brace or adjusting rod, arranged behind the axle, substantially as set forth. Second, Tlie combination of the wheel, B, for holding, with the cutter, ra, for cutting the stalks, substantially as described. . Third, I claini the combination of the weed-gatherer, n, with the plow or plows, when arranged andoperating as set forth. CnDKN—Charles M. Vail, of Susquehanna Depot, Pa.: Iclaiaitheuseof the graduated levers inconncction with the governor, M, the whole constructed a.s de-sclibed, and operating on the dashcr-staffthrough the director, 0, keeping it in a vertical position, and avoiding friction, as set forth. IRONING TABL&—W. Vandenburgh and James Harvey, of New York City : We claim an ironing table composed of a stand of suitable form, having the board hinged or pivoted to it at one end, and a suitable support for the same at the other, with a spring, or its equivalent, applied to raise the board from its support, the whole being combined to operate substantially as described. [Full particulars of this invention will be found on another page.] PLOWS-W. W. Van Loan, of Catskill, N. Y. : I am aware that pulverizing blades have been attached to the mold-board ot plows, and also placed in rear of cultivators ? but neither of these can perform the function of my uiider cutters, ond Hay no claim to auch devices. But I claim the attachment of one or more horizontal cutters to the land-side of the plow, whereby the land is cut horizontally below the surface, so that it may be turned over by the mold-board during the succeeding cut, with greater ease, substantially as set forth. GRAVIMOTOMETER—J. W. Wetmore, of Erie, Pa. : I claim the new use of magnetic induction to form a gravimotometer, by mems of the magnets on the equator of the globe A, so that when A is revolved on the vertical axis it will cause the iron globe, B, to revolve in an orbit about A, an* also on its vertical axis. I also claim the machine described as an improved orrery, because the revolutions correspond in cause and directions with the actualrcvolutions of the planets, all substantially as set fortli. RAKING ATTACHMENT FOR HARVESTERS—Jacob V. A. and Andrew Wemple, of Chicago, IlL : We do not claim, broadly, giving the rake the movements specified, when they are effected by two distinct operations, as devices operating in such man ner are already patented. But we claim the pcculiarly-fcrmed double crank arm B, connected at opposite extremities with the rake and pitman, and journaled in a swivel box, C, substantially as described, in combination with the double-jointed pitman, G, and the studs, b and c, on the box, C, arranged and operating substantially as described. DRAWING COTTON, &C.—Gullen Whipple, of Providence, H. L : I claim the method described of drawing cotton, wool, flax, or other fibrous materials, viz. : by means of a revolving toothed or card-clothed cylinder, A, and a single pair of drawing rollers, B C, which draw the fibers directly from the teeth of said cylinder. A, the surfaces of said rollers, B C, revolving as iiiuch taster than the surface of cylinder. A, aa is requisite to produce the desired degree of drawing. [A notice of this will be found on another page.] REST ATTACHMENT FOR LATHES—Daniel White, Jr., of Lowell, Mass. : I claim the hinged index rest as seen at M, for the purpose of roughing the material to be turned, in connection with its subsequent use as shown at H G and n n, arranged as shown and for the purpose set forth. CARRIAGE SPRING GUARD—Thomas Winans, of Baltimore, Md. : I claim the combination of the spring with a guai'd, arranged in relation to thespring, thehody, an d tlie bolster or axle of the carriage, Biibalantially aa set forth. HYDRAULIC VALVE—Calvin and George M. Woodward, of New York City : I claim the arrangement and combination as shown and described of the valves, G, caps, H, and bolts, I, the caps serving the extra purpose of bearings for the valves, and the bolts the double purpose of packiug the caps and stopping the valves. [This is described on another page.] COTTON PRESSES—F. W. Witting, of Y'orktown, Tex.: I do not claim, broadly, compressing cotton by giving or subjecting il to both a lateral or vertical pressure, for this has been previously done. But I claim the peculiar means employedforeffecting such purpose, whereby the two movements are produced by one and the same application of power, to wit : having the side, k, connected to the toggles formed of the levers, n o, in which the bars, I G, are attached, the bars, I, being provided with projections, q r, arranged relatively as shown with the follower, E, which ia operated by the screw, C, or its equivalent. [See an engraving and description in another portion of this paper.] STEAM PRESSURE GAGE—William Burnett, (assignor to Seth Adams,) of Boston, Mass. : I am aware that a flattened elastic curved tube has been used to indicate the amount of pressure applied to its inner surface, by its tendency to straighten out when the pressure is applied. I do not, therefore, claim such an application of a flattened tube. But I claim the use, in a pressure gage, of a straight flattened tube, in combination with suitable mechanism for communicating the motion of the flattened sides of the tube, caused by pressure applied to its surfaces, to a suitable indicating apparatus. PLOWS—Elijah H. Bloodworth, of Thomas ton, Ga. : I claim the combination of beam, Z, and its handles, O, with the double feet, L L, and braces, C D, the whole being arranged in the manner and forthe purpose set forth. RE-I8BUEB. SEED PLANTEES—George W. Brown, of Galesburgh, 111. Patented February 2, 1853 : I am aware that a rotary coulter has been used in opening a furrow for seed to be dropped into, from a seeding machine, but as the tube is necessarily placed behind such a coulter, the earth will run into and fill up the furrow between the coulter and the tube, before the seed are dropped into it. I do npt, therefore, claim any such contrivance. But I claim a shoe for opening a furrow,*which has a convex edge in front, and a seeding tube in its rear end, so that it may cut through any grass, open out a furrow, and hold it open until the seeds are deposited in it, substantially aa set forth. WALKING-STIOK GUN—Ira Buckman, Jr., of New York City. Patented August 4, 1856 : I do not claim coi-binlng a gun and cane tog'ether, so that they can boused for either purpose. But I claim, first. Moving the lock piston, H, backwards, to effect the cocking ol the lock, by revolving the section, T, and its attached spiral cam, T', as described. Second, Cocking the lock (or retaining the lock piston H, in position, when moved backwards to its full extent) by the locking plate, E, dropping into a transverse groove in the top of the piston, as described. Third, The construction and operation of the trigger, G, as described, which-enables the trigger to be closed up against the body T the gun while the lock is cocked. Fourth, The oombination of the locking plate, E, with the trigger, G, as described, by which the strain of the spring of the piston, H, is brought entirely upon the locking plate, leaving the trigger free irom strain or pressure, and enabling the trigger to discharge the lock with slight effort. Fifth, The thimble, V, as described, for the purpose of being moved over the lock catch, E, and trigger, G, to confine and secure them, so that the lock cannot be operated without first moving back the thimble. Sixth, Kxtcndina the body, M, beyond the end of the barrel, K, and constructing it of lighter material than the barrel, as described, for the purpose of making the cane ol requisite length, and of guiding and directing the course of the bullet after it is fired from the barrel, without adding materially to the weight of the implement. DESIGNS. STOVE PLATES—EdwardJ. Delany and John Martine, (assignors to Cresson, Stuart, & Peterson,) of Philadelphia, Pa. HANDLES OF SPOONS, &O.—Henry Hebbard and John Polhamus, of New York City. TABLES FOR SEWING MACHINES—S. F. Pratt, of Rox-bury, Mass. ADDITIONAL IMTROVEJIENTS. BULLET MOLD—Henry L. DeZeng, of Geneva, N. Y. Patent dated March 31, 1857 : I claim, first. The plate, D, with the permanent core, f, in combination with the jaws, A B, and the screw, 1, operating in the sict, g, substantially as described. Second, The blade, E, constructed as described, in combination with the handle, C, and the screws, rn ]', the whole substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. LIFE-PRESERVING BERTHS FOR STEAM AD OTHER VESSELS—Elbridge Foster, of Hartford, Conn. Patent dated September 1. 1857 : I claim the addition of the adjustable inflated angular side air chambers to the inflated keel life-preserver berths, in the manner and for the purpose as set forth and described.
This article was originally published with the title "More Sorgho Sugar"