This harvester is remarkably simple, and having been practically tried for some time, it has been found to answer remarkably well. The circular saws cannot fail to cut, and every stalk must fall except where the corn is flat upon the ground, but in such a case the rods which are mentioned in the following description raise it sufficiently high to be cut off. Its motion and work are rapid, there is very little gearing, and it will do its ) work with one horae and driver. The inven-jtor states that it will cut from 50,000 to 355,000 hills per diem, four feet apart, taking two rows at a time. In drilled corn or cane, it will be thrown upon the ground in one continued unbroken line, and is, in this state, just as easily taken up and put in bunches or stacks, as if it were thrown in gavels, the cutting being the greatest and most laborious job. The machine can be put up and arranged to cut any distance from the ground, as circumstances may require. J J, are hung, supported by the iron brace,(i N, fastened firmly to the under side of framework. D are the shafts. In Fig. 2, which is a detached view of the cutting apparatus and receiving platform, K represents a horizontal plate or bed, hung by threehinges, 1, 2, 3, allowing it to rise and fall. Upon this the stalks fall, and there is one upon each side of the machine. The stalks are deposited on the ground by a lever In the perspective view, Fig. 1, A is the platform, supported by the two driving wheels, B B. The axle, C, of driving wheels, and clamp box, being the supports. E are pinion wheels upon shafts, F F, working into main drivers. Upon the outer ends of shafts, F F, are beveled wheels, G G, giving motion to the beveled wheels, H H, attached to the upper end of shafts, I, upon which the saws, not seen in engra vi ng), placed under the platform. P P are rods for guiding the cut corn on to the plate or bed, K, and also for raising the fallen corn. Being unable to go into the manufacture of them, the inventor offers the right for sale, whether it is for States, or entire. For further particulars address the inventor, Win. M. Bonwill, M. D., Camden, Del., who obtained a patent March 4th, 1856. The manufacture of car wheels when cast from one kind of metal and then chilled on the periphery, is attended with some difficulty, from the unequal contraction of the chilled portion and the unchilled part. To compensate for this, or rather to avoid these effects, John Pugh, of Nashville, Tenn., has produced the wheel which is the subject of our illustrations. Fig. 1 is a vertical transverse section of one of these wheels, and Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal section of the same. A are spokes of wrought iron, surrounded by corresponding hollow spokes, B, of the same material, the spokes, A, projecting beyond B at both ends. This unequal length brings the termination of A on a line with the inner portion of the segments forming the tread of the wheel, while the ends of the outer spokes, B, are brought within the circle of the segments forming the inner portion of the rim. This characteristic causes the extremities of the inner spokes to receive the shrinkage of the outer portion of the rim, D,. and the ends of the outer ones to receive the shrinkage from the inner portions, D, of the same, and thereby enables the contraction of the two parts in cooling to be independent of each other. In pouring the melted metal during the casting of the wheel, it is made to flow around the rounded ends of the spokes, A, in such a manner as to form a ridge or fillet, g, at this portion, which shall serve as a support, but at the same time leave a space h, around the ends, between said ridge or fillet and the solid metal connected with the inner portion of the rim, or segment next the ends of the hollow spokes, B, so as to allow the full and complete contraction of one portion without interfering with that of the other. After the rim of the wheel has cooled, the hub, C, is cast within and around the inner ends of the spokes, A B, and by thus making this operation subsequent to the first, and after the outer extremeties have been permanently fixed, the pouring or cooling of the metal of the hub portion is prevented from affecting the rim. The employment of the wrought iron spokes, A B, in the manner we have described, not only relieves the inner and outer cast portions of the rim of the wheel from all strain caused by the unequal contraction in cooling of the two masses of metal of different volumes, of which said inner and outer sections are respectively composed, but also enables the wheel to be made stronger and more durable than by the methods of manufacture now in use. This method—patented by the inventor June 15, 1858,—is spoken very highly of by railway men. Any further information can be had by addressing John Pugh, (care of A. Anderson), Tennessee and Alabama Railroad Office, Nashville, Tenn.
This article was originally published with the title "New Corn and Cane Cutter"