New York is set to become the first city in the country to charge drivers a fee for releasing planet-warming pollution from their cars.

New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D) and state lawmakers agreed to a congestion pricing plan in the $175 billion state budget that was finalized Sunday. That means drivers will soon pay more than $10 to enter the busiest parts of Manhattan below 60th Street.

Specific fee amounts have not yet been decided. But drivers are expected to pay an average of $12 to $14 for cars and $25 for trucks.

The fees could generate billions of dollars when they take effect in 2021. The money will go toward repairing the city’s aging public transit systems, including the subway and bus fleets.

Congestion pricing has taken off in Europe and other regions, with Stockholm and London leading the charge. But the idea has struggled to gain traction in the United States until now.

New York environmentalists, many of whom have advocated for congestion pricing for the better part of a decade, said they were delighted.

“It’s a really big win for the environment and mass transit here,” said Julie Tighe, president of the New York League of Conservation Voters, who pushed the plan in numerous meetings with state lawmakers.

The Cuomo administration has cracked down on pollution from power plants, with the goal of achieving carbon neutrality in the power sector by 2040. This is a clear sign that the governor is also serious about tackling emissions from the transportation sector, Tighe said.

“I would argue congestion pricing is the cornerstone of how we can start changing our transportation policy,” she added. “This is going to be something more complex than dealing with the power sector. The power sector is used to being regulated; people are not.”

State Senate Democrats from Long Island initially opposed the congestion pricing plan. They said it would steer money toward the subway at the expense of the Long Island Rail Road (Climatewire, March 4).

As a concession to those lawmakers, 10% of the congestion fees will go toward the Long Island Rail Road. Another 10% will go toward Metro North, while the bulk—80%—will go toward the city’s subway and buses.

Andy Darrell, New York regional director for the Environmental Defense Fund, said he recognizes that it was difficult for some lawmakers to endorse the plan. He noted that some of their constituents need to drive into Manhattan for work and aren’t used to paying a stiff fee.

“There’s no question that this was a big-deal vote for many legislators,” Darrell said. “And we’re immensely grateful for the support that we had in the Legislature and for the courage that our political leaders showed.”

After Stockholm passed its congestion pricing system, it saw a 15% reduction in particulate matter and a 50% reduction in asthma rates, according to research from Johns Hopkins University and other institutions.

In New York City, congestion pricing could help reduce air pollution and asthma rates among low-income and minority populations, environmental justice advocates say.

East Harlem, a predominantly Latino community with the highest jobless rate in New York City, has major bridges that carry traffic into the city. It also has some of the highest asthma rates in the country.

“Communities suffering from the highest asthma rates need relief in terms of reducing some of the congestion on our streets,” said Cecil Corbin-Mark, deputy director at West Harlem Environmental Action.

Advocates hope that New York will inspire other U.S. cities to consider congestion pricing more seriously. They say Los Angeles and San Francisco are prime candidates, given their unique air quality problems and aggressive climate goals.

“New York City can set an example for other cities across the country, many of which can find their own asthma belts, probably not too far from their central business districts,” Corbin-Mark said.

Reprinted from Climatewire with permission from E&E News. E&E provides daily coverage of essential energy and environmental news at