Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING JUNE 22, 1858. [Reported officially for the Scientific American.] FLOATING REVOLVING WHABF—Henry Albro, of Covineton, Ky. : I elaim the revolving or floatingpier described, for changing the position of the berth of ferry boats, in order to facilitate their landing when strong currents or other obstacles interfere, the whole being constructed and employed substantially as set forth. BRIOK MACHINES—Francis Allen, of Boston, Mass. : I do not claim the use of a single bar or striker. But I claim the combination of the prismatic striker, N, and its edge clearer. O, with the hopper, B, and the mold carrier, C, when the several parts are constructed and arranged as described. I also claim the application of the mold joint coverer or bar, G, to the discharging passage of the hopper, B. and so as to cover the ioint between the two abutting ends of two molds, M M', as specified. I also claim the arrangement of each mold directly over a joint between two sections, a a, of the mold carrier, and so as to cover and protect the said joint, in combination with the projection and recess, or the equivalent thereof applied to the mold and the carrier, and to operate substantially as specified. RECIPROCATING ROTARY ENGINE—George Ambrose, of New York City : I claim the arrangement and combination in a rotary engine in the manner specified, of the following peculiar features, to wit, first, A stationary axle. A, furnished with two ports, C C one answering as the supply, and the other as the exhauat, to a series of cylinders, said ports being separated by a transverse S-shaped partition, 1, so that the steam shall be received at one end of the axle and exhausted through the other. Second, A series of revolving cylinders, D D D D D', with pistons, whose rods have friction rollers, 4 4, on their outer ends. Third, An annular grooved eccentric rim, F, which has an inner and outer bearing for said friction rollers of the piston rods. Fourth, Two cut-off slides, 7 7', one arranged at the supply, and the other at the exhaust port of the hollow axle, and intermediate between the revolving hub, 1', of the steam cylinders and said stationary hollow axle, for the purpose of regulating the admission of steam to, and the escape of the same from the cylinders, as may be desirable or necessary. All of the above parts being for united use and the purposes set forth. PREVENTING CARS FROM RUNNING OFF THE TRACK— Leverett Ball, of Auburn, N. Y. : I claim the double flange railroad car wheels, with the broad space, A, between the flanges, and the strong flat-edge flange or car wheels, B, in combination with the iron plate, L, the guide rail, D, the clasp, E, swivel rail, F, and the ends of the railP, C C C C, the whole being constructed and arranged substantially as set forth. DKVIOE FOK ADJUSTING PLANE IRONS —Leonard Bailey, of Winchester, Mass. : I claim the combination of the movable friction plate, I, separate from theplane iron, C, and its adjuster, or the equivalent of the latter with the throat of the plane stock, and to operate the plane iron, substantially as specified. FURNACES FOR HEATING STEAM BOILERS, &O.—Gideon Bantz, of Frederick City, Md. : I claim the arrangement of the fire chambers A A, contracted throats, e e, auxiliary combustion reservoir, C, provided with the ceina-reversa bridge plate, m n, and door, h re-verberatory chambers, D D, with doors, h h, and the diving or direct flue, E, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [A notice of this invention will be found on another page.] RAILROAD CHAIR—E. R. Barnes, of Brookfield, Conn. : I do not claim the vertical projection, E, on the law, B, for thepurpose of protecting the ends of the rails from wear, for that, or its equivalent, has been previously used. Nor do I claim broadly the use of wedges for adjusting the movable jaw, irrespective of the arrangement shown. But I claim the two jaws, B D, attached respectively to the base plate. A, and wedge, C, and provided with the horizontal projections, c d, the base plate having a recess, a, formed on it, to receive the wedge, and the wedge secured firmly in position by the key, G, substantially as and for the pur ose set forth. [This Invention consists in having one of the jaws of the chair attached to the base plate of the device, and the other attached to a wedge, whichisfitted and works in a taper recess in the base plate corresponding in form with the wedge. A key passes transversely through the smaller end of the wedge adjoining the end of the face plate, and by being driven in or through the wedge, draws the wedge within its recess, so as to cause the jaws to clasp the ends of the rails firmly.] HEMP HARVESTERS—Thomaa Berry, of Louisburgh, Ky. : I claim, first, The combination and arrangement, in the manner specified, of the adiuetable front supporting wheel, b c, obliquely set slotted guide plate, D C, Hr adjusting lever, F, as set forth. Bpnd, Arranging the reel, H. and the gearing which Tfcon the jointed frame, I J, which is pivoted to tfnMbframe A. and connected to adjusting an lever, J, RnSBNf!,4ly tAPd for the purposes set forth. Third, The combin&jon of transverse bundling bare, N N', one stationary anjhe other pivoted, so as to vibrate up and down with &S main propelling axle, B by means of a pin, p, on thcfi, B', a pivoted lever, O. a spring rocking arm, 1 1, &W- onnecting&ji. substantially and for the purposes s$ forth [This invention is designed to afford facility and convenience fo the driver, Vhfle sitting on his seat, for quietly adjusting the cutting bar when necessary, also afford like facilities for adjustingthe reel to suit different hights of hemp, and likewise provide a means whereby the hemp can be perfectly bundled and discharged automatically, at intervals, in gavels. The arrangements adopted for accomplishing these results appear to be good, and we think will be found to answer well in practice.] HANDLE FOR SCREW-DRIVERS—Oliver Bond, of Buffalo, N. Y. : I make no claim to ratchet wheels or cog gearing or spring, when used in connection with tool handle's. But I claim the ratchet ferrules, C and D, when at-ached to the handles, A and B, and used in combination, the same being protected by the surrounding band (,arrulet E, as set forth. REFRIGERATOR—John D. Burton, of Charlestown, M ass. : I claim the arrangement of the separate refrigerating chambers, the ice chamber, and the air pas- ses leading from the latter into the separate refrigernting chambers. COMBINED RAILROAD TRACK AND CAST IRON PAVEMENT—Walter Bryent, of Boston, Mass., assignor to Daniel p. Badger, of New York City : I claim the combination of a cast iron pavement and railway, cast and united together in suitable sections, substantially as described. I also claim the combination-of the tenons, a a, mortises, b b, on the ends of the rails, and the alternate over and under lapping tongues, c d, on the edges of the pavement, substantially as specified,for thepurpose of interlocking the adjacent sections of the combined pavement and railway. RAILROAD CAR SEATS AWI BEETHS—Sidney C. Case, of Detroit, Mich. : I am aware that chairs nave been constructed with hinged seats and backs.for the purpose of enabling them to be folded together, to occupy less space when not being used, and therefore do not lav claim to the particular device for accomplishing this object. But I claim, first. Extending the backs, A? of the seats nearly to the floor of the car, and suspending said backs on pivots or centers a short distance above the lower ends, and providing the seat portions, C, with pins, c, near their vibrating edges, which enter and rest in corresponding mortises formed in the sides of the car, and partitions forming the ends of the seats, substantially as described. Second, I also claim the peculiar method of connecting the berth platform, E E, together, and raising them out of the way to the roof of the car, when not desired to be used, and lowering them to form berths, by means of segmentai grooves, H HI H2 H8, formed in or secured to the transverse partitions, D, and round and oblong pins or studs, G G, on the ends of the platforms E F, which traverse in them, the said grooves being so formed, and in such relation to each other, as to enable the berth platforms to be rolled upward, connected, and tilted, and suspended near the roof of the car, and detached and lowered as occasion may require, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. [A notice of this improvement will be found in another column.] MACHINE FOR RAISING MARL DIRT, &o.—Thomas F. Christman, of Wilson, N. C. : I claim the adjustable marl dirt and water elevator, in combination with the movable pinions, cross bar, and endless apron, as described, and with the additional elevator and extension piece, for the purpose set forth, and substantially as described, in the manner specified. MODE OF APPLYING LEVER POWER—George E. Clay, of Stillwater, Minn. : I am aware that oscillating spring fall arms or bars, and ratchet wheels have heretofore been employed for giving a continuous motion to shafts, and I do not therefore lay claim to these parts. But I claim the combination of the oscillating arms or bare, G H, secured to the pinion, E, and cog wheel, F, which turn loosely on the horizontal shaft, A, and pinions. K L, and cog wheel, M, for gearing the two arms together, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. [The nature of this invention consists in so gearing the vibrating arms to which the ratchet pawls are attached together by a series of cog wheels as to enable a continuous rotary motion to be transmitted to a shaft by the vibratory or oscillating movement of a lever on which the motive power is first exerted.] REGULATORS—John H. Cooper, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I am aware that gas regulators in which an inverted cup loaded with weights and attached to a valve are in common use. This I do not claim. But I claim gniding the inverted cup, G. by an arm, P, when the latter is loosely jointed to the casing and to the cup in the manner specified. I also claim combining the coupling screw, D, the valve seat, e e, chamber, E, and the inclined outlet, B, with each other, for the purposes set forth. GAS BURNERS—Robert Cornelius, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim constructing fish-tail gas burners with an interior annular space, g g, extending to the commencement of the holes of discharge, e' and V, I also claim the auxiliary holes, 1 1', or 1 2 3 4, in combination with a fish-tail burner, arranged and operating substantially as described. CAR COUPLINGS—C. B. Cotter, of Harrisburgh, Pa. : I claim the peculiar arrangement of coupling bar, A, as constructed in combination with the spring jaws, c e, the lugs, mt and the right and left screw, g, for the purpose of making a sef-connecting and self-disconnecting car coupler and friction bumper, as is fully described. CORN HARVESTERS—R. B. Corbin and Jas. Morris, of St. Augustine, HI. : We claim the rake teeth, F, and box, E, attached to the body A, of the wagon,- as shown, and made to communicate with said body. A, by means of the inclined trough or plane, G, the whole being arranged as and for the purpose set forth. [The object of this invention is to gather the ears of corn from the standing stalks, the latter being left in the field in their original position. The invention consists in attaching to one side of an. ordinary box wagon; a box having a rake at its front side, and an inclined trough connected with it and the wagon body, the arts being so constructed that as the wagon is drawn along the rake will strip the ears from the stalks, the ears passing into the box, from which they are raked up the inclined trough into the wagon by an attendant.] METALLIC LATH—John B. Cornell, of New York City: I claim forming an improved plaster-supporting metallic surface of a closely united series of sheet metal sections, whose edges are first inclined inwardly and then outwardly into substantially the shape shown, and for the purposes set forth. METALLIC ROLLING SHUTTERS—William W. Cornell, of New York City : I claim my improved sectional metallic shutter, composed of a series of sections, whose edges are first brought to the proper shape and then combined with each other, by securing said sections to elastic metallic strips, substantially as set forth. PANS FOU EVAPOBATING CANK JUICE—T).' M. Cook, of Mansfield, Ohio : I do not wish to be understood as claiming the corrugation of sheet metal into flanges and BpaceSjJjMjS to form an evaporation with transverse pajflBnraning from opposite sides, thereby produojHwimous and opposite current in the fiauBuch is & well-known flp3eS;.r- nr place and flue, k,the roefc"rs7ff" theleveliagframe, p, the rubbers, g, and the flanges, o, as described, and for the purposes set forth. CUTTING BUTTON HOLES—Charles Currier, of Providence, R. I. : I am aware that rotary cutters and tools of various kinds have been arranged or connected with rotating stocks so that in the same implement tools of various kinds, and of different sizes, might be used. I do not claim, therefore, the rotating cuttera, F, when separately considered. But I claim the lever, E, provided with cutters, F, in combination with the adjustable bed, C, and gage, D. arranged substantially as and for the purpose specified. I also claim the snips, f, made separate from the parts e, of the cutters, F, and attached to the plates, g, by means of the screws, i, whereby the snips may be readily detached from th parts, e, of the cutters, and sharpened or ground with facility. [Rotating cutters, peculiarly constructed and fitted within a lever or handle, an adjustable bed, and adjustable guides are employed in this invention, so that a very simple and efficient implement ia obtained, for the pur ose designed, and one that may be readily kept in proper working order, and used for cutting buttonholes of various sizes.] PLOWS—Alexander Dickson, of Hillaboro, N. C. : I claim the supplemental land-side, F, and coulter, G, arranged and applied to the plow as shown, and for the purpose set forth. [The object of this invention is to render an ordinary surface plow available, when necessary, as a sub-soil plow. The invention consists in the use of a supplemental land-side, and a coulter attached to the plow.] COUPLING BOX FOR SHAFTING—William B. Dunning, of Geneva, N. Y. : I claim,- first, The coupling box, substantially as and for the purpose specified. Second, The means used for securing the same together, as described and set forth. REPAIRING CAST IRON CYLINDERS—Samuel Falken-bury, of Susquehanna Depot, Pa. : I claim the uniting the old and new cast iron in the box of steam cylinders, which consists of drilling the broken parts for increase of expanding surface, and the application of a charcoal or other fire to equalize the expansion previousto pouring the metal, in the manner set forth in the specification. METALLIC ROOFING—J. C. Gaston, of Oxford, Ohio : I claim, first. Connecting the plates for a metallic roof by means or yielding joints, consisting of only two thicknesses of metal, and formed by overlapping the flanges turned in the same direction on opposite edges of each plate, in combination with the boarding of the roof, formed of different thickness of plank, to correspond with the difference in the level of the plates when connected, and so arranged as to give support to the underside of the plates, and also to the joints, as described. Second, Combination of the lock on the lower corners of the plates (formed by the hook, e. in one plate, and the slot, f, in the other, or their equivalents,) with a aide joint formed by the overlapping of the plates. CORN HUSKERS—Burton Hazen, of Cincinnati, Ohio: I claim the stationary and rotating knives, I G, and rotating bar or hammer, II, combined and arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [This invention consists in the employment of a stationary and rotating knife and rotating hammer, arranged for the purpose of stripping the husks from the ears. The invention also consists in the employment of a rotating cylinder of slitting knives fitted within a cylindrical yielding shell, also provided with slitting knives, and arranged-and operated so as to slit the husks for upholstery purposes.] SHINGLE MACHINE—Jerrie R. Hall, of Brunswick, Me. : I do not claim standing the bolt on the end, to be sawn sidewise, as the same thing in principle ia accomplished by other machines. Neither do I claim the wheel with alternate long and short teeth. But I claim, first. The combination of rods, q q', with their pins, 7'7, thimbles, 5' 5", with their slots, 6 8, slaves, 2 2', and the palls, 1 1", in combination with notched wheels, 4 41, and feed rollers, T T for feeding the bolt to the saw. Second, The arrangement of frame, U, in relation to the other parts, for fastening and holding the bolt while being sawn. Third, The hinged fender, E, with its cord and spring, Z. Fourth, The combination of springs m1 and n', clutch lever, j', lever, R, car, n, with its catch, S', cams, Q and P', in combination with pulleys, V V ' and h h', for giving motion to the carriage, Y, all of which operate substantially as and for the purpose set forth. CORN PLANTER—Pascal Hatch, of Norwich, Vt. : I claim combining the glazed receptacles, C C, with grain boxes, A A, and with the delivering apparatus connected therewith, when said parts are constructed, arranged and operated substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. AIE-HEATING FURNACES—John P, Hayes, of Philadelphia, Pa. : First, I claim admitting hot air to the upper surface of the fire for the combustion of the gases arisingtherefrom, by making the fire tiles or lining of the fire chamber in numerous vertical sections, with the depressions, u y, in the adjoining sides of the same, so that when the said sections are placed together, side by side, in the fire chamber, air spaces or flues, u y, will be produced between, so as to heat and discharge currents of air into the upper part of the fire chamber, in the manner described, the said sections being constructed and arranged together substantially as set forth. Second, I claim making a direct communication between the saia air flues, u y, and the ash pit, D, by means of the openings, w w. or their equivalents, in the foundation plate upon which they rest, substantially as described. Third, I claim forming the top and side plates of the furnace body. A, so that each of its said two and side plates, land!', may oe combined with a row of pipes, m m, opening at each of their ends, upon the same side of the plate, as described, and produce hot air flues, m m, through the body, A, of the furnace, when the said plates are united together at their upper edges, all substantially as and for the purposes set forth and described. CAMPHENE LAMPS—Elias J. Hale, of Foxcroft, Me. : I do not claim merely making a wick adjustable with respect to a solar cap. But I claim an improved lamp having its wick tube made adjustable and movable with respect to its solar cap, or having the latter made adjustable with respect to the wick tube, the whole being substantially in manner and so as to operate as specified. MACHINE FOR SETTING SPOKES IN HUBS—Andrew Hafer and George Wilkinson, of Colon, Mich. : We claim the disk. A, having teeth, i, formed on a portion of its periphery, and curved grooves, a, made in its inner face, the plate, B, provided with slotted arms, in which jaws, C, are placed, the plate being provided with a pawl, h, and handle, E, and fitted to the disk by means of the pin, f, and nut, G, the pin forming the axis of the sweep, D, the whole being combined and arranged as and for the purpose set forth. [A notice of this improvement will be found on another page.] SEEDING .MACHINES—Samuel F. Jones, of St. Paul, Ind. : I do not claim separately any ot the parts, or "VfiBlrttorefr irrespecjj&vtlig-j and descriiiififriCaTiing the desired end. But I claim the slides, M I J, arranged respectively within the box E, and tubes F G, and operated through the medium of the tube, S, shaft, P, pendent, O, and rods, N L K, as shown and described, for the purpose set forth. [This is a novel arrangement of the parts composing the seed-distributing device, whereby the operator has lull and perfect control over the same, withoutregard to the draft movement of the machine, and also that the seed may be deposited in the exact spot wished by the operator.] METALLIC WHEELS FOR VEHICLES—Thomas McCon-aughy and James McCollum, of Burnsville, Ala. : We claim the combination of the feathered box. wrought metal bands and system of braces, C, with the screw rods and rim of the wheel, constructed, arranged and operating substantially as and for the purpose set forth. CORN HARVESTERS—Darius Landon, of Wynndotte, Ohio : I claim the platforms, F and G. in combination with the endless belts, V2, and shock supporters, P P for carrying the shocks of corn thrcugi tbe machine, and leaving the same in a standing position on the ground. WASHBOARDS—Joseph Kech, of Waterloo, N. Y. : I claim the combination of the central beaded rib, R, with the corrugated plate, B B, constructed, arranged and operating substantially as and for the purposes set forth- HORSESHOE MACHINE—William W. Lewis, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I claim, first, The combination with the stationary table, Ii, of the mandrel, C P P, the stationary front die, a, sliding side dies, b b, and top die, e, all applied to operate together, substantially as described. Second, Operatingthe dies, b b, which form the sides of the shoe, by means of the upright sliding rods, F" F, with their wedge-shaped ends, the levers, F F, and the cams, D' D on the shaft, D, the whole combined and applied as described. [A full description of this invention is given in another column.] GANG PLOWS—Don C. Matteson, of Stockton, Cal. : I claim the arrangement as described of the falsebeam, N, goose neck, G. axle. w. lever, i, catoh, L, and the system of plows attached to their frame, as set forth, the whole being constructed and operating substantially as and for the purposes specified. VAPOR LAMP BURNERS—A. M. Mace, of Springfield, Mass. : I do not claim a packing of wire cloth, cotton, or any analogous material. Neither do I claim the use of asbetos, when used as a wicking to act by capillary attraction. But I claim the use of the heating and vaporizing tube or retort charged with asbestos and fluid, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. VAPOR LAMPS—A. M. Mace, of Springfield, Mass. : I do not claim the use of a heat-retaining cap, connected with a retort of a particular construction, as such a patent was granted to me in April 22,1856, but generally it may be applied to any form of chamber or retort producing the same results. Neither do I claim the elevated reservoirs, except in connection with parts mentioned. Neither do I now claim expanding the vaporizing tube into a chamber, as I intend applying for a separate patent for that device. What I claim is, first; Combining the cap or heat-retainer, H, with vaporizing tubes or retorts, constructed substantially as described, when BO arranged over the flame as to operate in the manner set forth. Second, I also claim the combination of the heat-retainer, H, and vaporizing tube, connected substantially as described, with the elevated reservoir, the whole arranged and operating with respect to the valve, C and burner, K, as set forth. CORN SHELLERS—William H. Main, of Liverpool, Ohio : I claim the use ot the balance wheel, G, in combination with the open hub jaws P, teth R, and springs O, when arranged in the manner substantially as set forth. I also claim a series of epur wheels, T, arranged with spiral springs and sliders, or their equivalents, as described, and in combination therewith the apiral cam, V, by which the spur wheels are driven, when constructed and operated in the manner and for the purpose specified. SEED PLANTERS—Joseph McKown,- of Gardstown, Va. : I claim the arrangement of two or more alternately operating slides, F G, cut-off device, H I, crank shafts, J N O, intermediate gearing, L M, adjustable standards, J', and extension connecting rods, K K K' K1, substantially in the manner and for thepurpose described. [With this seed planter the seeds are drawn from the hopper continuously by two alternately-acting slides, and dropped into seed tubes, which conduct it into the soil. The seed, as fast as dropped, are covered by means of shares and a roller. We think this machine will plant seed well.] CORN HUSKKE—Lemuel R. Mears, of South Abington, Mass. : I claim animprovedcornhusker,as made of a combination of a breast shield, a supporting bar, and cutting apparatus, the breast shield to be applied to a person, and the cutting apparatus and supporting bar to be operated in manner as specified. And I particularly claim the arrangement of the cutters and bearer, viz., so as to extend in opposite directions from the supporting bar and theslider, in manner and for the purpose as explained. RAILROAD GAR SEAT—John Millar, of Paterson, N. J. : I am aware that car seats have been arranged to turn horizontally ; but I am not aware that the two seats of each base or stand have been made separately or detached, and so Connected to the base or stand that they may be turned independently of each other. Neither am I aware that the fastening or catch, arranged as shown, has been used in connection with a pivoted back. I do not claim broadly, therefore, the horizontal rotating movement of a car seat, for the purpose of adjusting the same to face in either direction. But I claim the two horizontal rotating seats, B B, attached to the face or stand, A, as shown, in combination with the pivoted backs, d, attached to the seats, B, and arranged with the bars, C, having the rods, D, and springs, F, attached, and the pins-, h. connected with the upright parts, c, of the seat, the whole being arranged substantially as described. [By a simple device, consisting in having two seats with adjustable backs attached, secured to a permanent base or stand, so that one seat may rotate independently of the other, and the backs also being adjustable to a greater or less degree of inclination as the occupants desire, a very comfortable seat is obtained.] TREATMENT OF METALLIC SULPHURETS—Alfred Mon-nier, of Camden, N. J. : I claim the process of obtaining oxyds of iron, copper, cobalt, nichel, zinc, or other oxyds, from their native sulphurets, or arsenic-sul-phurets, by mixing them in a state of powder with the substance as described, in order to expellall or nearly all the sulphur and arsenic. SEEDING MACHINES—Wm. Morehouse, of Davenport, Iowa : I am aware that markers have been previously used and arranged similar to the ones described. I theretore do not claim the markers separately considered. Nor do I claim the reciprocating seed slides, F, nor the seed conveying-tubes, S, for they have been used. What I claim is, the cams, J. attached to the axltT, and laterally moving rods, K M, attached respective, t*. to the shafts. H g, the seed slides, E, bega? 3&t;clie4 u e8haftJB!nl&%yartfg, being attach I ed iftrTsIide, z, the above parts operating as and for ' the purpose set forth. I also claim the markers, n, attached to the frame, N, when said markers are used in connection with the cams. J, and rods, M K, for operating tho seed distributing device, and the whole arrangedto operate as and for the purpose set forth. [This is an improvement in that class of seeding machines by which the seed is planted in hills and iji check rows, two rows being planted at the same time. The invention consists in a novel means employed for operating reciprocating seed slides and markers, whereby the distribution or stopping of the seed is placed entirely under the control of the driver, and consequently even and uniform planting is secured.] AIR CELLS FOR GIVING BUOYANCY TO SHIPS ANP OTHER VESSELS—Samuel Nowlan, of New York City ; I elaim the arrangement of a series of cylindrical air vessels beneath the deck or decks of vessels in combination with the reels and their appurtenances, whereby the said air vessels may be readily removed from, or brought into position at pleasure tooperate substantial- j ly in the manner as specified. I also claim the flexible induct'on tube communicat- ' ing through the hollow reel shaft with the air pamp* and the air vessels, by means of one or more imitable valves arranged in the manner and for the purposes described. COMBINATION LOCKS—Stuart Perry, of Newport, N. Y. : Iclaim, first, A key of such construction in combination with a lock without akeyhole or other opening from the outside to the working parts inside that the saifl key may be applied to the lock without the aid of an index, figures, letters, or other marks that require a liffht to be seen, and which key shall govern with precision all the necessary movements of the shaft by which the slides and tumblers of the lock must be adjusted, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. Second, I claim in the construction of locks without keyholes, the employment of two movable shafts, one of which adjusts the slide tumblers, both being accessible from the outside, and one within the other, substantially in the manner and lor the purpose set forth. Third, I claim the method described of adjusting the slides by means of tlie two movable shafts, which, when operated, are guided in their movements by the key above described, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Fourth, I claim the restorer, Q, in combination with cam, R, shaft, E, and bet, F. by which all the movable parts in the lock are moved by the force of the hand only, and in the locked and unlocked position arc held fast, substantially in the manner described.. Fifth. I claim so constructing the ring cam, L, that it shall move the slide carriage N at the proper moment, and that it shall hold said carriage fast at all other times, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. Sixth, I claim the steel arm, D', or its equivalent arme, the peculiarly shaped slide, y 4, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Seventh, I claim the piston, b', for coupling the slide carriage cam, L, with the wheel, G-, of the shaft, D, for the purpose described. PLOWS—H. M. Platt, of Darien, Coim. : I claim the arrangement of the eerew-shaped plowshare, A, having wings, E, with boxes, H and F, wheel3,1, and roller, D, the whole being constructed and operating conjointly in the manner and for the purpose set forth. CLAMPING AND LATERALLY FEEDING THE LOG IN SAW MILLS—J. C. Past, of Wilmington, Del. : I claim the method described of clamping and holding the log, and also the device by_ which the lateral feed of the log is regulated, substantially as described. SOLUTIONS FOE CLEANSING WOOIJSNB. &O—E. F. Prentiss, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I do not desire to claim the employment of silicate of eoda as an ingredientin the manufacture of soap, as that has been tried before. Nor do I claim any mode of making alkaline silicates, nor yet the solution of alkaline pilicates with chlorine or chlorides lor bleeching and finishing textile fabrics, as these do not possess the cleansing properttes of my solution prepared and used as described. But I claim the employment of silicate of soda solution by itself, when prepared and used substantially as described for cleansing and softening the fabric in the fulling mill or wash tubas a wash mixture. APPARATUS FOE SIFTING COAL ASHES, &O,—L. H. Proctor, of East Sangers, Mass. : I do not claim the application of the sieve, C, to its vibrating frame, in manner so as to enable such sieve to be tilted or turned over laterally so fis to lecharge out of it such contents or ma ters as may not be small enough to pass through its meshes. But I claim the arrangement of the inclined partition or chute, R, and the two discharging openings, K L, with respect to the sieve, C, made capable of being revolved in manner substantially as set forth. I also claim in combination with the discharging passages, K L, arranged BO asto lead out of the sieve chamber as described, a flap or valve, M, so combined or connected with the turning sieve, C, as to operate with respect to the two discharging passage?, K L, Bub-stantially as described during the rotary or tilting movements of the sieve. CHEESE VAT—H, A. Roe, of West Andover, Ohio : I claim attaching the milk vat to the casing by a hinge joint .or its equivalent, and so arranging the wh ey gate that the weight of the milk vat and its contents will act as a lever in keeping the celler and packing, C, in cloBe contact with the inner surface of the water chamber. I also claim, in combination therewith, the short legs E', and the jointed legs. E", all operating in the manner and for the several purposes set forth. CABINET FOE SEWING MACHINES—F. A. Ross and W. H. Marshall, of New York City : We claim the hinged case, B, toform a sewing platform, arranged and constructed substantially as described. OIL CUP FOE MACHINERY—Robert Ross and William Holland, of Philadelphia, Pa.: We claim the combination of the spring valve stem, with the screw valve, e, in the intermediate chamber, b, as net forth, each operating in conjunction with, and at the same time independently of the othertothe extent and in the manner set forth. We also claim the air passage, u, within the stem, h, in combination with the oil passage, m', around the stem, h, in the manner set forth. ORE SEPARATOR—H. P. Russ, of Russville, Cal. : I claim the series of inclined circularplates. a a, in which the water passes from one plate on to the next, while the metallic particles are retained in cavities in the surfaces of said plates, substantially as and for the purposes specified. FURNACES of BOILEES AND STOVES—S. F. Savage, of Albany, N. Y. : I do not wish to be understood as making claim to the use of a perforated air chamber to supply atmo spheric air in small jets to inflame the gaseous products of combustion, as I am aware that this has long been known and tried in various forms, but not, as Iverilybelieve, substantially in the manner or with the results specified. What I claim is, the arrangement of the air chamber, substantially ai described, with the perforated bottom of a conical or equivalent shape, placed in the upper part of the fire chamber, with the concave surface downward toward the fire and with a centralaperture leading to the chamber of inflammation, substantially as and for the purpose specified. COOKING STOVES—S. B. Spaulding, of Brandon, Vt. : I do not claim any particular form or construction of stove. What I claim is the extending of the bottom of the stoves and flues at the back end, so as toform a boiler seat for the reservoir, so that by the peculiar arrangement of the sliding plate or damper, the reservoir can be heated at pleasure without affecting in the least the other operations of the stove. FRAME FOE DETING CLOTHES—Chester Stone, of Ravenna, Ohio : I claim the described manner of constructing a clothes1 frame, consisting of the standard, arranged and operating in fiie mfflrSF and for the Impose specified. PORTFOLIO FII.E-P. W. Tar, of New YtSrwiiTj, do not claim, separately, the sides and back, A B, orTW mode of filing by the cords, D D, and rod, C. But I do claim,separately, the elastic bands, E E. and and the loops, FF, arranged and operating as described. 1 also claim the combination of the portfolio cover with the file, loop and bands, substantially as described, as forming a new, convenient and useful article. GEARING FOE MAOHINEET—Wm. Webster, of Jefferson County, Washington Territory : I claim the compound annular cog wheel described, the same being constructed and operating substantially in the manner I also claim, in combination with a wheel,havingtwo I or more concentric rings of cogs the use of a corresponding number of pinions on one shaft, or of a Bhuting L pinion arranged tor combined operation with the wheel, 5 substantially as and for the purpose speoified. GAS RETOETB—Charles N. Tyler, of Washington, D. C. : I claim, first, The combination of the cavity, a, with the outlet, b, of the hydrogen retort in the manner and for the purposes substantially as set forth. Second, I claim elongating the end of the resort, A, BO that the cavity, a, may be arrang ed on the inside of the furnace for the purposes Bet fortli. MASTING ANB KIGGING VESSELS—WE Webster, of Jefferson County, Washington Territory : I claim, first. Substituting for the compound, and connected masts now in use on large vessels, independent and disconnected masts made of a single stick of timber, as and for the purpose described. Second, Attaching the masts to the hull by shrouds placed at the angle with the mast as described and represented. Third, The truss bands f orattaching the yards to the masts, and holding them at any desired point thereon, constructed and operating as described. Fourth, The lift bands to which the lifts and slings are attached, constructed and applied as described. OIL Cpi's FOE LUBRICATING ENGINES—S. H. Whit more, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I claim the combined arrangement of the external valves, G and H, mounted on a central stem, F, and operating as described, in connection with the globe, ABUD V. MACHINE FOI: KEIT.ACING RAILROAD GARB ON THE TEACK—John White, of Bostonl Mass. : I am aware that the mechanical devices which I employ have all been previously used for raising or for moving heavy bodies, and also that for the purposes to which my apparatus is applicable ; machines have been constructed in which some of the features of mine have been used, but without producing a similar apparatus. I therefore do not claim any of the constituent parts of this machine individually or collectively, except when arranged as described. But I claim as a new article of manufacture the described "car replacer," consisting essentially of the beam. A, with its two separate and independent carriages, B, running on rolls, g, with the screw jacks, D, for raising the beam, the whole constructed and operating in the manner substantially as set f orthf or the purpose specified. PADDLE WHEELS—George Wingate, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim connecting side wheels for steamboats with recesses, in which blocks are arranged to slide toward and from the center of rotation of the wheel as the latter revolves, by means of the plates, F' F". and Cr' when constructed and operating on the blocks, b.as described, so as to cause the partitions between the said recesses to assume the character and duty of floats thrpughout a portion of the circumference 01 the vheel, the outer suriaces of the said'blocks being level with the outer edges of the partitions throughout the remaining portions of the circumference, as set forth and for the purposes specified. MACHINES FOE PICKING CAP WASTE—A. A. Wood, of Jersey City, N. J. : I claim the combination described of a reciprocating toothed bed with vibrating toothed feeding rollers, or their equivalent, with a stationary toothed cover, when the teeth are constructed and arranged in reference to each other in the manner described and shown, to pass the waste or cotton through the machine without seriously rending the fiber, and at the same time securing a precise and even feed to the bed by the combination of the vibrating toothed rollers working at a corresponding speed as set forth. REBTOEING WASTE VULCANIZED RUBBER—Francis Baschnagel, of Beverly, Mass., assignor to the Beverly Rubber Company : I claim the application of heat from 150 to 600 Fah., to waste vulcanized rubber with or or without immersing it in cold water or any other cooling fluid as specified for the purpose of restoring the same , so that it may be used again in the manufacture of india-rubber goods and substances, hereby expressly disclaiming all and every right to the applica-tionof artificial heat to new rubber, vulcanized or not vulcanized, and to the application of heat to rubber in any manner and for any purpose except as above set forth. SAFETY VAULT COVERS—E. L. Brown, of Boston, Mass., assignor to B. F. Brown, of Bangor, Me. : I claim the hinged lid, E, in combination with the guards, F, so arranged as to support the lid when raised, and to lock it when closed, as set forth. VALVES FOE DEY GAS METEEB—C. C. Lloyd (assignor to Wm. Hopper and R. W. Gratz), of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim, first, The construction of the rotary valve, e e, with a series of breaks oredges as at f p p. and q q, arranged and operating so as to scrape the upper surface of the valve seat. Second, The drip, K, and valve seat, g g, arranged and operating so as to collect and carry on any liquid deposit in the meter. Third. The valve carriage, D D, arranged and operating substantially as described. SKIKT HOOPB—R. J. Mann, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignor to L. A. Osborn, of Newark, N. J., and I. J. Vincent, of New York City : I do not claim as new the expansion of the hoops in ladies' skirts, for that is not new. But I claim, first, The peculiar formation ef the slide, g, the said slide being made of brass or other metals and having its slides bent two ways, the one clasping the end of the loop and made fast thereto, and the other end made to slide freely on the hoop. Second, Securing the hoop, d, to the perpendicular straps by means of small clamps, constructed as described. Third, The formation of a bustle or corrugated projection, a a, on the upper hoops on the back of the skirt in the manner and for the purpose set forth. COOKING STOVES—G. G. Richmond and G. W. Pit, tock, (assignors to themselves, C. Phelps, and J. Lown, and said Pittock having assigned his interest in the same to D. B. Carver), of Troy. N. Y. : We claim, first. The arrangement of the passages J, provided with dampers, C, with hot air chamber, D, and slide, K orL, in the oven,C, as described, whereby the intensely hot air of the chamber, D, may be directly applied to the otherwise insufficiently heated underside of articles baking upo n the slide, and to the upper side of those on the oven bo ttom. Second, We claim, in combination with the fire pot, A, plate M, chamber, D, passages, J, and slide, K or L, in the oven, C, arranged together in the stove as described, the top plate, E. of the oblong hot air chamber, D, constructed substantially as represented, whereby the heat of the air admitted into the oven between the two tiers of articles baking is augmented. STUFFING BOXES—H. F. Read (assignor to himself and S. J. Burr), of Brooklyn, N Y. : I claim, first The metallic rings, r r r, placed upon the shaft, A, for the purpose of protecting from friction the shaft and flexible tube, C, within which said wings are placed. Second, The arrangement of the flexible tube on the outside of the metallic rings, so as to allow said aexible tubing to give or twist equally its whole length, and also to carry with it each ring a proportionate distance according to the distance traveled by the shaft. Third, In combination as described, the thimble, E, as used for the purpose of packing the joint at the end ";" of ihe outside case, D, and at the same time hold-in' ' permanently one end of the flexible tube. fourth, The combination of the flexible tubing-fLirtf theSSStallic rings working togjHigtWrgiTSCto-gether wnK,metalliccig*5i 8ubstantjally in the manner descrrflwrtinttiCr the purposes set forth. SEWING MACHINES—H. S. Snow (assignor to himself and G. F. Snow), of Meriden, Conn. : I do not claim as new imparting motion to the looper by means of the needle, nor do I claim the moving of the feeder by means of the carrier, as both have been used before. But I claim the combination of the lifting feeder, R, with lever, T, or itB equivalent, for lifting the feeder from the cloth, by the descent of the needle carrier, the same being arranged and operated substantially as described. RIVIITTING MACHINE—P. R Tyler and Wm. Jones, of Springfield, Mass., and Benjamin Lathrop, of San- j dusky, Ohio, assignors to P. I. Tyler, aforesaid : We claim the employment of a pean as described, shaped to the configuration of the head of rivet, and operated in the manner and for the purpose set forth, by which a rivet head is formed by a succession of light blows around the circle. SEWING MACHINES—A. R Johnson (assignor to F. F. Emery), of Boston, Mass. : I claim taking the loop from the needle by a revolving hook, operating in the manner substantially as set forth. I also claim, in combination with the revolving hook, 1, the groove, 3, and the lip, 4, or its substantial equivalent, for holding theloop distended, in the manner substantially as described. EE-I88UR. EXTRACTING STUMPS—Wm. W. Willis, of Orange, Mass. Patented March 0, 1855 : I claim the combination of the draught hook, R, shears, H, and pulley, N, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. I also claim the application and arrangement of the links, E E, or their equivalenta in combination with the lever, A, so that the said links may alternately be put into connection with the draught chain, I, by means of the two link hooks, J and K, or their quivalants, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth and described. EXTENSION. INIHA-RUBBEB FABEICS—Chas. Goodyear, of New Haven,Conn. Patent dated June 15,1844—Re-issued Dec. 25,1849, in two separate patents, being Nos. 156 and 157 of Rp-issued Patents, viz. :— No. 156.—PROCESSES FOE THE MANOFACTUEE OF IN-DIA-RUBBEE—I claim the curing oi caoutchouc or India rubber bysubjectingit to the action of a high degree of artificial heat, substantially as described and for the purpose specified. And I also claim the preparing and curing the compound of india-rubber, sulphur and a carbonate of other salt or oxydof lead by Bubj ecting the same to the action of artificial heat,.substantially as described. No. 157__FELTING INDIA-RUBBER wiTn COTTON FIBEE—I claim incorporating the fibers of cotton or other substance with india-rubber by preparing the fibers of a fleece or bat of cotton or other fibrous substance into a sheet of india-rubber in the green state without subjecting the fibers, after they have been incorporated to a stretching or drawing operation, substantially as described. DESIGN. STOVE PLATE-S. W. Gibbs, of Albany, N. Y.
This article was originally published with the title "Patent Claims"