Under this heading we shallpublish weekly notes oj some of the more prom inent home and foreign patents. CHUKNS.—G. A. Dabney, San Jose, Cal.—This invention has ;f or its object to furnish an improved churn, which shall be simple in construction and efficient in operation, performing its work rapidly, thoroughly, and with the greatest ease to the operator. COMBINED SEED PLANTER AND PLOW.—E. Seibel, Wittenburg, Mo.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine for attachment to plows, by means of which the seed may be planted as the furrow is opened by the plow, which shall te so constructed as to operate automatically, dropping the seed wherever the plow can go, being thus especially adaptedf or use in new, stumpy, or rough ground. GANG PLOWS.—Joseph Totten, Adams, 111.—This invention has for its ob-j ect to furnish an improved gang plow, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to do its work better, more accurately, and with less strain upon the horses than when constructed in the ordinary manner, and which shall, at the same time, be easily adjusted to cut furrows of different widths and of different depths as may be desired. SHEET METAL COOKING UTENSILS.—S. P. Loomis, Philadelphia, Pa.—This invention has for its objectto improve the construction of saucepans, bake-pans, and other sheet-metal cooking utensils, in such a way that the vessels so constructed may wholly prevent the scorching or burning of the substance being boiled, stewed, baked, or otherwise cooked. SELF-FEEDING CHEERY PITTEB.—Wesley C.Barr,Macon City, Mo.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved self-feeding; cherry pit-ter, which shall be simple in construction and reliable in use, doing its work quickly and well. POST-HOLE DIGGER.—S.C.Horton, Tarrytown.N. Y.—This invention h s for its object to furnish an improved post-hole digger, which shall be simple in construction and effective in operation, doing its work quickly and well. SCHOOL DESKS.—John Peard, New York city.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved school desk, which shall be strong, convenient, and so constructed that the desk and seat boards, either or both, can folded up out of the way, or the desk board be turned up to serve as an easel. POTATO PLANTER, CULTIVATOR, AND DIGGER.—Chas. J. C. Petersen, Port-chester, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new agricultural implement, which can be used for planting, cultivating, and digging potatoes, also for planting and cultivating corn and other seed. The whole apparatus is so constructed that it can be readily converted from a planter to a cultivator or digger, and vice versa. WOODWORTH PLACING MACHINE.—John B. Schenck, Matteawan.N. Y.— This invention relates to new and useful improvements in that class ol planers known as "Woodworth Planer," whereby they are made much more convenientand useful than they have hitherto been, and the invention consists in providing suitable mechanism for the simultaneous adjustment or graduation of the top feed rolls; the method of graduating the facing cutter and pressure bars in combination with the simultaneous graduation of the upper feed rolls by a single screw on each side of the machine; and also in the combination of levers, stirrups, and saddles by which the feed rolls and pressure bars or rolls (either may be used) are weighted. WOODWOETH PLANERS.—John B.Schenck, Matteawan, N. Y.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in the machines known as " Woodworth Planers," whereby they are made much more convenient and useful than they have hitherto been, and the invention consists in providing suitable mechanism for moving simultaneously the guides and matching head across the machine, and preserving their relative positions; also in the arrangement for adjusting the weight on the pressure bar, or roll, so that it shall bear directly over the lumber, and thereby prevent the roll or bar from canting, and causing it to press equally on the surface of the lumber. HAY RAKER AND LOADER.—James Armstrong and John Jeffcoat, Onawa, Iowa.—This invention relates to a new apparatns for raking and stacking or loading hay, and is so arranged that it cannot be injured by careless operators, and which is easily operated by a team or other motive power. It operates entirely automatically, and can stack hay about as quick as the same could heretofore be cocked. PLOW ATTACHMENT.—A. E. Cruttenden, Canasaraga, N. Y.—This invention relates to improvements in plowing apparatus, and consists of an adjustable attachment to be applied to the beams of common plows for guiding them, regulating their depth of cutting, and for guiding the plane of the plows when working on side hills. BUKIAL CASES.—Jasper R. Hathaway, Westfield, N. Y.—This invention relates to the construction of burial cases or coffins, and has more particular reference to improvements on a burial case, for which Letters Patent of the United States have already been received. CHURN.—Joseph Alexander, Gallipolis, Ohio.—This invention relates to a new and improved churn constructed and arranged in suph a manner that butter may be produced from the cream in a comparatively short time and air incorporated with the cream during the process of churning. BEEHIVE.—Jesse Pearson, West Milton, Ohio.—This invention relates to a new and improved beehive, and it consists in the peculiar construction of the same, whereby perfect ventilation is obtained and bee moth excluded, and the multiplication of colonies readily effected. MEDICAL COMPOUND.—S. W. Ingraham, M. D., Wooster, Ohio.—Thisinven-tion relates to a new and valuable remedy for Various diseases, composed of various substances, each possessing healing virtues in itself, but being combined, as hereinafter described, form a compound whichis designated the ' Magic Macedonian Oil." HARNESS PAD.—Charles Drew, Newark, N. J.—This invention consists, in general terms, in substituting the usual hair or moss stuffing, by a pad of vulcanized rubber, which is covered withleather and united to the back plate by the screw shank of the rein rings and auxiliary screws in the usual manner. COFFEE MILL FASTENER.—Johann Winkler, Hudson City, N. J.—The object of this invention is to produce an apparatus for fastening coffee mills to the tables, so that they need not be held while being used. The invention consists in the use of an attachment, which is made in form of a curved or TJ-shaped downward projecting arm, provided with a thumbscrew, by means of which the coffee mill can be clamped to the table. HYDRANT AND STREET WASHER.—James J. Smith and Samuel Wood, Cleveland, Ohio.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in hydrants and street washers for street water Lt mains," whereby they are rendered more efficient, convenient, and simple than they have hitherto been. AIR HEATER.—Adam Cant, Gait, C. W.--This invention relates to an improved arrangement for heating air for warming buildings, or other purposes, and it consists in providing a series otflat flues through which the air to be heated is mfjOefeft pass. KINDLING BLOCK.—William Loft, Bergin City, N. J.—This invention relates to a new manner of connecting pieces of kindling wood into blocks, so that they may form cases for containing combustible material. These blocks should be so connected that they can be shifted from a rectangular into lozenge form to fit any stove. MEDICAL BEVERAGE.—W. W. Timmons, Rahway, N. J.—This invention relates to sirup used withwater in compounding beverage fluids, and consists in the combination of water, sugar, soda, or other suitable alkaline matter with albuminum matter, as the whites of eggs, flour, and citrate of magnesia. STEPS FOR SPINDLES.—Wm. P. Hopkins, Lawrence, Mass.—This invention relates to improvements in steps for spindles, whereby it is designed to provide a more reliable and improved means o f lubricating the spindles. SASH FASTENER.—Cornelius H. Cain, Fremont, Ohio.—This invention relates to improvements in sash fasteners, whereby it isdesigned provide an improved arrangement of self-fastening device, to be released for moving the sash in either direction, by pressing thereon in the direction it is desired to move the sash. BELT PUNCH.—John P. Jubb, Namaha, Mich.—This invention relates to improvementsin punchesfor punching belts, and other similar articles, the object of whichis to provide aconvenientarrangement whereby the punching may be effected by the blow of a hammer delivered upon a solid punch, which is also applicable for punching out old rivets. MILK KETTLE.—Hermann Friedlander, New York city.—The object of this invention is to prevent milk from boiling over and from creating the consequent very disagreeable odor. The invention consists in the application of a weighted cover, from which a tube having a spout at its upper end projects upward. The kettle is covered, and if the milk should boil over it can only rise in the tube and flow from the spout down upon the cover, whence it flows through an aperture of the cover back to the kettle again. MACHINE FOR DRESSING BARREL STATES.—Peter Strieker, and James Lef. eber, Cambridge City, Ind.—Theobject of this invention is to provide an improved machine for giving the proper inside curve to staves for all kinds of stave vessels requiring curved staves, and though it is more particularly designed for this use, and though it is more particularly designed for this use, is also applicable to the cutting such concave or convex profiles on strips for which it may be arranged. Box FOR LOCOMOTIVE DRIVING AXLES.—JOS. W. Golf, Providence, R. I.— This invention relates to improvements in the construction of journal boxes for the driving axles of locomotives, whereby it is designed to provide an arrangement that will be less liable to wear and become slack in the sides, and admit of more readily taking up the slack occasioned on the sides of the boxes by the pounding thereon of the axle under the action of the cranks, and also admits of effecting the said adjustment, or the removal of the box entirely from the axle and the housings, with greater facility than can be done with those as at present constructed. HANDLES FOE, TEAPOTS AND OTHER METALLIC TABLEWARE.—Edmund W. Porter, Taunton, Mass.—This invention relates to improvements in handles for tea and coffee pots, and other metallic articles of tableware, whereby it is designed to provide non-heat conducting handles at less expense and of better heat-resisting qualities thn those now in use, and to apply them in a manner to admit them to be readily detached when required for plating, cleaning, etc. PLATFORM FOR CARRIAGES, ETC.—John Heiden, New York city.—This invention relates to improvements in the construction of the front gear of carriages or other vehicles, having for its object to provide an arrange- ment whereby the same may be made lighter, cheaper, and stronger, than as at present constructed. LOCOMOTIVE AND OTHER BOILERS.—John S. Mulh'n, Newark, N. J.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements In steam boilers for loco motive and other engines; and it consists in providing means for consum ing the sparks and gases generated during the combustion of the fuel, by forcing the products of combustion from the smoke chamber or base of the chimney, back to the firebox in combination with atmospheric air. It also consists in means provided for supplying the fire* with air by other means and in a perforated adjnetible diaphragm beneath the grate bars, and in an air chamber around the smoke chamber, supplied with air by a blower at tached to the boiler.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents"