Under this heading we shall publish weekly notes oj some Q/ the more prominent home and foreign patents. MANUFACTURE or PIPE ELBOWS.—Edwin Norton, Toledo, Ohio.—This invention relates to improvements in the manufacture of pipe elbows, whereby it is designed to simplify and cheapen the cost of the same, and it consists in the production of the blanks, of the proper form, for both parts of ell: ow, from one sheet of metal, by dies so arranged as to cut the same at one blow, and without waste of metal. MACHINERY FOR WASHING WOOL.—John McNaught and Wm. McNaught, Jr., Kochdale, England.—This improved machinery consists of a series of two or more rakes, or other equivalents, for traversing the wool, or other fibers, aloiag the cistern to an inclined plane, up which they are moved by an improved cradle, or other equivalent, and delivered to a series of rollers which convey them to the squeezers. QUILTIMG FRAME. —Josiat) Odell, Petroleum Center, Pa.—This invention relates to improvements in quilting frames, designed to make them more conveniently and useful, as such, than any now in use, and to adapt them also for use as a clothes frames. It consists in certain improvements in means f orclamping the bars of the frame together, and arrangement of the said bars calculated to adapt the frame to the said double use. MACHINE FOR BENDING FELLOES.—De Lyon & Werner, Canton, Miss.— This invention relates to improvements in machinery for bending felloes, and consists of a curved former, mounted on an axis and working over a movable carriage, whereon the stick to be bent js placed t$stween,the face of the former and a metallic Strap, which is befit lip witn the stick and secured to the former, to hold the bent stick until it becomes set. GOVERNOR VALVE.—W. W. Gilbert, New York city.—This invention relates to improvements in governor valves for steam or other engines, whereby it is designed to provide an arrangement whereby the valve may be opened or closed, either by a movement in the direction of its length or a rotary movement; also, to provide an arrangement whereby the valve will be automatically closed when the governor ceases working from any cause; and also, an arrangement to facilitate the increasing or diminishing the volume of steam through the medium of the said governor valve without effecting the operation of the valve by the governor. MEDICAL COMPOUND.—Henry Adolph, Clinton, Kas.—This invention re-ates to a new and useful composition to be used as a liniment for external diseases in sheep, horses, and cattle, also valuable as a remedy for leprosy, and other diseases to which the human system is subject. HEATER AND VENTILATOR FOR RAILROAD CARS.—Asa Weeks, Minneapolis, Minn.—This invention is an improvement upon the one patented by me January 5th, 1869,No. 85,712. It differsfrom it in the construction of the large heater, and the means for adjusting its draft, and for cleaning It out w hen foul. RAILROAD CHAIK AND TIE. —Thomas F. Fouts, Albia, Iowa.—This invention relates to new and improved method of constructing railroads, and consists in the peculiar form of the chairs and ties, and the manner ot securing the rail thereto, and of preventing the spreading of the rails and the settling of the track. MACHINE FOR PICKING CURLED HAIR KOPE.—H. K. Hildreth, Lynn, Mass. —This in vention relates to a machine for untwisting and picking hair rope, thereby rendeiing it suitable for use in upholstering or other purposes. SUBSOIL PLOW.—James B. Pullman, Los Angeles, Cal.—This invention consists in the combination of a share of peculiar construction with a coulter having a concave cutting edge, both being affixed to a plow stock of the usual construction. TOT GUN.— W. I.Blackman, Columbus, Miss.—This invention relates to thatclass of articles which are designed for childrens use and amusement, and consists of abarrel, and stock, and rubber springs, combined and arranged so as to form a gun, the projectile being impelled by the recoil of the springs. STRAW CUTTER.—Ellis Douty, Collomsville, Pa.—This invention relates to those straw-cutting machines, in which a straight knife or cutter is employed in a reciprocating frame sliding vertically on the front uprights, and operating to bring the edge of the knife downward across the end of the box. MASH TUB.—Marshall J.Allen, New Yorkeity.—The object oi this invention is to provide an improved means for heating and cooling the contents of mash tubs, such as are used in distilleries and breweries. MAIL-BAG FASTENING.—J. A. Truitt, Oakland,Pa.—This invention consists of a sliding chain arranged in one part of the bag, capable of receiving the staples of the fly through its links, and provided with a staple in each link, which will, when the said chain is drawn transversely of the bag, engage each of the said staples of the fly and thereby fasten the two parts together. REGISTERING COUNTER FOR BILLIARDS.— W. A. Hough, St. Johnsville, N. T.—This invention relates to improvements in connecting and registering apparatus for billiards, and has for its object to provide a simple and reliable apparatus that will keep the count for each game, and register the number played by each party, and the whole number played during a day or other stated periods. PISTON PACKING.— Wm. Ord, Brooklyn, Ohio.—This invention relates to mprovements in piston packing, designed to provide an arrangement of Bimple, and cheap construction, capable of more perfectly fitting the cylinder, simple of adjustment, and less liable to spring away from the cylinder after being setout than any arrangement now in use. FARM GATE.—J. T.Moxley, Owasso, Mich.—This invention is to provide a farm gate which is simple and effective. CLEVIS FOR PLOWS.—G.W.Holton, Berlin, Ky.—This invention consists in making the end bar of the clevis considerably longer than the present construction, preferably arranging the elongation below the part engaging the plow beam, and providing at the said end as many hitching rins;s as it will support by passing through transverse holes and preserve a sufficient amount of strength. The projecting end is strengthened by suitably bracing it. APPARATUSFOR DISPLAYING GOODS.—John D. Chambers, West Lebanon, Ind.—This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for displaying goodsin mercantile establishments, generally woven fabrics; and it consists in the yard arms on which the goods are to be spread, adjustably supported on astationaryverticalshaft, so arranged that they can be raised up or let down, and turned to any point around the axis of said shaft desired, provided with a wire or cord above them for supporting covering for protecting goods. STEAM PUMP. —W. W. Gilbert, New York city. —This invention relates to improvements in steam pumps, having for its object to provide an improved arrangement of the steam valve mechanism, designed to insure a better and more reliable action of the same; also, an arrangement of the pump valves to facilitate the removal of the same for inspection or repairs, as may be required. GRAIN DRILLS.—H. B. Dean and S. A. Baker, Ludlowville, N. Y.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of grain drills so as to make them more durable, convenient, and satisfactory in use, WINDLASS.—L. M.Knowles, Owatonna, Minn.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of windlasses for raising water and for xaising and lowering light weights, so as to make them more convenient and reliable in use. DERRICK—Newton Matlick, Williamstown, Mo.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved derrick, which shall be simple in construction, easily moved from place to place, and conveniently operated, raising the hay or other weight, and, at the same time and by the same operation, swinging it into the position it is to be placed. RAILROAD BAR.—James Myers, Jr., Willlamsburgh, N. Y.—The nature of this invention consists in constructing a rail or railway bar, such as is used for the track upon which railway locomotives and cars are ordinarily moved, in such a manner that the rail or parts of the same shall consist of an interior core of ordinary wrought or malleable iron, and an outer envelope of steel, formed from a homogeneous bar ot wrought or malleable iron by the conversion of the outer portions of such bar into steel by chemical processes. HAY LOADER.— Winfleld Denton, Iowa City, Iowa.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved device, by means of which the hay may be easily and convenientlyl oaded upon a wagon or cart without the necessity of hand pitching. SEED PLANTER.— W. W. Haupt, Mountain City, Texas.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple and convenient seed planter, which shall be so constructed and arranged that it may be easily and conveniently adjusted to plant various kinds of seeds. WASHING- MACHINE.—David Graves, Spring Valley, N. Y.—This invention lias for its object to furnish an improved washing machine, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to do its work quickly and thoroughly, under the combined operation of pressure, rubbing, and rinsing. ELEVATOR ATTACHMENT FOR FAN MILLS.—Newell Hinman, Sparta Center, Mich.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved elevator attachmentforfanmills, by means of which the cleaned grain, as it runs from the mill, is raised up, and discharged into the hopper, from which it may be allowed to flow into bags or other receptacles. MOWING MACHINE.— Wm. H. Knight, EastMachias, Me.—This invention relates to a new mowing machine, in which the motion from the driving Wheel is transmitted to the cutter bar or bars entirely, by means of levers, without the use of any cog wheels whatever,so that thereby a large amount of frictioais saved andmuch,pawer gained. The inventionconsiataln the arrangement of the levers for transmitting the motion in the manner of connecting them for use on double cutters, and in the application of means for regulating the hight of the cutting apparatus and for throwing the same out of gear. METALLIC BEAMS AND GIRDERS FOR BRIDGES.—Joseph Gill, Cincinnati, Ohio.—This invention consists in the adoption of one, two, or more series of polygonal, or circular cells (measuring those of an hexagonal shape), formed out of flatbara of wrought iron, steel, or other metal, with the ends when turned into shape, either welded together, or left meeting in a butt open joint; and, having each of their sides perforated by punching, or drilling with one, two, or more holes for the reception of rivets, or screw bolts, to fasten them together; said cells, when so united, forming a rigid beam of metal, and which beams may be so built up to any hight, as to obtain any desired strength. SYRINGE.—James J.Essex, Newport, K. I.—The object of this invention is to so arrange the discharge pipe of an elastic bulb syringe, that the admission to, and the consequent discharge of air from said pipe, cannot take place as long as liquid matter is forced through the same. DECK STOVEPIPE FOR VESSELS.—John Hall, Boston, Mass.—This invention relates to a new device for making the stovepipes on the decks of vessels flexible, to prevent their being injured when struck by swinging booms, yards, or other devices. When they are rigidly attached, as heretofore, it often, or generally happens, that, especially on cabins, galleys, and f orcas-tle, they are bent, broken, or otherwise injured by booms or yards, or that the decks from which they project become leaky by the strain brought to bear on them. APPARATUS FOR PROPELLING VEHICLES.—Peter Robert, New Yorkeity. —This invention relates to new machinery for operating the propelling apparatus of canal boats and other kinds of machinery, and also to a new kind of propelling apparatusfor the same. The invention consists chiefly of a series of floats, or propelling feet, which are vertically lifted out of, and vertically carried back to the position which they operate. The invention also consists in the use of certain machinery for propelling the carriages from which the aforesaid floats or feet are suspended, and for elevating and lowering the said floats or feet at the end and commencement or each stroke. COOKING STOVE.— Wm. C. Durant, West Troy, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new cooking stove, in which a new device for heating the air that is brought to the fire box is provided by the peculiar construction of a hollow door, and in which a circulation of air is provided through the oven into the fire place, so that the oven may receive a constant supply of fresh hot air and transmit a constant supply of hot air. to the fire place; thereby the oven is kept fresh and clean, and does not emit disagreeable vapors when opened. SOLDERING APPARATUS.—Charles Pratt, New York city, and Conrad Sei-mel, Greenpoint, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new attachment to soldering apparatus, of that kind in which the cans to be soldered are supported on a base plate, shield, or platform, the same being either rigidly secured to, or adjusted on a frame, or floating on the solder. The object of the invention is to prevent the can from adhering to the said supporting platform or shield, and to facilitate its removal when soldered. In the present apparatus, air is caught and confined between the lower end of the can and the supporting platform, or shield, and as the joint between the latter and the can is, by the liquid solder, generally made air tight, the removal of the can is made extremely difficult and connected with much loss of time. VELOCIPEDE.—Wm. H. Smith, Newport, K. I.—This invention relates to a new velocipede, which is provided with a steering apparatus of novel construction, and also with a new brake attachment, its object being to simplify the construction of the parts and to obtain higher and steadier motion. The invention consists chiefly in connecting the rear steering wheel or wheels by a novel system of leverage with a steering handle in front of the frame, and also in providing to the front of the frame an up-and-down sliding brake and starter
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents"