TRIPLE BEARING FOR AXLES, SHAFTS, ETC.—Reuben Daniels, "Woodstock, Vt.—This invention relates to a new axle bearing, which is to be so constructed, that it can be used for a considerable length of time, and that it can, at any time, be readjusted when worn, by merely turning one or more set screws. The invention consists in interpobing in an internal groove of one of the pieces constituting the body of the journal box a loose bar or plate of anti-friction metal, which can be forced against the axle or shaft by means of one or more set screws, and which will therefore keep the shaft tightinits bearing, as it can be forced further down when worn. WINE AND CIDEK MILL, AND PRESS.—Jacob Scholer, Burlington, Iowa.— The object of this invention is to construct a mill and press for the purpose of manufacturing cider, wine, etc., having its parts so arranged and adapted to operate together, as to render it much more effective, convenient, and economical of time and labor, than any heretofore brought into public use. SLIDING DOOR.—Edmond Prud'homme and P. Moses Leprohon, New York city.—This invention relates to a new means for retaining sliding doors between their guides, even if they should shrink or settle irregularly or evenly, and has for its object to overcome the frequent annoyance resulting from the working of the upper dowel pins out of the groove or track provided for them. The invention consists in providing rollers on the upper edges of sliding doors, the rollers being hung in frames or bars that rest on springs provided on, or in the door, so that by means of these springs the rollers are constantly held up against the upper frame, and retained in the groove provided for them. APPARATUS FOK SUPPLYING AIK TO HTDKOCAKBON BUKNEKS.—James Stratton,Philadelphia,Pa.—This invention relates to an improvement in the method of supplying air to hydrocarbon burners, whereby a fan is employed which forces a current of air into a reservoir, partially filled with water, in which are two or more floats which regulate a valve communica* ting with a pipe of any desired length, which conducts the air to the burner. It also relates to an improved swinging bracket lamp, to be used in connection with the other parts of the invention. WKINGEK.—S. W. Palmer and J. F. Palmer, Auburn, N. Y.—This invention relates to a a new clothes wringer, which is so arranged that the adjustable upper roller can be readily moved up or down, and always remain in gear with the lower roller, and that by simple means considerable spring power willbe obtained. BED BOTTOM.—E. C. HoldenandE. L. Brocket, Owatonna, Minn.—This invention consists, first, in a peculiar construction of slats for bed bottoms, in three pieces, whereof two are parallel and the third curved between the other two ; and second, in hanging the foundation piece of each slat upon crank shafts, one at each end, said shafts being placed longitudinally of the end pieces of the bed frame. VENTILATOK FOK RAILROAD CAS, ETC.—T. J. Mell, Macon, Ga.—The present invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the mode of ventilating railroad cars, houses, etc., the object of which is to draw off the heated or foul air from the highest point in the car or building by opening the ventilator, which is so arranged in the roof of the car or building that when open tke passengers of the car will not be troubled with cinders, dust, or leakage through the same. RAILROAD SWITCH.—Thomas Daly, Erie, Pa.—This invention consists in a novel and useful apparatus for simultaneously operating the switch and signal of a railroad, by one and the same movement, so that ev ery time the switch is changed the signal shall also toe changed so as to show the proper 1 color VENTILATOK.—M. E. Mead, Darien Depot, Conn.—The present invention relates to a new and useful improvement in automatic ventilators, for dwellings, stables, chimneys, etc., the object of which is by so connecting the slats on opposite sides by rods running across between them, that the said slats may be simultaneously operated upon and closed by th.e force of the wind blowing against them on the windward side and opened on the leeward side, thus enabling the ventilator to be kept open at all times on the leeward side. SHOE PATTERN.—James A. French, Scenery Hill,Pa.—The object of this invention is to enable the manufacturer to cut the leather to the best advantage, and also to save labor in making the shoe. MILL FEED.—Martin Weaver, Terra Hill, Pa., has obtained a patent for an improvement in a mill feed the object of whichis to" prevent clogging in the eye of the stone, to feed regularly, by means of a vessel fitting into the eye of the runner with four tubes in the bottom entering through the angles of the cross ring. There is a stationary cup, provided with side wings and slotted arms, suspended from the case, and made adjustable. COMBINEDPLOWCARRIER AND COTTON CHOPPER.—Fielding L. JJirtley, Cleyborne, Texas.—This invention relates to a frame mounted upon two wheels and arranged for supporting nlows while in the act of turning up the earth ; and it consists in so attaching the plows to the frame that the former shall not partake of the rising and falling motions of the latter as in passing over rough ground, and that the plows may be easily shifted, so as to substitute one kind of plow for another, and that the plows may be drawn directly by the traces and not through the attachment to the frame. MACHINE FOR FILLING HORSE COLLARS.—George W. Hobart, Silverton, Oregon.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective machine forfilling or stufllng the rims or balls of horse collars, by means of which the work may be done easily, quickly, and well. SHEARS FOR CUTTING IRON.—John Nichol, New York city.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved shears for cutting sheet metal of any desired size,and which shall be BO constructed and arranged as to hold the metal securely, and cut it smoothly and true, however large the sheet or plate may be. HAND CORN PLANTER.—L.O. Hay worth, New Cumberland, Ind.—This in vention has for its object to furnish an improved hand corn planter, simple in construction, easily operated, reliable and accurate in operation, and not liable to get out of order or to become clogged or choked up. IRON LASTS.—J. Godfrey, New York city.—This invention has forits object to furnish an improved iron last,whichshallbe so constructed that the same last may be used for different-sized boots and shoes, avoiding the ne* cessity of having a set of lasts. WAGON BBAKE.—AnsonPeirce, Lake City, Minn.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of that class of wagon brakes that are operated by the forward pressure of the wagon in descending a hill, so as to make the brakes more satisfactory and reliable in operation. INSECT TRAP.—B.M. Quint, St. Joseph, Mich,—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved trap for removing curculio, aud the wormy and blighted fruitfrompeach and other fruit trees, which shall be simple in construction, and convenient and effective in use, enabling the work to be done with great rapidity. PEN HOLDER.—George Harrison, New York city.—This invention relates to a new and improved device for discharging or removing metallic pens from their holders after they have become useless. GANGPLOW.—J. W, Lewis, Oregon City, Oregon.—This invention relates to a new and improved gang plow, and it consists in a peculiar construction and arrangement of parts. FASTENING FOR COLLARS.—M.B. Battey, Washington, D. C—The object of this invention is to provide for public use, a simple, cheap, and con venient fastening for collars, which can be readily and easily applied to any collar, and which will hold the same securely fastened. COFFEE KOASTEB.—Israel Long, Terjre Haute, Ind.—This invention com prises a newmeihochOf'adjiistiiig tkfe night of the vessel from the tire together with a new and improve'd construction of stirrer. HORSE HAT RAKE.—Frederick Ebert, Saxonburg, Pa.—In this invention the penetrating point of the instrument is formed of two opening and closin'teeth,operated by acentralrod, with a tripping and locking lever of peculiar construction and operation. When the teeth are closed they forma cutting point; when open, they operate as lifting arms, which hokl and raise the hay. BREECH-LOADING FIREARM.—Wm. Bacon, Monticelio, Kas.—The object ot this invention is to so improve the construction of.breech-loading ordnance that the breech can be opened ana closed more easily and effectually than heretofore, while the lock or firing apparatus is so improved as to make it more simple, convenient, and certain in operation. The barrel, also, is constructed in a novel manner, whereby its strength is increased and its cost diminished. REVOLVINGSHOWCASE,—O.H. Melendy, Delhi, Iowa.—TJie object of this invention is to provide for public use, a cheap, convenient, and ornamental show case, in which a rotary box is employed to hold the article, and is divided into several compartments, that are shown through the glass cover of th e inclosing case, said box being so constructed that it can be rotated about a vertical axis,so as to bring any one of the compartments under a door or lid near one side of the inclosing case, and allow articles to be inserted or removed through the same. THILL COUPLING.— Charles E. Sweney, Geneseo, III.—This invention relates to anew and useful imprevement in couplings tor thills, shafts, and polesforcarriages, andfor all'descriptions of wheeled vehicles, whereby simplicity, durability, and perfect security are combined. SAW-PILING MACHINE.—Albert Thompson, Ridge way .Pa.— This invention relates to a new and usefulmachine for filing saws, more especially designed for filing circular saws used in sawing boards, and other descriptions of lumber, and it consists in suspending or hanging the machine in such a manner that it may be adjusted to the saw while it is attached to,and suspended from the frame of the mill or from any convenient flxturc. PIANOFORTE.—Edward Bloomfield andDwiglitP. Otis, New York city— The object of this invention is to strengthen the treble section of the bridge in a pianoforte by applying a screw pressure to a leaden bar placed upon the bridge. THREAD GUAKD.—George W. Dalbey, Carrollton, Miss.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in an article for female use, and consists in a cylindricalguardf orenclosing a spool of thread, the cylinder be ingpartedor cut so as to spring around the spool, and with its edge notched so as to form a cutter for the thread. SAW-GRINDING MACHINE.—Thos. Gamble, Richmond, Va.—This invention relates to improvements in machines for grinding saws, the object of which is to provide a more convenient method of adjusting the stones as they wear away. BINDER FOR LIDS OF G.AS RETORTS. —Andrew Fulton, Albany, N. Y.— This inventionrelatestoimprovements in apparatus for securing the lids of gas retorts, designed to provide asimple and efficient clamping apparatus which may be conveniently operated for opening and closing the retorts It consists in an arrangement of clamping levers, supported in arms projecting from levers formed upon the retort near the mouth. HEELS FOR BOOTS AND SHOES.—M. H. Prescott, Ottawa, 111.—This inven tion relates to improvements in the construction of heels for boots and shoes made of metal, or mostly of metal; and it consists in an arrangement designed to make a more reliable connection of the same to the boot or shoe, and which will permit the heel to be readily removed. COFFEEPOTS.—W.C.C. Erskine,Nether Kinnedder,Dunfermline, Scotland. —This invention relates to improvements in coffee pots designed to provide a better arrangement for extracting the essence of the coflee and separating it from the grain than any now in use. It consists in a filtering or straining device attached to the top of an ordinary coffee pot, for contain ing the eoffee and straining the hot water thi'ough it. HEATiya SHOE.—"William Rogers, New York city.—This invention relates to a new and useful device for keeping the feet of invalids and others warm, more especially designed to be used by patients in sick rooms and hospitals; and the invention consists in making a shoe, boot, or sock, of anysuitablematerial, asfelt or woolen fabric, with a pocket or compartment in its under side or beneath the foot when the shoe is worn, in which pocket or compartment may be placed any heat retaining material, as stone, wood, metal, or composition in the form of a block or blocks, or any heated substance, as salt or bran, or any heated liquid, the pocket or compartment in the latter case being made of rubber or water-tight, with a tight stopper thereto, or the liquid may be contained in a metallic or glass vessel, which may be used instead of the block as first stated, in which case an india-rubber or water-tight compartment would not be required. TACKLE BLOCK.—H. O. Winsor, Duxbury, Mass.—This invention relates to improvements in tackle blocks, such as are used for supporting pulleys for raising heavy weights, by means of ropes passing through the said blocks over the pulleys, and is designed to provide a means for readily discharging the rope therefrom, or engaging it therewith without the labor and delay of drawing the rope lengthwise through the opening. HOKSE HAT RAKE.—Albert Tschop and Jacob Hartman, East Berlin, Pa.— This invention relates to that class of horse hay rakes, in which a tripping lever is operated by a ratchet attached to the hub of the wheel, and consists first, in the employment of a guide-plate to hold the end of the lever, and preventjit from bending or breaking ; secondly, a device for graduating the position and controlling the action of the eccentric, which releases the tripping lever from the ratchet; and thirdly, a strengthening rim or flange for the ratchet.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents"