Under this headhig we shall publish weekly notes of some of the more prominent home and foreign patents. BEEHIVE.—George A. Eoblnson, Mount Pulaski, 111,—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in beehives. BLIND FASTENING. —Leonard D.Howard, St. Johnsbury, Vt.—This inven. tion relates to a new and improved, fastening for blinds and shutters Of windows. SELF-ACTING MULE.—C. J, Greene, Olneyville, E, I.—This invention relates to improvements in self-acting mules, such as are known as Mason's mules, the object of which is to provide more simple and reliable "backing off" and " winding on" motions. HAIR-CURUNG APPARATUS.—Mrs. Marcia Adkins, Oswego, N. Y.—This invention relates to improvements in hair-curling implements. It consists in the application to a hollow heating and curling mandrel of a combing, pressing, and spirally-laying apparatus, whereby the operation may be rapidly and accurately accomplished. GRINDING EDGE TOOLS.—Lorenzo Zimmerman, Waukeshma, Mich.—This invention relates to a new and useful apparatus for holding edge tools in grinding them on a grindstone, and consists in an adjustable bar connected with the frame of the grindstone at its back end, with an adjustable lever attached thereto, with a jaw on the end of the lever for holding the tool to the bar and to the stone. GAGE FOBSEWING MACHINES.—Mrs. Anna P. Rogers, Quincy, 111.—This invention consists of an adjustable gage plate having a recess in its front edge, in which a presser pad having inclined serrated grooves on its lower face,is arranged and connected to the said gage plate by an adjustable spring which governs the pressureof the pad upon the cloth. GUIDB ATTACHMENT FOE BOEING INSTRUMENTS.—Arthur Amory, New York eity.—This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for indicating the position of boring instruments, to assist the operator to guide them properly for boring horizontally, vertically, or angularly, as required. The invention consists in supporting a pair of spirit levels upon the shank of the boring instrument by a clamp which may be readily attached or detached, the levels being so adjusted as to indicate the position of the boring stock horizontally, vertically, or obliquely. PLASTERING MACHINE.—Thomas McKinley, New York city.—This invention relates to a new and improved method, of plastering, wh ereby the tedious and expensive operation of covering walls and ceilings of buildings with mortar is greatly facilitated, and it consists in moving over the floor of the room where the plastering is to be done, a machine resting on wheels, consisting of a box containing the mortar, with a piston to fit the box, which piston is forced upward by means of gearing actuated by the supporting wheels, the mortar being forced from the box by the piston in a thin sheet and pressedupon the lathing or wall as by a trowel. EEFRIGERATOR.-S. E. Scoggins, Baltimore, Md.-The object of this in vention is to provide for public use a simple, cheap, and convenient re-jrigcrator, which shall be properly ventilated, and shall be ctipaWe of keeping food, etc., nearly at the freezing point. MECHANICAL MOTION.—Nelson Read, Winchendon, Mass.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in means for transmitting motion from a fotary driving shaft to two or more rotary counter shafts. The ob- j jeet of the invention is to prevent irregularity of motion hitherto caused In crank connections by the difficulty of the crank in passing the centers of the shafts. MEDICAL COMPOUND.—Thomas J. Butcher, Wenona Station, 111.—This invention relates to a new and improved composition for medical purposes. VENTILATING APPARATUS.—E. L. Roberts, Brooklyn, N. Y.—This invention relates to improvements in ventilating apparatus for buildings, and has forits'object to provide a simple and eflicient arrangement of passages, heater, and valve devices, which, while governing the volume of air admitted, either to cause it to pass into the room through a cold air passage or through a passage bringing it in contact with a heater, will always admit a full volume of air, thereby keeping up the maximum degree of circulation; the arrangement being such that a movement of a single hand-crank or oilier valve operating device effects the necessary valve adjustment for causing the air to pass in either direction. PEDECYCLE.—Geo. Brownlee. Princeton, Ind.—This invention relates to a new device which is to be used for skating on ordinary roads, to be attached to the feet and rolled over the ground. The invention is also applicable to other vehicles, e.uch as velocipedes, and wheelbarrows, and consists chiefly in suspending the weight of the rider or load to be conveyed from the top of the wheel. F EVE GLASSES.—Kichard Straubel, Williamsburgh, N. Y.—The object of this invention is to so construct the frame of a pair of eye glasses that the glasses when applied will be in a horizontal line as they are in spectacles, and that when the instrument is folded together, the ends of the U-spring will not project to be caught in the pockets or elsewhere. LACE MACHINES.—Geo. Osborne, Brooklyn, N. Y.—The object of this invention is to so construct lace machines used for making fine silk or other net work of the kind used for invisible coverings of ladies' chignons and for other purposes, that the operation can with very fine material be successfully carried on. VELOCIPKDE.—T. 2T, Morse, Fairhaven, Mass.—This invention relates to certain improvements in two and three-wheeled velocipedes, whereby their construction is simplified and their mode of operation facilitated. HAY ELEVATING FOKK.—T. C. Kelly, West Liberty, Pa.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple and effective hay elevating fork for raising hay by liorse or other power. PORTABLE AND ADJUSTABLE SCAFFOLD.—F. Stein and H.Haering, New York city.—The object of this invention is to so provide portable and adjustable scaffolding to be used in erecting buildings, and conveniently adapted for moving from place to place, and for erection independently of the walls of the building, and whereby the flooring maybe adjusted as to bight, by the persons thereon. VENTILATING CHIMNEYS.—J. J. Pemberton, Oakland, 111.—The object of this invention is to provide an improved means for ventilating chimneys of fireplaces, grates, etc., by the admission of the external atmosphere there to, to facilitate the draft, to prevent smoking, also to facilitate combustion, and to prevent the cold air from rushing in through doors, windows, and cracks cMlling the room. WAGOX BKAKE.-IrvinWillits. Deer Plain, 111.—This invention is intended to provide a very reliable brake which will always be brought into action when the animals cease to drawn, and hold back sufficiently to allow the traces to slacken. The arrangement of the brake bar is such that it may rest on the ends of the hounds of the axle, when the brakes are resting on the wheele, so that the action of the brake shall cause no pressure upon the necks of the animals. METALLIC KEGS.—Win. Hill, Pottsville, Pa.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the manner of putting in the heads of kegs ior containing powuor and other articles, when the same are made of metal; and it consists in the peculiar form of joint made, and the bearings obtained for securing the contents and making the keg strong and durable. BOLTS FOR FOLDING DOORS.- -E. L. Roberts, Brooklyn, N. Y.—This invention relates to improvements in sliding bolts for folding doors, such as patented March 15,1859, 23,201, the object of which it to provide for sliding the upper fastening bolt, and the laterally moving guard bolt, whether the lower slide bolt coincide with its mortise so as to fall into it or not, as it frequently happens that it does not on closing the door, owing to working or springing, which in the arrangement described in the aforesaid patent prevents the movement of any of the bolts until the said lower bolt is adjusted to coincide and pass into its notch. KNITING MACHINES.—M. L.Roberts.New Brunswick.N.J.—This invention consists in a mean? of adapting them to be capable of knitting plain tubular goods with great rapidity. Also, in an arrangement of means whereby they may be readily adjusted from the conditions of a machine such as represented in a former patent, to the conditions more especially adapted for knitting the said plain tubular goods and from that to the said first mentioned condition. "WATER GAGE.—David Lithgow, Philadelphia, Pa.—This invention relates o a new and useful improvement in water gages for steam boilers and consists in providing means for excluding the steam and heat from the glass gage tube, and thereby protecting the glass tube from damage from expansion and contraction by heat. APPARATUS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF BROMINE.—Herman Lerner, Pom. eroy, Ohio.—This invention relates to the common apparatus used for the distillationof bromine from the bitter or refuse water left after the manufacture of salt from the saline products of certain earth wells, or from sea water. CAEEIAGE.—John C. Ham, New York city.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of the front part of the bodies of carriages so as to make them more convenient and comfortable for those riding in them, at the same time that their beauty and elegance are greatly increased. COFFEE CLEANER AND POLISHER.—James W.Brady, Catonsville, Ml- The object of this invention is to provide for public use a cheap, durable, and conveniently operated instrument, by means of which coffee or otner similar article can be easily, quickly, and effectually cleaned and polished. WINDOW SASII ADJUSTER.—J. S. Elkins, Marquette, Wis.—The object of this invention is to provide for public use a simple, cheap, and convenient device for adjusting and controlling both sashes of a window, setting either or both of them, at the same time, at any required hight, and operating without the use of weights or springs. STUIVIP PULLER.—D. C. Frazeur and Peter Ginter, Siddonsburg, Pa.—The object of this invention is to provide for public use a simple, convenient, and effective apparatus for pulling stumps. CIIME.—James Lee, New York city.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved chair, which shall be simple in construction, strong, and durable, and at the same time so constructed and arranged as to fit closely to, and support the lower part of the sitter's back, which chairs constructed in the ordinary manner, leave wholly unsupported. ORNAMENTAL BACK FOR OPEN FIEEPLACES.—William H. Jackson, New York city.—The object of this invention is to construct ornamental back and sides for open fireplaces, which may be inserted in the said fireplaces forming the back of a grate, as may be required, and thus relieve the eye from looking on a blackened soapstone, as now used in handsomely furnished fire-places. STEAM BOTLEB.—Charles H. Franklin, Jr., New York city.—The present invention relates to a certain new and useful improvement in the construction of steam boilers by the introduction of a third combustion chamber, the object of which is to consume all the smoke and gases from the furnace, and at the same time give a greater heating surface than has hereto-ore been given to steam boilers. BEEHIVE.—Hiram Filson, Monongahela, City, Pa.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved beehive, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to not only adapt it to the natural habits of the bees, but also allow all its parts to be conveniently and successively taken away. COMBINED DRILL AND SAW GUMMEE.—Wm. C. Marr, Peru, Wis.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective machine, which may be readily usedas a drill or saw gummer, as occasion may require, doing its work equally well ia either capacity. COMBINED PLOW, CULTIVATOR, AND POTATO DIGGER.—H.B. Smith, Tre-mont, 111.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved combined plow, cultivator, and potato digger, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to be easily adjusted and operated, and which will do its work well in either capacity. POTATO DIGGEE.—John Sherwood, Ottumwa, Iowa.—This invention has lor its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective potato digger, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to do its work easily and thoroughly,leaving the potatoes spread over the surface of the ground. IMPROVED ATTACHMENT TO PUMPS.—J. W. Williams, Syracuse, N.Y.— This invention relates to a new and improved attachment, by means of which the lower or stop valve box and valve may easily be removed from any pump, when from its being clogged or out of repair it becomes necessary to do so. NEEDLE PROTECTOR FOR SEWING MACHINES.—Thomas Huckans, New Baltimore, and J.Wesley Oarhart, Troy, N. r.—This invention relates to a new and improved protector for the needles of sewing machines, whereby the needle is prevented from being broken or injured during the operation of sewing. CLOTHES KACK.—Elias Werden, Pittsfield, Mass.—This invention relates to a new clothes rack, which is of very simple construction, and which can, when not used, be folded together into a small space. The invention consists in fitting upon four vertical parts connecting rods. which are arranged in sections horizontally above each other, every section being supported by shoulders of the posts. CLARINET.—Jacob Rebhun, New York city. -The object of this invention is toconstruct andarrange the keys and levers of a clarinet, that difficult passages which could heretofore not be produced, such as various kinds of trills and shakes, can without difficulty be obtained, and that the fingers will be relievedfrom the great strainto whichthey are subjected on theor-dinary instruments. TACIITDEOME.—Simon Wortmann, New York city.—This invention relates to a new vehicle, which is to be propelled by the upper and lower extremities of the person or persons th at it supports, and which is provided with afly wheel, insuch mannerthatthe same may at will be thrown into or out of gear. This fly-wheel will gather power in going down hill, and will then give it up in going up hill, thereby facilitating the ascending of hills, and preventing too great rapidity while going down hill. The inven-tionconslsts in the general combination of parts, whereby two persons may be accommodated on the vehicle, and also in the arrangement of the fly wheel.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents"