Combined Cotton and Corn Plantek.A. H. Wootton, Bartow, Ga. This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and eftec-tive machine, which shall be so constructed and arranged that it may be easily adjusted for use,for planting cotton seed or corn, as may bedesired. Fruit Jar.J. M. W. Kitchen, Brooklyn, N. Y.This invention has for itsobject to improve the construction of fruit or preserve ja,rs, so as to make them simpler in construction, and more convenient, reliable, and effective in use. Curry CoMB.John M.Baker, Marshfield, Ohio.This invention has for its object to improve the constru ction of curry combs, so that when the front teeth havebecomeworn,the comb-plate may be reversed or turned half way around, causing the rear teeth to become the front ones, enabling the curry comb to be used much longer than it otherwise could be. Corn Harvester.John McLeish, Chicago, Ill.This invention has for Us object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective machine, by means of which the corn stalks may be cut, the ears separated from the stalks and deposited in a suitable receptacle, and the stalks deposited in bundles or bunches upon the ground, Revolving PLOW.Wm. J. Dawson, Brookfield. Mo.This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective machine, by means of which cultivated land may be prepared for the reception of the seed thoroughly and well, and which may be operated with a comparatively light draft. Fireplace Heater.R. D. McDonald, Jersey City, N. J.This invention has for its object to furnish an improved open grate fireplace heater, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to utilize the heat that usually escapes into the chimney, economizing fuel and obtaining the advantages of a stove and open fire. Churning Machine .Samuel D. Lucas, Winterpoc^, Va.This invention has for its object to furnish a simple and convenient churning apparatus, bymeans of which one or more churns maybe operated at the same time, bringing the butter in a very short time and with a comparatively small amount of labor. S.ickle Grinder.Henry Millard, York, N. Y...This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine for grinding, mowing, and reaping machine cutters, which shall be simple in construction, easily operated, and so arranged that the cutters maybe ground all the way from point to heel. Revolving Dough MiXER.Thomas Holmes, Williamsburgh, N. Y.This invention has for its object to improve the construction of the improved dough mixer, patented bythe same inventor, June 15, 1869, and numbered 91,335, so as to make it simpler and less expensive in construction while doing its work equally well. CULTIVATOR.-Isaac J. Morrow, Everton, Ind.This invention has for Its object to furnish an improved cultivator, which shall be so and arranged that the amount of dirt allowed to pass to the plants may be conveniently controlled and regulated. Hay and Grain ELEVATOR.John Dennis, Oswego, N. Y.This invention has for its object to furnish an improved apparatus, by means of which an entire load ofhay or grain may be raised to the upper part of a barn at one operation, thereby saving the labor and time required when it is pitched up or raised by the iorkfull. Combined Sopa and BED.1Ym. H. Schwalbe, New York city.This invention has for its object to improve the construction of combined sofas and beds, so as to make them more convenient in use, and so as to better adapt them for use in the various places in which they may be required. Spring for Wagon Tongues .George Alexander, Romney, Ind.This invention has for its object to furnish an improved attachment for the forepart of a wagon gearing, by means of which the tongue may be supported at a greater or less elevation, as desired, so as to relieve the horses necks from the weight of the tongue, and in a great measure protect them from the thrashing of the tongue when the wheels strike an obstruction. Coffeepot.Hermann von Holten, Hoboken, N. J.This invention has for its object to furnish an improved coffeepot, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to force the boiling water tlirough the compartment containing the ground coffee, which water extracts the strength from the coffee and flows thence into another compartment whence it is poured out for use. Process for Preserving Eggs.John Longmaid, New Yorkcity.This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in preserving eggs for market and use. Sewing Machine.M. C. Hawkins, Edinboro, Pa.This invention consists in a novel manner of connecting the upper, or needle, with the or shuttle shaft, by means of a pitman and loose crank, and in a novel man -ner of arranging and operating the take-up bar, and of combining it with the needle bar, so that it will operate in conjunction with the same. Rocking Carriage.A. Armando,New York city.This invention relate:!. to a new carriage,more particularly intended for children, and so con structed that it may be propelled by rocking motion, and that it will be rockedwhen propelled by other means. Railroad Station Indicator.A. C. Rodgers, Fort Washington, Pa. This invention relates to a new apparatus for displaying,within railroad cars,the name of the station which the car is approaching,or at which it has arrived. The invention consists of a system of levers and toothed wheels, by which intermittent rotary motion, in either direction, can be imparted to a drum, around which a belt or chain containing the names of the sta tions is placed. The apparatus is set in motion by a stop arranged on the track striking a lever suspended from the car. SAFE.Joseph P. White, Savannah, Ga.This invention consists in constructing the safe of an inner thick and strong shell of metal, and an exterior thin shell made of chilled iron, and having on its interior surface flint, emery, or any other substance which in drilling will generate sparks of fire to explode powder, with which a space between the two shells is to be filled so as to blow off the outer shell, to create alarm and to disable the burglars. Water Wheel.W. E. Hill, Renovo, Pa.This invention consists in an improved arrangement of buckets, designed to cause both a direct and reacting application of the water ; that portion of the buckets designed for the reacting application of the water being made adjustable by the action of springs to vary the discharge orifices, as the volume of water or the resistance of the wheel changes. It also consists in an improved arrangement of the gates, and also in an arrangement for packing the joints be-tweenthe wheel and thescroll. Cotton Pbess.C. J. Beasely, Petersburg, Va.This invention relates to improvements in cotton presses, having for its object an improved arrangement of means whereby the follower may be worked, both up and down, by the same operating lever, working in the same way ; also a simple arrangement for varying the leverage, as the force required is greater or less ; also an improved arrangement of the follower to facilitate filling the case. Railroad CAR.Perry Prettyman, Paradise Spring Farm, Oregon.This invention relates to improvements in railroad cars, the object of which i3 to prevent them from running or being thrown oifthe track from any cause. It consists in the application to the car trucks of auxiliary axles and wheels so arranged that the said wheels will be suspended between an inward projecting portion or flange of the top of the rail, and a corresponding widen\d portion of the bottom of the rail, the upper flange of the said rail serving by its action on the auxiliary wheels to hold the cars from running off, and the lowr flange serving for the track of the said auxiliary wheels, which receive and support the cars ofthemain axle brake. Operating Churn Dasher.William Kegg, Lassellsville, N. Y.This invention relates to an improvement in the method of operating the dashers of butter churns of the old style, or where dasher is attached to a rod or staff, and given a vertical reciprocating motion by hand, or by means of any other suitable power. Self-Winding Clothes-line Machine.W. A. Coventry, Paterson, N. J .This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in an apparatus for automatically winding up a cord, or clothes-line. Self-closing Faucet.A. Brinckmann, New York city.This invention relates to a new faucet for water pipes and other purposes, which is to be self closing, so that no liquid can be lost by aceidentally leaving the faucet open. The invention consists in attaching a weighted lever to the spigot ofthe faucet which lever will always automatically draw the faucet closed, and which will also serve as a handle for operating the faucet. Horse Power.C. L. Drury, Rockingham, Vt.This invention relates to a new horse power of that class in which the animal moves on an inclined plane or disk, and the invention consists in the arrangement of devices for adjusting the position of said wheel and in the application of adjustable 1869 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, INC. October 9, 1869.J 237 axle, as well as in the general anti-friction bearings for the transmitting arrangement and combination of parts. Telegraph APPARATUS.David Flanery, New Orleans, La.-The object of this invention is to provide a portable telegraph apparatus comprising a » relay magnet,» ** key,»- » sounder,» »local galvanic battery,» and writing desk, all contained in a portable box such as may be slung upon the shoulder by a strap, to be carried from place to place by the operator. Also, to provide an improved local battery specially adapted for a portable apparatus. Galvanized Ieon.J. D. Grey, Pittsburgh, Pa.This invention consists in preparing the iron, previous to galvanizing it, in a way calculated to provide a better article in point of toughness and appearance when finished, the zinc covering being disposed much more evenly and in large spangles over the entire surface of the sheet. Side-Saddle TREES.Louis Triplett, Columbia, Ky.TMs invention re-I stes to improvements in the construction of side-saddle trees, and consists in forming the cantel belly, right horn, and spring, of one piece of sheet metal, and the » straining » and foundation of the Beat of another piece in a way to produce an improved form and more economical construction. BiTHoLDEE.Jacob Winkelhouse, New York city.The present invention relates to a new and useful device for securing bits in their places by means ot a slotted bolt and spring. Beowningand Making CoFFEE.James Galloway, Chetopah, Kansas. This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the method of preparing coffee, whereby much time is saved, and the entire aroma is preserved. Traction Engines.C. C. Merriman, Brighton, N. Y.Thls Invention relates to an improvement in traction engines, and it consists in producing the traction by feet secured to revolving wheels. Thrashing Machine .Joshua Siep and Henry J. Schmeyer, Macungie, Pa.This invention relates to new and useful improvements Il machines for thrashing and cleaning grain, whereby many of the objections to the old style of thrashing machine are obviated. RAiLRoAD.George V. Sheffield, and Jas. F. Coburn, Hopkinton, Mass. This invention relates to new and useful improvements in railroads, having reference both to the rail and track, and the flange and tread of the wheel to run thereon. Water-Closet Valve.W. Smith, San Francisco, Cal.Thls invention relates to new and useful improvements in valves for water closets. whereby they are rendered more useful and durable than they have hitherto been. Self-Closing Telegraph KEY.Joseph J. B. Frey, New York cIty. This invention relates to a new and improved key for telegraphic instruments, whereby the circuit is always kept closed when the instrument is not at work, the key automatically closing when released from the pressure of the finger or hand. Machine foe Picking WooL.James Cate, Rumsey, Ky..-Thls invention relates to a new and useful improvement in machines for picking an d cleaning wool. Hame-Bending Machine.J. H ..Preston, Je:leifBon. City, Mo.This invention relates to a new and improved machine far bending wooden hames wherebythat operation is greatly facilitated. Extension TABLE.Joseph P. Curry, Vincennes, Ind.This invention relates to a new and. usetul improvement in extension tables, whereby they ; are made more convenient and useful than they have heretofore been, .d consists in extending and contracting the table by means of a shaft, crank , ; and cords. Vaporizing Furnace and Pans.L. Scott, Sinking Spring, OkieThis invention relates to a furnace and an arrangement of pans for boiling and vaporizing juice. or sirup, in the process cf working sorghum sugar or molasses, andfor other purposes of a similar nature. Thrashing MACHINE.F. A. Geisler, Bristol, R. I.This invention relates to new and useful improvements in machines for thrashing grain, and winnowing or cleaning it at the same time. HayFoek.E. J. Fenn, Medina, Ohio.This Invention relates to new and useful improvements in forks for handling hay, and consists in operating two tines by means of a bar and lever. Compound foe Restoring Damaged ToBAOco.-Wesley A. Wright, Liberty, Va.The object of this invention is to produce a substance for restor-Ingthe good qualities of moldy or decaying tobacco so that it will again receive as nearly as possible the qualities and appearance of fresh and good tobacco, for the purpose of prevejiting its loss. Stump Exteactoe.T. W.Fay, Camden, N. J .This invention relates to a new stump extj actor, or stone and log lifter of that class in which the power is applied to a screw shaft by means of a nut. The invention consists in a new manner of supporting the nut to avoid fricikm, and in a novel manner of fastening the supports to the main plate and the shoes to the supports. Railroad Car HEATER.Josiah E.Kline, Wheeling, West Va.This in-ven tlon relates to a new apparatus for heating railroad cars and for properly ventilating the same, and consists in the general construction and arrangement of parts for producing a fireproof and convenient heating attachment. Universal Guide foe Stamp Mills.C. A. H. Rice and A. J.Van Deren, Central City, Colorado.This invention relates to a new device for guiding, the shafts of stamp mills, and consists in the general construction of parts-, whereby the guide pieces are securely held and readily adjusted. Wind WHEEL.Charles C. Harris, Lafayette, Ill.The object of this invention is to provide a simple and cheap wind wheel with self-adjusting wings, or brackets, capable of opening to the wind on one side and closing on the other. Theinvention also comprises an improved arrangement for transmitting motion from the said wheel, especially adapted for operating pumps. Lamp.H. Long, Kittanning, Pa.This invention consists in an improved arrangement of means for conducting the wick through a reservoir of water after having taken up the oil, the said water reservoir being interposed between the oil and the flame so as to prevent generation of gas; also to prevent the contact of the flame with the oil in the reservoir. Cultivating HOE.John J. Ray and James R. Young, New Orleans, La. This invention consists in the arrangement of a pair of scraping blades, of wood or metal, to work on the ground in an edgewise position in the: *orm of two sides of a triangle, cut off at some distance from the apex, and connected by framing so that it will allow the said blades to work on each side of the row without disturbing the standing plants, the ends most widely separated being drawn foremost, to gather the earth and turn it up in a doubleridge against the rows of plants. Near the bottom inside, the blades are provided with laterally projecting cutters to sever the weeds, and wheels are placed at the front end on which the frame may: be tilted to be moved from one row to the other. Fly BRUSHES.Henry R. Robbins, Baltimore, Md.This invention relates to a portable apparatus in which a brush or fan is made to oscillate by means of machinery for the purpose of driving flies from a table or bed, and creating, at the same time, a breeze. Horseshoe.Capt. Charles Peillard, of the Empire of France.This Invention consists in dividing a horseshoe in two parts, of equal length, the division taking place at the middle, and the line of section being partly straight and partly circular, so as to form, at the extremity of one branch, a curved projection, and, at the adjacent extremity of the other branch, a depression of corresponding shape, by which the two branches are connected when nailed upon the hoot, without a hinge. Reservoir Back for Cooking STOVES.Henry R. Bobbins, Baltimore Md.The object of this invention is to provide an attachment for cooking Btoves, which will enable the cook always to have a supply of hot water on hand,the quantity and boiling temperature of which can be seen at a glance, without removing the cover of the boiler. At the same time, the construction and arrangement ofthe apparatus are such as to protectthe back of (.he fire-pot from burning away, thereby rendering the stove more durable and less expensive, in the matter of repairs, than those heretofore introduced into general use. Lamp Shade.^1. W. Churchill, Bridgeport, Conn.This invention relates to improvements in lamp shades for application to the chimneys of kerosene and other similar lamps, having for its object to provide an improved construction and arrangemcnt for shades made in sections for expanding and contracting, to vary the size of the shade. Horse Hay Rake.W. P. Ewing,Fancy Hill, Va.This improvement in horse hay rakes is designed to provide a simple and efficient ma» chine for attachment to a sulky, whereon the operator may ride while driving and attending to the rake, and it consists in a rake having one set of teeth, detachably connected to the sulky, and provided with suitable operating and governing apparatus. Hoisting Appaeatus.G. H. Kamnacher, Columbus, Ohio.The object of this invention is to provide a cheap and simple portable hoisting apparatus for bricklayers and builders, for hoisting the building material, and it consists of a peculiar alTangement,on a bench or »horse,» of a large grooved hoisting wheel, a pair of balancing platforms, vertical guides for the same, and hoisting ropes. Combination LocK.J.P.White, Savannah, Ga.This inventionrelates to improvements in combination locks, consisting of a series of vibrating tumblers, notched at the ends for the reception of a lug on the bolt, when sliding back for unlocking, which are provided with auxiliary tumblers, to be acted on by a series of rotating cam disks worked by the key, to move the said tumblers for bringing tile notches therein to the position coinciding with the lug on the bolt, to allow it to be retracted. These auxiliary tumblers are engaged with the others by spring dogs, when the bolt is at the locked condition, and the whole are suspended on the cam wheels, so that the notcrj.es do not coincide with the lug on the bolt, thereby preventing its withdrawal.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents"