Pertaining to Apparel. COMBINED SCARF, SHAWL, AND SWEATER.-J. AOLER, New York, N. Y. This invention relates to clothing, and the object is to provide a wrap which may be used as a shawl or scarf, and when desired may be readily converted Into a sweater. The combined scarf, shawl and sweater may be manufactured at very little expense and may be conveniently used in a number of ways to protect the body of the wearer. OC Interest to Farmers. COMBINED 1,1 STER, PLANTER AND RIDGE BUST “.-SAMUEL B. HAMILTON, R. 2, Wakefield, Kan. This inventor provides ,a mechanism which may be adjusted to space the operation of a lister plow to form parallel ridges ; provides a frame for an implement of the character specified, having strength, lightness and durability; provides carrying wheels arranged to cause the wheels to track toward the center of furrows, to form a revolving wedge the rearward spread whereof bears against the sides of furrows and prevents the drift of the wheels and implement, and provides a simple, durable and economical frame structure. The illustration shows a perspective view of the implement, constructed In accordance with Mr. Hamilton's invention. SPRING GUARD ATTACHMENT FOR CORN HARVESTERS.-J. H. BREEN, Jlden Valley, Minn. The invention provides an attachment which may be secured directly to the under side of the dividers, which is in the nature of a spring guard for preventing inclining of the stalks in their movement toward the binder table, or rather for bolding them in v(,rtical position. It may be attached to the under side of dividers of ordinary corn harvesters without interfering with the working parts thereof. OC General Interest. MOLD FOR MAKING CONCRETE ARCH BLOCKS.-W. C. HOLDEN, Scarboro-on-the-Hudson, N. Y. In the present patent the object of the invention is the provision of ,a new and improved mold, more especially designed for making arch blocks, and arranged to permit convenient adjustment of the mold parts for making blocks of different sizes for arches of different spans. DISprAY CARTON.-A. M. Boos. Boston, Mass. This invention relates to display cartons, and has reference more particularly to a device, comprising a back, sides, a front, a top baving an opening to receive the articles to be displajed, land an inclined bottom having gaps adapted to engage the lower ends of the articles, to assist in holding the same in position. VACUUM PUIP AND CLEANING APPARATUS.-. L. MONTGOMERY, 2509 Oaks Avenue, Superior, Wis. This invention pertains to an Improved system for obtaining a vacuum by hydraulic pressure, whereby clean- Ing by vacuum may be accomplished, and which may be reversed to form, to a certain extent, a hydraulic air-compressing pump. A further object is to provide a system in which hydraulic means creates a vacuum or pressure, with means for automatically controlling the hydraulic means by the vacuum or pressure created. The device is simple in construction and inexpensive to manufacture, and is illustrated herewith in vertical section showing I fragmentary portion of the system in operation. Hardwart and Tools. STRIKING LINE. - HENRY K. KISO, 214 E. 20th Street, Manhattan, New York, N. Y. This Invention relates to striking lines used by cnrpenters, bricklayers, and other artisans, for the purpose of marking straight lines upon rough or irregular surfaces. It comprehends a disk-like casing in Which is revolub1y mounted a drum, and upon this drum the line is wound. The unwinding turns the drum in one direction, the drum being retracted by a spring. '.he 1 casing is provided with a sector-like opening > aud fitting into this opening Is a hollow door ' through which the line is drawn, and disposed " within the hollow door is the Inking apparatus. - ''his patent is for sale. The device is il-' lustrated herewith and is shown in perspective ' ready for use, the line being partially un· - wound. HOSE COUPLING.-FRITZ A. SCHNEIDER, 403 E. 179th Street, Bronx, . New York, N. Y. The object here is to provide a coupling, ar-ranged to permit quick coupling and uncoupling of the members, at the same time insuring a tight joint with a view to prevent leakage - when the members are coupled_ For this pur- i ' ' r— - ]\ !' --------• M [ HOSE COUPLING - ' pose use is made of coupling members, of ' which one is provided with a bayonet slot, and a spring-pressed locking device mounted to ' slide on one of the coupling members and provided with a key adapted to engage key-ways r standing at an angle to the slot and stUd. The plan view 00' the hose coupling as applied Is , pictured in the engraving; - 1 Heating and Lighting. e SMOKE ME T ER.-FRED E RICK W. MANN, ' J'ranklin, pa. This device determines the amount of unconsumed carbon in illuminants e when burned under predetermined conditions. 1 The Illustration shows a view of the improve- ment, p rt ly in s e c tio n . The operation preferably takes place in a quiet place, free from drafts, and lighted su1eiently. After burning .three hours the flame is eXtinguished, the mantles removed, and brought to normal temperature, preferably in an exseccator, as is also the reservoir and the remainder of unconsumed oil. The reservoir and unconsumed iUuminant are then weighed separately to ascertain the exact amount of illuminant COIsumed, and the net weight of unconsumed carbon is found by the difference in weight between the mantles before and after use. Household Utilities. CONVERTIBLE CHAIR AND TABLE.-ISRAEL HOFFMAN, 86 Lenox Avenue, New York, N. Y. The invention provides a convertible chair and table, arranged to permit of conveniently and quickly changing the table into a chair and 'Vice versa, and when in the form of a chair a book rest is provided for reading purposes, electric lights for the proper illumination of the reading matter. and a receiver for cigar or cigarette ashes, burned matches; etc. The frame has arm rests, chair seat, combined chair back and table top provided with means to swing the back and table top onto the top of the arm rests, to provide a table, or to swing it Into position to form a chair. The accompanying lllustration shows the convertible chair and the table set up to form a chair. CRYSTAL CLOSET BRACKET.-RAcHEL JASPER, Borough of Manhattan, New York, N. Y. The accompanying engraving is a perspective view of this invention applied to a glass shelf. The invention relates to a new and improved form of dependhig bracket, and is particularly adapted to form a bracket for CRYSTAL CLOSET BRACKET I glass sheff such as used in crystal closets, where it is inconvenient or impossible to attach a supporting means for the braciet directly to the glass. By means of her improved bracket, a means is afforded whereby cups or other articles may be suspended benea th the glass shelf without In any way interfering with or modifying the construction of the glass shelf . . Machines and llechanical Devices. CHANGE MAKING MACHINE . .JOHN R. CONRAD, Canajoharie, N. Y. Through a slot in the machine the coin to be changed is Introduced and will fall to a position in front of a plunger to operate a slide when the plunger is actua te d, the slide ha v ng an opening therethrough adapted to register with the coin cylinder above an opening in the partition on which the slide rests, so that when the opening in the slide registers with the cylinder, coins will descend and rest on the partition, and when the slide is moved relatively to the partition, coins within the opening between the planes of the slide will be moved with the slide until the opening therein registers with the opening in the partition, when coins will fall through the last mentioned opening. A perspective view of the machine is pictured in the engraving. CHECK CONTROL STAMPING MACHINE. -PETER LAMBERTI, 161 West 34th Street, New York City. This invention is comprehended in a receptacle adapted to receive mail matter, the receptacle being provided with means for stamping the serial number, together with the hour and dllLte or mailing, and an inscription stating that the required amount of postage has been paid. The object of the invention is to provide a mail box adapted to receive the proper amount of coin for postage when the matter to be mailed is inserted In the box, it being especially adapted for use under the control of the government in public places, thereby providing for considerable saving in the selling of stamps and the handling ,)f mail matter. Prime Movers and ',heir Accessories. S'l'UFFING BOX.-LoUlS CIRAC, care of Hon. D. C. M<Donald, Ely, Nevada. This Invention Is an Improvement in packing or stuffng boxes for use on piston rods, valve rods, pump plungers or other similar devices wherein packing is utilized to surround a rod or the like, and the invention has for its object the provision of a simple construction which ran be easily operated to compress the packing and secure a proper packing of the joint and by which lubricant may be supplied directly to the packing through openings in the devices for compressing the packing. It provides efficlent lubrication, convenient renewal of the packing and a ready adjustment of the parts whenever necessary or desired. This Invention as in use is shown in the engraving in longitudinal section. Pertaining to Vehicles. WARMED STEERING WHEEL.-EDWAUD T. REICHERT, JR., Room 212, 1547 Broadwar, New York, N. Y. This invention refers to a steering wheel with appliances for warming the same, so as to keep the operator's hands in a comfortable condition. It is well known that in the case of launches, aeroplanes, or in open automobJles, without protecting wind shield, the hands of the driver become exceedingly cold, due to the cold wind through which he is rushing. The aim Of this inventor is to provide means whereby the steering wheel may be warmed so that the operator may keep his hands warm. A further object is to utilize waste heat In such a manner that it may be circulated through the steering wheel. '.he view herewith shows diagrammatically the wheel in connection with engine and radiator. NOTE.-Copies of any of these patents wUl be furnished by tbe SCIENTIFIC AlmRIC4N for ten cents each. Please state the name of t h e patentee, title of the invention, and date of this paper. 304 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN Sept mber m, 191 J