The Springfield (Mass.)Republican, speaking of the origin of this noble breed of horses, asserts that Massachusetts has done many good things, among which is giving to Vermont the credit, and the world the benefit, of the celebrated Morgan horse. It appears that near the close of the last century a singing master by the name of Juitfn Morgan lived in Chicopee street, West Springfield. The place where this man lived has been pointed out to the writer in the Republican by one who knew him and remembers his celebrated horse. In the spring of 1793 lie raised the colt which has given celebrity to his name; and although a promising one, and fully appreciated by its aimer, who was noted for his passion for good horses, it is believed that this horse could have been bought for fifty dollars. Fortune frowned upon Mr. Morgan ; and, seized with the spirit of adventure, about the year 1798 he migrated with his family ana horse to the wilds of Randolph, Vt. Here h lived a few years, and died poor. Like the projectors of many valuable inventions, neither he nor his family realized profit from the skill and labor displayed in preserving the stock of this horse, who was the foundation of a breed which has given both wealth and character to New England. In this case is forcibly illustrated the influence of an ordinary action. Justin Morgan might or might not have been conscious of the results, when sixty-five years ago he raised that famous colt. The act was simple in itself, but the consequences are momentous. An impetus was then given to a branch of industry whose power is not yet fully felt. Wherever the horse is known there shall the name of Justin Morgan be repeated. The Morgan horse is destined to give as much celebrity to New England as the barb of the desert to Arabia. As a farm and family herse the " Morgan" is unequaled. Docility, hardi- j hood, endurance, compactness, and sure foot-edaess are his invariable properties. Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING AUGUST 10, 1858. [Reported officially for the Scientific American.] ** Circulars giving full particulars of the mode of applying for patents, size of model required, and much other information useful to inventors, may be had gratia by addressing MUNN & CO., Publishers of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, New York. STBAW COTTERB—Darius Babcock of Dryden, N. Y.: I do not claim a rotating cutter wheel with knives or cutters attached, 80 arranged that the cutters work over the mouth of the feed-box, for this is an old device. But ! claim operating the feed rollers, D D, througb the medium of tbe levers, F F, rods, H H, connected with said levers by menns of tbe sliding collars, b, palls, G G, and crank pulley, d, arranged substantially as described ajid for the purpose specified. [This invention relates to an improvement in that class of straw, stalk, ana hay cutters; in which knives are attached to a rotary wheel, the plane of rotation of which is at right angles with the moutb of the feed-box. The Invention consists in placing tbe feed-box in an inclined position instead of having l1 In a horizontal position as usual, and arranging the cutter wheel so that the material to be cut may be readily fed to the knives, and the cutting operation of the cutter greatly facl1l' tated. The invention alao consists in the employment of a leger blade of novel construction, to facilitate the cutting action of the knives, and in an improved feed gear, so that the feed may be regulatedas occasion may require.] MACHINE FOB THRESHING AND SEPARATING GRAIN— N. J. Becker and J. M. Harvey, of Amoterdam, N. Y.: We claim the combination of the swinging arm or arms, 8 S, straw carrier brackets or projections, m m, elbow lever, T, connccting by links, n P. tbe swinging arm, S, to the separator, pitman, v v, operated by crank pin from the fan shaft to drive the swinging arm, S, and fan and thresblng cylinder pullers, D E, arranged substantially aa described, and driven by tbe ""me band or belt as set forth. We do not claim the combination of a reciprocating or independently moving perforated straw carrier with a stationary bed plate, but as gearing the serrated bar frame, G, to the perforated bed plate, H, and conducting board, I, that said latter portion shall give an accelerated motion te tba. har frame G, simultaneouslr with, but in reverse directions to the travel of the be, plate, essentially as and for the purposesset forth. Providing, the feeding throat of thQ thresher, or thresher concave, with a dust spout or outlet, Z, above and furnishing the cylinder race with a dust passage, X, in front, under the feed table, as shown and described. SEED PLANT_Addison Berdan, of Macon, Mich.: I claim the arrangement of the reciprocating piece, L, adjustable tubeB, 3, stationary piece, M, and top plate, N, with hoppers, 0, the whole being constructed for operating conjointly as set forth. HASBOW—Addlson Berdan. of Macon, Mich. : I claim the combination of tooth bars, T, having projections, W, with gulde, V, oscillating lever, 0, and frame, u, the wbole being comtructed, arranged and operated as set forth. MACHINES FOB ROLLING LEATHER INTO BALES—Nathan Burk, of Fulton, N. Y. : I claim, In combination with the wiading and clamping shafts, the spring table with Ita friction roUer, stops and string guides, arranged and operating together In the manner and for the purpose set fortb. WrND GUARD FOE CULMNEYS—F. M. Butier, of New York City : I do not limit mys.lf to the size 01' shape of my wmd guard, whether round or polygonal, although I prefer the former or an oval. What I claim, is the arungement of lhe pipe, b, radial guardrd,inner disk, e, and hood, f, when in .ubstantially the proportions and for the VUl'poses specified. OPERATING THE TEETH OF CYLINDERS FOR BURRING WOOL, &C.-T. B. Butier, of Norwalk, Conn. : I claim the application of teeth to a rotating cylinder having an uniform peripherical surface, in sucn a manner aa to be projected beyond the said surface to catck the fibrous materials to be operated upon and afterwards retracted into pockets within the said peripherical surface, for the purpose of holding said material and presenting tbe greater portion of tt upon the even peripherical surface of the cylinder without nuy obstruction to the action of strippers, brushes, or other analogous devices for burring, giuning'or cleaning it, opprating in combination with said cylinder, substantially as dcscribed. [The result obtained by this improvemeut is the distribution of thc fibers over a smooth and uniform surface, npon which they are held firmly without being cut, whUe they are rlosely and at all points nlike subjected to the action of as many strippers, brusbes, or analogous devices as may. be neeeMary to clcan them, without the necessity of making the toothed cylinder or strippers, brushes or otber cleaners rotate at a bigh velocity, which is very objectionable_] MAOHINE FOB CHAMFERING AND CROZING BARRELS— A. H. Crozier and Cyrus Carrier, of Oewego, N.Y.: We claim the method described of mOving the crozing and chamfering tools to and from their work by meanB of the differential movement of the wheels, Q aud S, produced in the manner described when operating the cam or eccentric wlych controls the action of the toole, aU substautially as specified. METALLIC LATH SURFACE—John B. Cornell, of New York City : I claim the described improved shape of the sheet metal sections, c.c1, which enables them to securely retain coatings of piaster, when the said sectiona are secured to vertical supports, find which als" enables said sectioDs to be securely combined with pnrtition stud" without the aid of nails, screws or uoHs, substantially as set fortlL SAFETY GUARD "OR SAFE DOORS—-ohn B. Cornell, of New York City : I claim arranging a safety guard within the door of an iron safe, in such a manner with relation to the lock or locks, and the fastening bolts which are combined with said door, that the act of forcibly displacing the aaid lock or locks from Its or their proper rOBtlon on a locked door, will canBe the .aid safety guard to be thrown Into such a position that it wUl seeurely hold the BnidfaBtenlng bolts iu an extended position from the moment that the lock bolts cease to exert a retaining action on the said fastening bolts, all substantially as set fortb. APPLYING BRAKES TO HAND THUOKS—C. L. Daboll, of New London, Conn. : I claim the application of the described devices to hand trucks, in the manner and for the purposes sct forth. APPARATUS FOR PURIFYING GAB—WF. Danowsky of Allentown, Pa, : I claim the use of the purifier, D, when arranged and combined with a gas trap, E, in the manner and for the purpose described. TREATMENT OV CAOUTCHOUC—Austin G. Day, of Sey mour, Conn. : I do not claim In tho broad, vulcanizing rubber or equivalent gums, and irresppctive of the special process used and product made. Therefore— What I claim is, running the heat for vulcanizing elastic hard rubher compOunds as set forth through the several grades of temperaturc, and the several intervals of time described and illustrated In the specificatlon. I also claim making, as described, tbe elastic, hard rubbr composition of two parts by weight of rubber, and one part of sulphur, when sucb composition is made preparatory to the running of the beat through the several grades of time and temperature set forib in the specification. I also claim equalizing the temperature in the heating apparatuB by mechanical means or by a current of steam, orits equivalent, in the manner set forth. BED BOTTOM—W. H. Elliot, of Plattsburg, N. Y. : I am aware that beds have been constructed with springs, slats, and flexible strap, therefore I do not claim tbem or any of them independent of oj-her devices, or of the peculiar arrangement set forth. But I claim the combination and arrangement t braces, d', flexible strap. e, slats, dandc, and springs, b, whether tbe said braces, d', reach from one outside slat to the other, or only to some of the Intermediate slats, and whetber said braces arB attached to the upper or lower side of alat!, d, &c., a8 and for the purpose specified. HINGES—W. H. Elliott, of Plattsburr, N. Y. : I claim combining with the table hinge, a portion of the rule joint, as specified. HARVESTERS—M. E. Ellsworth, of Hudson, Ohio : I claim the described manner of attaching the seal to the gear plank by means of the rods, M N, or their equivalents, having a pln or binge point both upon the gear plank and footboard In combination with the rods, 0 and P, or their equivalents, which connect the footboard, C, directly with tbo reach board, E, al1 operating In the manner and for the purpose set forth. APPARATUS FOB TANNING HIDES*—L. C. England, of Owego, N. Y.: I olaim tbe described Improvement In the art o-tanning—tbat is to . causing the liquors to circulate among hides, whietr are kept in fixed positions, for the purposes and substantially in the manner set forth, SEED PLANTERS—H C Fairchild, of Brooklyn, Pa. : I am aware that seed distributing devices formed of movable and stationary plates or slides, and a cut-oft" similar to the device herein described, have been used, but I am not aware that a distributing device has been arranged with a rotating or semi-rotating seed box and plunger, so that the distributine of the seed, and the operating of the plunger, could be effected by rotating the seed-box. I do not claim, therefore, broadly and separately, the distributing device? but I claim the rotating or semi-rotating seed-box. A, provided with the cylindrical case, B, fitted within the case, C, in connection with the plunger, E, connected with and operated by the movement of case, B, as shown, the plunger case, D, attached to case, C, and the seed distributing device formed of the perforated bottoms, d, f, of the cases, B C, and the cut-off, I, the whole being arranged for joint action, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This invention consists in having the lower end of the seed-box fitted within a stationary cylinder, to which a plunger and case are attached, the seed-box being allowed to rotate, and by its movements distribute tbe seed and operate the plunger.] CULTIVATORS—N.W. Fraser& A. J. Mc Lel lan, of La-porte, Ind.: We claim the arrangement of the fender D, attached to the shovel standards, D'. the shoves, E, and the wheels. A, on the vertical shafts, a. the whole being arranged for joint operation as set forth and described. SEWING MACHINES—ames E. A. Gibbs, of Millpoint, Va.: I claim so constructing and combining or ar. ranging and operating a revolving book or looper with a reciprocating needle, as that the one loop shall be taken from the needle after the former loop shall have been drawn up on, along or over the needle during its advance movement, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described. I also claim the conical sleeve or Its equivalent for holding .the spool and for revolving therewith, in combination with the adjustable cones, F nnd G, or their equivalents, for producing the requisite degree of frictton upon the conicul sleeve spool holder, when con. structed and arranged so ad to operate substantially in tbe manner and lor the pyrposes set forth. LOOOMOTTVE STEAM ENGINES—John C. Hagan, of Nashville, Tenn.: I claim, first. Arranging the cylinder of a .team engine substantially as described, or in an equivalent manner, so that it is free to move at right angles to the motion of its piston rod, and in a plane parallel with the plane of motion of the cranks connected with the rod. Second, In combination with the cylinder of a steam, cngine, arranged SO It is free to vibrate, I claim connecting each eud 01 the piston rod with the erauk of a driver, and giving motion to both drivers in the same direction, without the interposition of connecting irnk:. Third, Giving to the cylinder of a steam engine a positive reciprocating motion, by combining therewith a secondary engine, or any equivalent mechanical device arranged so as to support and move the cylinder in a plane parallel with the plane of motion of the cranks eonnected with its lliston rods, and in right angles to the line of motion ot the lliston rod. Fourth Supporting the main cylinder in the guides in whjch it vibrates, by means of trunnions arranged as described, so that tile cylinder may acCommodate Itself to the axles of the drivers on an uneven track. Fifth, Connecting the slide valves ot the secondary engine with the quadrant block ot the expansion gear ot the main engine, bv menns the motion and thc changes in the valves ot both engines arc uniform and eimuHaneou8. Sixth, Tbe combination oC the slotted link (P L), the cam block, F, the pnmp hand gear, or any mechanical equivalents, whereby not only can the length of stroke ol the pump be varied during the motion of the engine, but also the pump may be worked while the engine Is at rest, a3 described. Seventh, Combination of the sliding steam pipes with tile main driving cylinder. arranged substantially as described. tor the Imrp08e of admitting steam to the cylinder. CLOTHES RACK—A. A. Harris, of Ravenna, Ohio : I do not claim the employment or use of folding or expanding armst broadly or irrespective of tho arrangement shown and described, hut. I claim the radical arms, so jointed or pivoted to hubs that they will be suppOrted bv the joints or attachments to the hllbt tho hubs being loose on the staff, so as to revolve, ana at equal distances apart, to form a series of horizontal and parallel frames, each of which series may be folded UP separately, and the whole be adjusted vertically by the main staff, R' set forti. APPARATUS BOR HEATINO AND COOLING AIR, TO DE USED AS A MOTIVE POWER—'V. Hidden & J. Reeves, of New York, N, Y.: We claim, Heating air in one section of a rotating or reciprocating cylinder, and at the same time condensing the exhausted air from the engine in another section of the same cylinder, and at intervals changing the condensing section into a beater, and the heating section to a condenser, by revolviog or reciprocating the cylinder 80 M to alternately have the opper section occupy the place of the lover section in a tank of water, and the lower section to occupy the place of the upper one in proper relation to a furnace flue, 8ubstantinlly aa and for the purposes s"et forth. TBL.EGRAPUI INSTRUMENTS— George B. Hicks, of Cleveland. Ohio : I claim the depcribed tlevices or their equivalents, by means of which, two armature levers, one o( whieh w upon the receiving Instrument, and the other upqn the recording instrument, are moved simultaneously, seen in figures 4 and 6, in order to render it impossible lor any portion of the current from M2 or N2 to _s through tbe magnets M M or N N, figures 2 and 6, except wben required to change the position of lever, G, G'. I claim tbe described arrangement for so connecting a circuit through the armature levers of the receiving and recording (local) magnets, figures 4 and 6, tbat a current may be diverted through the magnets M M or N N, figures 2 and 6, at the pleasure of a distant operator, and thereby changing the position or the lever, G G, figures 2 and 5, for the purpose of enabling the operators upon two distant circuits to transmit Intelligence from one clreult to the other without the aid01 an Intermeniate operator, by the means and in tbe manner specified. I claim the employment of the device. named or their equivalents, whereby a current from the battery, s, may be diverted from oae magnet, M M, to another, N N, as set forth by means of the arm, I, (upon the lever, G G, figures 2 and 5,) striking upon Z Z\ as the lever, G GJ, is depreaed at X or X'. SHIP'S WINDLA88—Peter H. Jackson, of New York, N. Y.: I claim the bit, I, taking the end of tbe shatt, b, as specified, when combined .with the brace, n. block, o, and key, i, or their equivalents, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. CABLE STOPPER— Peter H. Jackson, ol New York. M. Y.: I do not claim a hinged chain stopper; as this has before been used. but. I claim the combination of the cam lever or leven, g, with the hinged pall. et in the manner and for the purposes substantially as specified. HANGING WINNOW SASH—R088 Johnson, of Frederick, Md.: I claim side boxes, G G, constructed on the face of the jamb, a, and arranged in front and at rigbt angles to the face of the sash, in combination with narrow, oblong weights, D D, and with pulleys, E F, arranged in a manner adapted for the use of eidc boxes, and flat weights, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. SEED PLANTERS—E. W. Kimball, of Ottawa, HI.: I claim tbe llide B, placed within the box or case. A, perforated at D, and provided with the endless band, c, and the seen cap, D attached, in connection with the clastic or yielding plate, e and rest plate or guidej f, placed at the lower end OJ the box or ense. It being understood thnt I do not claim separately auy of tbe parts, but the whole combined and arranged, as And [or the purpose set forth. [The object of this invention Is to obtain,. by the employment of a very few parts judiciously arranged, an efficient hand seed planter—ono thnt may he readily manipulated, economically coos trusted, and not liable to get out_ of repair. The invention consists in placIng a reciprocating hand slide within a proper case, and having an endless band provided with a seed cup, the slido dlvluing the cnSe Into two parts, and baving an opening made in it to allo\y the seed to pass through.] BATHING APPARATUS—Frederick Kraemer, of Brooklyn, N. Y.: I claim the tub, A, constructed of two 8emi-cylindrical portIOns, 8, b, connected together as shown in coonec'.tion with the steps, c, supply cocks, h, h, and discharge valves, B, the whole Torming a new and Improvod article or apparatus for the purpose specified. [The object of this invention is to obtain within reasonable dimensions n bathing device whereby a complete batb may be taken, or the body entirely Immersed equally as well in a large bathing house. The invention is designed to be used in private houses, and to be a portable affair, that may be moved from place to place with facility and fitted np as occasion may require.] MACHINES FOR CLEANING WHEAT—Jesse Lantz & John Ruesell, of Wheeling, Va.: First, We claim the additional air tube or arch, F, in connection with the air tube or arch, E, for the purpose of receiving the wheat through an aperture in pipe, F, above the hopper, V, and from the hopper, G, aa described. Second, We claim the adjustable reeded rubber, o, combined with the flange rubber, i, constructed and operating, as and for the purposes described. ROOK DRILLS—Wllllam Lewi., of Harrisburgb. Pa, : I claim, first, The combination of tbe peculiarly constructea lifting jaw, c, with the peculiarly constructed vibrating flexible frame, D, a, and inclined planes, E, E', whether operated by a lever or other mechanical de,-Ice, substantially as set forth. Second, The peculiarly constrncted vibrating flexible frame, D, a, for holding the litters together, and shifting them out of the way alternately, substantially as set forth. Third, The uDited use of tho lever, E, and strap b, for operating on the lifting jaw c, incline plane, E", for turning the bar, B, and flexible vibrating frame D, n, for throwing the jaw out of gear with the drill bar, B, substantially as and for the purposes specified. MACHINE FOR CORING AND QUARTERING AWUS— Charles JJounsberry . Jr., of Nichols, N. Y.: ' am aware tbal the knife with a bandle attached has becn operated before now by hand, and therefore eo not claim it. I claim the combination and arrangement of the knife with the movable step, i, I, the standard, a, with ita attachment, d, the cup, h, h. and spring, s, being substantially made as described and for the purpose set forth. APPARATUS FOB GENERATING GAS—Henry Lyles, of 'Vashington, D. C. : I do not claim any of the members of this appar"tus singly or individually. Dut I claim the peculiar arrangement of thg perforated chamber. A, as constructed with the retort a, gage cock, 0, stop cock, g, and sipbon pipe, f, when they are constructed. combIned and operated in the manner and for the purpose specified. RETORTS FOB DISTILLING OILS FROM COAL—John McCue and W. B. McCue, of Freeport, Pa. : We aro aware that there is a retort patented by Alter & Hill which revolves continuously. We are also aware ot Gengeruberos patent, but both of these we disclaim, a8 our retort obviates difficulties which both of those patenta are subject to. Bnt we claim, first, 1'hc employment 01 the connecttag pipe. C, located in the retort, H, in other tllan a central position, whereby we are enabled to conduct off the oleaginous productd of the coal, while the said re. tort pnrtially revolves backward and forward on its axis as is fully Bet forth. Second. We claim providing the retort, B, with the longitudinal ribs, d d d, for the purpose of agitating the coal, and pr(!venting its sliding, when the retort tUrDS as is fully described. MACHINES FOR FANNING AND ASSORTING GRAIN—R. Nutting, of Randolph, Vt. : I claim, firet, The arrangement of the screens for separating and assorting, substantially as described, wben so combined with shoes, frames and motive arrangement. that the grain, seeds, beans, &c., are required to pass over them in a sliding or rolling manner, and not cauaed or allowed to drop on their surface or fall thereupon vertically, or so as to strike an aperture endwise first, constructed and operating substantially as set forth. Second, The hoM-fiist, substantially as described and . for the purposes set forth. Third, 'pfie extra-screens box, substantially as de. scribed and for the purposes net forth, in combination with the drawers. Fonrtb. The percussion bar. substantia as described and for the Imrposes mentioned. COUNTER SCALES—H. R O3good, of New Haven, ct.: I claim the method of bringing the pea to standard weight, and to enable it to indicate weight from scales on opposite 8ides of the beam, consisting of the adJustable pins, in comblnatjon withthe, pea as described, .8ubstantially in the manner set forth. ESCAPEMENT FOR TIMEKEEPERS—E. Paulu., of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the modification of the duplex escape wheel in suppressing the upright row of coga, the manner of giving the impulse directly by it with a pin jewel set in the main roller mounted on the balance axis; the detent with its fork, toothed for gearing with the pinion of the resting cylinder,and its particular ar-rangement OD the escape wheel axis; the arrangement of the resting cylinder with its pinion: the particular disposition of the lifting roller acting in the fork; the new and more solid arrangement to bold the escapement without bridges, but with simple pillars 8Upporting two small plates sooured with pins or Bcrews, the whole constructed And operating 3S described, constitute a new escapement, which I introduce under the name of H Paulus escapement" BAIO: OVENS—Wm. Pettet, of New York City: I claim, first, The arrangement and constrnction of an oven with two furnaces, the one being located on the exterior and the other on the interior of the oven, each communicating with the same series of flues, so that either one may be used at pleasure, whereby the heat may be retained within the oven. rr diffused through the apartment, substantially as set forth. Second, I claim so constructing the interior of tUe described oven and its flues, that the entire lining may be removed, for the purpose of clearing the fiues and replaced, substautially as described. PRINTING INK ROLLERS—Elisha Pratt, of Salem, Mass.; 1 claim the employment of an alkali in the manufacture of inking rollers, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth. 1 also claim the use or rosin oil, rosin and shellac, in combination with the other materials employed in the manner set forth, for the purpose specified. REPEATING FIRE-AIW—Franklin B. Prindle, of New Haven. Conn. : I am aware that many rfstols, &c. are cocked by pulling the trigger, and that the charge has been carried to the rear end of the barrel by pulling a separate trigger. and that a tube has been used to contain the charges, and a spring to force them to the rear end of the tube. And that pistols, &C.. have been charged and discharged by the same trigger—nB U seen ill the patent issued to Lewis Jennings, December 25th, 1849—and that two charge tubes have been used unrier the barrel —as is seen in the application of Frederick Newbury, rejecteAod withdrawn, February, 1866. I therefore do not ciaim either of these, as such, as my invention. But I ciaim the use of two charge tubes (one of whieh to contain the balls, and the other the cartridges), in combination with the two chargers and ramrod, when constructed, arranged, and made to receive the charge and deposit it in the barrel Simply by pulling the trigger, substantially as set forth. Second. I claim the combination of the hammer and sectors with the chargers and ramrod (so that I may charge,cock, and fire by simply pulling the trigger). when the whole ia constructed, arranged, and made to operate substantially as descrihed, HAY ELEVATORS—E. M. ReeR. of Norristown, Pa. : I do not desire to claim broadly the locking of the frame to and releasing it from an elevating rod, as such a device is described and claimed in the patent granted to T. T. Jarret, Mar 30,1854. Neither do I desire to claim oroadly a spring latch for releasing and retaining the frame. But I claim the plate, G. with its spring bolt, F, and rod, H, in combination with the forked rod, D, with its upper end bent, as described, and its projection, f, when the several parts are constructed and arranged with re8pect to each other. and '0 the frame, substantially in the manner set forth. STEAM VALVE—George Rieseck, of Pittsburgb. Pa. : I claim, first. The valve, D, with a projecting hollow stem, E, which is reduced eo that its end presents an area only ejual, ornearly so, to the ports, F. F1.F2, G, Gl, G2, in combinati on with a main steam cheat or chamber, J, and an auxiliary steam chest or casting, I, furnished with a stuffing box, d, and constructed eo as to cover the whole of the back of the valve excepting the end of the stem or a portion of the back equal or nearly equal to the ports in its face, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second. In combination with the above, the peculiar manner specified of making the face of the valve, D, with six PQrts. \ FI, F2, G, GI, G9, three for receiving and three for exhausting, said porta being arranged in such relation to each other, that when the valve is applied to an oscillating engine, onereceivingportalways stands in line with an exhaust port, and that only four of the porta shall be in use when tO;the engine is working forward, and the ex"rabeinuse two thus kept theengin reserve, so that the engine may be reversed on shifting the valve, by the pressure of steam from a full open port, as set forth. SEEDING MACHINES—T. R. Richmond, of Masillon, Ohio : I am aware that perforated seed slides are an old device, and have been used in various wave, but I am not aware that a series of slides have been used in connection with perforated caps and plates, so arranged as to discharge continuous streams of seed. I do not claim separately, therefore, the employment or use of perforated seed Slides, but, I claim the reciprocating slides, I, operated as shown, in combination with the caps, K, and plates, I', the above parts being perforated, and arranged substantially as and for tne purpose set forth. [Thit invention relates to that class of seeding machines which are designed for .owing seed broadcast, and consists in a novel distributing device, whereby the seed is dropped or discharged from the 8eed box in a continuous stream, and by a very simple arrangement of mean..] HARROWS—Jeremiah Routh& Abel Vaughn, of Gray-ville, Ill.: We are aware that various harrows have been devised in which rotary motion has been given to a horizontal harrowing whichrotarywheel,motion by means of a vertical toothed wheel upon a horizontal shaft; said vertical wheel being BO hung as to take hold of the soil in passing over it, and so geared to the horizontal harrowing wheel as to give it a rotary motion by its own rotation. This we do not claim. We claim the claim.combinatiou of the vertical toothed wheel, D, with the horizontal toothed wheels, B B, said wheels being conn ected by gearing as described, by which we secure the necessary rotation, without either side draft or dip of the horizontal wheels, as set forth. PBINTING PBESSES—U Edward Sneider of New York, N. Y.: I claim, first, The revolving double segment frame, with segments balancing each other, in combination with a rocking type bed, T, operated through the segment frames, substantially as described. Second. I claim the rocking type frame, T, deecriwith eccentric ways, W, attached, working over nxedT,with rollers, in the manner and for the purpose described. Third, I claim the arraugement and the manner of operating the distributing thearraugementcylinderand1 E, supported between the segment frames, C, upon the shaft, B, to which the segment frames are attached, said cylindeB,tor being made to revolve iL the opposite direction saidcylindeto the motion of the 8haftrevolve, and having at the same time a side motion communicated to the said cylinder for the purpose of distributing the ink upon the inking rollers, as described, in connectioutheInk with an arrangement of Inking rollers, operated in the manner substantially as specified. Fourth, I claim the arrangement and construction of the fly motion, In tbe manner and for the purpose as described, operating in connection with the nipper, 8, Bubstantially as specified. STEAM VALVES—William J. Stevens, Qf New York, N. Y.: I do not claim, broadly, the use of springs to move valves, and I do not confine myself to the appli- * cation of my invention to a system of valves like :Ethose described. But I claim the slotted lever. F, the T shaped lever. G. and the spring, K. arranged In relation with each other. and with the piston rod and the valve atom, to operate substantially as set forth. [This Invention consists in a certaln arrangement of a spring and levers, for giving a sudden movement to the valves, to change the direction of the induction and eduction of the .team to aDd from the steam cylinder, as the piston of the engine arrives at the end of its 8troke.] MACHINES FOR PODNDING RIOE—John Tallon, of New Orleans. La.: I claim the combination of the pounder, P, arms, S, A, cross-head, C, H, connecting rod, C, R, and. crank, C, K, conetructed and arranged to operate in relation to each other, as shown and described, and for the purposes set forth. FOLDING GBIDIEON—Joseph II. Thomas, of Newark. N. J.: I do not claim the invention of double or folding gridirons, butt I claim the application to a folding gridiron of the hinge joint, formed by the slotted stands, b, b, and the projecting bearings on the ends of the back cross-bar, a, or their equivalents; the jointed handle, e, and slotted standard, i, or their equivalents; the whole- forming au adjustable folding gridiron, substantially as deecribed. . CEMENT FOR ROOFING PUEPOSES—Joseph Thompson, of North Wrentham, Mass.: I do not claim any mixture of the various kinds of tar and oils, but adapt such materials to the inteaded use, being governed in caoice by the consideration of price, and confine myself to the modification produced in such mixtures by the uae of soluble silicates. I call my solid mixed compound, Thompson's1 Improved Mastic Roofing, and my fabrics, Thompson'g Improved Felt. Neither do I. claim, the broad ground of a combination of oue or more alkaline or earthy silicates, with one or more tarry matters, but, I claim the composition substantially as described, consisting of an alkaline silicate, oil or oils, coal tar, or pitch of coal tar, and naptha (water being added when necessary), such being for the purpose or? purposes set forth. BILLIARD CUSHIONS—William K. Winant, of Brooklyn- N. Y.: I do not claim a steel faCing to a billiard cushion, neither do I claim the attaching said strip or facing to the rubber, by causing said rubber, while melted, to flow against or around said strip of steel; neither do I claim India rubber, or otherfacingbetween the steel and the ball, but, I claim the strip, i, of steel or equivalent material, inserted into the crease or incision in the India rubber cushion, substantially as and for the purposes specified. I also claim the metallic bearing bar, c, between the back of the India rubber and the cushion rail, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. VARIABLE BOBING BIT—William Tucker, of Gloces-ter, R. L: I am aware that it is not new to make a center bit with a tapering or screw eenter. made adjustable 1n 8uch manner, with respect to the extreme outer edge of its cutter, as to enable the center bit to be capable of boring holes of different dimensions; therefore I do not claim such, in the abstract, but what I do claim Is, the combinatiou of a tapering center point or 8creW center, d, and an auxiliary cutter1 c, arranged on the 8hank, A. aa described, with a main cutter, f, app ied to the 8hank, so as to be capable of being revolved thereon, and fixed in position thereon, by means substantially explained. REDUCING WOOD FIBERS TO PAPEB PULP—Henry Voelter, of Heidenheim, Wurtcmburg, Germauy. Patented in Wurtemburg August 29th, 1856 : I make no claim in this application, as to the originality of invention of using wood pulp for paper making, al-tuough it might be shown that this even emanated from me; nor do I claim broadly the employment of mechanical agents, in combination with water or other suitable liquids, for the purpose of separating and obtalnlng the fibres of wood. I also disclaim the various parts and mechanical devices constituting my machine when separately considered, and when not combined, as Bet forth; but I claim. "irst, The particular arrangement, construction and combination of the machinery, or the mechanical expedients employed, as berein specified, for reducing blocks of wood, or producing wood pulp, by feeding them up automatically to a rotating grind or millstone, in connection with the peculiar manner of applying or locating said blocks upon the circumference of the stone, or on a portion of its circumferencc, by holding them behind each other, in a po.ition and direction es8entiallr the same as de8cribed and oet forth. Second, The employment and the combination of a series of perforated and rotating cylinders with the reduclng expedient, when contracted and connected between themselves, in the manner herein specified, by surrounding troughs and communicating channels or reservoirs, all made to operate as set forth, and for the purpose of assorting the fibres when separated from the wood iu the modes described, rendering the pulp fit to be formed into paper 01 different qualities. SEEDING MACHINES—S. R. Weldron, of Winuebago Station, Ill.: I claim dividing the hopper, C, Into two equal compartments, a, b. and using a alide, F, to graduate the opening, a, between them, when the hopper. thus arranged, ia used in combinationwiththe rotating seed distributing wheels, K, flap or beck hoard, G, and the subs ta nt i, all arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [This is an improvement in broadcast sowing ma-' chines, and the intention is to produce a machine In which the quantity o heed to be sown in a given area shall be regulated. It Is a very perfect aud good 'device.] BEEHXVEB—Thomas H. Windle, of Wagohtown, Pa.: I am aware that beehrres have been made with a moth trap attached, and al80 with sectiohs of separate bee apartments, arranged together and communicating with each other, and having ventilating holes therein, substantially as described; therefore, I do not claim, broadly, either of these devices, butt First, I claim the combined arrangement in the moth trap (B) of the tapering moth tubes (11,11,11), and the ventilated bee escape tube. (12,12). wheu the same are used in combination with the hive, the whole being constructed in the manner and for the purposes Bet forth and described. Second, I also claim mat ing each of the larger bee apartments (C) with the self-cleaning slide (4), the said slide being conducted as described, and applied Iu connection with the tongued piece (7), so as to operate substantially In the manner and for the purpose set forth and deecribed. MACHINERY FOR FORMING BATS FOR FELTING—Thos. n. Butler, of Norwalk, Conn., assignor to Lounsberry, Bissell & Co., of Norwalk, aforesaid : I do not claim the ro118. J, G, or F, nor any combination of them. nor the vibration of J Rnd G, nor the process of depositing the sliver diagonally upon the roll or apron. But I claim the arrangement of rows of teeth upon the calendar or felting roll, to hold the sliver while the vibration of the roll, G. is changed, and the angle formed substantially as de8cribed. I also claim the rods. L, springs. M, pins, P, and cams, R, or their equivalents, arranged and operating as described, and for the purposes set forth. STEAM ENGINES—John J. G. Collins, of Philadelphia, Pa assignor to himself, William A. Rhodes, and Thos, Drake, of Philadelphia, Pa.: Without claiming broadly the super-heating of Bteam prior to its admissIOn to the cylinder of a steam engine, I claim comblnmg together for joint action, a cooler, regenerator and steam engine, when the said regenerator ia constructed and operated substantially in fhe manner set forth, and wben it is furnished with the devices specified, or any equivalent to the same, bymeans of which it receives a supply ofsteam from the coolers, retains untU It is Buperheated, and delivers it to the engine, at Intervals regulated by the movements of the latler. BURNERS FOR VAPOK LAMPS—Frederick ,Heidrick. of Philadelpbia Pa.1, assignor to C. F. Clothier, of Philadelphia, aforesaid : I lay no exclusive claim to the hollow burner, F, the spur, H, or to the Introduction of the non-conducting material between the tube*, A snd B, but; I claim the employment ofthe lelf-adju.ting washer. I, in connection with the burner, F, button, G, and wick tube, D, in the manner and for the purpose t forth. PLOWS—Joseph Jones, of Wilmington, DeL-wsinor to Edmund Jonea and Joseph Jones, Jr., of Wilmington. aforesaid: I claim the combination of the described gear and levers, when constructed and arranged for operation conJointly, in the manner aa and for thotgbre purposes set forth. TANNING HIDES—Theodor Klemm, of Pfullingen of Rentlingen, near Stuttgart, Wurtemberg, Germany, assignor to Edmund Moss, of London, England: I do not wish to be understood a8 limiting my claim to ihe use of the special composition of matter herein specified, as the said composition of matter may be varied within the range of my invention. What I claim i8, the proce of treating and Impr.g. nating hides1 skins, and other animal tissues, by alter. nately agitating them in a heated atmosphere or current ofheated air, and rubbing or smearing them with the substances specified, substantially as and for 'ho purpose specified. GAS RETOBTS—Alfred Marsh, of Detroit. Mich.. assignor to himselt; E. Hall Covell. J. Q. Dudley, and Robert Holmes, of Detroit, aforcsaid : 1 do not claim the retort only as in connection with my arrangament, nor do I claim the mode of introducmg the gas-making material into the retort &S set forth, nor the exit of the gaa as decribed, nor the conducting the fumes from a retort by a pipe, only in connection with my arrangement as described; but, I claim, in the construction of apparatus for the manufacturing of gas from resin or oils, the spiral column resting on feet with the flue through the center; a ad also the apertures between the threads of the spiral column in combination with the ease, in the manner and for the purpose8 substantially as set forth. CuLTryATORS—Robert Sawyer, of Wales, Me., assignor to William G. Brown, of Momnouth, Me.: I do not claim the common cultivator, as made with one or more series orsmall double plow shares, applied to adjustable bars or support.. connected with a plow beam; but, I claim my improved weeding and hilling plow, constructed substantially as described, via., withacoulter, B, a root cutter, D, adjustable cutters, GG, and turning share?, L L, applied to-adjustable handles, and a plow beam, and made to operate substantially as specified. COOKTNG STOVEB—Jobu L. Stewart, of Naabville, Tenn., assignor to Randolph A. Nathurst, of Nashville, aforesaid: I do not claim the placing ofan oven over the fireplace of a stove, for-such an arrangement may seen in many cook stoves, bnt, I claim. in connection with the sunken recesses, d, the use of flues or passages, d, e, f, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [The object of this Invention is to prevent the escape of the products of combustion, smoke, gas, &c, from cook stoves when in use, an object not hitherto attained, on account of the exposure of the fire while cooking vessels were being adjusted in and removed from the holes in the top plate..] FOLDING PAPER—John North, of Middletown, Conn., assignor to American Book and Paper Folding Company, assignor to Anaon Hardy, assignor to Steuben T. Bacon, of Boston, Mass.: I claim placing the sheet direct in register upon the knife to receive its first fold, in the manner and for the purpose above described. Secoud, Folding paper by means of a straight edge or knife and reciprocating rollers. Third, Hanging the frame, m, m, with reciprocating rollers and folding knife, E, attached, to move and reciprocate In the arc of a circle. .Fourth, Causing the rollers to rotate and change their motion alternately, for the purpose specified. Fifth, Cutting off the inset for the 12-mo folding, at the same time it is being folded. PBEPAKING FRAMES FOB GUILDING—James W. Campbell, of New York, N. Y.: I do not claim the lathe, C', lor this is a well-known device, and in common 'use for turning oval and circular frames; bub. I claim the inclined lathe, C, in combination with the inclined tool, F, when said tool is arranged substantially as shown, so as to be rendered capable of being adjusted to the frame, D, by the treadle frame,-Or, and at the 8ame time allowed a lateral movement or play, to conform to any irregular movement of the frame due to an imperfect centering of the same on the plate, b, of the lathe, for the purpose specified. EE-IBBt7E8. KNIFE POUSHEBB—W. H. HoMman. or NeW-York, N. Y., assignee of Rheuben S baler, of Madison, Conn. Dated Nov. 28, 1848: I claim the combination ofthe hopper. B, polishing surface. C, and D. and spring, Ed or their equivalents, substantially in tne manner and for the pnrposes set forth. PBINTING PBESS-Geo. P. Gordon, of NeW-York, N. Y. Dated Jan I,1856: I claim First, The arrangement and combination of a rotating diec.W, With an annular ring or outside disc, X, the two revolving each In an opposite direction to the other, for the purpose of breakmg up the Ink. so tbat It ShMI by such contrary motions become evenlr distributed, and thus imparted to the rollers which ink the form of types. Second, I claim moving the rollers, T. "one or more being used" for inking the form, fnm the parallel position they necessarily assume for this purpose, changing to an oblique position which shall give to them a lateral motion, when in contact with the dlotributing discs, or some equivalent, for the purpose specified. Third, I claim the arrangement of a form bed, which alternately varies its motion during its reciprocating movement; viz. : first traveling under and in contact with a cvlinder to give an impression, then being withdrawn from contact with the cylinder, and remaining withdrawn during the removement. to prevent an im. pre8sion, such bed reciprocating and at the same time alternating from one of these positions to the other; thus performing two separate and distinct motions, entirely independent of, and In contrary direction to each other, wKle remaining in gear with the cylinder, when such bed shall be used with a cylinder or Its eqUIvalent having a part revolution with a reciprocating movement. Fourth, I claim attaching to the reciprocating form or type bed, an adjustable rack, a8 well as a stationary rack, which two racks shall play into gear, upon a cyl. inder or segment ofa cylinder, so that any and all wear or variation, may at once be taken up by adjusting th. movable rack, and by this means always cause tbe bed and cylinder or 8egment of a cylinder to work in harmony with each other and produce a clear and sharp impreBsionfree from slur. Fifth. I do not claim plaoing a reciprocating bed in a vertical position, or any given angle from a horizontal position. But I claim so placing tbe bed when used with a rotating reciprocating cylinder or segment pf a cylinder, which shall place or pile the sheets of printed paper upon the fly-board as set forth and described. TURNING AND SLIDING TABLES FOB RAIULOALLS— William Sellers, of Philadelphia, Pa. Dated March 23, 1868: I claim interposing the central part or box between the ends of the truss rail beams in 8uch manner as to make use of the width of said central part or box, as a portion of the length of said beams, substantially as described. When the said beams and central box are 80 constructed and connected, as to form a ta-. ble entirely supported from the central part or box, substantially as described. COFFEE POTS.—CharleB B. Waite & Jo.eph W. Sener, of Frederickaburg, Va. Dated April 2S, 1856 : We do not claim a condensing boiler, but we claim the arrangement deioribed whereby the steam from the boiler ia discharged into the water In the condenser, which absorbs the aroma, in combination with the .yphon;mt for returning ihe content. of tho condon..r Into 'hi boiler,aubatantially as set forth. SUBFAOH COWDHNBER FOB STEAM ENGINES'—J, P. Pirsson, of New York City. Dated April t, 1850 : I claim, first) So enclosing the condensing aurfaces of : surface condenser, within a tank which is constructed to be capable of acting as a jet condenser, that when the aaid surface condenser shall become deranged by breaks or otherwise, re.ort may be had to the jet condenr, whereby condensation may be continued and ihe vacnum maintained, substantially as s.t forth. Second, The combination of a ourface condenoer with a box or case, In such manner tbat the condensation ofthe 8team shall be effected therein. without subjPcting the said surface condenser to atmospberic pressure, substantially in the manner described. Third, The aperture, w, or its equivalent, for maintaining the vacuum, and as a Msage for any steam which may remain uncondensel in the radiating condenser, as .et forth. Fourth. Connecting the evaporator with the chamber, h, substantially in the manner described, whereby the saturated water can be drawn off ftom the bottom of the evaporator. DESIGNS. PEINTEBS' TYPES—George Bruee, of New York, N. Y. DOOR LOOK PLATES—Corneliua B. Erwin, of New Britain, Conn. Two caaea. DOOR LOOK PLATBS—Henry E. Ru.sen, of New Britain, Conn. Box STOVES—N. S. Vedder&Henry Riply, of Troy, N. Y., (aiaignorto N. S. Vedder, of Troy, aforesaid). COOKING STOVW—N. S. Vedder, of Troy, N. Y. PARLOR STOVES—N. S. Vedder, of Troy, N. Y. Two cases.