ON the Naval Academy at Annapolis the government has spent $10,000,000 in the last nine years, with the result that the school now has magnificent massive stone buildings designed to last for all time. The most important building is Bancroft Hall, where the midshipmen are In the center of this, facing the beautiful Memorial Hall, considered by competent architects to be of exquisite design. On one end of Bancroft Hall is the Armory, cn the other end the Seanship and Gymnasium building. T h e s e are all buildings of huge dimensions, and yet form but different parts • of one main building. In viewing these structures one is impressed by the ambitious arches of the Armory, and the ornamentation of the exterior of all this stone work. The next in importance is the Academic b u i I ding. In this are the library, the auditorium, class and lecture rooms, the educational electric plant, the chemical laboratories. The front of the Academic building is especially beautiful. Next comes the Steam Engineering building, of enormous s i z e This includes the machine s hop, foundry, and other shops and rooms. The Memorial Chapel with its ambitious dome is perhaps the most striking of all the buildings. In its crypt the ashes of John Paul Jones will find a worthy resting place. The purpose of all this is to provide a place where young men may be trained for commissions in the navy. The duties devolving upon officers on shipboard determine the scope, extent, and nature of the Annapolis training. Aboard ship officers control an organization that moves with abso- I u t e precision; they are called upon to manage and care for boilers and steam engines and their appurtenances, for electric and hydraulic and air engines, for guns, turrets, torpedoes, and explosives. They must direct the workings of large bodies of men under various circumstances, manage boats in bad weather, maneuver and navigate the ship. These required duties regulate the nature of the training at Annapolis of the young men who will soon be called upon to perform them. Annapolis does not produce admirals and captains; higher naval training comes with service afioat under responsible duties. But the Naval Academy has a field of its own of great importance. It selects and sifts and molds the material out of which eventually high officers will be made. While at the Academy It surrounds the midshipman with naval atmosphere and tradition, and sends him to sea after four years of severe training ready to commence his life's work. ORGANIZATION. The Naval Academy is directly under the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation. It is in cha'rge of the superintendent, a naval officer of the rank of commander, captain, or rear admiral. In matters of discipline affecting officers, midshipmen, and enlisted men, the superintendent is in supreme control. Next to the superintendent in rank and authority, and in immediate charge of the midshipmen, is the commandant of midshipmen. The discipline and control of the midshipmen is the special duty of the commandant. This is done under the general direction of the superintendent, but it is only one of many duties devolving upon that officer. He is also responsible for the proper expenditure of vast sums of money, for the A Drill in the Armory. The Entire Battalion on the Parade Ground. THE UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY. condition of the mamateriel as well as the personnel. There are eight hundred and fifty midshipmen now at the Academy, but there is also a vast educational plant, five warships with their crews, six torpedo boats fully commissioned, and hundreds of workmen, all coming under the superintendent's orders. In scholastic matters affecting midshipmen, the Academic Board, corresponding to the faculty of a college, decides. This board is composed of the superintendent and the heads of the various academic departments. These departments are as follows: Discipline, seamanship, ordnance and gunnery, navigation, marine engineering and naval construction, mathematics, physics and chemistry, electrical engineering, English studies, modern languages. Besides the superintendent there are eighty-five commissioned naval officers and twenty-six civilian professors and instructors at the Naval Academy concerned in instructing the midshipmen. These are divided up into the different departments, there being one head and a number of assistants to each department. Naval officers are assigned to all dertments. In addition, to the departments which may be characterized as non-professional, such as the English and modern language departments, the civilian professors are detailed. In the professional departments, such as seamanship and ordnance and gunnery, theoretical instruction is given by recitations on prescribed lessons, as well as practical instruction by varied drills pertaining to the respective departments. Thus ordnance and gunnery will have charge of all infantry and artillery, great gun, and tor p e d o drills; seamanship, of all boat and sail drills; marine engineering, of all shop and steam drills. . Officers ordered to the Naval Academy are always just from sea duty. Until r e c e n t I y there have never been more than three or four civilian instructors e m - ployed in the instruction of midshipmen. It has always been the practice to detail seagoing officers for these duties, in modern language and mathematical instruction as well as in navigation and seamanship studies. The purpose has been to sur- r o u n d midshipmen with nothing but a naval atmosphere, and those best qualified to do this are officers fresh from sea service; the idea is that association in a recitation room with a naval officer will be in a general way beneficial to the midshipmen, irrespective of what the officer may b e teaching. An officer's tour of duty here is two years, at the end of which time he is ordered to sea. All officers are subj e c t t o N a v a l Academy detail, and must be prepared to teach, not only what they have r ecently been practising on board ship, but also subjects that may not be so familiar. An officer ordered to Naval Academy duty does not know to which department he will be assigned, and at times the work of preparation for the next day's recitations causes many officers to burn the midnight oil. On the Academy grounds there are fifty sets of quarters provided for officers having families, and a large number of suites for bachelors in the officers' mess. Duty at Annapolis is very pleasant, all are interested in the same thing and in each other. A civilian would inevitably soon be tired by the amount of shop that is talked, but this is natural to the naval officer where his intimates are part of the same organization, and interested in the same things he is. Social matters here are continuous throughout the year. There are balls and teas and card parties and dinners constantly OC- (Oontinued on page 431.) The Academic Building. Krected at a Cost of $1,500,000. THE UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY. Entrance to Bancroft Hall.The Superintendent's Offices. Memorial Chapel, Which Cost Over $100,000 and Is Not Yet Completed. The Crypt Will Contain Paul Jones's Body. THE 'UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY
This article was originally published with the title "The United States Naval Academy"