Wheat always contains, when brought to market, more or less smut, dust, chess, and other foul stuff; and in passing it through a smut mill, if the grain be the least damp, the smut dust, is liable to adhere. It is absolutely necessary that the dust should pass out of the machine as soon as scoured from the berry, that the grain may not wallow in it. In the machine shown in the engraving, the smutter is composed of from three to five sets of horizontal scouring plates, between which the grain passes. The lower plate or runner of each set is provided with beaters, which throw the grain against the upper plate, which is stationary, and also provided with beaters, there by causing the grain to act against both plates with equal certainty and uniformity. A rough or sharp surface is not depended on for scouring; but it is claimed that what the machine will do the first month it will continue to do for years in the same manner. Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the whole machine, and Fig. 2 a section through its wor king parts. Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in both figures. A is the frame in which the machine is mounted. The grain enters at the top, B, where it first falls upon a zinc or sheet iron riddle, C, through which the grain passes, taking off sticks, stones, over it. The grain then falls upon the first inclined plane, D, then into the first blast, E, from the fan at the bottom of the machine, which takes out most or all of the smut balls, oats, chess, and other light impurities, before the grain enters the smutter, F. This all millers know to be of the greatest importance, particularly if the grain be damp. The grain then passes out of the blast of the separator into the smutter, F, and passes through the machine as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2, discharging the screenings at the angle in the enlarged spout, G. This machine makes five distinct separations First, The hoads, sticks, over the riddle. Second, Screenings from the first blast, which are the lightest, and before the grain passes to the smutter. Third, The dust. Fourth, Screeni ngs from the second blast of the separator, after t!le smutter. These last screenings are free from dust, and in a good condition to grind for feed or otherwise. Fifth, The clean grai n. Only one driving belt, H, is required, and but two in all, and can be as easily attached as any upright smutter. Rolling screens may be dispensed with, except for cockle. The inventor states that it takes less power to drive it than is required to drive most of the common smut mills. The step, I, of the smutter shaft, J, is the only place from whence arises any danger from fire by the friction of smut mills; hence the absolute necessity of having the step always in sight, and convenient to be oiled, with no liability to run dry, from its situation being unapproachable without taking the machine to pieces. It is the invention of G. B. Turner, and was patented May 8, 1855. Further information may be had from the manufacturers, Turner, Parks Co., Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio..
This article was originally published with the title "Turner's Combined Smutter and Grain Separator"