THE names of Chavez and Moissan are still household words in Peru ant Central America, respectively, though foi somewhat different reasons. A writer ii the Deutsche Zeitschrift fUr Luftschif fahrt tells of the diverse way in whicl the career of these martyrs of aviatioi have impressed themselves upon thi imagination of Latin-America. All Peru takes pride in the heroic an disastrous feat of Chavez. The remain: of his aeroplane have been transportet to Lima, and placed in a prominent placi in the National Museum, in the hal where hang the portraits of the 39 Span ish viceroys, Pizarro and his successors In the enthusiasm evoked by his trans alpine flight an aviatioh league wa founded in Peru, and a Peruvian·bor employee of the BIeriot works-on WOOD-WORKIN4 MACHINERY For ripping, cross· (utting, mitering, grooving. boring 8<1011-sawing, edg-e moulding. mortising; for working wood in any miner. Spnr! for Catalogne A. SENECA FALLS MFG. CO. 695 Water Street j Seneca Falls. N. Y., V. S. 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Rise to big earnings, wage freedom, ownership and private monopoly. Knowing the reason dispels all doubt. Wonderful, but true. Strange Invention gives every home a bath room for only $6.50; excels others costing $200, Abolishes tubs, bowls, buckets, wash rags, sponges. Turns any room into a bath_ room with hot or cold running water. Think of it! So energizes water, erne gallon amide; cleanses almost automatically; no plumbing; no water-works; self-healing. Gives cleansing, friction, massage and shower baths. So simple child can operate. Truly marvelous. A modern home-bathing without drudgery, inconvenience, muss of lugging water, tilling tubs, emptying, cleaning, putting away. Could anything .bo more popular ? Think of millions who want bath- moms ! At sight people exclaim: •'There, there, that's-bat I've been longing for.” Little wonder Wilson sold 103 in 14 days; Hurt, ltt in 3 hours. Think what von could do. Come— fall in line-make a fortune. Don't let another get there first. Your chance now to secure exclusive sale, Devote all or spare time. Means phenomenal earnings; no com pet i-t i on; fascinating, high-grade business-credit given active distributors. Send no money — I n v e«ti-gate first. __ Send t o-d a y emarkable offer—it's valuable but free. Address ALLEN MFG. CO., 3391 Ailen Building, TOLEDO, OHIO Bielovucic-was imported from France to teach his compatriots how to fly. After several officers had made some progress under his instruction, however, the two aeroplanes imported for this purpose were wrecked. At present the military aviation school and the league, though still in existence, do not boast the possession of an aeroplane. Bielovucic was given a commission in the Peruvian army, and attached to the legation of that country in Paris. Moissant had a stormy career in Central America before he took to flying. As a self-appointed “admiral” he once commanded the Nicaraguan coasting-steamer “Momotombo,” and led a filibustering expedition in Salvador, where he laid many villages in ashes and returned to his ship unscathed. The intervention of the United States government fnally forced Mm into exile in France, where he found a congenial field for his adventurous zeal in the study of aviation. Before leaving America he addressed a letter to the Salvadoreans, in which he declared that he should one day return in an airship and drop bombs upon their capital. When rumors of his achievements in aeronautics began to find their way to Salvador the inhabitants of that country were filled with misgivings; imd these have not been altogether quieted .by his untimely death in New Orleans. Popular report has it that he was not killed in the accident, and is even now secretly maturing the consummation of his dire threat of long ago. The Current Supplement A GOOD example of modern methods of the mechanical handling of materials on a large scale is described and illustrated in our current Supplement, which shows on its front page a continuous unloader at work on the territory of the Western Pacific Railroad of California:-Sir WilHam Ramsay in his recent presidential address before the British Association, dealt mainly with the chemical elements and the problems which arise in connection with their inter-relation. No one is better qualified to speak on this subject than the great English chemist. and an abridged report of his address is presented to our readers.-The Effect of Tobacco Smoke on plants is of interest both from a scientific point of view and in connection with indoor plants. Careful observation has shown that this effect is far from negligible. An illustrated presentation of the subject forms one of the articles in this issue. An enormous amount of wood is annually· going to waste in the long-leaf pine forests. Dr. Heber has recently made a demonstration showing that from one cord of such wood from 12 to 16 gallons of turpentine can be recovered. One of the phases of telephone engineering work is the proper management and laying-out of the complicated network of cables for an extensive territory. Some of the problems that arise in this connection are most lucidly discussed by F. P. Yalentine, in an article whose first instalment appears in the current Supplement.-In a copiously illustrated article the principle and construction of the gyro compass are expounded.-Prof. Turner's article on the Great Star Map reaches its fourth instalment, which is devoted to “star positions."-We have become accustomed to look upon the Montgolfier balloon as a thing of purely historical interest. It is interesting to read that of late there have been efforts made to improve this primitive airship and turn it into a balloon for practical use.-It is well known that ; owing to the defect of capacity a telephone cable tends to distort the waves i applied to it at the speaking 'end. To overcome this, so-called loading coils, having a suitable self-induction, are inserted at intervals along the cable. This very important subject is discussed by the eminent electrical engineer and wireless expert, Prof . .T. A. Fleming.-A German writer in Prometheus voices some decidedly pessimistic forebodings in regard to the future of the Panama Canal. While we may not follow him in all points, his discussion makes most interesting reading and should be perused by all.-A concise review of the power situation at Niagara Falls is reprodueed from the Engineering Supplement of the London Times. 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Write for Our Book Today how it gives everything that other cabinets give and our new features besides -also tells of our great Learn how the Multoplex Cabinet will save you money-in the increased efficiency of your fling clerk -in gained accuracy- in inside equipment economy- check. file Bystem. Write for our book today mentioning name of your firm and your capacity CANTON MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 1380 E. Second Street, Canton, Ohio f A HOME-MADE 100-MILE WIRELESS TELEGRAPH SET Read Scientific American Supplement 1605 for a thorough, dear description, by A. Frederick Collins. Numerous adequate diagrams accompany the text Price, 10 cents, by mail. Order from your newsdealer or Sunn&Co., Inc., 361 Broadway. N.Y_ BROOMELVS VACUUM CLEANER The “VICTOR" We make a specialty of Electric Stationary Vacuum Cleaners for residence work, which you can install yourself in old or new houses, also Stationary for Country Homes for use with Gasoline Engine, and the VICTOR Electric Portable. Send jor printed molter. Buy direct and sale money. VICTOR CLEANER COMPANY, - York, Pa. The Scientific American C yclopedia? Formulas Edited by ALBERT A. HOPKINS SIZE 6J4x8% INCHES. 1077 PAGES. 200 ILLUSTRATIONS CLOTH, $5.00. HALF MOROCCO, $6.50 POSTPAID ( This valuable work, which is partly based on the twenty-eighth edition of “The Scientific American Cyclopedia of Receipts, Notes and Queries,” contains a collection of about 15,000 selected formulas, covering nearly every branch of the useful arts and industries. Never before has such a large collection of valuable formulas, useful to everyone, been offered to the public. ( This work may be regarded as the product of the studies and practical experience of the ablest chemists and workers in all paris of the world, the information given being of the highest value, condensed in concise form convenient for ready use. Almost every inquiry that can be thought of relating to formulas used in the various manuiacturing industries, will here be found answered. ( The formulas are classified and arranged into chapters of related subjeCts, while a complete index, made by professional librarians, renders it easy to find any formula desired. ( Those engaged in any branch of industry will probably find in this volume much that is of practical use in their respective callings. Those in search of salable articles, which can be manufactured on a small seal", will find hundreds of most excellent suggestions. It should find a place in every laboratory, factory and home . An eight page descriptive circular and table 0/ its contents will be /umisbed on application. MUNN & CO., Inc., Publishers, 361 Broadway, New York 288 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN AMERICAN September 23, IPl Its third year-and HUPMOBILE demand unabated have 20 H. P., 4 cvlindei iclndes top, windshield, gas lamps and three oil lamps, tools and horn. 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For weeks our factory has been under the supreme test of working day and night in order to produce cars rapidly enough to keep pace with the volume of orders. The Hupmobile occupies this unique position because it has been true to itself and true to the people. HUPP MOTOR CAR COMPANY, 1233 Jefferson Avenue. Detroit. Michigan At this time we wish to call attention particularly to the Hupmobile Coupe -which has been aptly termed a “baby grand limousine” . It has gone a long way toward displacing the old idea that an enclosed car is restricted to town use. It was only recently that three residents of Elgin, Ill., toured in a Hupmobile Coupe from Chicago to Minneapolis, via Mankato, Minn. - more than 500 miles - without trouble of any sort and showing an average of 25 miles per gallon of gasoline over country roads and hills. Last N ovember a physician of Hammond, Ind., drove his coupe home from the factory in Detroit. Save Winter Storage on Your Car ORDER 1 NOW a Pruden OVSlcIIl proof Garage Use next winter's storage bills to pay half the cost of a Pruden Garage and have your car always handy and safe. Many owners use their autos all winter long, keeping them in a Pruden, without heat. Pruden System Construction is entirely original with us and utterly unlike anything else. It gives you fire-proof protection in a building as handsome and substantial as masonry, at one-ihird ihe cosi. Here's the only portable garage that is wholly fire-proof. No wood in a Pruden. Entirely built of handsomely embossed galvanized sfeel units. You erect it in a few hours with screw driver and wrench, and as easily take it down. Pruden buildings last a lifetime, never need repairs, do not depreciate in value and are rigidly guaranteed. You simply can't realize how different and how perfect the Pruden is in every detail until you get all the facts. Unit-Built Portable Handsome Durable as Masonry Low Cost Mail Coupon for Catalog Today - Learn about the Pruden interlocking, galvanized tld N/I_|.»| CLDUD rv.mM« steel units which produce a Dstrong as stonen building The Metal Shelter Company without frame work or foundation. Learn whatafew 5-52 West Water Street, St. Paul, Minn. of the hundreds of Pruden owner ••ay. Investigate at once so as to get your Pruden in time to save win-Send me your illustrated catalog. ter storage Yu'II be sure of prompt shipment despite the heavy fall demand, if you order early. Name Other ideal building. built by the Pruden Sys. ------------------------------------------------....................._ tem, are hunting lodges, warehousE, boat houses Street Ar1r1*-«c and work shops. Write today, giving us name and __,_,s_____ ______________________.......... model number of your car or size of building in which you're interested. n ate The Metal Shelter COpany Name of y(l r ca. Model No. 5-52 West Water Sireet ST. PAUL, MINN. JUST PUBLISHED A* . :ew and Authoritative aoo/ MONOPLANES and BIPLANES THEIR DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION&OPERATION The Application of Aerodynamic Theory, with a Complete Description and Comparison of the Notable Types By GROVER CLEVELAND LOENIG. B.Se •• A.M .. C. E. CRITICISMS "The first treatise upon aviation which we have seen whicl may be styled really complete ••••• Actual aeroplane designing is the central theme of the volume• •••• The prominent types are exhaustively compared ••••••••• The illustrations are a notable feature." -Rochester, N. Y., Chronicle. "A very complete account of the theory of heavier than air flying machines with a technical description of near! y all the present types 0 f aeroplanes ••••••••• Presents in compact shape the substance of aerodynamic theory. Easily comprehensible to the reader who un concentrate his attention •••••••••I t is the most scientific popular book on the aeroplane that we have come across 50 far." -New York. Sun. .. Many writers have failed to realize the demand which exists for aero literature in which mathematical deductions are a necessary but not predominant part of a comprehensive exposition of the entire subject. For a writer to steer a straight course between the mazes of trigonometry on the one hand, and the superficialities of mere discussion in a popular vein on the other is to accomplish what can be done only by one who is himself a thorough student in the finer details, but who can sufficiently divorce himself from the mathematical atmosphere as to preSent the whole subject from a broad standpoint, makh it readily intelligible and informative to the less erudite seeker after knowledge." -Phila. Inquirer. .. Students learned in aerodynamics and laymen ordinarily interested in aviation will /nd equal delight in reading ' Monoplanes and BIplanes. ' The book is a welcome addition to the libraries of those who have realized the future of aerial navigation, and desire a work treatIng solely of the heavier than air machines wr tten by an acknowledged expert and with no hobbies hidden in the discussion." -Boston Journal. .. While enthusiBSt ' c i h is interest as becom es one who has written so superb a volume, Mr. Loening is also rigidly accurate as the most exact:ng scientist could demand. Here is a work which is at once a history and textbook which may be depended upon for everything that is within the range of actual knowledge. To say that • Monoplanes and Biplanes' is at once new and authoritative with reference to the entire subject and that it is practical in the highest degree is tIe just praise due to this volume."-Bujalo News. ” Mr. Loening has written, in fact, for the man who wishes to apply practically the experience that has already been gained." -New York Times. 12mo. (6x8 u4 inches) 340 Pages. 278 lDustratiool. Attractteiy bound in cloth, Price $2.50 net, postpaid A n illustrated descriPlive circular will be .enl free on application. MUNN&CO., Inc., Publishers 361 Broadway New York WOOD DISTILLATION for manufacturing ALCOHOL and other products of the process I • f Profits from refuse wood and sawdust are in reach of any one who will locate near a sawmill. The Scientific American Supplement files contain a series of valuable articles on this topic which are contained in the following numbers: 1610-A General Review of the Subject of utilizing wood wastes, and the uses to which the wastes may be put. 1684-The “steam” and “destructive” distillation processes, and names the numerous products obtainable from the complete operation. 1661-Distillation of soft wood, and gives the proportions and quantities of each product obtainable, and the various processes used. 1723 and 1724-The general subject of the utilization of wood wastes, giving all the products by a clear and valuable diagram showing their relations to each other, and many illustrations of apparatus. 1592-The manufacture of wood alcohol by a German process which first converts sawdust and scraps to glucose and then to alcohol, leaving the residue of the wood with 75% of its heating value, and in condition to briguette without a binder. 1789-Prof. Ruttau's article on the manufacture of wood alcohol, a very comprehensive discussion. 1643-Dry distillation of Beech and other hardwoods comparing European and American methods, and giving the quantities of products obtained. 133S-Charcoal manufacture in Germany, with complete recovery of by-products, their description and uses. 1472-” Distillation of Pine Products” refers especially to turpentine manufacture, but covers the by-products as well, and gives information of the profitable nature of the business. ISSI-Refers to acetic acid, wood spirit and acetone from distillation of wood, and gives a good description of the necessary apparatus, and particularly of the points to be observed in operating the plant. 1736-Production of Alcohol from Cellulose, how wood and wood products may be used. Each number of the Supplemeni cosis / 0 cents. A set of papers containing all ihe articles above mentioned will be mailed for $/.20. Order from your Newsdealer or from us. MUNN&CO., Inc., “Publishers, 361 Broadway, New York City