As you are advocates of reform in every thing; susceptible of reform, I wish to present a few remarks in advocacy of reform in weights and measures. It seems to me to be entirely unnecessary to have three or four dif ferent kinds of weights. I have found, by many years' experience in teaching, that it is very perplexing to students, and unnecessari ly retards their progress, in having to learn so many tables, and still more perplexing to go through the exercises under these tables.— But as I would not object to anything with out offering a substitute, I propose the follow ing :— Let Apothecaries and Troy weight be abo lished, and let us have such divisions of the lower denominations of Avoirdupois weight as may be necessary to express the smallest quantities desired. And where is the neces sity for so many kinds of measure? If all our measures of capacity have the same unit, why not have the same number of units for the same denomination in all the tables ? Let us have but one measure for all solids and li quids, and let our present standard of dry measure be made that standard. Our tables of long, square, and solid measure, I would not have altered. There is a vast deal of ig norance among the people on this subject, particularly in reference to measures. Many do not seem to know that Congress alone has power to establish weights and measures; and hence we hear of Tennessee measure, Al abama measure, &c. Such a State gives 32 quarts to the bushel, and another gives 40 quarts, &c. Now if a cubic inch is the mea suring unit, and the law requires a bushel to contain 21504 of these units, the value of a bushel will not be changed by dividing it into 32 parts, or into 32,000 parts; for the sum of the parts is equal to the whole. But it a quart is one thirty-second part of 2150'4 inches=67 2 inches, then no community has a right to set up a standard that requires 40 quarfcB, or any other nutrber oi quarts to the bushel, inasmuch as ifc would be an open vio lation of the constitution, Art 1, Sec. 8, Sub. Sec. 5. B. W. WHITE. Bear Spring Seminary, Giles Co., Tenn.
This article was originally published with the title "Weights and Measures"