Climate change is profoundly transforming the way the Arctic looks. The region is warming more than twice as rapidly as the rest of Earth. Polar sea ice continues to shrink to record lows, and Greenland’s ice sheet—which holds enough water to raise global sea levels more than seven meters—is melting. Temperatures 30 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit above normal hit parts of the region this past winter. But very few people have witnessed these dramatic shifts in a visual way.

Several years ago New York City–based photographer Diane Tuft decided she had to visit the Arctic to see the vanishing polar environment for herself. “I needed to get there before it was gone,” she says. Tuft traversed the Arctic, traveling to Svalbard, Norway, to photograph mountain glaciers; to the North Pole on a Russian nuclear-powered icebreaker to observe the warming Arctic Ocean; and to Greenland to view its thawing ice sheet. In her new book, The Arctic Melt: Images of a Disappearing Landscape, the public can observe the changing Arctic through the artist’s eyes. “I hope it conveys that this is happening. It’s not theoretical,” she explains. “Scientists write a lot, but unless someone sees something visually, it’s not the same. How else will they know unless they can see it?”