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Special Report

Celebrating The Nobel Prizes

More than 130 Nobelists have written more than 200 articles for Scientific American. Here's a sampling, along with a look at the prizes themselves

Nobel Prize in Physics

Japan's Makato Kobayashi and Toshihide Maskawa share the Nobel Prize with American Yoichiro Nambu for work related to a fundamental description of nature at the subatomic particle level through what is known as broken symmetries. Steve Mirsky reports

October 7, 2008

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Germany's Harald Zur Hausen and France's Luc Montagnier and Francoise Barre-Sinoussi share this year's Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The two French scientists discovered HIV, which quickly led to blood screening and treatments. The German showed that cervical cancer was caused by the human papilloma virus, paving the way to a vaccine. Steve Mirsky reports

October 6, 2008

AIDS in 1988

In their first collaborative article 20 years ago, 2008 Nobel Prize winner Luc Montagnier, along with Robert Gallo, co-investigators who discovered HIV, introduced a Scientific American single-topic issue on AIDS. They recounted the breakthrough and offered prospects for vaccine, for therapy and for the epidemic

October 6, 2008 — Robert C. Gallo ad Luc Montagnier

The Kindest Cut

Commemorating the 50th anniversary of the first successful whole organ transplant

December 20, 2004 — Joseph E. Murray

The $13-Billion Man

Why the head of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute could be the most powerful individual in biomedicine.

January 1, 2001 — Carol Ezzell

The Watcher: Roald Hoffmann

A 1955 Westinghouse finalist wins a Nobel Prize in chemistry 26 years later, then turns his attention to poetry

May 12, 2008 — Laura Vanderkam

A Unified Physics by 2050?

Experiments at CERN and elsewhere should let us complete the Standard Model of particle physics, but a unified theory of all forces will probably require radically new ideas.

December 1, 1999 — Steven Weinberg

Detecting Mad Cow Disease

New tests can rapidly identify the presence of dangerous prions--the agents responsible for the malady--and several compounds offer hope for treatment

July 1, 2004 — Stanley B. Prusiner

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