Every year in Lindau, Germany, winners of Nobel Prizes join young researchers for panel discussions, presentations and informal conversation. This year, from June 26 to July 1, about 20 Nobel laureates in physiology or medicine and 550 rising science stars chosen from more than 60 countries are participating. To commemorate the event, Scientific American has selected excerpts from some of its most memorable articles authored by laureates in the biological sciences. The passages trace overlapping arcs of scientific discovery and progress from the 1950s onward in cell biology, medicine, animal behavior and neuroscience. For ease of reading, we have not indicated deletions within the excerpts, many of which have been condensed significantly.