Broadway Railroad. We had occasion a few days since to visit Albany, in reference to some matters pending before the Legislature, affecting the interests of our citizens, and we are obliged to confess that the atmosphere about the legislative halls was anything but wholesome. It was commonly believed that schemes of the most villainous character were " put up " and parceled out among members to secure their votes. The proposition of Mr. A. T. Stewart, of this city, offering to give $2,000,000 for the franchise of the " Broadway Surface Railroad," was deliberately voted down in the Senate that body evincing a determined purpose to rush the bill through, regardless of the rights and interests of citizens and property owners. Governor Hoffman, however, has put a check upon these corrupt proceedings by vetoing certain railroad bills, and showing by able arguments that the franchises of this city are too valuable to be voted away without affording our heavily taxed citizens some remuneration. We honor the (xovernor for his high and statesmanlike action. The people wjll sustain him iii the position he has taken. Yeast for Hot Climates. Morgan's Trade Journal gives the following recipe for yeast adapted to hot climates: Boil two ounces of the best hops in four quarts of water for half an hour; strain it, and let the liquor coo] down to new milk warmth. Then put in a small handful of salt and half a pound of sugar (brown); beat up one pound of the best flour with some of the liquor, and mix all well together. The third day add three pounds of potatoes boiled and mashed, and let it stand until the next day. Then strain, and it is ready for use. Stir frequently while making, and kaep near a fire. Before using, stir well; it will keep two or three months in a cool place. I kept this two months in the cellar, where the thermometer ranged between 90 and 104 degrees. This yeast is very strong; half the usual quantity necessary for a baking is sufficient. Prescribing- in Cheap Periodicals. A most dangerous practice prevails of publishing in some of the cheap literature of the day various receipts for the cure of minor ailments, and it is one that is certainly upon the increase. Many of the prescriptions so given are absurd, and even dangerous ; and this is not to be wondered at if we consider that the writer is often very deficient in all real knowledge of medicine, and that he is assisted by the errors of the printer, to whom the symbols of quantities are so many hieroglyphics. Our attention has been called to the following prescription, for instance: " Syr. of poppies, one ounce and a half; syr. of squills, half an ounce; of tincture of digitalis, thirty drops ; a teaspoonful to be given to a child frequently." We can quite imagine a fractious baby being dosed into the effectual quietness of death by such a mixture. Lancet. Charged Silk. It has recently been found that what is called charged silk, is very liable to spontaneous combustion. This article, some of our readers are aware, consists of silk, which, after Laving been exposed to the operations of bleaching, cleansing, etc., and losing considerable weight, is brought back to its original condition by the addition of certain astringents, such as catechu, gall nuts, and various salts, especially the sulphate of iron, by which means an increase in weight from one to two or three hundred per cent is sometimes effected. When dried, at about 212 or 225 degrees, this silk has been known to take fire spontaneously, as soon as the air had access to it. The result appeared due to the rapid absorption of moisture and an attendant oxidation. False diamonds always contain silicon. Their true character may bo determined by putting them into a lead or platinum crucible with pulverized fluor spar, and pouring thereon sulphuric acid. The hydrofluoric acid generated by tlie reaction will corrode or wholly destroy the imitation, while a genuine diamond will be totally uninjured. The experiment should be performed in the open air or under a hood, as the fumes of the gas are highly deleterious. The operator should keep at a distance until the reaction has ceased, to avoid inhaling the poisonous gas. He should be careful also to avoid getting the hydrofluoric acid on his hands, as otherwise they may be severely injured. Curious Production of Cold. Dr. Phipson has recently discovered that an intense degree of cold is produced by dissolving sulphocyanate of ammonium in water. Many salts, especially salts of ammonia, lower the temperature of water while dissolving ; but, according to Dr, Phipson, no compound produces this effect in so marvelous a manner as sulphocyanate of ammonium. In one experiment, 35 grammes of this salt, dissolved rapidly in 35 cubic centimeters of water at 23 degrees Centigrade, caused the thermometer to descend in a few seconds to 10 degrees Centigrade. The moisture of the atmosphere instantly condensed itself on the outside of the glass in thin plates of ice. Hop Stems as a Material for Paper. A Brussels correspondent of the Organe de Mons, a Belgian paper, says a gentleman from Marseilles, traveling through the country last autumn, purchased large quantities of a valueless substance which farmers were in the habit of burning in heaps to get rid of it, and has succeeded in making an excellent, strong, pliable paper, the most important qualification of which is that it costs a mere trifle. A capitalist has joined him, and a large factory is now being erected to make paper from this substance, which is nothing more or less than the old hop stems after the crop has been gathered. New Method of Pile Driving. At a recent meeting of the Franklin Institute, a new method of driving piles was described. It substitutes gunpowder for steam in working the drop weight. A charge of powder is used to elevate the weight, and another charge throws it down again with greater force than it would acquire by falling alone. Ordinary musket charges are said to be sufficient to work a four hundred pound hammer in this way, and the strokes are made with greater rapidity than in the old method." HON. Elisha Foote retires from the office of Commissioner of Patents enjoying the respect and confidence of all who know him. He was an upright, faithful Commissioner, and had already cleared off a portion of the obloquy that attached to the office. Had he been permitted to remain we have no doubt that the character of the office undet his administration-would have greatly improved. Judge Foote was an honest official, and escapes from political life without a stain upon his honorable character. $)eath to Croton Bugs and Roaches. The Journal of Applied Chemistry, gives the following remedy against croton bftgs and cockroaches: Boil one ounce of poke root in one int of water until the strength is extracted; mix the decoction with molasses and spread it in plates in the kitchen or other apartments which are infested by these insects. All that have partaken of this luxury during the night will be found " organic remains " the next morning. To Restore Faded Writing. When writing by common ink has become faded by age so as to be nearly or quite illegible, it may be restored to its original hue by moistening it with a camel's hair pencil or feather dipped in tincture of galls, or a solution of ferro-cyanide of potassium, slightly acidulated with hydrochloric acid. Either of these washes should be very carefully applied, so that the ink may not spread. Elderberry Ink. A correspondent says : ' I write these lines with ink made of elderberries. My mode of making it is as follows: one-half gallon of juice of elderberries, as described in your paper; 1 ounce copperas, 2 drams alum, 20 drops creosote dissolved in a small quantity of alcohol. The ink kept the violet color several years, now it has a brownish appearance. It makes a fair copy. A Pittsburgh firm have recently made a steel roller for rolling metals at the Philadelphia mint, which, after a test of several weeks, has been pronounced superior to the Prussian. It is said to have been hardened by a new process,' discovered by the manufacturers. Another roller has been ordered of the same firm for the same mint, to be used in rolling nickel. One of the most forcible sayings that has ever emanated from the pen of Horacjs Greeley, is the following : " The darkest day in any man's earthly career is that wherein he fancies that there is some easier way of gaining a dollar than by squarely earning it.”
This article was originally published with the title "Editorial Summary"