Henry Hodges, of New York, has patented an improvement in the manufacture of this article in Great Britain, consisting in mixing the ingredients or component parts of gun* powder (namely, charcoal, saltpeter and sulphur) in their usual proportions in the ordi- nary way, and in then putting them into a suitable pot or vessel, made of any description of metal or earthenware, into which vessel sufficient steam is admitted by any suitable apparatus to damp the composition, dissolve the saltpeter, and soften the sulphur. By these means the saltpeter is more intimately blended with the other ingredients than by ordinary processes of manufacture. During this process the composition should be kept well stirred up, to expose it as much as possible to the action of the steam, and this may be continued until the whole of the saltpeter __ is dissolved, when it is taken out, and when ^ sufficiently dry it is ground under the mill f runners in the usual way, and packed in bar- A rels for sale. Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE W2m KfDIHG NOVEMBER 17, 1857. IRtptrtttl spisl% Jt- tin Sdmti/* Atmnmn.1 RINGING BXUJ—;James R. Baird, of Vincennes. Ind.: I do not claim ringing an elevated bell from a position below it by means of a flexible or jointed frame, when saM frame la attached directly to the axia on which the upper end ot the tonme nwings, as in the bell-ringing device patented in 1862 by Thomas V. Stran. But I claim the direct attachment of the circular lever C, to the ball or lower end, D, of the tongue or clapper, and the combination of said lever thus attached with the vibrating cross head. E, and handle, I, by means of the pendulous rods, F F, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. STBAW CUTTEBB—Jesse Ball, of Barnesville, Ohio : I claim the reciprocating rack, H, operated from the knife frame, C, through the medium of the lever. E, projection, F. and bent lever. G, in combination with the compress L, adjustable and pressure lid, K, and stationary rack, J, the whole being arranged to operate conjointly as shown, for the purpose set forth. [The straw In this machine Is pushed to the cutter by means of a rack behind, thus preventing the slipping so common In pressure feeds.]) HUSKING COBS—David Bedell, of Seneca Fall, N. Y. I do not claim the knife, C, attached to the bar,B, nor do I claim any of the parts separately considered. But I claim the knife C, attached to bar, B, in combination with bar, c, attached to prtng, D, and rod, K' attached to saM iprlas by means of the lever, f, aa link, e, the whole bstaij arranged to operate conjointly, w and for the purpose set forth. [This operates by the action of a cutting knife being suddenly made to cut thr ugh the butt] TroBGttAPSio FISH ALARM AITABATUB—Edward C. CUT, of Boston, MBBS. . I claim the snail. K, or its aiflvalent, and dial plalc, in combination with the sin- gfe fay, U. ELASTIC Dooa GDAED—William N. Clark, of Chester, Conn.: I claim the elastic door guard described, for the purposes set forth. HARVESTING MACHINE—John C. Cox and Beuben Newton, of GreenirUte, N. 0.: Wei do not claim separately {th of the part* deMrtbed. But we claim the comb, G, in combination with the rotating teeth, i, and roller, f, constructed and arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This harvester outs only the ean of oorn 08; and leaves the stalk standing in the field. It Is an ingenious devioe. ] BaiOK MAQBTKS—John B. Collen, of Philadelphia, Fa. : I claim the perforated plates, F', operating as described, in combination with the inclined plate or apron J, the whole operating in the manner and for the purposes set forth. IHDIA ECBBXB SlTirNGB FOB TJpHOLSraRT FuRPOBIS— Franck (Jolton, of New York Uity : I do not claim the discovery of the elastic property of a ring or cylinder of India rubber, when plaoerl upon its circumference. But I claim the form and combination of a vulcanised india rubber ring with the steadying post, together with the application of the same, In the manner and for the purposes ipecitted. CJUPST S*4HRBB—r-tBhen. Culm, of Newark, "S. Y. lelstattatBattasS'ia'wenrtag j*rpeJt noon bj maw* arid use of a Jnetallio plate aituthed to the under tidi: of the carpet, portoratel to receive the head of*. ewtr, and by such perforation latched to a screw, or its equivalent, (Mroa. into the floor, in the manner and for the purposes set forth, so that the carpets may be put down and taken up at pleasure, without the use of tools. CLOTHES CLAMP—Lewis H. Cushman, of Monmouth, Me. : I claim the combination of the spring and cam lever, as Bet forth. WASHING MACHINE—Alexander Dickson, of Hills-boro', N. C.: I do not claim any ot the parts when viewed in the abstract, for they are well known devices, and have been used separately for similar and analogous purposes. But I claim the combination of the oscillating rubber, stationary bed, and the pumps, unniad to operate conjointly, aa and for the purpose set forth* [In this machine two rubbers act simultaneously, and between them the clothea to be washed are placed; they act In connection with two pumps, one at each end, which force water through the texture of the clothes, and wash the water away as fast as it is loosened.] Lou KILWB—Powell Qriscom, and Charles 8. Denn, of Baltimore, Md. : We do not wish to be understood as claiming any of the parts separately. But we claim the peculiar combination and arrangement ot the parts, as described, and for the purposes set forth. EXTENSION TABira—Henry Gross, of Tiffin, Ohio. I claim the combination of the two systems ot stretchers, K and D, with the stay rods, a a, constructing and operating as and for the purposes set forth. FLODE DISTRIBUTING BOLT FOB GBINDIKS MILL—W. W. Hamer, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I disclaim the use of the conveyorB for mere conveying purposes, as they have often been used for such before. But I claim the exact combined arrangement of the convyors, d and f, and their compartments, when united together with the openings, g, as represented and specified in the specification, for the purposes before mentioned. HIMP CUTTEE—John L. Hardeman, of Arrow Bock, Mo. : 1 claim first, The hinged trailiug hemp platforms, approximating in form to a right ancle triangle, and made with u inclined elevation, c d, and guard, e. and arranged in rear of the cutter beam on botE Bides of the machine, in such a manner that a broad central space shall bo left for the cut hemp to be laid in, out of the way of the team, and the body of the machine, by Baid p atforms, as and for the purposes set forth. Second. The employment of the peculiarly constructed hemp trailing platform, J, in combination with the inwardly inclined beveled directing board H, arranged just above the trailing platform, for the purpose of directing the hemp angularly upon the platform, as described. Third, The employment of a reel, having its blades bent spirally at one end to the axle or shaft, in combination with the inwardly inclining direction board or boards and trailing platform or platforms, as and for the purposes set forth. SEWING MACHINES—N. W. Harrington, of James-It, town, N. Y.: I claim the looper composed of three fin-Lyjt gere, s t w, arranged and operating together in combl-r| nation with the needle, as described. M? CA new and improved looper ie used in combination Kwith a single thread, |o produce the chain stitch. It Eli m kea a very good and useful machine.] fflO FLY FEAMXS or PMNTTJIO PMSSES—Richard M. Hoe. of New York City : I claim operating the fly frames, I, by means of cam shafts, C, placed one at each end of the machine, and provided with cams, DEI', and used in connection with arme, j m p, rods, i 1 o, arms, K, and Bprings, M, or an equivalent device, whereby the cams are made to actuate the fly frames in a more direct manner, and consequently insuring a more perfect operation of the same than heretofore. [This is described on another page.] WASHING MACHINE—Abraham Huffer, of Hagers-town, Md. : I claim the combination of the shallow concave formed of rollers, D D, and feeding boards, E E, with the ribbed cylinder, A B, for the purpose of making the washing machine Belf-ieeding and self-clearing, BO as to pass the clothes alternately into the water and the air, thus bleaching, as well as cleansing them, and keeping the clothes in the upper strata of wter y from the dirt, which is precipitated to the bottom of toe till. POBTABLE FOBQE—W. Gr. Hyndman, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I claim the plate, g g, when arranged with the bottom of the hearth plate, d d, by which arrangement of plates the recess, R R, is formed, and to be filled with fire-brick, or any otber pood non-conducting material, to serve as a hearth to the forge in place of laying the brick on the topoi the hearth plate d d for reasons mentioned and pui poses specified in the specification, and represented in the drawings. COBN HDSKZB—Charles N. Lewis, of Seneca Falls, N. Y. : I claim the combination of the operating lever, B, with the wedge pointed dog, D, lever, E, tripping post, H, blade, C. concave, G, and slot, X, the whole arranged and operating in the manner andfor thepurpose set forth. Frronmts 70s MOLASSES, a—Edward Mingay, of Boston, Mass. : I claim the means employed to prevent the dripping of liquids in pitchers for containing liquid*, the same consisting of the movable spout or jaw actuated by the opening or closing of the cover, so as to raise and lower the said Bpout or jaw, substantially as net forth. GAS METER IHJXCATOB—Thomas J. Pitt, of New York City : I claim the employment of a rotary indicator, constructed and epert^d ebstafclally as described, and applied to gas meters to register the consumption of gas as set forth. BUTTEB WOBKES—Isaac L. Smith, of Burlington, Vt., and Chas. C. Colbnm, of Masscna, N. Y.: We claim the box, m, hinged to a tlliMag frame, m', and made capable of adjustment to any deilnd extent without being thrown out of gear, tulaliStlaUT as and for the purpose set forth. [Full particulars of this Invention will be found in another column.] FASTENING FOB MAOHXNB BELTING—Lewis Smith, of Buffalo, N. Y.: I claim a aeries of curved arms, A, with faced end fingers, C, extending from a bar, B, on either side, and at right angles thereto, composed of one entire piece of metal, being a new article of manufacture, and constituting a belt cuap, to be used in joining: the two ends of belts in running machinery, in the manner specified. SELF-FEUDING DBILLS—William Wakcley, of Homer, N. Y.: I claim the arrangement of the (tearing, J IC F K', as shown, whereby both pinions, E' F, may Be operated at the same time, so that the drill, E, ray be rotated and fed to its work by the rotation of a lingls shaft I also claim the arrangement of the lever, M, with the shaft, g, and catch, k, as shown, in connection with the rod, L, and cross head, c, with the pins, bb, attached, for the Purpose of connecting the wheel, K, with the wbeel, J, and disconnecting it therefrom, as described. [See notice of this improvement on another page.] BBEECH-LOADING FIRE-ABMB—J. Durell Greene, of Cambridge, Mass. : I claim the groove, i, or its equivalent, operating in connection with the wad at the rear of the cartridge, in the manner substantially as set forth. I do not claim a Win breech plug, secured to the barrel by ears and ihoolfen, as such device docs not coaatitate my present laYSauoa. But I claim, second, The sliding breech plug, E, in combination with the revolving plunger, c, operating In the manner set forth. Third, I claim theliolt, O, and stop, y, operating in the manner set forth, to Interrupt the movement of the trigger, aa described. OPXSATING PILOT'S BEU.8 ON STEAMEBS—J. R. nop-klns, of Lteeola, Me., (assignor to himself and G. T. Sargent, of Bvyrar. -Me.) : I claim first, The arrangement of ttt taof, (I, tad Blotted plate, B, substantially u shown, so that the several orders may be transmitted to the engineer, or the cylinder, I, rotated as desired, to present such orders, by moving one and the same knob In different directions. Second, I claim the tan. 0 p q r u, levers, q', provided with tiist, u', plates, I— and 0'. segment rack, K, pinioni, C nilMit v, on the Bhaft, w, when the whole fa arrangia tooperate as and for the purpose set forth. Third, I elfm the employment or use of the two levers, MM', provided with bell hammers, N N, and operated by means ot the bar, x', attached to plate, L, and provided with springs* z' z', and the plate, F, the bar and plate being provMed. respectively with the projections or Bhoulders, y' y' i" t % and the whole arranged as shown and described. [For information about this invention we refer to page 91.] CAKE CUTTBTS—George R. Feckham, of Worcester, Mass. : I claim the movable cutter, F, with its head p, bctay Biased in the socket, E, as represented, and its copiBUity of being reversed in its poaltiuo, as represented, for the purposes and uses gytsdaecl. ADJUSTING BAND SAWS TO CIBCULAB STOOKS^Jacob. Vaughan, of Exchangeville, Pa. : I am aware that eliding carriages have been, used for feeding bolts to saws, and bolts nave also been dogged substantially in the same way as that shown; band awi% or their equivalents have also been prev ously usea s but I am not aware that band saws have een secured to a rotating wheel in the manner shown and described. I do not claim, therefore, the means employed for feeding the bolt to the saws. Nor do I claim band saws, irrespective of the means employed for securing them to the wheel. But I claim securing the Baws, E' G, to the wheel, C, by means of the expanding and contracting bauds E H, whereby every part of the saws are firmly secured to said wheel, without perforating the saw or making use of intermediate holts and screws, all as set forth. [This improvement is described on another page.] Toora BRUSHES—H. Nicholas Wadsworth, of Wash-Ififstoii. D. C. : I claim ft tooth brush having all the de-sortbed features combined an,d arranged as and lor the purpose set forth. KEY FOB DOOK LOOKS—Thos. X. Webster, of Lawr-ence, Moss.: I claim the mode of making the key, that is, with :ts Bhank and bit in two parts, applied together, and combined with and containing lever bits p p, cam k, slider, 1, and spring, m, or the equivalents therefor, such lever bits while the key is being turned back in the lock, being made to actuate or forqe outward the latch levers, D D, applied to the bolt, and its case, and combined and operating therewith, as specified, the main bolt being constructed substantially as explained. STEAM PEESSOEE GAGES—John E. Wootton, of Philadelphia, Pa. 1 do not claim separately the elastic metallic disk as that in one form or another, has for Bonie time been in use. But I claim the combined arrangement of the duplicate elastic metallic disks, B C, with the bars, G H, as described, for the purpose of giving motion to the index 0, in the manner and for the purpose described. MACHINE FOE FACILITATING THK HCSKINO OP COEN. —George Young, Jr., of Saratoga Springs, N. Y. : I claim the combination of the respective actuating parts thereof as above described, whereby the latch, i, the knife, a, and the hammer, g, will act in conjunction with each other, In the manner and for the purpose set forth. HEMP BRAKES—G. F. S. Zimmerman and Armstrong Beattie, of St Joseph, Mo.: We do not claim, separately or in itself considered, either of the parte shown and described. Nor do we claim the broad idea of operating upon both sides of the hemp simultaneously, for this is seen in the device of F. P. Holcomb, patented March 13, 1847, where the hemp 13 carried in between a pair of rollers, the teeth of which mesh together. But we claim the arrangement and operation of the rollers, C 0, scutching rollers, DD, and breaking cylinder, B, as set forth, whereby the hemp is stretched between the feed rollers and creaking cylinder, and also between the latter and the scutching roller*, the material while thu3 gtretchefl being acted upon by the breaking cylinder, B, and the scutching rollers, D D, all as described. [This improvement will be found described in another column.] COEN HDSKEE—H. A. Doster, of Bethlehem, Pa., (assignor to himself and Smith A. Skinner, of Lowell, Mass.): I do not claim the yfflploymMnfe or use ot rollers for husking corn, irresp ctive of Sna arrangement of the teeth and grooves as shown, for rollers have been previously used for the same purpose. But I claim the rollers, B C, when provided with the groom, d, and teeth, e, arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [For more information about the above we refer to a notice on another page] CUTTING AITAEATCS FOB HARVESTERS—J. L. Fountain, (naeignor to himseif, L. J. (Jlark,.Bradford McKin-ney, and C. M. Fountain,) of Rocktbrd, HI. : I do not wish to be understood as claiming broadly either the combination of an Inclined cutting edge with a straight edge on the finger, the cavities, c c, or the clearing pins But I claim the fingers, C, when constructed in the peculiar manner above described, in combination with the horns or projections, G, reciprocating sectional cutters, D, and clearing rivets, a' a', the whole constructed and arranged for joint operation in the manner and tattle purpose setforth. VENTILATING ATTACHMENT TO BE Arrura) TO Pimps —C. N. Lewia (assignor to himself and G. C. King) of Seneca Falls, N. Y. : I do not claim broadly the ventilation of wells, by means of uir tubes leading from the surface of the ground to the interior of the well, for I am aware that it is old. An example may be Been in the patent of D. Uurtlett, 1H56. But to the best of my knowledge and belief it is a new combination to unite a perforated ventilating chamber and base with the pump barrel in such a manner that the ventilator shall constitute a part of the pump_; whereby when the pump is ajrolleu, the ventilator is also applied and beoomes operative from the moment the pump is set. I claim the arrangement and combination of the ppr-forated base, B, cap G, and perforated tube, g, with the pump barrel, A, as set forth, whereby the ventilator becomes attached to and foruu a part of the pump, all as specified. [By this arrangement the we lisperfectly ventilated, and rain water, dirt and foreign substances are prevented from passing down the ventilating channels,] MACHINE FOR TURNING PILLARS FOB CLOCK MOVEMENTS—W. H. Nettleton Chas. Raymond, and Anson Hatch, (assignors to W. H. Nettleton) of Bristol, Conn.: We do not claim the use of two chucks, simultaneously brought up to turn the CUCIB of a wire to form a pillar shaft or arbor, as the same has been in use and on Bale for many years. Neither do we claim any pMtiailsr device for holding the turning tools into the chocks ; neither do ire claim any sliding mandrel or mandrel head, as these are well known for other purposes; neither do we claim the straightener, b, as the same U well known. But we claim the feeding slide, h, in combination with the straightener, b, having un endwise movement and returning pfia?e or its equivalent substantially as specified, wheMfby the straightener is drawn alone as the wire is tod forward, and straightens the wire as it is forced back by the said spring or its equivalent as specified. We also claim the compound leverB, i and 19, made and acting in connection with the feeding slide, h, and clamp, 14, as and for the marpoit'8 sweifteu. We also claim the holding jaw*, k mi 28, regulated in their action by the screws, SS and 29, and operating aB and for the purposes specified. We also claim the sliding gage, m, actuated by the cum, S, in combination with the holding jaw, — as specified, whereby the gage, m, is withdrawn, while the pillar or arbor ifl being forced out ot said holding jaws, but comes up to determine the length, or position of the wire or blank that pasBes intjjsaid jaws as set forth. CORN HUSKBE—3. A. SSlnner, of Lawrence, Mass., (assignor to himself and Herman A. Doster, of Bethlehem, Pa.): I am aware that my machine contains some mechanical devices incident" to other machines for husking corn—that is, it contains a serrated cutter, and a means of stripping the husk from the ear; I therefore do not claim tno employment of a saw or cutter in connection with an endless carrier tohold the ear of corn, and so present it to the said saw, as to enable the latter to separate the stalk and husks from the ear. Nor do I claim the employment of an inclined grated spout or gird, and a toothed cylinder having its teeth operating through the spaces between the bars of the spout, and so as to seize th : husks, and separate them from the ear, while the latter, by the action of gravity, passes down the spout. I am also aware that fur separating the husk from the ear of corn, two rollers have been employed, each of which baa been constructed with teeth ana grooves arranged circumferentially on it, and sotbat the teeth of one roller worked into the grooves ot the other while the teeth of the latter work into the grooves of the former. In this casp, however, the ear of corn being seized on opposite eiies by the teeth of both rollers, j could not easily revolve so as to be entirely stripped cf its husk, the conjoint operation of the teeth of tho two rollers operating also to cause the teeth to penetrate the husks, aud tear the kernels of corn out of the eara. I therefore do not claim fluted or corrugated rollers for husking corn, nor the employment: and use of rollers irrespective of my improved arrangement of teeth and grooves; nor do I claim making each roller with teeth and grooves. But I claim the arrangement of the teeth in one roller in combination with the arrangement of'the grooves entirely in the other roller, the same serving to effect the rotation of the ear of cm-n, as well as the removal of the husk and its presentation to the bite of the rollers as specified. STEERING APPAEATUS—T. M. Richardson (assignor to himself and J. W. Havner) oi'Searsport, Me. : I do not claim tha— ilnUtfd tilSrr, KB that was patented Nov. 28, 1*42, by I". T. Stare; nor ilo I claim any of the parts eepamteK" considered. But I ehum the described combination and arrangement of the rope or chain, M, with the stationary grooved sheaves, L L, and the grooved pulley, E. STREET SWEEPING MACHINFS—David Shattuck afl-fignor to himself, J. S. Sliattuck, Jacob Merrill and W. P. Marshall) of Boston, Mass. : I claim the above described arrangement of the cum, R, beneath the horizontal arms or brush carriers, N, whereby the dirt may be thrown to either side, or to tile center of the street, as set forth. j MACHINE FOR TURNING WOOBEN BOXES—A. B. New-! ton, of Brandon. Vt. : I claim, first, The use of the combination of the grooved rod and level wheel on the end thereof, with the wheel Q, and cam, T, iBhstantially as set forth. Second, I also claim the use and combination of the grooved rod, and bevel wheel on the end thereof, with the wheel, R, and cams, X and Y, substantially as set forth. Third, I also claim the use and combination of the cam, X, with the lever, Z, cutter lever, b 2, and discharging bar, f 2, or their equivalents, separately or collectively, tor the purposes Bet forth. Fourth, I also claim the cam, Y, in combination with the lever, K 2. and rack, r 2, or equivalents for the said parts, substantially as set iorth. CALENDER CLOCKS—Wm. H. Akins, of Berkshire, N. Y., and Joseph C. Buriitt. oi Ithaca, N. Y., (assignors to W. F. Huntington and Hervey Platts, of Ithaca, N. Y.) : I claim the quadrennially revolving cormsratcd disk, I, when operating in the manner substantially as and for the purposes set forth. EE-ISSUE. CARDING MACHINES—II. N. Gambrill and Singleton F. Burgee, of Woodbmy Mills. Md. Patent dated Fcb, 27 1856—Ante-dated Aug. 22,1864 : We claim the application of two or more Sf.ts or paira of feeding rollers to the working cylinder of carding engines substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth, and this we claim whether said feed rollers deliver the material directly on to the main cylinder or tolickoriin, when said lickers-in are so arranged as to work in connection with each other, and with the main cylinder, for the purpose and in the manner substantially as Bet forth. We also claim the reversing of the relative velocities of the per pheries of the main working cylinder and stripper, M, at intervals by an automatic movement tor the purpose of cleaning or preventing the clogging of the main cylinder, substantially as described. DESIGN. MATOU BOXES—Elisha Waters, of Troy, N. Y.