This cotton pross, which was noticed on page 1*24: of the present voluma of- the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, is intended to . supply a gradually increasing power, which is effected by the use of three steam cylinders, one of them being much larger than the other two, so that no more steam is used than is actually required, all of which will be seen and appreciated* from the following description and the aocompanying illustrations, of which Fig. 1 represents a view of the press drawn in iso-metrical perspective, and Fig. 2 is a vertical central section of the press. A represents a wooden platform or bed on which a foundation of masonry, B, is built, [this foundation having a pit or opening, C, within it to receivo the platen or follower, D, which is allowed to work freely up and down in it. The platen, I), is connected by rods, F, to a crosshead, E, fitted between guides, 11, in an entablature, G, supported by pillars, G'. I)' represents a stationary platen attached to a horizontal plate or framo, D", which is connected to the pillars, G', about midway between the foundation, B, and the entablaturo, G. II is a- bod-plato placed on the upper part of the foundation, B, the pillars, G', boing secured thereto by bolts, I I. Q Q are two steam cylinders, placed one at each end of the plato, I)", and R is a steam cylinder, tho diameter of which as shown in the drawings is about fivo times that of Q; tho proportion the diameters may vary, however, as circumstancos require, tho cylinder, R, being in all cases much larger than the other two. R is placed on the frame, D", between the smaller cylinders, Q Q, thsso being connocted to tho crosshesid, E, by rods, T T. P' is the piston of R. This piston is connocted with the crosshead, E, in a novel way; a hollow cylinder, S, is attached to tho piston, P', and a hollow rod, P", is fitted in it, the-upper end of the rod being attached to the underside of E. On tho top of E is a water tank or cistern, V, which communicates with P" by means of a pipe, a, passing through the crosshead. V is a valve, the seat of which is at the lower end of tho pipe, a. Tho rod, b, of this valve passes up through a and the trunk, U, and has a ball or weight, X, on its upper end. w represents a system of levers connected with tho weight, X, or rod, 6, tho use of which levers will be presently shown. An opening, c, is made in the lower end of the rod, P", and this rod works water tight within the cylinder, S, by means of a suitable packing, Z. L is a steam chest placed below tho three cylinders, and having three slide valves, M, placed within it, these valves being connected to a rod, d, attached to a lever, 0. J is the steam induction pipe, and K tho exhaust. N represents the steam ports. Tho operation is as follows :—15y referring to Fig. 2, it will be seen that tho follower, 1), is at its culminating point or extreme hight, tho pistons of the soveral cylinders being all elevated. It will also be seen that tho cylinder, S, is filled with water, and also the roil, P", tho valve, o, is closed, and the ports, N, of tho steam cylinders are all open or in communication with tho steam chest, L. By moving the lever, 0, so that it will cntch in tho outer notch, e, of tho rack, A', tho ports, N, of the soveral valves will register with the ports, N, of the soveral cylindors, and tho steam will exhaust or pass from the cylinders and out through the pipe, K, The pistons of the cylinders, and the platen or follower, I), will consequently descend to their lowest points, and just as the downward movement commences, the weight, X, is allowed to descend by operating the lovers, to, by hand or otherwise, and tho valve, V, opons, so as to allow the water in cylinder, S, to pass into the rod, P", and up within tho tank or cistern, as the rod, P", descends. When the lever is in tho notch, f, of tho rack, A', tho ports, N, of tho several cylinders are closed. The balo to be compressed is placed on the platen, I), and the lover, O, is moved and fitted in the notch, g, of the rack, A'. This movement opons tho ports, N, of the two smaller cylinders, QQ; and I) is raised a certain distance, about two-thirds of its stroke or movement by the pressure of the steam against the piston, I', of these cylinders. This power is sufficient at first, for comparatively little power is at first required, but when the follower has arrived at a certain point of its stroke, tho lover, 0, is again moved and fitted into the notch, h, and the steam then passes into the large cylinder, R, and acting against the piston, 1*', the bale is compressed between tho two platens, I) and 1)', with an increased power commensurate of course with the area of tho piston, I". When the pistons, P, of tho smaller cylinders cammenco ascending, tho valve, V, is opened, so that as the rod, P", ascends with the crosshead, E, the cylinder, S, fills with water, and when the steam is admitted into tho large cylinder, R, the valve is closed, and as the water practically is incompressible, a rigid connecting rod is obtained, and still a compensating one. When the pistons have reached their culminating point, tho compressed bale is bound ; the lever, 0, is then moved into the notch, c ; the steam exhausts from tho cylindors; the valve, r, opens; tho platen, D, descends ; the compressed bale is removed, and the operation repeated. Tho levers, w, maybe connected with the lover, 0. 15y this means a large quantity of steam is saved, and it is a most perfoct and elegant arrangement. It is tho invention of John Roy, of New Orleans, La., who will furnish any further information. It was patented Dec. IS, 1857. Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING FEBRUARY 23, 1868. [Reported officially far the Scientific American.] APPLE COKER—A. N. Alcott, of Gowanda, N. Y. : I claim the combination of the knife, F, with the shaft, D, and collar, I, or ita equivalent, by which the knife may bethrown outirom tne shaft to cut out the core in its largest part, as set forth. CABLE STOPPERS—William H. Bridge, of Boston, Mass. : I claim the cable tongs with the levers, prong*, and clasp, constructed and arranged substantially as set forth and described. SEED PLANTERS—L. A. Butts, of Cuba, N. Y. : I am aware that coTering Uoles have been applied to seed-planting machines; arid I am also aware that various plans h:ive been devised for connecting and disconnecting, or throwing ia and out of gear with the driving wheels the distributing devices of such machines. I therefore do not claim, broadly, and irrespective of construction and arrangement, such devices. But I claim the arrangement of the hoes, V, rods, h, shafts, K M, plungers, I, and connecting rods, U N, substantially aa and for the purposes set forth, [This invention consists in connecting a seed-distributing device with a covering device in such a way that both will be operated simultaneously, and the seed not only planted an* covered at the same time with one and the same machine, but also planted in readily distinguishable hills; and all the parts are so placed under the perfect command of the operator that the seed may be planted in perfect or even check rows.] METHOD OP MANUFACTURING FURN ITURE—John H. Better, of New York City : I do not claim the simple pressing of veneers and glue between dies or " cawls," one of which is convex, and the other, or others, concave. Nor do I claim the so gluing of veneers together that the grain of each stands at right angles to that of the next. But Iclakn, first, The describedmethod of accurately finishing, at one operation, a suitable stave for each layer ot the spherical work described, viz., the applying together of as many of the roughly-manufactured staves aathereareto be layers in the work, and balding the whole between clamps of the form and bevel required, and removing the superfluous material by a plane, or itsfequivalent, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second, I claim the applying together of the edges of the staves of the several layers at one operation, by confining the staves in their proper positions at one or more points, and compelling the remainder of the edges to KUide each other as the cawla are comrresBed, substantially in the manner and ior the purposes set forth. Third, I claim the described method of accurately breaking the joints of the several layers of staves, by notching the ends of the staves of each layer differently from the staves of the other layers, and resting the notches of all the staves across knife-edges projecting perpendicularly from the surface of the inside cawl, all in the manner and for the purposes set forth. DOVETAILING TOOIJ—Gr. W. Billings, of Cleveland, Ohio : I claim the dovetailing tool having semicircular lipa, BB,fortbe purpose of cutting tenons to fit mortises made by simply boring with a common auger or bit, substantially as set forth. STONE-DRESSING MACIIINE— Elijah Brady, of New York City : I claim the arrangement and combination as shown and described, of the two adjustable platforms K, with the self-adjusting tool stocks, E, for the purposes specified. WHEEL AND AXLE ATTACHMENT OF HOBBE POWER &o.—U. E. Burt and G. F. Wright, of Harvard Maas. : We do not claim the method of chill-hardening cast iron, for we are aware it has been long known and used for boxus and other purposes. But we claim the method by which the coupling pin, E, is held in its proper place by the flanch, 1?, on the thimble, D, in combination with the bolt, C, the thimble, D, the wheel, B, and the link, A, substantially aa set forth. SEWING MACHINES—D. W. Clark, of Bridgeport, Conn. : I claim, first. The employment of the device which feeds the cloth to flatten, hold, and place the loop in proper prsition for receiving the needle.ml Second, Flattening and holding the loop by means of a slide, I, substantially as set forth. SPRING BED BOTTOMS—Jacob Coover, of Chambers-burgh, Pa. : I claim constructing the lower slats, D, with joints at or near the center, by means of plate, G, and hingea, L, andthe screw, H, passing through plate, G, for raisin gaud lowering the slats, assetforth. HARVESTERS—George S. Curtis, of Chicago, 111. : I claim the stirrup, G, for vibrating the cutter bar, when made of circular form at h, and with .two prongs or bearings, g g, at its upper end, two side bearings, h', an d an extension, i, and when said stirrup is arranged astride the zig-zag cam, C, and to vibrate laterally on a pivot ofa curved overhanging standard, F, andoperatincin notation to, and in combination with, the slotted pillar blocks, E, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [This invention renders practicable the use of an exceedingly simple arrrangement for vibrating the cutter bar and. adjusting the hight of the same. The nature of the improvement consists in a curved vibrating stirrup, suspended within the circle of the driving wheel, said stirrup being fsrked, and having two friction rollers, which run on opposite sides of a serpentine cam, in a manner to give a regular reciprocating motion to the cutter bar; and owing to being curved, is peculiarly adapted for use in combination with the slotted pillar blockswhichsupport the drivingwheeland adjust the hight of the cutter. We regard this as a very useful auxiliary to reapers, it being simple itself, avoidingfric-tion, and generally enhancing the utility of harvesters.] SHOVEL PLOWS—Paul Dennis, of Bemis HightB, N. Y. : I claim the bar, A, and mold-board, B E, in combination with the adjustable rollers, F, the whole being constructed and arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This is a combination of a peculiarly-constructed mold-board, an adjustable gage roller, and a point or share, made separate from the mold-board, and attached to it in such a manner that the share and mold-board may be made to penetrate the soil at a greater or less depth, as may be desired. The point or share can be readily removedfrom the mold-board to be ground, or replaced by a new one. The soil is made to pass over the mold-board into the furrow, so that the surface will , he left in a mellow bnt level state, with all the weeds, grass, &c, cut up.] COTTON PRESSES—Eugene Duchamp, of St. Martms-ville, La. : I am aware that presses have been devised in various ways', so that the plungers may be operated by a progressive power, and levers variously arranged, have been used for such purpose. I therefore do not claim, broadly, and irrespective of the means employed, thus operating the plungers. But 1 claim the arrangement and combination of the link, G, levers, F J E I, straps, D H, and plungers, B C, as and for the purposes set forth. [Full particulars of this invention will be found on another page.] WATER METER—M. Paris, of Wheeling, Va. : I claim the employment of two vessels constructed and combined in the peculiar manner shown, in combination with the horizontal discharge pipes and a registering device, whereby nearly an accurate registration of the quantity of water discharged may be effected with a uniform or uu-uniform pressure of the heador source, substantially as described. [This invention provides a simple attachment for hydrant pipes, whereby the exact quantity of water used by each family in a city may be measured, and thus the necessity of submitting to the unjust practice of corporations taxing persons who use but & comparatively small quantity of water to the same extent aa those who use a large quantity, is avoided. This appears to be a necessary and useful invention in large cities.] COTTON GINS—T. C. Garlington, of La Fayette, Ala.: I do not claim, broadly, placing a roller above the sawa, nor do I claim spirally grooving said rollers, as shown in the patented gin of Farkhurst. But I claim grooving the roller, R, transverselyabovo each saw, and obliquely acrosa the said transverse grooves, substantially as set forth, when used in combination with ribs, r, which diminish the protrusion of the saws gradually, as described. EXPANDING TOOL—James Greenhalgh, Jr., of Bur-ville, K. I.: I claim the arrangement, substantially as shown and described, of the two truncated cone-shaped nuts, BE', right and left screw, D, expansion pieces, B B, and springs, c c, for the purposes set forth. [We have noticed this invention in another portion of this journal.] COTTON GINS—B. D. Gullett, of Aberdeen, Miss. : I claimthe combination of the comb brush, E, the gin brush, B, and the gin, A, in the manner set forth ; the brash, B,being arranged between the comb brush and the gin "brush, in the manner and for the purposes set fortlu Second, I claim the lower carding brush, Dj arranged andoperatingas set forth, in combination with thegui brush and comb brush, as set forth. Third, I claim the blast board, F, in combination with the gin, A, the gin brush, B, and the carding brush, D, in the manner set forth. Fourth, I claim the end brushes, k k, constructed and operating as set forth. Fifth, I claim the curved guards, L, arranged and operating as set forth, in combination with the lower carding brush, D, and stripper, E, as set forth. SUBSTITUTE FOB INFANTS' DIAPERS—J. H. Hall of Kittanning, Pa.: I claim the combination of a cushion, A, bag or receptacle, B, andcloth, C D, substantially aa described for the purpose set forth. [This is a most valuable little invention, and is a bag or cushion of india rubber or other elastic material which acts as a diaper. With it a child can easily and always be kept clean, and we have no doubt that the babies will like it.] CCLJNARY LADLE—Joseph C. Haines, of Dublin, Ind.: I claim the ladle A, and strainer, B b, adapted to operate in conjunction, substantially in the manner set forth. HOUSE RAKES—William Horning, of New Lebanon, Ohio: I claim the arrangement of the seat, J, standards,!, and levers, II, or substantially equivalent devices, in the described combination with the rake, E N, for the purposes set forth. CIDER MILLS—M. "YV. Helton, of Bloomington, Ind. : I do not claim, separately, the toothed cylinder, C, for that is a common device for grinding apples. Nor do I claim, separately, the screw, D, for that is a well-known device, and is frequently used aa a feeder or conveyor. But I am not aware that a taper screw has been used in connection with a toothed cylinder and stopper.for the purpose set forth. But I claim the arrangement and combination, substantially as set forth, of the yielding stopper, E, tapor screw, D, toothed cylinder, C, and case, A, for the purpose specified. [This invention has for ita object the manufacturing of cider direct from apples at one operation ; that is to say, the grinding of the fruit into pomace, and the expressing of the juice therefrom, by one and tho same machine, and at the same time.] HARVESTERS—Charles Ho well, of Cleveland, Ohio : I claim the revolving seat, when arranged in the manner substantially aa and for the purposes set forth. SEEDING MACHINES—G. W. Hildreth, of Lockport, N. Y. : I claim the combination and arrangement of the bar, L2, levers, I/, horizontal fee t, 1, and set screw, C, with the cylindrical seed distributors, F, the whole being constructed, arranged, and operated in the manner described, and for the purpose set forth. JOURNAL BOXKS—D. A. Hopkins, of Pateraon, N. J. : I am aware that various arrangements and constructions of ledges and flangea, both internal and external, have been used to secure the anti-friction metal in its casing or backing, and that various forms and sizes of bearings have been used, some of which occupy a no greater portion of a circle around the journal than mine. But I aia not aware that in any case the lclges for retaining the bearing have been so constructed nfl tn completely surround said bearing, extending to its extreme edge, in such a manner as to secure all parts of its borders from eacape, should they be broken. Neither am I aware that in any case the combined construction of the anti-friction metal and backing has been such as to give a narrow bearing of the anti-friction metal or lining upon the top of the axle, while at the same time a contingent or occasional side bearing was furnished by the backing, aa described and shown, or that in airy case that side of the backing which is next the axle has been so made as to fit it, and thus allow the bearing metal to be completely, worn away, with the exception of the ledges used for keeping it in place. The particular improvements which I claim are, first, Providing the housing with a diaphragm, aa described, or in manner equivalent, to prevent or nearly destroy the formation of currents of air, caused by the end play of the axle into and out of th'e housing. Second, The combination of a boas, or its equivalent, upon the axle, with ita location inside of the housing, and the feeding of the oil only to that portion of the axle not between the packing and the boss, as set forth, said boss being formed by turning a recesa in the axle, or by any other convenient meana. Third, Combining with the housing a movable stuffing box which surrounds the journ id,and may be moved with it, without opening a passage for air or dust into the housing, the parts being combiued, arranged, and operating substantially aa set forth, for the purposes stated. Fourth, The combination of the backing, F, with the bearing brass, I, when both are constructed and com-. bined substantially as described, for the purposes stated. FIRE TONGS—Daniel Moore, of Brooklyn.N. Y. : I claim the slide, e, and tongue,,i, attached to the respective sides of the legs ofthe tongs, and acting in the manner and for the purposes substantially as specified. STRAW CUTTERS—W. O. Hickock, of Harriaburgh,. Pa. : I do not claim the feed rollerSj E F. Nor do I claim, broadly, the crushing cylinders, J K, nor the rotating cutters, h. But I claim, first, The reciprocating serrated plate, G, in combinatio n with knives, h, arranged to operate substantially as and forthe purpose set forth. Second, lTie toothed crushing cylinders, J K, rotating with different speed, In combination with the plate, G, and knives, li, the whole being arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This invention consists in the employment of a reciprocating serrated plate in connection with oblique or diagonal reciprocating, or rotating cutters, so arranged that straw, corn-stalks, and other sub3tances usually cut by such machines, for fodder, are cut with greater facility and expedition than usual. Crushing rollers are also used in connection with the cutters, so that corn-stalks can be cut and crushed at one operation.] SNOW Pi.owg—Franklin L. Knapp, of Gosport, N. Y.: I do not claiM throwing off the snow on the different sides of the machine at the will of the operator, as this has been done before. But I claim the combination and arrangement of the inclined platform, provided with perpendicular knives, F F; horizontal knives, W W, and plows, v v, with the sliding gates, m m, and their corresponding doors, said slide gates being operated by means of lever wheels, P P, and shaft, R, all being so arranged and operated tlmt the. enow maybe cut and all thrown off, either on one side or the other of the machine, or at different depths, and at different distances, and different quantities, on either side of the machine, that the nature of the case may require, as fully set forth and described. STEAM PLOWS—Pierce Klingle, of Linnaen Hill, D. C. : I claim the combination ofthe driving wheels, B B, and pbws, P P, with the steering wheels, D D, the whole being constructed, arranged, and operated substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. PICKERS FOR LOOMS—Zebulon Lyford, of Lowell, Mass. : I claim retaining or confining the picker material, C, by means of the curb, B, or its equivalent, to prevent wear and destruction by the picks or blows of the shuttle, substantially in the manner and for the purposes fully net forth. MACHINES *'OR SPLITTING COAT.—John H. Lyon, of Baltimore, Mfl.:' I claim the arrangement for joint operation, in the manner and for the purposes described, ofthe spiked endless belt, K, and the picks, H H', driven by percussion, substantially as specified. MACHINES FOR GATHERING STONKB—James H. May-dole, of Eaton, N. Y. : I claim, first. So constructing the scoops, and so arranging them in reference to, and in combination with, the other parts, that they will strike the earth and stones directly endwise in passing over the aprou, and as they riae, be turned or rotated to retain the stonen, as described. Second, So constructing the fingers of the scoops, and so arranging them in conne otion with those ofthe apron, that they shall cover thefingera ofthe apron instead of the spaces between them, as set forth. Third, The combined adjustment of the carriage, and ofthe scoops upon it, described, by which the apron and aeoops may be maintained at different angles at the same hight, or at the same an.- le at different hights fro m or in the ground, or both varied at pleasure, aa set forth. MACHINES FOR SOWINR FERTILIZERS—William H. May, of Alexandria, Va., and Charles W. Coontz, of Winchester, Va. : We claim the combination of a metal ferfule or thimble, J, wooden shaft K, and metal stirringarms, K K', when said ferrule is arranged on the lower end of the shaft, and the stirring arms furnished with a screw thread, and connected with, and f astened to, the thimble and shaft, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [This invention consists in arranging a series of vertical wooden shafts, armed with radial metal stirring arms, within a guano or fertilizer hopper of a seed drill, the stirrer arms being attached lay means of screws on their ends, which allow of their attachment and detachment in a ready manner; and the lower ends ofthe shafts being encircled by a metal ferrule, which prevents the splitting of the same when subject to great strain, and when being bored or punched to receive the arms. The arms ofthe shaft revolve horizontally, and cut up and effect the discharge ofthe fertilizing agent through passages in the bottom of the hopper. Thisia a good attachment to seed drills.] TABLE REFRIGERATORS— Charles A. McEvoy, of Richmond, Va. ; I do not use, nor do I claim, double airtight aid-s, such as are used in water or ice pitchers. But I claim a combined ice-diah and cover cooler, constructed as described, with the tubes or outlets, B B,in connection with the ice-pan. A, an annular space c c, and having the apertures, D D, in the external casing, the several parts being relatively arranged, as and for the purpose specified. CONSTRUCTION OF THE PERMANENT WAY OF HAIL-ROADS—James E. McConnell, of Wolverton, England, and William Seaton, of Chester Place, Regent's Park, England. Patented in England, June 24,1852: What we consider to be novel and original, and forming the main feature a of this invention is, the system or mode of constructing the permanent way of railways described, consisting in the use of right-angled triangular longitudinal sleepers and cross-ties in combination with wrought iron rails, wiien the latter are constructed on the plan specified, and when all the parts constituting the railway are united together, and arranged i n relation to each, other, in tho manner and for the pu rpoees set forth. DEVICE FOR CONNECTING Tins PANELS OF FIRT-D FENOKS—Rensselaer Merrill, of Klmira, N. Y. : I do not claim simply hinging ouo panel to another, as that lias before been done. But I claim the combination and arrangement of the alternate anchored or fixed panels, G, with the movable panels, II, whenthe same are connected by memis ofthe hooked or recessed locking joints and keys, in the manner and Ior the purpose get forth. RAILROAD CAR SPRINGS—Stephen Morse, of Springfield, Masa. : I claimthe combination of the metal lie cuia, A A, fitting into each other, as described, filled with pieces or parts of india rubber which has been used, and in a measure worn out, when mixed with sponge, cork, or cotton, or any other substance, which, under coDipresaion, will prevent the indiarubberirom solidifying. I also claim casting one of the cups in the recess of the jaw, in order to strengthen it, while, at the same time, the cup thus cast forms a part of the spring. COTTON BALE floors—John McMurtry, of Lexington, Ky. ; 1 claim,first, Splitting one endot a cotton bale hoop so that it may be contracbed or expanded in width as maybe required, in order to effect the locking ofthe hoop around the bale without slack, substantially as set forth. Second, The combination of the split and shouldered end ofthe cotton bale hoop with the slotted end, in the manner described and for the purpose set forth. [A notice of this will be found on another page.] COTTON SEED PLANTERS—Daniel B. Neal, of Mount Gilead, Ohio : I claim the arrangement of the adjustable bottoms, C aud g, with the sliding cover, D, and cylinders, F F, all operated as set forth and for the purpose fully described. SEWING MACHINES—Abner N. Newton.of Richmond, Ind.: First,-I claim the slotted lever, D, in combination with mortised lever, C, for the purposes set forth. Second, I claim the combination of levers, C D, with the needle bar, I, in the manner described. RAILROAD TRACK-CLEARERB—Pelatiah Osgood, of Waterville, Me. : I claim the mode of supporting each scraper, viz., by a chain, or itaequjvalent, the swinging bar, BorB', aud the horizontal bar or "bare thereof, connected with the frame, F, substantially aa specified. I also claim combining with each scraper supporter, made as described, a balancing spring, I, or equivalent device, and a pressure spring,!, to operate in manner and for the purpose specified. I also claim the particular mode of making each scraper, viz., with a cleaning notch at its heel, and a riding curve at its toe, or inner end. 1 also claim applying the wing bars of the scrapers to their supporting bars, BO that the former may have a lateral swing or play, and connecting the two swing bars, substantially aa specified, viz.,by aj-odandaprinK, orequivalent devices, the whole being in order that the scrapers, while being drawn over the track, niay be preserved in close contact with the inner edges of its rails, and pass obstructions, however the distance between the rails may vary. GRAIN MILLS—Philander Perry, of Troy. N. Y. : I claim, first, The arranging two eccentric plates or disks upon one shaft, both pjates revolving in opposite directions, for the purposes specified. Second, The arranging an eccentric cone upon an eccentric and revolving plate, in connection with crackers placed within the concave surface of the convex receiver, for the purposes specified. Third, The manner of arranging the gearing upon the fly wheel and eccentric plate, for the purposes specified. Fourth, The arranging a stationary hopper on an eccentric and revolving plate, for the purpoae specified. HARVESTERS—H. A. Parkhurst, of Fairfield, N. Y. : I do not claim connecting the finger-bar to the main frame by a hinge joint. Neither do I claim a double-jointed coupling-piece. But I claim connecting the finger-bar to the main frame by means of the intermediate frame, B' O and O', the same being hinged to the front and rear croas-tim-bers of the main frame, in a line, or nearly so, with the crank shaft, for the purpose of relieving the drag of the finger-bar upon the ground, and allowing it to conform to uneven surfaces without varying the throw of the cutters through the guards, substantially as set forth. Second, I claim the arrangement of the mechanism, at described, for the purpose of raising and lowering the main frame of the machine. Third, I claim making the finger-bar in the " ogee " form, Bothatthe base of the guardsmay be placed upon and fastened to the upper side thereof, and at the same time support the cutter-bar in rear ofthe front curve of the finger-bar, substantially as set forth. ROTARY VALVE-Thomas Richards, of Plattsburgh, N. Y. : I claim, in combination with a continuously rotating valve plate, having the four cavities, E, and closedspaces between them, the ports or passages, A and B? which communicate respectively with opposite ends ot the cylinder, and the steam and exhaust ports or passages, C D, crossing each other at the center of the valve, the whole arranged and operating substantially iii the manner and for the purpose set forth. STAVE MACHINE—William Robinson, of Augusta, Ga. : I claim the a elf-adjusting bar, E, and cap piece, D, in combination with the knives, k k', substantially as and for the purposes set forth. I also claim the combination of the expanding guide plates with the rotary cutters, v v, arranged and operating as set forth. I further claim the longitudinal piece, G-, spring dog, q, pressure roller, r, and stationary cutter, S, in combination with each other and the rotary cutters. RAILROAD CAR WHEELS—Seymour Rogers, of Pitts-burg, Pa. : I claim so constructing a railroad car wheel that the rtm thereof may revolve independent of the huh, when required, substantially as and forthepur pose set forth. I further claim inserting a spring or springs therein, substantially aa and for the purposes described. BOXES FOU RECEIVING MONEY IN CARRIAGES. &C— James Rodgers, of New York City : I do not claim a glass receptacle to receive money to be deposited in a drawer beneath. But I claim the movable glass slide, f, to the receptacle or hopper, kept at the bottom to the fixed glass, c, by spring or other equivalents, and acting in the manner and for the purposes specified. I also claim connecting the cover, e, of the money receptacle to a bell, for the purpose of attracting the driver's attention when money is placed in said receptacle, aa specified. I also claim, in combination with said bell connected to the cover of the money receptacle, the slide, m, and dog, 11, to call attention of passengers to the payment of their fares as specified. HARVESTERS—Charles Roberts, of Livonia, N. Y: : I do not claim separately the separator, K, for that is in common use. Nor do I claim, broadly, a toothed cylinder and concave irrespective ofthe arrangement shown and described. But I claim the arrangement and combination of the peculiarly curved teeth, d d', concave, H, elevator, L, separator, K, and elevator, M, as and for the purposes set forth. [This is an improvement in that class of harvesters by which the grain only is harvested, the straw being allowed to remain standing in the field. The invention consists in the peculiar means employed for detaching the grain from the straw, and also iii the means used for properly presenting the grain to the detaching device. The grain in this* machine is also separated from foreign substances.] RAILROAD CAR SPRINGS—D. B. Rogers, of Pittsburgh Pa. : I do not claim the so bending of a plate or a number of plates, so as to form leaves of such shape that when placed one above the other, that the highest and lowest points of one leaf shall be in contact with the lowest and. highest points respectively of tho next ad-jaceut leaf, as recently patented. Hut I claim, first, The forming a spring of a square plate of thin Bteel by binding the four corners in one direction, or two corners in one direction, and the other two in anopnoaite direction, as described. Second. iAaimtlu; fo fag of a spring of one piece ol thin plat-e-steel. wiMi antagonistic bearings, by which obtained a conttal edutKbrium in or between a sucece sion of squares, as au&j&antially described. WARDROBE Bisi/dneADS— ChandlerRobbins, of Chica- o, III. : I am aware that preas bedsteads have before eon used ; but I am not aware the pecnlkr arrangement, construction and combination specified have ever before been known or used. Therefore— I claim the arrangement of the attachment of the sacking to the bar, I, with the strap, e e, for huldlng the bed and clothes in position, substantially as described. VOLUTE SPRINGS—D. G. Rollin, of New York City : I wish it to be understood that I do not confine myself to the peculiar manner in which the double volute spring is made, or to the peculiar machinery which I have described ior making it, as these may be varied without affecting the principle of my invention. But I claim a double volute spring constructed substantially aa described, having the form of two volutes rigidly connected so as to form a single spring. FASTENING OF CAST IRON BETDSTEADS—A. C. Semple, of New York City : I claim fastening the corners of bedsteads and othersimilarfurniture by the mitre joint and the projections on the rails or sides, and the projections on the legs or supports catching behind them, by which the parts form their own fastening and mutually support each other, substantially as fet forth. SPIKE MACUTNE—Leander Shearer, of Duncannon, Pa. : I am aware that machines for making spikes have been so constructed as to cut and point the spike simultaneously by the compression of the dies, and also that machines have been so made as to point the spike by the compression of dies while the Bar was cut byaf 203 knife at the heading end, and do not wish to be understood as claiming any such devices. But I claim the application of the cutter, D, acting against the cutting edge, a, of the feed rest, D', andtha dies, S and S', operating as set forth, in combination with the reciprocating carriage, C, vibrating lever, L, and header lever, G-, with its header, F, the whole constructed and operating substantially as described. SAW Mnxs—Charles Strong, of Hartford, Vt. : I claim the arrangement shown and described of the working levers, A A, axis, B, oscillating pendants, D D', bracket lever, K, hinged at b b', to levers, A A, and atgg',to braces, G G', and stirrups, V F', counter levers, k k , straining rods, o o, and rockers, p p', the above parts being combined and operating substantially as and for the purpoaee set forth. FLOWS—Turnoy Sanford, of Redding Ridf e, Conn. : I claim the bara, I) D, F F, in connection with the metallic rods, G- H, and braces, 11, the whole being constructed and arranged relatively with each, and the standard, C, land side, A, and moldboard, B, as shown and nr the purpose set forth. [This plow has its beam rendered adjustable both vertically and laterally, and capable of being secured at any desired point for the purpose of regulating the depth and width of the furrows.] SEED PLANTERS—D. LI. Tilton, of Mount Camel, 111.: I claim the arrangement of the vibrating block, I), ad-jnstable bracket, 10, with or without the valve, H, in the described combination with tho hopper, C, for the purposes set forth. GARDEN TOOLS—H. Von Unwerth, of Salem, Mass. : I laim the combination of the weeder, trowel, and dibble, substantially as described and for the objects specified. CORN HUSKERS—IJ. F. Ward, of Marathon, N. Y. : I claim the belt, k, armed ivith teeth, L L. in combination with the stationary prongs, N N, which catch and hold the husks and yield to let the ears of corn pass or be carried forward b y the belt and teeth, go as to separate the corn from the huska. And in combination with the belt, k, armed as above described, I claim the wires, M M, to clear the husks from the underside of the ears of corn. I claim the wires or prongs, Q Q, or theirlemiivalents, to clear the husks from the teeth5 L L, on the belt, k, substantially as described. I claim the arches, G G-, constructed and arranged substantially aa described in combination with the rotating knives for severing tli e butt-stalk from the ears of corn. WHITE-WASH BRUSH BLOCKS—Charles Williams, of Philadelphia. Pa. : I claitntflrst. The permanent rests, or gages, C C, smd in combination with the same, the slitted and serrated tongue, B, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. Second, Covering the blade with serrated metal substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Third, The slits, F, in the tongue forming part of and intersecting with each tie-hole K, as and .for the purposes set forth. LIGHTING G-AS BY ELECTRO-G-ALVANIC BATTERIES— Archelaus Wilson, of Boston, Mass. : I claim combining with a gas or other burner a vibrating electric conductor, substantially as and for the purpose specified, so that after producing ignition, the conductor shall be removed from the flame, substantially as described. And I also claim the employment of the motive power ot an electro-magnet with the combined vibrating electric conductor and burner substantially as described. SHOE PEG MACHINE— Alijah Woodward, of Keene, N. H. : I do not claim a fluted feed roller and splitting knife combined irrespective of the manner in which the combining is effected. Nor do I claim the arrangement of the roller in an adjustable frame which cannot be adjusted without injuriously affecting the feed movement of the roller. But I claim giving an uniform and arbitrary intermittent rotary motion to the fluted feed roller, whatever may be its adjustment, by means of two bevel wheels, kl, peculiar screw cam, 1, worm wheel, k, and pinions, i j, arranged as follows .-—One of the bevel wheels being on the upper end of a vertical shaft, and the other which must always gear with the first, being on the end of the fluted roller, and both being adjustable so as to suit different thicknesses of peg blocks, without getting out of gear with one another, and with the driving shaft; the cam being so constructed, and its screw thread arranged in such relation to the eccentric pia, which moves the splitting knife, that the feed or movement of the block will always cease or be completed before theknifecommencesto descendand again commences just as the knife has completed its ascent, all substantially aa and for the purpose set forth. [See a description in another portion of this paper.] STRAW CUTTERS—Thomas II. and Daniel T. Willson. of Harrisburg, Pa.: We claim, first, The arrangement of axis of the driving pinion to the yielding feed roller above the axis of said roller as described, when said yielding feed roller vibrates in vertical guides for the purpose set forth. Second, Constructing the feeding trough with inclined openings in its bottom, arranged as described, in order to facilitate the passage of the dirt, and prevent the short pieces of fodderf rom escaping. Third, Constructing the lower feed roller with openings in its periphery lorthe escape of the dirt or other hard materials which collect upon it duiing the passage of the fodderbetween the rollers. Fourth, The combination of the longitudinal ribs on the lower feed roller with the openings in its periphery for the purpose described. HARVESTERS—BenjaminZeakel, of Allentown, Pa. : I claim the combination of the finger, Q, cutters, R. and guard; S, arranged and constructed substantially as described. OSCILLATING STEAM ENGINES—J. S. Barden, of New Haven, Conn., assignor to himself and Aaron AV. Rock-wood, of Boston, Mass. : I do not claim applying the cylinder end the steam chest of a steam engine together, in such manner that the cylinder may turn on the steam chest. Nor do I claim confining them togetlier under such circumstances by moans of an arched bar or strap to extend or turn around or slide on a semi-cylindric surface of the same radius as that of the curved outer surface of the steam chest, snch being shown in the drawings of Letters Patent granted to me by the government of the United States of America, and numbered 14,335and 18,718, But I claim combining with the seini-cylindrical steam chest, H, and the"yokeor bar, I, substantially in manner as specified, a small rocker bearing r, socket, o, and spaces, q q, arranged between or with respect to the valve chest and bar essentially as set forth. I also claim the above described arrangement of the Induction and eduction chambers and their ports in the semi-cylindric steam chest. I also claim the application and arrangement of the two separate rotary cut-ofls, r r, within the induction chamber, J, and with respect to its two sub-ports, h i, as specified. I also claim the combination of mechanism for operating the two cut-offs, the same consisting of the secondary crank, M, the slotted rocker lever, L, the cranks, SS, and the connection bar, K, or its mechanical equivalent I also claim applying the wrist of the secondary crank, M, to the wrist of the primary crank, so that the former may be adjustable with respect to the axis of the primary crank as and for the purpose specified. CVHPKT BEATING MAOIIIHM—Joseph Harris, Jr., of Eoxbmy, Mass,, and Daniel Holmes, of Chelsea, Mass., assignors to said Holmes : We claim the me of the elastic whips, a, connected together at their enda hy the cord, g, in the manner and for the purpose substantially I as described. Second, We claim placing an elastic cushion, L, in Ulront of the carpet for the whips to strike on in the* man-S ner and fur the purpose substantially as described. Third, We claim the vibrating beaters, f. for beating the opposite surface of the carpet, arranged and operating substantially as specified. CONSTRUCTION AND ARRANGEMCNT OF THR WEIGHING MEOIIANISM APPLIED TO CAflrs OF COAL DEALERS AND OTHERS—Joh'n Hartman, Jr., (assignor te John Hart-man, Sr.,) of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim, first, Supporting the platform lever, C and C, directly upon the axle tree, E, and the cross-piece, F, which is fixed to the thill timbers, substantially in the manner and for purposes set forth and described. Second, I claim the'use of the friction rollers, 1L so that their axles shall serve as the weight points to the levers, C and C, the same baing applied to the levers fl o as to operate substantially in the manner and for the purposes eet forth and described. Third, I also claim the combination of the vertically slotted plates, ff, rigidly fixed to the axle-tree, K, and the thill pieces, B B, as described, with the friction rollers, g a, working in the said slots and upon the journals, h h, fixed in the frame of the cart body as described, so as to operate together in the manner and for the purposes set forth and described. SCISSORS SHARPENER—George Ilinman (assignor to himself and JohnH. Pardee), of New Haven, Conn : I claim Biaking or producing a scissors sharpener as a new article of manufacture, when constructed and made to operate substantially in either of theways particularly described and set forth. MANNER OF ATTACHING LEGS TO WALKING LOCOMOTIVES—S. G-. Hoge (assignor to himself and K- H. St John, of same place, and J, E. Leas, of Dayton, Ohio)j of Beliefontaine, Ohio ; I am fully aware that machines or land conveyances have been moved or actuated by leg-like or perambulating devices, sueh, however, as an original principle of invention, I do not claim. But I claim the construction and arrangement of the sliding bare, ooooo, with pendent hinged legs or perambulating devices, P P P P, and the combination thereof, with the connecting rods, n n, and the wheels, 111, J J J, when operated substantially in the manner described and set forth. CARRYING OFF SMOKE FROM LOOOMOTIVES IN ENGINB HOUSES—J. O. D. Lilly, J. L. Vauclain, andJ.W. Lilly, of Lafayette, lnd. : We do not intend to claim tbe movable hood as new in itself. Neither do we claim, broadly, the idea of conducting smoke from a movable furnace into a stationary flue. But we claim the described construction and arrangement of the movable hood, F, or its equivalent, adopted to fit closely over the top of a locomotive funnel, when used in combination with conducting flues, D E, stationary furnace, B, and stack, C, for the purposes specified. BRICK- MACHINES—Daniel Lombard (assignor to him-selt and G. F. Richardson), of Boston, Mass. : I claim combining with the brick-making machinery a means ot heating the condensory roller. F, as described. I also claim the combination of the gage E, constructed as described, the scraper, G-, and the condensing roller, F, with'the'hopper, B, the molding wheel, C, and mixers, D D, the whole being arranged as and for the purpose specified. OMNIBUS FARE BOX—I. S. Reeves (assignor to himself and J. B. Slawson), of New Orleans, La. : I claim the glass plates, i and f, as arranged in connection with the sliding table, m, the whole being operated in the manner substantially as and for the purpose set forth. ILATHH FOR CUTTING TENONS FOR CLOCK MOVEMENTS—Russel Peck, of Bristol, Conn., assignor to himself and G. H. Wooster, of New York City : I do not claim any of the described parts separately or irrespective of the arrangement as shown, for they or their equivalents, when separately considered, have been used for analogous purposes. But I claim the clamp formed ofthe bars, J K, when arranged and combined with the mandrels, C C, and gage, I, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [The inventor employs two cutter heads attached to vibrating mandrels, so arranged that both operate or move simultaneously, and uses in connection with them a clamp peculiarly constructed, and a gage, the whole being arranged to cut tenons in metal bars with ease and perfection.]" SPRING-BED BOTTOMS—Chas. Schroeder, (assignor to himself and P. H. Tuska), of New York City : I am well aware that helical springs coiled upon rods have been employed in bed bottoms, &c, and, of course, I make no claim broadly to that device. But I claim the spring bottom constructed as described. WASHING MACHINES—Benjamin R. Smith, of East Whiteland, Pa,, assignor to John Hellings, of West Whitelimd, Pa. : I claim the combination of the guides and bearers, with the seat of the queen post, and the lever hook, F, as before set tortli, for the shifting of the movable worker from its concave bed. RE-ISSUES MOLDS FOR CASTING PENCIL SHARPENERS—W. K. Foster, of Bangor, Me. Patented April 17, 1855: I claim, in combination with the matrix for casting pr torming the hollow conical or bell-shaped body of a pencil sharpener, essentially as described, a device or mechanism for holding the blade in the matrix, and one for forming the chip throat of such blade and body during the process of casting or founding the said body on the blade as specified. And in combination with a device or mechanism for holding the blade in the matrix, I claim a slider or device for supporting its back while such blade is in contact with the core and the throat slide or former. I also clsiim making the core, d, with a groove, b', arranged in its onter surface in manner and for the purpose as set forth; or in other words, combining with the said core and the mechanism for holding the blade, a groove arranged in the core, substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. I also claim the mode of making the throat slide or chip mouth former, A, viz., in two parts or plates, j, p, applied respectively to the two parts, i 1, of the mold, essentially in manner and for the purpose as described. I also cl aim combining with the base, a, its core, d, and the parts, i 1, of the mold, when applied to each other substantially as described, and adjustable gage or stop, k, arranged on the base plate or in other respects so as to operate essentially as set farth. PRINTING PRESS—George P. Gordon, of New York City. Patented Aug. 31, 1852 : 1 wish it to be distinctly understood that Ido not claim the periphery of a cylinder, as a necessary form for a distributing surface for the ink, nor the segment of a cylinder to form a place for the impression works, bed, and forin of types, so arranged as to be held by catches or stops in a proper position to receive the impression, or to be turned over any required distance to receive the form, as in the Voorhees press. But I claim, first, The arrangement of a distributing cylinder or segment of a cylinder, or other suitable form of distributing surface which shall Always be held or fixed in the desired position, without resort to stops, latches, or other secondary and movable attachments, and at the same time allow the rollers, or sets oirollers, to move unimpeded in an onward direction around or over it, for the purpose of distributing the ink evenly, and meeting and inking the -form of the types in their transit, one set after the other, at each succeeding passing over the distributing surface and form of types performing its proper duties, the *whole being one continuous operation. Second, I claim carrying two or more sets of rollers, in an onward direction around and over a distributing surface or surfaces and a type-bed, when such sets j of rollers shall admit an impression to be taken ! immediately after the passage of each set of rollers consecutively, whether the rollers are carried in the precise manner set forth, or by some equivalent mechani- cal contrivance to produce a like result—that is to say, the allowing of several sets of roUyra, alternately or consecutively to pass over or around tne distributing surface and the form of types, and admit of an impression to be taken between the time one of the sets of rollers leaves the form and the next set arrives at it, for the purpose of giving a BIQW motion to the inking with rapid impressions upon the same form of type, thus effecting more speed as regards the number of impressions in a given time, as set forth. Third, I claim the arrangement of a fixture to the frame and forming a part thereof, one on each side of the press extending inwards towards its longitudinal center of tubular projections or studs, or staves, or shoulders, or their equivalents, for the purpose of supporting both the bed and inking apparatus, or either of them, upon such tubes or projections while at the same time the frame orroller carriage may be snugly fitted to the outside of such tubes, so as to have its bearing and revolve upon it, and the projecting tubes form the journal boxes in which the main shaft rests and revolves, each of these by different gearing and at different speeds, if need be, so that by the use of such pro jectiug studs may be effected chiange of speed between the inking rollers and the impression shaft, all working upon and from one general center. Also the separate revolving of the rollers upon the outside of the same, regardless of where the main may be placed, studs forming supports for the inking and impression apparatus. Fourth, I do not claim the continuous sheet, nor feeding a continuous sheet of paper to a printing press, but I do claim the arrangement of the gage, 1, snides, 2, pawlb, cranks, S, andd', rod, e', pin,f, and wheels, a", in combination with the shears for cutting off the sheet after it is printed, and the cam, y, from which it re-recelvea ite motion, the whole of the parts operating as described, all of which is fully described and set forthp SAFETY INDICATORS FOR STEAM BOILERS—Lucius J. Knowles, of Warren, MaBS. Patented Feb. 10, 1857 : I do not claim a single expansion chamber or vessel connected with the. steam space and also with the water in the boiler, for the purpose of either regulating the feed of "the pumps or of sounding an alarm. But I claim the deaciibea arrangement ofthe vessels, C and D, as applied and conuected with the feed pumps and steam whistle, for the purpose of regulating the pump and sounding an alarm, as set .forth. Second, I also claim connecting the pipe, I, with the boiler, by means of the feed pipe, B, as set forth for the purpose, described. BILLIARD CUES—Conrad Leicht, of New York City. Patented May 27,1856 : I claim my mode of providing said cue tops or the cues with screws, and adjusting them to each other in the manner as above substantially described. CARDING MACHINES—8. R. Parkhurt, of New York City. Patented June 20,1848 : I claim the application of the steel ring toothed cylinder, or cylinders, to act as combers, workers, or doff ers, in combination with common wire tooth carding, for the purpose of quicker and moreeff'ectivelyopeningwool and other fibrous materials, substantially in the manner described and shown. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS. LIME KILNS—Powell Griscom and Chas. S. Denn, of Baltimore. Patented Nov. 17, 1857: We claim the combination of the transverse partition, M, with the oblong inverted pyramidal basin, B, oblong stack, E, and enlarged draft fine?, L, when said fluesare used as auxiliary furnace doors, the whole being arranged substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [This is described on another page.] EXTENSION. STRAW CUTTERS—H. M. Smith, of Richmond, Va. Patent dated Feb. 20, 1844 : I claim the combination of the guard, H, with the curved knife, and arm constructed and operating for the purpose described and set forth. DESIGNS. COMPASS STAUDS—E. A. Tuttle and Thomas Barry, of New York City. TFA AND COFEEE POTS—Allen Leonard, of Hartford, Conn., assignor to Rogers Brothers Manufacturing Company of the same place. STOVE PLATES—N. S. Vedder and Ezra Ripley (assignors to Louis Potter), of New York City.