ILLUSTRATIONSA Alarm, burglar (Proctor) 209 Alarm, magneto-electric burglar (Haller) 31)5 Auger, combination (Hathaway) 245 B Barometer (Woodruff) 148 Beehive (Hawkins) 20 Belt-shifter (Goar) 384 Bier and mode of lowering coffins (Scarlett) 22ft Boat, buggy (Davis) 144 Bolt, window (Reeve) 4!)6 Box-making machinery (Drake) 312 Box, stuffing (Campbell) l;33 Brake, railroad car (Perkins) 40 Brake, self-acting wagon (Norville) 104 Bru"h, finger-nail (Thomson) 53 i c Candle-molding machine (Stanley) 81 Cannon, breech-loiidiug (Brown) 240 Carriage tor common roads, steam (Rickett) 1 Caster, furniture (Fry) 32 Clothe a-washer (Patterson & Ramsey) 160 Clutch, friction (Knickerbocker) 120 Clutch, faction (Wright) 104 Cock, valve (Nickerson &, Uolton) 64 Collector, foam (Gardner) 201 Composing-stick, printers' (Brown) 112 Condenser (Brown) 132 Coru-sheller and cleaner (Hubbler, Mc- Giath & Richards) 328 Cotton-cleaner (Johnson) 296 Coupling, belt (Fairfax) 261 Coupling, sleigh (Sutton) 344 Cow-mukev (Colvin) 4 Crimping machine (Wing) 176 Cultivator, cotton (Gatling) 232 Dividers, spring (Strange) 336 Door-closing apparatus (Stewart) 293 Dry-dock, hydraulic lifting (Crandail) 406 E Electro-magnet (Holcorab) 264 Elevator, brick (Ohristman) 337 Engine, double oscillating (Otis) 161 Engine, steam (Randall) 96 Excavator (Benedict & Curamings) 241 Extractor, rock and stump (Bates) 97 Extractor, stump (Parish) 120 Faucet (Flattery) 136 Felloes, tool for rounding (Dennison) 353 Felting machine (Leaaman) 168 Fence machine, picket (Moore & Kelly) 65 File, portfolio paper (Jacobs) 264 Fire-escape (Burton) 145 Fire-escape (Holwell) 33 a Galley, printers' (Brown) 112 Governor for ateam engines (Gardner) 272 Governor, gyrascope (Anderson) 193 Grain-drying and evaporating apparatus (McUulloch) 184 "Great Eastern," the mammoth steamship (Brunei) 24, 25 Gridiron (Brooks &, Gmver) 168 Hammer, trip (Howell) 48 Harrow (Russell) 8 Head-cutter, barrel (Hutchinson) 288 Head-cutter1 barrel (McNish) 113 Heater, sad-iron (Andrews) 64 Heel guard for overshoes and boots (Harris) 304 Hub band (Boughton) 304 Hub, metallic carriage (Boarrtman) 32 Huller, rice and clover (Burrows) 80 Injector (Giffard) 260 Iron, appaiatus for refining (Be) 373 Jack, screw (Kearney) 176 Journal" anti-friction (Pratt) 229 * K Keyboard, chromatic (Philippi) 320 L Lamp (Guthrie) 160 Lamp chimney, mica (Humphrey) 69 Lamp, coal-nil (Jones) 42 Lamp, gas-burner (Hopkins & Anderson) 7 Latch, door (Slaight) 376 Lathe (Baldwin) 17 Leather-splitting machine (Chapman) 136 Lock, canal (Davies) 385 M Magneto-electric apparatus (Baker) 289 Meter, dry gas (Gratz & Llnrd) 360 Mill, hominy (Donaldson) 123 Pin, shawl (Brown) 224 Plane, bench (Hunt) 48 Planer, combination (Stover) 369 Planter, hand drill seed (Barber) 216 How, snow.(Huntington) 401 Potato-digger (Bawden) 152 Pres?, card (Clarkson) 257 Press, combination (Randel) 363 Pump (Selfridge) 216 Pump, (ran (Gwinne) 184 Pump motion (Wade) 68 a Qrarti-enijher Du Bob) V R Rake, horse (Homan) 392 Rake, horse (Schnebly) 192 Regulator, gas (Wheeler & Wilson) 362 Relay and sounder (Bradley) 200 Road-scraper (Peck) 5 Roofing, machine for making plates for (Beacb) 3158 s Sandpapering machine (Munzer) 296 Sash, window (Fry) 8 Sausage-cutter and tiller (Bonnet) 100 Saw, grooving (Hughfielrl) 248 Saws, hanging (Weston) 3(18 Sewing machine (Moore) 72 Sewing machine (Perkins) 138 Sewing machine, loop check for (Morton) 69 Shingle machine (Hall) 129 Skate (Fogg) 3ia Skate and ankle-brace (Blondin)352 Smoke-burning apparatus (Williams) 328 Soil-breaking and pulverizing machine (Gatling) 225 Soldering-iron (Patee) 101 Sounding apparatus (Van Densen) 392 Springs, steel (Jerrold & Beggs) 4U0 Stop, window (Howland) 32 Stove, gas-cookiug (Shaw) 56 Stitch, sewing machine (Davis) 148 Street-sweeping machine, self-adjusting (ISdaon) 16 Threshing machine (Willbnnks) 4 Train for manufacturing "choice" brown sugar from cane juice, connected steam (Gilbert &, Ames) 325 Trap, animal (Wright) 122 Trap, steam (Upham) 248 Trigonometer, protracting (Lyman) 341 Valve, slide (Stoddard) 177 Vehicles, mode of hanging wheel (Brad-field) 152 Veneer-cutter (Cook) 344 Ventilator, car (Hamilton & Neilson) 224 Vessels, apparatus for buoying (Lincoln) 356 Vise, bench (Beardsley) 20 Vise, bench (Clark) 200 w Watch-key and guard-bar (Elmer) 192 Water-drawer (Daykin) 256 Wheel, car (Bourshett) 56 Wheel, carriage (Schelly) 72 Wheel, Jonval turbine wilier (Stevenson) 164 Wheel, turbine water (Collins) 273 Wheel, water (Blocher) 288 Wheel, water (Gushing) 49 Wheel, water (Littlepage) 321 Wheel, water (Martin) 376 Wheel, water (Swain) 244 Windmill, the American (Fletcher) S3 Wool-folder (Edwards) 232 MISCELLANY. Advertisements 14, 30, 46, 62, 78, 94,110. 126, 142, 158, 174, 190, 206, 223" 239, 254, 271, 280, 303, 318, 335, 351, 367, 382, 399 Agriculture in the United States,261 Air, night, 262 Ambassadors and the New York Chamber of Commerce, the Japanese 23 "Arabia," a thrilling narrative of the escape of the steamer 212 Architects-attention ! American 96 Architecture, American naval 19, 71,119, 138,182, 210, 229, 243, 261, 3U8, 354 Art iu the Arctic regions 23 Arts, the lost 21 Association for the advancem ent of science, the American 101,117, 132 Association for the advancement of science, the British 82, 98 Association, hydraulic 312 Association of the American Institute, Polytechnic 6, 22, 39, 214, 231, 278, 299,310,330,343,359,374 Association, the American Engineers' 90, 199, 277, 332, 371, 389 Association, Ashcroft'" reply to the Engineers' 403 Atomic theory^ a simple apparatus for illustrating the 35 Attraction and conduction 151 Aurora borealis, the noise of 115, 215 Avoirdupois, a hit at 195 B Balloonist, perils of a 283 Balloons usefully applied 50 Rath, a novel hot-air 38* Barometer a useful instrument, the 194 Bells and their manufacture 281 Belting getting smooth, rubber 294 Bible, Cassell's illustrated 227 Bier, the empty (poetry) 228 Bier? what is lager 21, 85 Billiard-player, a wonderful 249 Boat-lowering apparatus, Davidson's 309 Boats by locomotives, a plan for drawing canal 112 Boilers andthecau3e, explosions of 105, 178, 314, 386 Boilers, encasing steam 379 Boilers, Holmes'rule for setting steam 154 Boilers, scale in steam 241 Boilers, steel steam 378 Booksand ppriodicals received, new 10, i'% 94, t-~, 158, 190, 219, 254, 266, 285, 317, 350, 364, 382, 398, 410 Boys, talk with, the 103, 185,150", 178, 215,247, 358, 374, 390*, 405 Brakes, self-acting continuous railroad * Figures followed by "tars refer to Illustrated articles. Bread, an improvement in baking licht 19, 52,130,149 Bridge, Niagara railroad suspension 185 Bridges, origin of iron 136 Butter-making 58 Buildings in the world, the high est 31u c Cable an American invention, the improved telegraph lol Cable, a new way to lay the Atlantic 102 Cable ever speak? did the Atlantic 86 Cable, the last of the Atlantic 133 Cane in Europe, the Chinese sugar 5 Car and locomotive combined 340 Carriages for streets and roads, steam 345 Case, the great spike 54 Cave, a wonderful 51 Cell life 36* Charcoal as a disinfectant 5 Children physiologically, rearing 40l Chlorine 326 Churches, great 326 Circulation and aerial navigation, atmospheric 386 Claims, lists of patent 11, 27, 43, 59, 75, 91, 107, 122, 139, 155, 171, 187,20,1, 219, 235, 251, 267, 284, 300, 317, 332, 348, 3T)4, 380, 396 Clocks, new American 73 Cloth and paper incombustible, how to make 228 Clothing, safety 407 Coal, waste 377 Coating for patterns used in molding 163 Columns, large marble 288 Columas, the strength of cast iron 50 Commencement, Polytechnic College, 74 Complimentary* enthusiastically 263 Controversy, Silver's "marine governor" 99 Cotton crop, the last 267 Cotton plant, improvements in the 213 Cotton plant, the northern 276 Cotton, the supply of 363 Copper, the emelting of Lake Superior 162 Corn and cob mill, improved 363 Correspondence, our special 2,18, 34, 50, 66,85,198,218,233,250 Correspondence, our "Washington 34, 154,164 Correspondence, our western 163, 202 Crank, the 211, 277* Crop, first fruits of a 192 Crops per acre, actual yield of 293 Cy amir et of potassium once more, the 246 Cyclopedia, Appleton's 408 D Dentifrice, a pernicious 98 Dentifrices 216 Discoveries and inventions abroad 298, 342 Drill, an extraordinary military 71 Drilling machine for steamship and other purposes, M. A- Soul & Co.'s portable adjustable 276* Dry goods, how New York sells 278 Dundonald, death of Lord 346 Dye, the mauve 277 Dyuamometer, rotary 213* E Earth, the final destiny of the 233 Eclipse, what was learned by the observations on the late 177 Economy in steam power required, closer 329 Education, scientific vs. classical 137 Electricity, atmospheric 73 Klectricity in woolen mills 391 Electricity of the torpedo, the 336 Electro-magnetism, picking ore by 387 Engine, a new caloric 193 Engine, contract for a steam fire 186 Engine for manufacturing purposes, the best form of steam 29 Engine, great feat of the Blandy steam 272 Engine, new steam fire 331 Engine, romance of the steam 37L*, 388*, "404* Engine, room for improvement in the steam 233 Engine, Sterling's hot air 379 Eupine, theoretical economy of the air '307 Engine, the original steam fire 8 Engine, "Whipple's air 356 Engines at Rensselaer county fair, Troy, N. Y., report of the trial of steam fire 234, 247 Engines, explosive 393 Engines, marine 4 Engines, the working of steam 51 Engineers, practical directions for marine 304, 358, 390, 405 Engineering, the novel feat in 272 Expansion, a decisive experiment in favor of 262 Expedition, sailing of the Arctic 51 Experiments, steam 356 Explosions (see Boilers) Eye backward, an 407 F Facts, interesting 360 Fairs for]860, aericultural 116, 186 Fairs, industrial 3 Faraday, sketch of professor 354' Feed pump question, the 357 Filtering medium, new 8 Filters, construction of cider 179 "Fire Dart," trial "rip of the 362 Fireworks wanted, improvements in 80 Florida was formed, the way 324 Flying machine wanted-$1,000 reward. a 83 Flying machines-a bird-woman 165* Flying machines in the future 165* Foam breaker, a 347 Forces, physical (,=ee Lecturrs) Porta with iron plates, facing 266 Friction 49, 100,115,229 Friends, to our 39:i Fuel, value of different kind 3 of 395 Furnaces, the firing of 34 G Gas, biMilplilde of carbon in^on3 11* Gas, feet" about coal 1S Gas, melting zinc by 197 Gas, water 57, 114,313, 315,346,347 Gage, Pinel's magnetic water 212* Gardening, American landscape 105 Generation of plants and animals, spon taneous 392 Genius, prosperity and gratitude of 119 Gilding and silver plating, new process of 176 Glass, the porosity of 179 Glutine 311 Goat, the Cashmere 283 Gold and its effect upon commerce and society, the accumulation of 153 Gold-"ho, for Pike's Peak!" 121 Gold, something new about 324 Gold ? what becomes of the 63 Goods, sticky india-rubber 163 Goodyear, the death of Charles 41 Gravity and electricity the same thing ? are 265 " Great Eastern " at New York, the arrival of the mammoth steamship 24* "Great Eastern "-her paddle wheels and screw-who is the inventor? 116* *' Great Eastern" open to the public, the 41 11 Great Eastern" to Cape May, excursion of the 106 "tGreat Eastern ?" what is to become of the 144 Greenhouses in garrets 320 Gunboats, British 16 Gutta-percha, hardening of 199 Gutta-percha the best insulator fa- sub marine telegraphs 179 Harbor of New York, the 67, 83, 99 Harvest and a golden reaper, a great 137 Heat and ventilation 377 Heat, the mechanical theory of 257 Hints, useful medical 316, 391 Hobbs, the locksmith, returning 280 Horsemanship 385 Hotel in the world, the largest 403 Hubs, the philosophy of cart 192 Hyatt's $1,000 prize 165 Hvdro-electric apparatus 340 Hydrogen a metal ? is 388 Hydrophobia 2U9 I Improvements, agricultural 297 Index 412, 413, 414 Industry-manufactures-commerce 58, 74 Infringement cases 6, 54, 71 Ingenuity etill active 169 Ingram, M.P., proprietor of the "Illustrated London News," the late Herbert 202 Injector, Giffard's 162,26C* Inspectors, meeting of steamboat 282 Instruction, scientificva. practical 57 Invention called for, an 118 Invention, enlarged fields for 331 Inventions called for, agricultural 342 Invention, tl^e age of 57 Inventions, a great field for chemical 265 Inventions, American (C. Reade on) 2S0 Inventions in Europe, extraordinary progress of American 34^, 364 Inventions, late foreign (see Discoveries and inventions abroad) Inventions, recent American 10,26,42, 58, 74, 90, 106,122,138,154,170,186, 203, 219, 234, 251, 267, 282, 295, 309, 331,348,363,378,396,408 Inventions wanted in Texas 132 Inventor and his traps, the 80 Inventor in luck, an 137 Inventors, deaths of 283, 290 Inventors, experience of ingenious 170 Inventors, important to 336 Inventors, more letters from 294 Iron, a great piece of wrought 250 Iron and steel improvements 373* Iron articles, annealing 363-Iron, electricity in making 342 Iron, oxyds of 283 Iron, the magnetic properties of 98 Iron with zinc, preserving 294 Iron-works-their location, arrangement and construction 180*, 196* I's and J's, mind your 342 J Jewelry, American 3 Joule's equivalent was ascertained, the way 279 Knowledge is most worth, what 404 L 1-amp, exhibition ota great aeamene 168 Language, a universal 4H) Leather-dressing, morocco 297 Lectures on the physical forces. Professor Faraday's 258*, 274*, 290*, 3fi*. 322*, 338* Light, a new electric 248 Light from loaf sugar, the 70 Light, great improvement in the electric 199 Light, singular properties ofWuy's electric 337 Light, theFresnel 134 Lighthouse., Minot's Ledge 97 Lighting on the railroad 200 Lightning rod, anew 22S Lightning rods-utility nf 246 Lightning, the Fanner's Club on 150, 200 Locomotives and railroads, the first American 362 Locomotives, improvements in 374 Liquids, colored 248 Luxury, an expensive 21 M Machine for a simple purpose, a great 324 Machines in France, great trials of mowing and reaping 265 Machinery, knitting 10 Machinery, mining 38 Machinists' profits 368 Magic, simple experiments in natural 35, 55* Magnets in casting, making 243 Manufactory at Richmond, the *laBtw 166 Manure from the Air, prodwctlon "f valuable 20" Manures, combinations of Sf)4 Market, panic in the money 3tM, SS?. Matches, friction 402 Mechanics, Lord Palmerston's advice to 355 Mechanism, good 169 Men, a few facts about celebrated 352 Men ? who are our great 101 Metal, a new type 340 Metal, new fusible 324 Metals and their alloys for heat, the conductibility of 36*, 87 Metitls by heat, expansion of 194 Meatals, fusibility of 405 MetEib, the art of soldering S3 Metals, the nature, origin and composition of the 226 Meteor, the great 84 Meteors, the year of great 150 Meteors-what are they? 89 Milk and its preservation 2 Milkpans, an experiment with glass 2H4 Mills, an improvement needed in sugarcane 98 Mills, what may be learned from the experiments at the Metropolitan 223, 261 Millstone spindles again 276 Millstones, a good step for 282* Millwrighting and milling 118 Mines, the ventilation of 18 Mississippi, improving the387 Momentum ? what is 391 Money received 14, 30, 46, 62, 78, 94, 110, 126. 142, 158, 174,190,206,222, 238, 254, 270, 286, 302,318,234, 350, 366, 382, 398. 411 Mortars for building 376 Motion, a property of the crank 102*, 148*, 294* Mud-trap, French vivacity on a 178 N Navigation, aerial 116 Navigation, the safety of ocean 53 Notes and queries 13, 30, 45, 62, 77, 94, 110, 126, 142, 158, 173, 190, 206, 222, 238, 254, 270, 286, 302, 318, 334, 350, 366, 382, 398,411 Notices, literary and scientific 138, 154, 170, 410 Oak. American and English 197 Oil business, the cotton seed 2 Oil business, the profits of the rock 166 Oil, conl 373 Oil-fat-wax 36 Oil, purifying natural coal 179 Oil, the origin of coal 370 Oils, Pease's improved 309 Oils, the origin of the rock 211 Owen, death of David Dale 377 Paint with the oxi-chlodde of zinc, new economical 272 Pans for boiling maple sap, 387 Past, the 407 Patent., a flying 288 Patent Agency Department-extensivo arrangement for 1861 347 Paten t law, journal of 6, 86,118. 134,182. 2-12, 402 Patent law, questions in 115. 227 Patent laws and the Patent Office 394 Patent laws, our 242 Patent laws, the stimulus of the 185 Patent Office, a censor at the 2f>0 Patent Office and its administration, the 345 Patent Office, an effort to defend the new movement at the 361 Patent Office decisions 314 Patent Office defendr d, the 394 Patent Office if the Union is dissolved!'* what will become of the 393 Patent Office, new arrangements at the 10 Patent Office, new order of things at the 313 Patent Office, renewed activity at the 395 Patent Office Reports" illustration* of the 314 Patent Office Reports? is a patentee entitled to a copy of the 4C8 Patent Office Reports? who pets the 35 Patent Office, the Prince of Wales at the 256 Patent Office, trouble at the 299 Patent right for tanning wanted 104 Patent rights, &c, licensing for selling 387 Patents, applications for the extension of 5, 21, 54, 67, 138, 162, 186,197, 216, 316 Patents by Congress, extension of 37 Patents, claimB of recently issued (see Claims) Patents in case of secession? what will be theefTectupon393 Patentees, courts of arbitration for 169 Patentees, the rights of joint 42, 121, 217 Patterns, coating 214, 299 Pendulums, compensating 36,99, 195 Philosophy, a subtle question in 294 Photograph of Boston from a balloon 277 Photography, the adaptation of machinery to 166 Photography, the progress of 88 Pianos-a great manufactory 185 Piles under water, cutting 245 Pipes, iron vs. lead for 179 Pipes, rats and lead 2 Plant discovered, new 228 Plants, room 279 Pleuro-pneumonia in cattle 67 Plow, the steam 266 Population in New York, progress of 102 Pork will a bushel of corn make? how much 316 Potatoes, how to keep sweet 176 Power, gas to replace steam AS a mo* five 100 Power, tidal motive 5 Prices, give the 342 1860 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, INC Powers, pneumatic telegraphs and pneumatic 105 Poisoning, the art of 57 Prize, the $1,000 342 Prizes, agricultual exhibition 144 Prizes, oil lamp 309 Pump., the American 54 R Railroad, a ca3t-iron street 283 Rtilroad, a continental 21 Railroad-builders in Brazil* American 311 Railroad rail3 ever wear out ? do 128 Railroads and Americanisms in London 336 Railroads. English and American 225 Railroads in Germany 24!) Rain, sulphur in 97 Rams, the French steam 1 Reply to " Fair Play" 394 Reproduction, physiology of 53 Reservoir in the New York Cental Park, the great 4 Riding, the two important rule3 in horseback 335 R9gues and th.eir New York brethren, English 39U s Saddle suggested, an india-rubber 153 Sawdust, spontaneous combustion of 199 Sawing feat, the greatest 117 Saws, experience and experiments in adjusting mill 66. 117,148, 356 Saws, sharpening 247 Science, advantage of a taste for 3 Science, agricultural 38 Science, a new 329 Science, Chicago 320 Science for future use 406 Science, progress of 9 Science, the advancement of 121 Science, the romance of modern 346 Science to the industrial arts, the relation of 201 Sciences, teaching the 58 "Scientific American"-good things in prospect, improved appearance of the 407 ""Scientific American" in Germany, the 11* Sewing machine extension case,remark3 on Howe's 2!)L, 237 Sewing machine, the 311, 230, 246 Sewing machine war, judicial decisions in the great 16*3 Sewing machines, surprising factsin regard to the value of 195 Shipbuilding for foreign govsrnments, American 403 Ships, American patronage of inventions for 3 Ships, iron-plated 404 Ship3, national and mailed 361 Ship3, Oliver Evans and the form of 147 Ships, raising sunken 294 Ships, rolling 129 Ships, the model of 85* SU, employment of electricity in the education of 355 Sleep3s9 Snakes, raining 112 Spiritualism demonstrated, the truth of 249 Sponge3, fresh water 212 Steam, decomposition of 249 Steam, economy of 9 Steam expansively, working 118, 183, 217,226, 262 Steam, important improvement for increasing the p-nver ot 5 Steam, the Naval Commission upon the expansion of 373 Steamboat disaster, awful 202 Steamboat running on record, the fastest 277 Steambiats in 1881, \nnn of life bv 371 Steamer that cro33ed the Atlantic, the first 199,243 Steamer ruu3 across the Atlantic by its own inertia, a 408 Steamers as ships-of-war, commercial 2.11 Steamers crossing the Atlantic in five days, new 153 Steamers, unsafe 281 Steel from pig iron, to make 338 Steel, tempering 135, 215 Steel, the manufacture of 313 Steel, tungsten 256, 399 Stereoscope, practical value of the 37J Stimulants-absinthe 377 Stock, wintering young 352 Stove3 abroad, American cooking 203 Success versus failure-an inventor's opinion of the " Scientific American" 363 Sugar and gas in Germany, the manufacture of 55 Sugar, new process of refining 160 Suggestion, a wise 294 Suggestions from a lady 379 Surgery, a wonderful case in 213 System, a new theory of the formation of the solar 194, 201, 333 Tan bark be dried? can spent 243 Tea, coffse and cocoa for the sick 3 Teeth, charcoal for the 120, 148 Telegraph et\veen the Atlantic and Pacific States 183 Telegraph, the cause of the failure of the Atlantic 160 Telegraph, the new Atlantic 41 Thermometers, improved plan for graduating 182 Thimbles are made, how gold and silver 357 Thunder and lightning 103 Tim bei', creosoting railroad 186 Tornado in the far \Ve3t, the great 19 Trade, the carpet 18 Training in common schools, physical 249 Tree, natural varnish 163 Tungsten (see Steel) Valve, practical test of a good 99 Varieties?, a comma of 7, l/3, 39. 55, 71, 87, 103, 135, 151, 183,199, 215,231 247, 2P.3, 279, 235 Velocity? does nil sound move at the same 147 Ventilation, Dr. (Jriscom's improved method of 208* Ventilate, the churches and the schools 230 Ventilate the shop 214 Vessels, the PresideHt-elect'a mode of buoying 3*6* Vibrations, themechaincs and mathematics of musical 146* Virginia, natural products and manufactures of 68 Volcanoes of* the northwest 51 Volume, the completion of this 361, 378 W Wages in English manufactories 240 Walls aad floors, cellar 282 "Walls, deafening 163 Walls, stain s on brick 276 Watch, $L,000 reward for a 149* Water-power, lighting manufactories by 297 Water, sulphur 386 Wealth, and where does it come from ? what is 408 Weather and burning winds, hot 106 Weights and measures, reform in 38, 54, 70,131 Whales, how to poison 163 Wheat, blasted 163, 230 Wheel experiments, water 22,164* Wheels at Philadelphia, criticisms on the experiments witli turbine 130, 151 Wheels, overshot and Jonval turbine 115.170 Wine, currant 55 Wine, new method of making grape 283 Wines, coloring of adulterated 3 Wire, a French apparatus for lighting cities ivith hot2ao* Wonders of the world-and the last, the seven 89 Work, an ingenious piece of 88 Workmen, co-operation of 293 Yacht, a novel 332 "Yellow Jack" banished from the Crescent City 51 PATENT CLAIMS. A Adding machine 253 Air-pumps (see Pumps) Alarm, fog 27 Alarm for Doilers, low water 123 Alarm for doors 251 Alarms, burglar 43, 236 Alarms, fire 348, 349 Alkalies, preservation of caustic 141 Alloy for journal bearings, metallic 125 Amalgamator3 28, 125, 173, 221, 332, 332 (2) Anchor-tripper 43 Annealing apparatus 237 Apple-parers, cutters and corera 29,204, 364 Aqueduct 188 Awningfixture 108 Ax-hunales, fastening 216 Ax-helves, metal cap fur 76 Axle-trees, setting 75 Axle, car 44 Augers 156, 172,188 Aural instrument 365 B Babv-mmper, couch and carriage (combined) 380 Bag3, machinery for turniag 396 Bag machine, paper 251 Balances, spring 27 Bandages, catamenial 107 Bands, fastenings for cotton i ale 27, 44, 76, 156, 236 (2) Bark, obtaining coloring matters from 124 Barrel-head machines 205, 269 Barrel machinery 285, 396 Bars for grates 204 Bars, rolling iron 156 Barometer 220 Bath, photographic 28 Battery, chain "lint 93 Bayonet fastening, saber 317 Bearings for c:irs 317 Bedand char (combined) 45 Bed bottoi3 12, 125, 155, 22H, 253, 285, P"r;dcord 43 Bedstead, fan ventilating 301 Bedstead fastenings 141,267 Bedsteads 124,155, 188,189 Bedsteads, secretary 92, 221, 267, 410 Bedsteads, sofa 173. 381 Beehives 28, 107,108,124, 155,171,172, 173, 236, 252, 253, 268 Beer, factitious 236 Bell attachment for doors 301 Bell-ringing apparatus 172 Bells, hanging 268 Belt-shipper 139 Belts, machine for measuring the strain on pulley 11 nench, extension wash 269 Beuningmachine, metal 317 pending machines, wood 61, 205,284 Berth, oscillating snips' 171 Bier 253 Bin, grain 300 Bits, bridle 92, 301 Bite, securing plane 253 Bit-stock 300 Blank-rolling machine 124 Blmd-fa3teners, window 284, 333, 330 Blind-rods wiring 123 Blind, window 29 Block for forming tiles 205 Blowers 11, 108, 237 Boards, machine for thinning 187 Bofitand carriage (combined) 348 Boat, life 124 Boats, lowering and detaching ships' 59, 92,365 Bodies, embalming dead 333 Roller for cooking stoves 12 Boilers, feed-water apparatuses for 27, 44, 109 Boilers, fusible plug for 93 Boilers, preventing incrustation of 301 Boilers, safetv apparatus for 268 Boilers, steam 45, 91,93, 107, 140, 253 Boiling and distilling apparatuses 107, 108 ttolt-mtter 410 Bolt fur doors 27 Bolts, fastening nuts on railroad 91 Bolts, floor 124," 3IH) Bolts for?tore-3hutters27. 221 Bombshell 205 Boneblack, apparatus for washing 61 Boot-jack 29 o Boots and shoes, cleaning apparatus for 11 Boots and shoes, heel* for 3,221,259" 3'Jl. 317 Boot and shoes, manufacture of 94,13 (2). 219, 284, 2 85 Boots and Bhoee, sole-oottera for 220, 301 Boot3, congress 11 Boots, gaiter 251 Bosom-expander, shirt 397 Bottle-filling apparatus 172 Bottles 139, 14 Bowls, making wooden 108 Box, ballot 301 Box, bonnet 29 Box for droppingsugar 301 Box for silvering and albumenizing photographic paper 108 Box, game 11 Rox,letter268 Box. miter 205 Box-jointing device 204 Box, spelling 348 Boxes, cutting, 125 Boxes, journal 107, 125, 172, 236 Boxes, tobacco 75, JOB Bracelet 253 Brace, spinal, 333 Bracket, roof 268 Brake for bobbin.-, friction 380 Brake, horse-power 92 Brakes, hemp 108, 188, 237, 284 Brakes, railroad car 13. 44, 156, 157 Brakes, wagon, carriage or sleigh 9i (2), 92, 123, 171 Bran-duster 2S Bread-slicer 139 Bread, manufacture of 75 Brick machines or molds 45, 75, 14], 173, 204, 284, 317 Bridge, draw 189 Bridge, iron 27 Bridge, truss 333 Brooms 60, 76, 189 Brush machin^3269, 365 Brush, nail 108 Brush, tooth 12 Bucket, collapsible 300 Buckle3 92, 93, 107 Buckwheat-cleaning machine 189 Building for packing meats 381 Buildings from fire, apparatus for protecting 59 Burners, gas 11, 124,300 Burnishers (see Polishing machines) Butter-workers 75,124 Cables, surge-reliever for 93 Calculi, apparatus for removing 300 Calendar, pocket 75 Caligraph381 Cameras, photographic 11,125, 397 Candle-molding apparatuses 108, 124, 237,333 Candlestick 93 Candle wick 157 Cane-coverer 173 Cane juice, applying sulphurous acid to 187, 409 Cane, machine for windrowing Biignr 4" Cane, handle for 252 Can, oil 1U7 Cans--, cover for fruit 364 Cans, paint 60, 141, 268 Cans, sealing fruit 125, 139, 285, 333 Cans, wiring tin 896 Caoutchouc (see Rubber) Caps, military 157 Car, cattle 108 Car, city 188 Car, dumping 43 Car, iron 124 Car, metallic 285 Cars on railroads, propellnig 267 Cars" over obstructions, conveying 267 Cars, sleeping (see Seats) Cars, spriDkling attachment for U Cars, stopping and starting city 44, 125, 156 Car bodies with trucks, connecting 44 Carriage body 108 Carriage, extension 188 Carriage, gun 237 Carriage, steam land 43 Carriage tops, movable 59 Carriages 187, 189 Carpet-duster 333 Carpet lining, machine for making 204 Carpet-stretcher 28 Carpet-sweeper 60 Cartridges 60, 61, 92, 335, 349 Carts, water 380 Case for indelible ink-bottles 123 Case, fruit 267 Ca3e, pen and pencil 109 Case, surveyor's tackle 60 Cask?, ventilation of 12 Caster, furniture 301 Casting iron columns, flasks for 157 Casting packing around cannon balls, flask for 317 Casting pipes 219 Casting stamping heads 107 Casting screw augers 155 Casting cylinders for meat-cutters 1 no Casting cylinders for threshing machines 157 Cement 204 Clothes-sprinkler 332 Cushions for billiard tables 237 Chain 3 396 Chains, gold 124 Chains, watch 11 Chair-bottom, metallic 125 Chair for invalids 236 Chair, recumbent 409 Chairs, dental 189, 365 Chairs, folding 157, 398 Chairs, railroad 300, 365 Chamber, drying 285 Cheese-cutter 139 Cheese, manufacture of 349 Chest, flour 93 Chimney 93 Chimney cap 91 Chimney tops 269 Chimneys, securing lamp397 Chisel for opening boxes 27 Chuck and countersink (combined) 155 Churns 11 (2), 12, 43, 59, 76, 108, 109, 123, 140,284,285,365 Churn dashers 284, 285 Chutes for river or canal navigation 381 Cigars, manufacture of 109 Clock, calendar 237 Clocks, pendulum 60 Cloth, ornamenting leather 253 Clothes-squeezers 300, 333 Clamp, carpenter'^ 380 Clamp for holding cylinders to be polished 349 Clamp, saw 204 Clevises (see Plows) Clock and alarm, burglar 125 Clocks 332 Cloth-stretchers 396 Clothes-dryers, frames or racks 43 (% 73 Q>" 140, 1W. 171, 188, 80S, 330" 23"% *3S,817(9>.4(J9 Clothes-mingerB (see Wringing machines) Coal-distilling apparatus (see Oil) Cocks 93 Cocks, stop 157 Coffee-cleaning, drying and polishing apparatus 221 Coffee-roaster 172 Coffins, glass 2f)3, 409 Coffin?, wooden-267 Collars, horse 75, 220,380, 381 Colors, preparation of aniline 108 Compound, medical 29 Compounds, lubricating 44, 91 Compounds used as decolorizers 139 Composition for covering blackboards 125 Composition for lining safes, 11 Composition for pavements 157 Composition for paste for attaching the coverings to pianoforte hammers 12 Composition for preservation of timber 107 Composition for roofing purposes 43,252 Composition for silvering mirrors 12 Compositions for soap 332,365 Composition for support in blowpipe operations 365 Composition for toilet 203 Condenser 59 Condensers for steam engines 124 Condensing apparatus, impure water 220 Cork-drawer 125 Corn-huskers and shellers 12, 28, 75,155, 188,237, 252,284,398 Corn-stalks, machines for shocking92 Cotton-cleaners 203, 204, 205, 252, 285, 409 Cotton-pickers 43,109 Cotton-scrapers 27, 189, 380 (2), 3S1 Couches, car (see Seat's) Coupling, belt 156 Coupling?, car 11, 28, 44, 75, 76, 77, 108, 125,172 (2), 188, 203, 301 Coupling for shafting 28 Couplings, hose 125, 253, 365 Coupling of thills to axles 92 (2), 93, 381 Coupling, socket 284 Covers to glass vessels, attaching 155. 157 Cracker machines 92, 380 Cradle, grain 94 Crane 61 Crane, portable 269 Cribbing, device to prevent horses from 17 Crimping machines 171, 301 Culinary apparatus 252 Cultivators 27 (4), 28, 29,43,59,60 (2), ?;5, 107, 108 (2), 139,140 (2), 141 (3, 156 (2), 171 (2), 172, 173 (2), 188. 189, 205, 235, 237, 267 (2), 285, 333, 380 (4), 381 (6), 396, 4C9, 410 Cultivators, cotton 43, 61, 75 (2), 76 (2), 108,124,188,237, 381 00,396 Cultivator?, teeth of 12, 30 Cupboard and sink (combined) 124 Curtain fixtures 29, 91,189,237,252, 284, 4C9 Currying and leather-dressing machines (see L-eather) Cushion, hat 29 Cutlery, attaching handles to 123 Cylinders, machine for engraving copper 44 Cylinders, machine for turning 44 D Dating machine 28 Desks, school 205, 221 Detector for boilers, low water 92 Digging machines, post-hole 28,125, 237 Ditching machines 92,141 Dividers, spring 205 Door-holding devices 171, 205 Dough-raising and kneading machine 381 Doorplate, index 109 Dovetailing machines 59, 284 Dredging apparatus 43 Dulcimer 13 Drill, ratchet 107 Drill-rest 12 Drills, rock 43, 44. 156, ?i Drill?, sped (see Planters) Dumb-waiter 897 Dynamometer 29 E Earth-borers, post-hole (see Digging machines) Edge-planes (see Boots and shoes) Egg-beaters 11, 220,236, 3(>0 Electricity, utilizing atmospheric 12 Electro-magnetic apparatus 220 Electro-magnct3 187 Electroplating with alloys of gold 364 Elevator and lock for window sashes 109 Elevators for storehouses 171 Elevators, grain 188, 301 Elevators, water (see Water-raising de-Ellipsograph 396 Engine, aeriform or gaseous 75 Engine, carding 409 Engine, electro-magnetic 25:* Engines, hot air or caloric 11, 29 (2), 267. 268, 365 (2) Engine, hydr.mlic 397 Engine, locomotive 188 Engine, lubricating 284 Engine, nozzle for fire 28 Engines, oscillating 252 (2) 252, 284, 300 Engines, regulating the exhaust of Engines, rotary 29, 108,123,124, 139,172, steam 29, 43 Engines, steam 43,141, 2l)5, 269 Engines, water-heater for locomotive 123 Engraving for bank-notes 300 Engravings, mode of binding 253 Envelopes 12, 23f> Rscfi pern en t, lever 139 Evaporating apparatus (see Pans) Excavating and grading machines 76 (2), 221, 348, 349, 396 Exhausting apparatus, air or gas 77 Extractors, stump 13, 28 (2) 140 (2) Extracts, medicinal 220 Fabric for roofing, belting, &c. 108 Fabric, waterproof 333 Fares, machine for registering 92 Fat-cutting machine 43 Fat-rendering apparatus 44 Faucet, measuring 268 Faucets 13, 91, 220, 235, 236 Feed-nutter 396 Feed-water apparatuses (see Boilers) Fellv machines 77 Fences, flood 333 Fences, portable 44, 205, 301. 317, 382 Fenders for docks, wharves, cfcc, 13 Fertilizing machine 410 File, ncirspaper portfolio 11 Files, manufacture of30, 61, 91,141 Filing device, saw 285 Filters 30, 60, 267, 269 Fire-escapes 11, 28 (3), 125, 252, 267, 268, 349 (2) Fire-escapes for horses 92^107 Fire-arms, revolving 43, 61, 76,187, 220, 253 (2), 268, 301, 333?;381, 397 Fire-arms, breech-loading 75, 93, 319 (2), 252, 269, 317, 380, 381 Fire-arms, magazine 285 Fireplace 204 Fireplace and ehimney (combined) 75 Floor for malt kilns 236 Flour, preparation of 187 Fluting apparatus 93 Fly-traps (see Traps) Fodder-cutters 139,3f>5 Folder, tuck ana plait 187 Food, preserving 107 Foot-cleaners or scrapers 109,139 Foot-rest for horses while shoeing 44 Foot-scraper and brnsh (combined) 398 Fork, haj'-rlcvating 203 Frame for bill of fare 268 Frame, quilting 172 Frame, driving bands for spinning 125 Frames, enameling picture 140 Frames for drills 381 Frames, tube for spinning 123 Freezers, ice cream 2T"3 Freezing apparatus, liquid 252 Frogs, railroad 237 Fi-ogs, substitute for railroad 235 Fruit-drying apparatuses 12,108, 221,267 Fruit-stoning machine 28 Fronts, binding cap 28 Furnaces 11, 173, 189, 219, 252, 268, 380 Furnaces, bagasse 11, 221, 300 Furnace for boilers 253 Furnace, glass 93 Furnaces, hot-air 75 (2), 139, 219, 381 (2) Furniture, folding 29 Gage, clapboarding 76 Gage for double-seaming machines 172 Gages Jor steam boilers, alarm 13, 92 Gages, steam pressure 11,92, 141, 268, 396 Garments, fastening for 44 Garter 27 Gas, apparatus for burning 268 Gas. apparatus for broiling or roasting by 12 Gas-burners (see Burners) Gas-compressing apparatus 124 Fas fittings, machine for finishing S17 Gas from wood 189 Gas-holder 28 Gas, hydro-carbon (see Vapor apparatuses) Gas-meters (see Meters) Gate, flood 188 Gate for milldams, waste 188 Gate fa- tide wheels 333 Gates 91, 156 (2), 171, 252, 390, 382 Gates, canal (see Locks) Gates, railroad 76 (2) Gearings 141, 220 Generator, gag 93 (2) Generator, steam 77, 124, 268 Glass-cutter 380 Glass, manufacture of 44, 285 Glne-cutting machine 125 Glue, preparation of HO Globe, automatic terrestial time 171 Glebes, school 91, 92 (2) Gins, cotton 171 (2), 188, 204, 301 Girder" trussed compound 173 Gold, dentists' crystalline 397 Gold-washer and amalgamator 171 Gongs, striking mechanism for 3f)6 Governor for grain-separators 76 Governors for steam engines 44, 123.139. 204,284 Grading instrument 203 Grafting machine 348 Grain-binders 27, 59. 75 Grain-cleaning machines 221, 317, 365 Grain-drying machines 251, 301 Grain-weighing apparatuses (see Scales) Grain-winnowers 91, 268 Grate for steam boilers 204 Grates, stove and furnace 91 (3). 92, 237 349, 381 Griddle 204 Gridiron 91 Grinders forsa\vbladesl56. 2C3. 236.251. 252 ii"" Grindstone-eye 107 Grooving machine for necks of cans 157 Grubbing machine 155 Guides, binding (see Sewing machines} uun. cane 155 Hames (see Collars) Hammer, forge 268 Hammer, steam 187 Hammer, trip 220 Hammers 171, 274 Handcuffs 124 Handles, lifting 29 Harmoneon3 45 Harmonicons 252 Harness 300 Hvrpoone, explosive 409 Harrows 28, 29, 60, 172, 188 (2), 251, 253 317, 380, 381 (2), 382, 396 ' ' Harvesters 11, 44. 5.t, 60, 61 (2), 124, 140, 151, 156 (2), 172,189, 204, 236, 252, 268, 349 (3), 364, 409 Harvesters, corn and cane 61, 252, 299 Harvester, cotton 409 Harvesters, cutters for 205, 252, 3S3 Harvesters, raking and binding appar- 3&?dT to*' 27*-28,141'm* 205' 221' Hat-bodies, machinery for forming 109, 124, 396 Hat-iims, curling 269 Hsitcuets 3G5 Hatchways, opening and closing 236 Hay-cutting machines 333 Hayv loading or unloading 27 (2),28 Hay-raking and pitching machine 285 Heating apparatuses 12, 107, 156, 171, 189,204, 348 ' ' ' Heating apparatuses for cars 269. 381 Heater for fireplaces 269 Heel-shave 349 Helix, electro-magnetic 352 Hides, preparing 108 Hinges 29, 30, 76, 124, 253, 3S2, SS3 (2) Hoes, manufacture of 333 Hoes, seeding 317 Hoisting apparatuses 76, 203 Hominy machine 75 Hoof-paring instrument 125 Hook, bench 60 Hook for clothing, spring 365 Hook for harness, snap 221 Hooks, mousing 44, 365 Hooks, wateh-cliain 27, 60 Hoop cheese 173 Hoops for cotton bales (see Bands) Hoops for dresses (see Skirts) Hoop machine 348 Hoops, straightening bale 268 Hops, preserving 235 Hullera, cotton sepd 108, 221 Horsepowers 187, 269 Horseshoe midlines 45,107, 28-5,349 Hose, machine for making rubber 349 Hose protector 251 Hose, waterproof 219 Hot-water apparatus 92, 220 Hubs for carriage i^Iieels, metallic 284, 365 Hydrant 183 Ice-breaker 43 Ice-pick 77 India-rubber (see Rubber) Indicators, railroad station 29 Inkstands 253 (2) Insect-destroying apparatus 156 Insects, apparatus for protecting trees from 6') Iron into steel, converting 189 (2) Jacks, lifting 219, 236, 269, 300 Jacks, pegging 91,109 Jars, fruit (see Cans) Joint for frames of cars, metallic 397 Joint for gas and water pipes 92 Joint for gas tubes, ilexible 61 Joints for railway bars, lock 156, 205, 349 Joints, making plumbers' 11 Joists, machine for dressing 157 Journals, lubricating 11 Juices, defecating sugar (see Cane iuices) Journal boxes (see Boxes) E Kaleidoscope 252 Kegs, fastening for metallic 263 Key and guard bur, watch 27 Keyhole guard 269 Keys of pianofortes 125 Knife-handles (see Cutlery) Knife-cleaner 300 Knitting machines 123 Liibel-holder 252 Lump, coal oil 11 Lamp for locomotives 108 Ijrunp, mica chimney for 75 Lamp, submarine 268 Lamps 11, 27, 76, 77, 91, 93 (2), 107,123, 173 (2), 221 (2), 269, 284, 235, 300, 317 Lamps, hanging torch 220, 221 Lamps, Yiipor (see Vapor apparatuses) Lantern 123 Lantern, signal 61 Lacing, belt 107 I/idle and fork (combined) 285 Lithe, watchmaker's 77 Lathes 61, 125, 285 Lath machines 28, 59, 60 Last-holder 348 Lasc shoemakei-s-77, 236 Latches, floor 205, 333 Lead, making oxy chloride of 155, 301 Leather-crimping or creasing machines 109, 382 Leather skiving or cutting machines 109,381'. 331 Leather-splitting machines Kl, 317 Leather, oiling 268 Leather, tanned 284 Lemon-squeezer 43 Leg3, artificial 124 Leveling instrument, surveyor's 156 Light, street 107 Light for vessels, port 301 Limbs, apparatus for fnictured 333 Links for chains 205, 349 Light for cars 267 Lightning-arresters (see Telegraphs) Lightning-rod a 108,189,332 Lock, combination 307 Lock for cars, seal 79 Lock for burglar-proof pockets 237 Lock for fire-arms 268 Lock, knob 410 Lock, pad 108 Lick, freight car 252 Locks 27, 61, 139, 189, 204, 221, 236, 333 (2) I,ocks, door 43, 219. 333, 349 Locks, gates of ennui 268, 332 Lotions, medieated 397 Looms 109. 188, 2a5, 349 Looms, pattern chain for 92 Lozenge machiuel3 Lubricators 124 Iff Magneto-electric apparatus 187 Manganese, manufacture of oxyd for 124 Mangle 396 Material, manufacturing sheets of fibrous 220 Materials, surfacing fibrous 11 Mattress and bed (combined) 60 Mattress, life-preserving 396 Mattresses, spring 140,173 Measure, surveyors' 124 Meat-nutters or choppers 91, 108, 171, 221 Meats, preserving 13 Medalj photographic 141 Medicines, astringent 284 Melodeons44, 45 Metal-benders (see Bendine machines) Meter, deep spa, sounding 123 Meter, water 93 Meters, gas 93,141, 157, 301 Mill-bushes 44, 267 Mill, cane 171 Mill, coffee 267 Mill, funning205 Mill-feeder, grain 204 Mill, gig 173 Mill, paint 267 Mills 27, 29, 44, 108,123 Mllte, corn and cob 45,124 Mills, grinding 44,124, 125,140 (2), 224, 3J7 Mills, stamping (sec Pulverizers) Mills, sugar (see Cane-crushing machines) Millstones, balancing 188, 205, 300 Millstones, curb for 140 Millstones, dressing 27, 59, 92, 94, 107, 156, 187 Millstones, pick for 157 Millstones, ventilating 301 Molding cast iron wheels 317 Molding machine for parched corn ball* 364 Molding metal pipes 189 Molding?, machine for planing 204 Moltl for casting nRedle-threaders 91 Mold for castings 61 Mold for glass coffins 221 Mold lur glass goblets 44 Mold for glass .mrs 220 Mold for glass lamps 220 Mold for rifle balls 220 Molds, holding sockets of 382 Mop-heads 75, 139 Mop-wringer 237 Mortising machines 75, 189 Motion, converting 172,189 Motion to machinery, transmitting 44 Mowing machines 91, 93, 107, 108,188, 189 H Nail-cutting machines 29, 140 Nail-head, picture 157 Nail machine, horse-shoe 141 Nails, cleaning and separating galvanized 155 Needle machine 12 Needles for sewing machines 141 Newspapers, printing addresses on 253 Od ometers 43, 349 Oil, distillation of coal 77 Oil-feeder 109 Oils, apparatus for trying 333 Oils, fish 75 Ordnance, breech-loading 267, 268, 381 Ordnance, repeating 109 Ore-washer 221 Ores and coal, desulphurizing 28 Ores, deoxydizing 157 Ores of gold, silver, etc., treating 28 Ovals, machine for turning 187 Ovens 172 Padlocks (see Locks) Pails, milk-straining 219 Parasol 236 Parasol and fan (combined) 252 Pans, evaporating 284, 285 Pans of sheet metal, square 317 Paper-damping machine 382 Paper-folding machines 380, 397 Piper pulp, manufacture of 59, 123 Paper-wettin? machine 28 Paper stock, leather 155 Patterns, machine for marking waving 188 Pawl and ratchet 93 Peach-parera and cutters, 317, 396 Pegging machine, hand 397 Pegging machines 27,125,139 Pen-cleaner 253 Pendulum, compensating 396 Penholders, 12, 109 Pen-rolling machine, gold 172 Pens, fountain 397 (2) Pianoforte action 44 Pianofortes 60 02), 124,253 Pianos, bridge for 59 Pianos, tuning 44 Picker-staffs (see Looma) Pictures, preparation of transparent 349 Pie-crimper 333 Pile-drivei', atmospheric 189 Pin, dhiper.252 Pin-making machine 109 Pipe-cutter, gas 140 Pipe-forming machine, stove 108 Pipe, gas 61 Pipe, hawse 381 Pipes, tapping gas or water 220, 410 Pipes, cleunsing galvanized iron 155 Pipes, constructing and joining 157 Pipes to buildings, attaching water 43 Pistons for steam engines 139,140,268, 269 Pistons, lubricating 76 Pitcher, beer 12 Pitchers, sjpnut and lid of 11 Planer for valve seats 252 Planer (or warped surfaces 13 Planne, molding 204 Planing machines, rotarv 141, 41fl| Planing machines 60, 107, 157, 171, 189 Planters, corn 27, 28 (2), 29, 30, 59, 60, 111", 109, 139, 141, 157,171, 173,20.5, 237 (2), 268, 285, 380 (2), 396, 397, 409 (3) Planters, cotton seed 28, 29. 59, 204, 268, 3S1, 397 Planters, potato 236 Planters and seeding machines, seed 12 (2) ,28, 29 (6), 59, 60 (3), 61, 75, 76 (2), 108,124(2), 139 (2), 140, 141,156(2), 157, 171 (2), 172, (3), 187, 188 (2), 189, 2R9, 235 (2), 236 (2), 252, 268, 284, 285, 365. 381 (2), 3*3, "97, 409 (3), 410 Plate-feeders, nail (see Nail-cutting machines) Plate for medical use, galvanic268 Plates for plows, molten steel 365 Plates, relief printing 349 Plates, stereotype 60 Plotting instrument 75 Plow, cotton 380 Plows, clevises of 381, 396 Ploivs, srans 44, 75 Plows II, 27, 29 (3). 61. 75(2\ 7fi, 139 5), 141, 157 00, 173 (9), 187, 236 (2), 237 (2), 253, 269, 380 (3), 381 (4), 396, 397 (2), 4fl9, 410 Plows, hillside 156, 380 Plows, mole or ditrhinc 76, 91, 92, 107, 140, 205, 219 (2). 349 (2) Plows, securing points to 269 Plows, steam 11, 12, 29, 43,107, 410 Plumb-bob 348 Poker, fire 92 Polish, furniture 12 Polishing machine for cabinet work 92 Polishing machine for thread 75 Polishing machines for spoons 151, 380 Polishing or burnishing machine 365 Posts, socket fa* fence 43 Potato-covering machine 107 Potato-diggers 91, 93,253 Potato-parer 43 Pots, coffee or tea 12, 91, 92, 332 Power, obtaining motive 92, 93 Press, anti-friction 204 Press, bookbinder's standing 253 Press, cheese 188 Press, drop 189 Press-feeder 300 Press, packing 208 Press, wine 188 Presses 157, 172, 301 Presses, copying 139, 252, 267 Presses, cotton or liav 43, 76, 92, 93 (2), I57J173, 188 (2), 189,251, 269,284, 300, 301 Presses, feeding apparatus for printing 124 Presses, printing 27, 28, 29, 30,125 (g), 172, 30" Presses, register-point for printing 107 Presses, tobacco 29, 92, 204 Printing, plate301 Prison, iron 92 Projectiles for rifled ordnance 92, 139, 236 Propellers, marine 123, 204, 269 (2), 381 Propeller for canal boats 155 Propeller, rocking 92 Propulsion, marine 220 Protractor, compass 237 Provisions, curing 349 Pulverizers, quartz 13, 27, 43, 123, 237, 267, 301, 396 (2) Punch 284 Punching machines 91, 93,269, 365 Pump, breast 155 Pump, chain 123 Pump for exhausting and sealing cans, nlrl39 Pumps 61, 92,108, 157,172, 189,204, 252, 269 (2\ 300, 333, 397 Pumps for steam engines 76, 92 a Quadrant, sinecal 171 Quartz-crushers (see Pulverizers) R Rack for carts, hay 60 Ruck for hats, cigar 11 Radiator for stoves 267 Rails, machine for pointing fence 41 Railroads, construction ef 156, 204 Railroads, safety guard for 205 Rails for street railroads 11 Rails to crossties, securing 365 Rakes, horse 44, 60, 61,172, 205L(2), 236, 252, 364 Rammer for revolving fire-arms 125 Rammer for street paving 219 Rammer of earth around crossties 396 Ranges (see Stoves) Repeater, telegraphic 91 Reaping machine 237 , Reaping and mowing machines (combined) 12, 125. 140 (2), 253 (2), 333 Reed instrument, steam 189 Refrigators 108, 124, 237, 300 Register, car 171 Register, omnibus 125 Register, time 397 Regulator for cisterns 157 Regulator for heating apparatuses 380 Regulators, gas 91, 108, 284 (2) Remedies, propli.vlatic 285 Revolvers (sec Fire-arms) Rice-cleaning machines 157, 188, 236,365 Riddle, grain 397 lllce-hullersand polishers 172,188,300, 333, 349 Rigging, setting up ships' 76 Ring, martingale 252 Ring, sheet metal finger 253 Rivers, machine for delineating the course of 317 Rock-drilling machines (see Drills) Rocks, mode of blnsting 396 Roller and manure-spreader (combined) 237 Roller for pressing dough 44 Roller for propeller shafts, anti-friction 139 Rope, making wire 11 Ruffles, manufacture of 235 Ruler for envelopes 300 Rubber, devulcanizing waste 157, 237 Rubber, treatment of 11, 396 s Sack-fastener 156 Saddles 28, 235, 252. 349 Saddle-trees 237 Bud-irons 172,187 Safes, burclar-pronf 284 Sails, fore and aft 205 Sails to ships' yards, attaching 333,865 Sails, working ships'173 Salt, manufacture of common 237 Sap conductors 188 (2) SMSII nnd net, window (combined) 269 Sash-fasteners 11, 44, 76, 91. 92, 252, 269 Sashes, hanging window, 221 Sashes of car windows 141 Sausage-fillers or stuffers 28,108, 173 Sawdust-feeder for furnaces 172 Saw-filers (see. Filing devices) Saw, reciprocating 156 Saws, attaching handles to cross-cut 236 Saws., construction of 253 Saws, banning circular 364 Saws, miller 300, 301 Saws, straining scroll 44 Saws, tempering 155 Saws, wood 204, 220 Saw-teeth 204 Sawsets 155,171 Sawmills or sawing machines 12, 43,44, 59, 107, 156, 173, 204, 300, 348, 409, 410 Scaffolding, supporting fit) Scaffold*, portable 140 Scales, grain 285,301 Scalpel 365 Scissors 91 Screens, coal ("see Coal-sifters) Screw machine 107 Screws, die-plate for cutting 11 Screws, tobiicco (see Presses) Screws, wood 204 Scroll-sawing machines (see Sawmills) Scumming upparatus 2fi8 Scythe-fastener 155 Scythes, machine for hardening 204 Scats, adjustable carriage 12, 28 Seat tor carriages, extension 156 Seat of chair*, wire 205 Seat, picnic or excursion 209 Seats and couches, car 75,141,172,300, 301 Sea-water, apparatus for distilling 44 Seed-cleaning machine, cotton 333 Seed-sowers and seeding machines (see Planters) Settee or chair 364 Sewing machines 11, 12 (3), 13, 27, 28, 29, 43, 44 (3), 45, 76, 92, 109, 172, 205 (2), 235, 300, 301, 348, 349 (2), 380, 397 Sewing machines, binding or cording, or hemming guides for 12 (2), 28 Sewing machines, shuttles for 28,77 Sewing machines, spool pins for 75 Separator, gold, 253 Separators, grain, 59, 75, 91 (2), 93,107, 172, 205, 220 (2), 221, 237, 284, 365 (2) Separators, ore, 76, 109, 267 Shade fixture, window 123 Shafting, hangers and boxes for 252, 317 Shaping and molding machine 157 Sharpeners, plane-iron 30 Shears (see Scissors) Shields for the head, insect 396 Shingle machines 11, 12,189, 204, 2691 Shipbuilding 189 Ships, center-boards for 43, 60 Ships, planishing copper 76 Ships, sheathing 189 Ships, side-lights for 60 Shirred goods 410 Shirt bosoms 236 Shirting, evening the edges of 205 Shoe and foot-check, skate 349 Shoe-cleaner 171 Shoe-peggcrs (see Pegging machines) 'f Shovel handles, straps for 285 Shovels 75 Shutter-fasteners and operators 29, 333 Shutters and awning (combined) 165 Sieves, grain (see Separators) Silk-sti-etcher, hank 75 Singeing apparatus?, pig 300 Skates 43, 61, 107,188, 251, 252, 253 Skirts, skeleton 12, 28, 29, 217, 397, 409 Slate fromcoal, apparatus for separating 124 Slat machine, blind 13,107, 285 Slivering machine 284 Smoothing-iron and lamp (combined) Smoothing-irons 59,107 Smut machines 76, 92,107, 205, 237, 317 Soldering-iron 45 Soles and sole-cutters (see Boots and shoes) Sounding apparatus 382 Spading machines 172 Spark-arresters 125, 188 Spoke machines, 12.61, 220, 309 Spring, compensating lever 92 Springs, car 77,157 Springs, carriage 92, 285 Springs for gates and doors 284, 268, 317 Sprinsr, rubber ciir 300 Springs, wagon or carriage 140 (2) Square, carpenter's 2S Stable for cows 267 Stable for horses, safety 220 Stalk-puller" and cutters, com 156, 171, 269, 301, 349 Stand, flower75 Stanrl, revolving spool 301 Stand, window-shutter 188 Stave machines 43 (2), 61, 76, 109, 204, 205(2), 237, 252 Steam for locomotives, superheating398 Steering apparatuses 13, 76,109, 141 Stencil-printing machine 252 Stills 29 Stirrups 2r3, 267, 269 Stock, marking 140 Stool, camp 139 Stool, milking 333 Stone-crushing machine 76 Stone-dressing machines 61, 301,332 Stone-snwing machine 155 Stop-cocks (see Cocke) Stove, gas 364 Stoves 12, 76, 91, 93, 125 (2), 140, 156, 221 Stoves and ranges, cooking 91,107, 156, 205. 236, 253, 301t(2), 365, 380 Strap-stretcher for ships' blocks 317 Straw-cutters 93. 109. 123, 172, 188, 19, 320(2), 284. 317,365(2), 381 Street-sweeping machines 61,139, 249 Studs, sliiit 124 Stump-millers (sue Extractors) Submarine operator 92 Sugar, clarifying 12 Sugar-cutters 29, f36 Sugar-draining apparatus 61 Sugar-refining process 221 Supporters, uterine 284 Supporters, window-sash 268 Surveyor's instrument 173 Swifts 409 Switches, railroad 76, 91, 173 (4) Syringes 60, 61 Tables, adjustable or extension 364, 397 Table, circular 171 Tacks, applying washers to 140 Tank, stone 155 Tanning processes or apparatuses 75 (2), 124, 155, 220, 252, 269, 284 (2), 333 Teaching dev^e 188 Teeth, artificial 365 Teeth for scattering liay 93 Telegraphic instruments 156, 157,171 Teleeraphs, lightning-arrester for 125 Temples 410 Tenoning machine 139 Thills (see Vehicles) Thread-dressing and finishing machine! 124,156, 204. 396, 3)7 Threshing machines 60, 91, 9^,107,187, 2^3, 332 Ties-for cattle 172 Ties ior cotton bales, iron (see Bands) Tiles, drain 45,125, ]39 Tiles for flooring 284 Tips, blank-cutter for shoe 28 Tips, cutting and swaging shoe 28,171 Tips for shoes, vulcanizing rubber 305 Tires, upsetting 1], 43,124 (2), 125,139, 213, 284 Tool, boot-trimming 285 Tool, edge 364 Fool for enameling picture frames 61 Tool for forming screws in the necks of bottles 221 Tool for tenoning 410 Tool-holder 317 Tool-sharpener, edge 93 Tool-sharpening machine 252 Tools, fastening handles of 75,140 Trace-fastener 173 Trace, harness 397 Tracks, transferring cars on 221, 267 Train, sugar kettle 60 Trap, ant 123 Trap for sinks, stench 236 Trap, rat 76 Trans, animal 13,141, 253 Traps, fly 44, 348 Traps, steam 12, 173 Tree-felling machine 44 Tree-protector 157 Tree-pruninginstrument 155 Tree-sustaining device 333 Treadle connection for machinery 205 JJ Trimming machines, paper 126,188 Tron (ih. ea.ve 2" Truck for locomotives 285 Trunkl23 Trusses 43,108 (2), 157 Tub, distillery mash 156 Tub, rubber bathing 189 Tube, aesophagus 60 Tube, flexible 188 Tube, seamless 92 Tntea, drawing boiler 156 Tug, shaft 300 Turning machine 349 Tweers or tuyeres 61, 396 Type, casting embossed 267 Type-metal with braes, coating 75 Type-scouring machine 28 Type-setting machines 28,252 Umbrella 157 Umbrella-sticks, preparing wood for 187 Valves and valve gearing for steam engines 44, 140. 173 (2), 236 (2), 237 (2), 268, 269, 300, 317. 34", S65, 39G, 397(2), Vapor apparatuses, hydro-carbon 29, 61, 108, 251, 332(2), 333, 348,365, 410 Varnish, polishing 43 Vat, cheese 237 Vehicles, attaching irhiffletrees to 28, 76. 213, 332 Vehicles, connecting thills to 12, 76,140, 219,300 Vehicles, detaching horses from 44, 93 Vehicles, running gear of 60, 300 Vehicles, velocipede 251 Veneers, machine for chamfering 189 Ventilators, hat 59, 204, 349 Ventilating apparatuses for cars 268. 301 Vermin-destroying apparatus 107 Vessels (see Ships) Vinegar apparatuses 108,125 w Wagon, road 410 Warming apparatuses (see Heating apparatuses) Warp-dressing machine 317 Washboard 204 Washer and amalgamator, gold (combined) 364 Washing machines 27, 44, 61, 75 (2), 139, 141, 15.5, 166 (2), 172, 173, 204, 205, 221), 2E3, 268,269, 284, 300, 332, 383, 365, 418 Washstand, fountain 124 Watches 76, 204, 253, 381, 499 Wsitch-rim 11 Water-closets 27, 92. 300, 333 Water, mode of cooling 59 Water-raising deviers, 27, 124, 155, 220, 300 (2), 348 (2), 349 (2), 381, 397, 409 (2), 41" (2) Water-supplying device for locomotives 397 Wheel, emery 251 Wheel for gun carriage 59 Wheels, car IS, 125, 189, 300 Wheels for \-ehicles 12P, 309 Wheels, holder for polishing 124 Wheels, paddle 172, 221, 396 Wheels, water, 27. 44, 59, 91, 92, 93,123, 124,141,172,253 Whiffletrees (see Vehicles) Willows, machine for removing bark from 27,125 Windlasses, vertical 204, 334 Window blinds (see Blinds) Window-rleaning apparatus 108 Winrlow-fasrener284 Window-washer 172 Windmills 12, 45, 60,219 Winnowing machines (see Grain) Wire, rolling steel and iron 382 Wires, machine for making friction 91 Wood-benders (see Bending machines) Wood-bundling machines 11. 382 Works in wood or metal, machine for finishing 13 Wrenches 43,107, 173, 285. 333 Wrenches and pincers orivises (combined) 140 (2) Wrench, wagon 253 Wringing machines 11, 396 Yoke, ox 76