The annexed engravings are views of an I improvement in Smut Machines, invented by w Charles and James, Keeler, of Union.' Broome Co., N. Y., and for which a patent was grant. ed on the 14th of Sept., 1852. Figure 1 is an end elevatIOn ; figure 2 IS a longitudinal' vertical section of the same taken through the wmd. chest and passages... Slm,- ' lar letters refer to like parts. The n.ature or the lllventIOIi conSIsts m constructmg the wind passages and spouts in such a manner as to allow of their being turned to either side to allow the machine to be driven in either direction. A is the trame of the machine ; B is the drum having openings, a a, in eaeh end, D, covered by wire gauze or other material per vious to air ; its periphery is formed in the same manner as that of other smut machine drums ; C is the hopper, and E, a cylindrical box connected to the same, and surrounding the shaft. There is an opening in the eml 01 the drum to which the box is attached, corres ponding in size with the said box ; F is the shaft passing through the centre of the drum and resting in bearings, c c; it carries the beater cylinder, G, provided with beaters, H H, of well-known form, and with a pulley, I, which receives motion through the endless band ; J is the wind chest which is formed in two parts: the lips, of the upper half, rest upon the top ot the frame and are secured by buttons or other fastenings to hold it in its place ; there are similar lips for the lower half which is secured in a similar manner, so that the entire wind chest can be released from the frame without disturbing any other part of the machine ; K K are fans secured to shaft, F, and L is the wind pipe divided by parti. tions, d d, into three passages ; it descends from one side of the wind chest and curving under it turns upwards ; the partitions extend to the lowest part of the bend. In the bot tom of the bend there are two openings. A moveable spout, M, is fitted to the end of the wind pipe, being secured at its upper end by a hook fastening, e, to the frame, A ; N is a spout inclining from the bottom of the drum towards the wind pipe,. and 0 is an opening in the upper side of the WInd pipe below the said spout ; P is a plate having two other., / f, attached which are at such a distance apart as to fit close to the sides of the spout, N, and are of sufficient depth to fit between the bottom of the wind chest and the top of the wind pipe ; a plate, g, placed across, f jf", fits to the bottom of the spout, the plate, P, fits close up to the wind chest and wind pipe, and with the plates attached forms a drawer which makes a movable continuation of the spout, N, to the opening, O. The drawer is secured in place by a sliding bolt, k. When the wmd spout IS turne to te OppOSIe Sle of the frame, another drawer similar to 't'thdIS, but of a reverse form, IS .BUb'stItuted, teh one :,Ilemg .nght, handed and the other Ie1t handde. The grain is fed into the hopper, C, and passing through the box, E, into the drum, is subjected to the actIOn. of the beaters. Currents of air are caused by the partial vacuum pro.duced by the revolutIOn. of the beaters to enter the opemngs, a a. The gram,. after te separatIOn., of the smut IS effected by the beat. ers, passes down the spout, N, and through the drawer, and enters the wmd- Plpe.. through the opening, 0 : in the wind-pipe it is met by the blast which carnes. all the smut, dust, and other extraneous matter, whICh. did not pass through the SIde. of the drum, up the spout, M, from which .".It IS discharged, the gram.. fallIng out through the opemngs, h h. ..fhIS operatIon, except that the air is admitted at each end of the drum is substantially the same as that ot_. other machmes. In other machines, however, it is not usual to provide for driving in either direction, and no provision is made for changing the position of the- wind pipe and appendages with any degree of facio lity, while this can be made a right-handed or left :banded machine in the following manner. The spout, 'M, can be lifted off by merely un. fastening the hook fastener, e ; and the drawer, P, f f, g, can be removed when the belt, k, is withdrawn, the buttons or fastenings which hold the lower half of the wind chest in its place to the underside of the frame may then be released, when it and the wind.pipe can be taken from the frame and turned round so as to make the pipe turn to the opposite side, and there se. cured by the buttons as before, the spout, M, can then be replaced and the reverse sided drawer, P,ff, g, substituted for the one before used, and being secured by the bolt, k, the machine is ready for operation in the contra. ry direction. Many patents for grain cleaning machines havebeen takenout in our country,eachclaim-ing some advantage. The only way whereby our farmers can judge of their merits, or even know any thing about them, is by seeing them cjperate, or by engravings and descriptions of them, from which a very good idea of their nature and. merits can be obtained. Those who publish illustrated descriptions of their inventions, show they are not afraid to bring the matter before the public. More mtorma-tion may be obtained by let!er addressed to the inventors.