H. Green and W. J. Gordon, of Philadelphia, Pa., have invented and patented an improved method of turning the rods in nail machines, which enables all sides of them to be hammered upon by a single, or one of a series of hammers, moving in the same direction, and of moving the rods laterally at the same time as they are turned, namely, between the successive blows of the hammer or hammers upon a properly arranged anvil to cause the operation of forging nails to commence near the head, and gradually proceed towards the point, thus imitating the operation of forging by hand. There is also a.certain arrangement of the anvil relatively to the lateral motion af the nail roads for the purpose of drawing the nails from head to point in the forging operation.