A subscriber complains to us that he sent a gold pen to be re-pointed (with twenty-five cents) to L. II. Martin, of 253 West 25th st., New York, who advertised in our columns, and that he has not heard of pen, money, or Mr. Martin. This is mther disgraceful j and although we are in no way responsible for our advertisers, we wish that no person would use the Scientific American as a vehicle of publicity without they intend to fulfil their engagements. It is not the first complaint we have had of the same person, which we are sorry that we cannot help j but we have no I intention of being innocently made a party to i any humbug whatsoeyer Patent Claims bsued from the United States Patent nice FOR THE ENDING JULY 27, 1*53. [Reported fficiallj 'or the Scientific American.'] *M* Circulars Riving full particulars of the mode of applying for patents, size of model required, and much other information uscinl to inventors, may Ik; had gratU by addressing MUNN & CO., Publishers of the Scientific American, New York. Stone sawing MachinesHorace TJ, Arnold, of Elk Horn, 'Vis. : I do not claim the employment or use of screws, h h' , for giving HaWd a lateral movement, for thcy have boon previously used. nut I claim thc particular means cmployed for oper ating the RCJ.WS, h h'. to wit, the racmployedck, J, and pinion, a, gearing, it*, raek ehalt, II,rack, n\ antl the wheel, , pawl,I, and pinion, p'. flaced on tin: slialt, F, the whole bring arranged to operate as set torth. I also claim, in combination with tlH' above, the racks m' g" attaehc:d respectively to the collar, l'. and shan, G, und used in counection with the pinion, h", and pattcrn, ]{, for the purpose specified. I further claim the platen, j. provided with inclined plane?, q. and having rods, k, and Rlotted burs. t, attached, which ban are connected with adjustable arm, c', whcreby the saws arc tilted or slightly raised at thc termination of each stroke of the frame, find thc saws also inclined, as occasion may reqnirc, substantially us detscribed, and for thc purpose set forth. [This invention consiste in a peculiar arrangement of means for giving a lateral feed movement to reciprocatiog saws w.hile they nre being opcratcd, and also in a peculiar manner of arranging the saws in connection with their frames, the whole being so arranged whereby stone or marble blocks may be sawn with either curved or taper sides, with parallel sides, or sidcs of irregular form, such as arc used for monuments, fcnce posts, ecclesiastical purposes, &c.] Self-Aojusting aS Esihossino Telegraphic Ma-Edmunel F. Barnes, of Brooklyn, N. Y, : I do not claim generally the URC of the power of electricity or maguetlsm for telegraphic messagcs at a distance, and rccording them, eIther in printed lidters or chnracters, nor the peiiem! arrangement of the wires. POi!ts, or elcctric circuit or circuitd, as these are old and well-known. But I claim the use and application of the combined permanent and electro-magnet in the resident magnet, substantially ae set forth and described. I claim also the arrangement of the springs, k and s, or their eqllhalcnt, in connection with the circuit breaker shaft, C, nnti type wheel ehalt, T, by which thc circuit breaker arm, d, and type wheel, li.are caused to retnrn to a given starting-point after the completion of each letter, thereby causing the instrument to be kept constantly self-regulated. I claim also the URe and arrangement Or combination of the circuit-breaker wheel, D, with its undulated periphery, and the hamUler, I, owl anvil, i, placed anll arrangea substantially an described, so tbat the revolution of the wheel, D, shall alternately connect and disconnect such hammer and anvil. and also connccted with the muio battery and line. for the purpose of clo!ing and breaking the main telegraphiccircuit, substantially ns "et forth and deSCribed. I claim also the arrangement substantially as describcd, of the hollow shaft, C. and clutch. f, and arm, d, and the connection thnrcwith, substantially a8 set forth, of the swing frame, B, by which thc clutch wheel g, is made to take hold of such clutch. f, on tkc hollow shaft, C, to carry.for\vard such shaft, C, and the circuit breaker, and the arm. tI, whencver any key is depressed, Bubstiintiallv as eut forth. I claim also the arrangement and combination of the vibrating lever, J, and its nipple, d, with the eecape-ment wheel,o, constructed ae described, to cause the type wheel "h"ft to revolve step by step nt cvery vibr,\bon of such lever, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. I claim also tho use and arrangement ef thc spring, L. with its adjusting slide aad adjusting screws, substantially as set forth and described, for the purpose of regulating the action of the vihruting lever, J. I claim also the arrangement and combination of the imprinting cam, p, the paper propelling eccentric, y, and t e type wheel releasing plane, b\ substantially as Bet forth, being attached to each other, and placed upon a common shaft or utherwi8c, but BO that it is impossible that they shoultl get iuto different relative posltionA. I claim also in connection with such imprinting cam and paper propelling eccentric and type wheel releasing plane, the arrangement and combination of the rod, z, bar, y,and imprinting press, x, and the rod, c', and the rod, 0, which together cause the letter to be imprinted. the paper to be propelled far enough for the next letter, and the dctent cog whpd, P, to be forced down, so that the type wheel IIlay return to its starting point, and again forced up to clutch the type whcel, and ulso cause each of these several things to be done at and in its proper time. I also claim the arrangement of the armature, II, constrncted of alternnto plates of conducting and nonconducting metals, whn combined with an electromagnet, aud used in connection with telegraphic in-struments,for the purpose of securinga more rapid vibration of such anuature. I also claim the arrangemcnt of the coiled spring, as described, about the type wheel shaft, T, such spring being set up to and held at a given tension, and such tension being increased only a certain amount by the friction, for the purpose of securins prompt action to such shaft. as dCBcribed. I also claim generally the arrangement tied combination of the said several parts described, substantially a. and for the VlIrposes set fortb. PlowsSamllel R. Bliven, of McDonough, N. Y. : I do not claim broadly a reversible share. for they have been previously used. althongh I .am not aware that tJ1t'y have been arranged like the onc shown. I am nlao aware that double mold-boards have becn ueed ; I thercfore do not claim such. Hut I claim thc reversible share, E, attached to the shaft, F, and connected with the lever, (J, or its equivalent, in combination with the two mold-boards, ', the pnrts bdng arranged relatively with cach other, as and for the purpose set forth. [There are some plows constructed so that certain parts will reverse, and thus turn the sod oaeither side of the implemcnt, as occasion may require. This is an improvement on one of these ; Bnd it consists in the employment of two stationary mold-boards in connection with a reversible share, so arranged as to perfectly attain tbe end desired.] \ Omnibus RegisterLonis Brauer, of Washlngton, F* D. C. : I do not claim moving the indicator of a regis-J ter by pressure upon the steps. /j But I claim the employment of an elastic stcp, by AS means of the movnble rods, K K, for operating the reg-ga Ister plate and bell, in the manner eet forth. U CoupU"g for Railroad CaBsGeorge S. mshop, of Washingtoo. D. U. : First, I claim the squared chambered bumper block, At when made to receive the sliding and block, C, to overcome the friction on pin, D. and Unk. B. Sl'cond, I claim tho lever, E, iu combination wUh the pin, I), and block, C, and bumper head, A, and pin or handle, L. Third, 1 claim the peculiar mauner of constructing the mouth of the humper, nnd its connection with the V-shapcIl mol1tb of the block, C, for holding the link, H, to tiny dc-ired horizontal angle, and by which the block muy be tipped to prevent the link from heing crippled, and also for holding the name in poise at any flcsired angle, the whole operated by lifting the pin. D, when constructed and operated in the maDner and for the purposes set forth. Waterproof CementsAbrnhnm Brower, of New York Citv : I am aware that watcr proof compositions for leather. eouewting of tallow. suet, wax. rosin, tar, oil and india rubber have been employed ; these I do not claim of themselves, singly or combined. I aux not aware, however, or ehellac or glue ever having been employed in unctuous waterproof compositions for leather: but these I do not claim of them8elvc8 in my composition, apart from the other ingredient, as nIl arc rcquired combined, to render it so excellent for the purposes set forth. 'Yhat I claim is, thc composition composed of all the ingredient described, anrl in about the proportions for the pnrrose sct forth. the same constituting an improved ne'v and useful artIcle of manufacture. [By a judicious compound of tallow, becswax, resin, shellac and glue, the inventor produces a very supcrior watcrproof composition, the leather remains 50ft and pliable, will take a polish, and repel water very perlectly.] ( Beahing Block. of Truss BRiDoraAlbcrt D. Briggs, of Springfield, Mass. : I do not claim separately ny of the parts of the truss frame. But I claim the method of increasing the bearing 8urfaces, for the bearing blocks, d dee, by tl ic employment of the combination of blocks or kcye c', c\ aiid blocks. h h; the former being tightly fitted between the chordsticks, and the said bearing blocks, and the lat ter between the cnds of said benring blocks outside of the chord sticks, substautially a. described. [A notice of this iml'rovement will be found on another page.] of Counterpoising GasometersP. 'r. Burtid, of Chicago, Ill. : I claim the arrangement of the chains, e e. in combination with the weights, d d. and chniud, a a, substantially 8S described. whereby, when there iR any tendency on the part of the holdcr, or the scction thereof, to which said weightd are npplied, to work unevenly, the liighi-st side U relieved from the cuunterbnlancc weights, and two of the said weights are bronght wholly iuto action on the lowest Side, substantially us expla.incd. [Thid invention is applicable to telescopic gasometers, or to gasometer! in which the hohler is single. It consists in a ccrtain arrangemcnt of the chains connecting the counterbalance weights of thostance holder, or of any of its scctions. whercby any binding in the tank and uneven rising and fulling, and the 1088 of gas, and other bad consequencos which are cawed thereby are prevented.] Plates foB Bdrgtar-Proof Sa."esIra L. Cady, (as.ignor to J. B. & W. W. Cornell & Co.l, of New York City : I claim forming a burglar-proof combination plate by the union of & stratum of molten iron with one or two perforated face plates of wrousht iron, sub8tantially in the manner represented and described. Sewing MacnlneBLuman Carpenter, of Oswego, N. Y. : I am aware that the feed in sowing machines has beon produced by 8 projection or fixed cam on the end of the needle bar or feed bar, or both: also that the feeding bar has bcen pivoted to a tilting lever and operated over an adjustable screw as its 1'ttlcrunu Neither of these arrangements do I propoae to claim. Hut I claim the combination of a tilting dog or cnm, F, with its friction spring, II, and pivoted vibrating har, G, when operated by the needle bar for feeding the cloth, in the manner substantially as described. AxlE Boxes, &c.David Cumming, of Sorrel Horse, {la. : I claim, first, 'rite peculiar form Or the outer end of the axle, c, and tapering hole, e, in box, F, when the said axle and box arc arrnnged rehLtivc1y to cach othcr us described, for the pnrpose set forth. Sccond, The combination of the two inner portions, and E' of the box with the claep, C, as and for the purposes described. Metiiob of Cutting Boot Fronts.John Dick, (If New York City : I am aware that boot fronts have been made without crimping, bh made of more than one piece of leather, or other material, and I do not, therefore, claim making a boot front which can be used without being crimped. Hut I claim cntting a bootfront out of a single piece of leather or othcr material, to the form described, or to any other form, subdtantially the same, whcreby it can be used (in making the same into a boot) without nndergoing the operation of crimping, as set forth. PaintsJ. S. DOrsey, of New York City : I cl.im the paint composed of carbonute of lelld fir oxyd of zinc ground in oil, mixed with carbonate of lime, and reduced by the compound vehicle specified, either with or without the addition of pulverized sand or sulIlhatc of baryta and sulphate ot'-copper. [Thl. new raint is Intended to be used as a substitute for oil paint in painting the plaster walls and ceilings of buildings, and other plaster work. Its charactcr is euch that it bccomes cxceedingly hard, and is not affected by the dampness of the plaster or of the atmospbere. It will not peol off from the plaster, a. oil p.int frequently does; it resists the action ot atmospheric changcs in temperaturc, admits of the we of all mineral and metallic coloring mnttcrs, either mixcd with it or for ornamental ,york upon its surface, ia net affectcd by the acUon of gases so much as oil paints, and requires fewcr coats than arc neccssary of oil paints. lts composition will be seen in the above claim.] Sewing MachinesCornc1ins Donovnn, of Abington, Mass. : I claim the application or attachment to the sewing machine of the stop motion described, consisting of the lever, a, the cogged segment, b, thc rack, c, the belt guide, d, the brakes, j j, the crank, n, the springs, i i i i, and the levcr, h, the cam. k, the pullcys, el e2, and the belt running on them, the pulley, e3, arrangcd and operating in the manner described. Sawing MacnineWilliam H. Doane and Carlile Mason, of Chicago, Ill. : 'Ye claim the arrangement of the gearing, k 1 b b c c, in connection with the levc,lutter Q, and feed rollers, R,so that the rollers maybe ('x- panded and contracted without at all interfcnng with their rotation. We furtber dalm placing the rollers, R, on the shnfL" 0, as shmvn, to wit, having the rollers hollow, proyidcd with bearings, f, which are fitted on the nppCl" ends of the shafts, (), nnd also provided with pendent pins, S g, which are fitted over the firivera, e, ot the shafts, 0, the upper journals of the rollere being fitted in adjn.table bearings, S, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [ThIs InventIon relates to an improvement in machines for re-sawlng, and is desIgned chiefly for sawing boards or H stuff" into weatherboard! or "siding" for buildIngs. The object of this Invention ifl to obtain a self-adjusting feed devicc, that is to say, to so arrange the feed rolle.. that they will always present the stllf centrally to the saw, without any manipulation on the part of the attendant, so far as the rollers arc concerned. The Invention also haaforita object the rcady adjustment of the feed rollers, so that the same may present the stuff yertically or obliquely to the saw, as occasion may require.] Ol'erating 'VINDOW BlindsAndrew Ferber, of Elizabeth City, N. J. : I am aware that the rods of bliud skits have been connected to thc cnds of the slats, and arranged in various ways; a patent, for instance, was granted to L. Stevensand S. 1. Ellithup, Juncaii, 1855, for an improvement in winfio\Y blinds, in which the tenoHS of the slats were forked. and the rods connected to them. A patent wns also granted to T. Christian. Murch2, Ibo8, for improvement in Wllldow blinds, in which pulleys were attached to the ends of the slats. Doth the CagCS abovc referred to differ essentially from mine. I l not claim broadly operating the blind slats by 0 mechanism connected with one eod of them. Nor do I claim broadly a rod attachment at the ends of the slats. Hut I claim the rod, c. fitted in one of the stilcs, a, of the blind, and provided witli pins, i, which are fitted in oblique Blots, c, in plates, d, attached to the cudsuf the slats, the parts bdng arranged substantially a" aud for the purpose set forth. I also claim the rod, c, attached to the slats, B, as shown, in combination with the spring, k, fitted within the mortise, j, and attached to the stilt-, a, the whole being arranged substantially as and for the purpose sct forth. [The slats are attached to a rod, and fitted in one of the stiles of the blind, and the rod i. attacbed to the stile, so that the rod. cannot obstruct the light, nor nct as encumbrances, as hitherto, and the slats cannot turn or movc casually. The invention improves the appearance of the blind, and rcnders it more durable than those of ordiuary construction.] IfaB"essTUg BuckleJohn II. Fcraw,of IIinsdnle, N. Y. : I claim the double tongue, cog wheel, and traversing bars, arranged and operating in the body or box in a manner so as to adjust itsclt in lengthening out and taking up the trace., as de.cribed. Railroad Car Spring John J. Fields, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : Disclaiming the mere application of elastic substances for springs, Ha well as disclaiming in full tlie invention, use, or application of perforated concave devices or forms, described and cillimed by Fowler M. liay, and by him designated ad "'frustums of hollow cones," with central rod. I claim the CUll or recel'tncle, " " a a, formed with the lurgcr cavity. b b b, the swen or ledge, c c c, the sloping or conical cavity, d d d e c e, the elasUc hollow cOile or sheath, ft gS, the inverted cone IIIunger or core part, h hi i, through all of which the whole elastic principle or iiroperty of the material orsubdtauce used is brought into requisition, and tlie pressure or weight applied id equalized or diffused throughout the substance cmploycd, gubstaiitially as set forth and -deecribed. Stock for Holding tile Cutters in Rotary Planing MaOhines Ivers Gibbs. of Worcester, Mass.: I am fully aware that mnny things have bccn wrought and cast hollow, for the sake of strength and lightne... This I do not cluim. Rnt I claim a planer nrm of the external fonn de-scribed, and having both longitudinal and vertical openings through it, for the purpose and in the manner set forth. Apparatus for Distributing SteamnObert Hale, of Hoxbury. N. Y. : I do not limit myself to the exact form of U distributor" described, liS it may be varied without departing from tlie spirit of my invention. For instance, if the distributor is placed in a corner of the tank, a quadrant shape may be found to be better suited to the position occuvied by it, n flat cap may be placed over the' funnel-shapcd orifice of the connecting pilW, leaving an annular opening around it. Thlls far I have 8poken of my invention as particnlarly applicable to heating the fced water of cngincs, and it is ray intention to employ my distributor in connection with a method of separating a portion of the exhaust steam ot locomotives for the llllrpose of heuting tlie feed water, but it is obvious that it may be used to advantage whenever water is to be heated by tlie injection of steam as in bathing establishments nnd manufac.tories, I do not therefore limit myself to its employment for the purpose of heating the feed water of steam engines aluUl', but intend to employ it wherever it may serve to accomplish the cnd which 1 have in vicw. What I claim is the distributor described, or ita substantial equivalent, operating us set forth, for the purpose of injecting the steam into the water hi thin sheet us eet fllrth. Vai.vks iX Gas Apparatcs Augnst Hendrlckx, of New York City : I claim in the application of water valves to the main llilH! uf gas retorts, the 11se of a 1003c llerfomted cover, C a, substantially and tor the pur-posuB set forth. [A fllll de,criptiou of this improvement appea.. on llagc 382.] AVireELWiHGtiTe' Machine. Hinds, of Otscgo . Y. : My claims to the illlprOVe men ts cmbodicd and combined in thid maehine over others lor the same uses are, that it is constructed in a stronger, more com- pact, amI in n more durable manner and less liable gct ont of repair. Thllt thc machine in all its parts is in a form to render its cOIlstruction simple and cheap, anel can be more speedily shifted and adnpted to the different kinds of, vork tobe performed. That it is more siniple3 easy anel expeditious to u=c, and works with a preci81011 as exact as man can think or desire. I claim, first, Combining rcgular perpendicular ways, both in the mandrel carriage and in the hcad blOCks, to opprate crmjointly in adjusting thc angcrs to different positions for boring. Second, I claim the method of adjusting the hubs for boring by sllspending and rc,olving them on gudgeons in a carnagc tbat vibrates the other way on a pin,and is set nnd controlled hy thllmbsercws at d d, the rcvolving motion of the huh beins set and controlled by index wheel. nnd the latch, at f. Third, I claim the entire construction of the spoke-holdcr and carriage, embodied th('rewith, togethcr with the catch or hook for controlling its motion. l"ourth, I claim the wlu'd eiLl'ringe nnd plates to bcle uded on the endA of the 1mb to confine the motion ot the wheel to the axis of the hub und axle. Apparatus ion Reout-atino the Supply oi Watkr to StEam BoilersZ. L. lacob$, of Hebron, ConD. : I claim first, The combination of a chamber having alterD:lte connnunication, with n rcsei-yoir to receive a fluid, and a boiler or othcr vessel in which to deliver it. calUSing the fluid, whcn it rises to the rlc8ired bight in the lutter vessel to check the )ll\ssage of air and othcr mri-form bodies to the aforesaid chamber, and thereby to regulate automatically the flow of fluid from said chamber, substantially in the manner set forth. Sccond, I claim the movablc pipe, L,or its equivalent, in combination with the vessd, A, for the purposc of changing the linc at which the fluid is to be sustain. cd in the boiler or vessel, A. as describcd. Third, I claim the ring, D. and the plug, 0, when constructed, combined andoperated in the manner and for the purpose described. "Flushing Valve" Trap for Sinks, Sewers, &c. Samuel lIathews, of New \ferk City : I do not claim a culvert in itself, or valve for water closets.' Rut I claim the combination of the hn.qin, d, and valve, I, with the overflow culvert, 8 0 10. in the trap, 8ubstantially as and for the purpoee. specified. ---------------------------------------------------- y MacUinery for PiT.Tng PapeUJ. C, Kneeland, of Northampton, Mass. : I claim a combination compused of the follnwing elements :First, u carrier, K, made of endless belts and rollers, or their equiviuiMits, nna arranged substantially as specified ; second, holders nr holding mccluLDidm, consisting of a rod 01' ruller, (i, one or more flexible strips, II 11, orb-irs, 11, or equivalent devices; third, mechanism to keep euch roller of the carricr from revolving, whilc sHch 1'01kr is dra win g the paper along over thc table; fourth, mechanism to cause the roller to revolve and dischartn th" licet of puperIlt the IJropcr time as 8pl'eified ; fifth, A table, L, or itd cquivalent, to rcceive the lllllt'r from the carril'l". And in combination with the abovc dopcrilwd laying meehauislU or comiJiuat ion of U1cclllluical elements, I claim ouc or more h:\1"s or guard., g' g', arr;wgpd Hllh-stantiully as specified, nud so to lJj"t'\'t'nt tlw sheet of paper while being carried forwur,l from btihi drawn against the rear edge of the pack on the table, aud being torn or injured thcreLy. Manufacturing Naji.sJobir D. Krauser, of Heading, Pa. : I do not ciailll rolling nail pbte to n (1dgc oue side by indiuing its iaces, as is practised iU lUukiug horse shoe nail blank.". Nor do I claim li.irppning a single edge, as in the strips of wood from which shoe pegs are 8plit, us my invClltion is altogether distinct from these ca=cs. Hut I claim the iirocwd as sd forlh, of Illakin. cut nails with impru\"t'll points, that id to .ay, beveling buth edges of the nail lJlate, so that the blunks .-luill be wedge-shnped ut hoth luds, a8 shown in i'iiz. 2, forniinc the head by tlw nction of the hcnJing tuul against thc widest end oi the blank, n= sd forth. SignaT4 Lantern SwitchesS. N. LcnDon. of Dt'posit, N. Y. : I amaware that colored nn,{ plMing luid lllntcs have been employcu for signal lamp8 or bin terns ILnd unalogous purpOde8, and 1 therc1vl'C do not claim broadly the 11se of such platts. Hut I claim attaching the colored class plates or slities, e f, twu or more of which are pInel1I at (,Rch side of the lantern to a pendulous frame, c, placed within the lantern, and arranged in such rdation with the co-lored plutes or slide;", e f, ad to operate in connection with the switch lev('r, F. subs tan lia ll y us described and for the purpose set forth. [A full de8crilltion of thid lnventiou will be found on anothcr page.] Co.mi'ound Rails foe RailroadsE. E, Lewis \". R. Dunning and C Wheat, of HI'noll, N. Y. : 'Vo claim the cap and badc ruil, constructed as described, and keyed together as specified and for the puiiiuseo oct 10r tIL Papermaking MachinerThomas Lindsay, of Wrst-villc, Conn., and 'Vm. Oeddea, of Seymour, Conn. : We do not claim the g;le, K, lIor du we claim, S"Jlaratcly, the adjustable deckles, C V, for they have been previously used. But we cl;dm the expanding lip or hasin, J, in combinution with the adjndtuhle deckll's, C C, awl strain, D. the abovc parts being arranged to ol'erute a8 and for the purpose set forth. . notice of thid improvemcnt is given in anothcr column. ] Bran Des.tersS. n. Manning, of Allcglmny, . : I do not claIm as new the use ot the wiiv gauze covering. nor Un; slats, r' r', nor tlie concave, H. But I cluim the use of a separat chamber covered with coar6e wire net work, in addition to aud in COTUbination with the ordinary chamber covered with fine gauze wire net work, arrangcil tmb= tantially vi the mnnner and tor the purposes eet forth. CwubnM. R. Marcell, of Dansville, N. Y. : I ,10 not confiue myself to the precise po-ition ur Hrrangl'mcut of the fanblowcr, as it may bc lllaccd on the siue io4eati of the top of the churnl and cOllnected with tie driving shaft by level or spur gearing. I claim. first, In combination with th. blower, the dasher constructed sulwtantiiiUy ns described, whereby acnrrent of air bluwn through.the da8hcr Hhaft iR caueid to bsue ifrom the dnsher udow the 8urface of the fluid in the churn inflne jcts for the purpose fat forth. Second, Thd double deflecting platee, CuiiatrncLttl substantially as dC8cribed in combination with a churn box for the purpose as set torth. IIangiSg Carriages foe Cnu.drexGilbert May-nard, of Grenfield, Mass. : 1 lun aware that spir:l springs have been applied to vehicles, aIl11 arranged iu various ways. both singly and comhined with ot.her forms of springs : I therefore do not claim uruadly nnd in thn aGdtruct the employment and use of spiral springs in children's vehicles. Hut I claim forming th-j spring of the chaise, and the axle or bealings of the wheels, C, vf the SaJlH', by mcans of a single rod, H. bent sud applied to the device, as ehownuiid described. [The inventor forms the springs of children's chaiscs and the axles or bearings of the wheels of a tangle rOil ofironoroteel, bent or curvcd in a peculiar way, 80 that their construction is much simplified, and a superior cliaiae obtaineu.] Grates for Steam BoilersJaUH'd Monteomery, of nrooklyn, N. Y. : I am l\ware that bdilers h;lxe uCl'n constructed m the nianuer of two horizontal tubular boilm-s placed back to back with one smoke-box coUlmon to both, and with the grlLtes of the two cOIlm'cted so as to appear as one grate for the two serils uf flue tubes, and with n door at each end: uut this mOlle of construction does not present the mode of operation which I have invented und claim as my iuYention, for cach half of the grate belongs tu, and ncts in connection with its npprollrlllte set of fine tubes as in two .epurate boilers, and thc prodllctd of combustion Irom the coa ld on onc end of tliegrate cannot be wude to pass over tlw other end of the grate. I claim combining with a boilcr formed with a series of vertical water tubes, and the flue 8pace among the 6uid tubes communicating with the fire chamber at one end only, Bubstantially described, grate- made thc wlwlc or nearly the whole length of the boilel, and with the fircdoorat each end, substantially as and for the purpose specified. SpJ.Tce PiecRs for Raiu!oad RailsEllwood Morris, of PhiindelllhilL. PH.. : I do not claim, bruadlJ', 51Jlic ing togethcr tile enus of two ralls by platcd IJr.Jted to the sides o Hhe same, as this I1m'ice has been heretufure used both in this country and in Europe. But I claim splicing togetlwr the ends of the two rails by means ot a plate or platcs so bfiit ami formed, and 50 secured to the opposite sides of the two mild HI to embrace the lowcr Huuchcs of tin; same, awl huvc longitmlinal bearings uvunut the sides, aud at l'Oilltd Above and bclo\v thc narrowest 1lortion of the rails, leaving a longitudinal ollcn space bltwl'l'n tue.je POilltp, trunsvcr:mly through which space pass the bolls fur securill the splice, the whole bdng arranged aubrft:iu-tially in the manner Ed forth and for the lIUrllOdC8il specified. Sewing Machines'hurles Moon1, of Buffalo, T. Y.: I do not daim tilt' fced plate describe!, Bor the CUllllJinatioll thcrl'of with litfler function it perform?, Wilt said fvinctioiidare separately considered; niMluyr do I cluim anv part of tht; nifclianisin, nor any cunibinatiou thcreof by whkh the feed plate U oii'rate!, or hy which cither function thereof is produced when rici'ar-atl'ly considered. But I claim thc elastic compression plate. H, con structcd with all offset or face, B 2, w:lich projeta through the bed plate, ami iwriorim thv comhi.1lcd functions of supporting the cloUl tC!lIall, :lIpon alloides arrainst the puncturt'. oi tiio needle. und iroducing n equal prf'ssnre upon t!H cloth upon both sides of the seamorline of stitch when in the uct of feeding, substantially na described. I also claim the self-expan-lin? looping spring., Q, | arranged and operating ns described, in combination %] with the slotted hunger. U, and springs, V, for tilepLU Jg poses substantially aa sct forth. (V Cr.oset for MilkEdward H. Nnek, nf YWrtport Jk Conn.; I do not claim simply constructing a hex orJfy: 379 closet with blinds for sides, bo 09 to admit nir and cx clude the sun, for this ia a common device, and la used in many instances aa la well-housp3. &c. But I claim the box or case. A, in combination with t he rotating shaft, C, and siwivcs, D, arrangod as and tor tlitt purpose specified. [A notice of this improvement will be found in another cuimnn.] Steam BoilersOrrin Newton. of Pittsburg, Pat : I 8m aware that BlIptrheated steam has often been uRed, but aa I do not design by my invention to superheat team, nor to makes any chemical change whntc\rer in the steam itself, but lIlcrdy to fit it for exerting its full Sownr when it reaches the cylinder of the steam en.eiue y previously subjecting it, after it leavea the prime pi'iicfRtor to a sufficient degree of heat to expauf! the tea m, and convert iuto steRIn any water or watery vapur wllich has passed with it from the prime generator nnhyd rating and expanding without superheating it, I therrforn do not claim the usc of superheuted steam, nor any apparatus forsuperheatinpit. But I claim the mode described, or its equivalent, prorlucing a Illorc perfect cnlorification aud expansion of the steam after it leaves the prime steam generator, and before it puters the cylinders of the steam engine by fit'nns of two or morc Bteain chambers constructed na described, separate from tho boiler, and heated by hot air front tin; furnace ; the steam thus anhydrated passing to the cylinder of the engine from one of these ei'parate chamber, while the steam in the other chamht'r is being prepared for the next stroke of tho engine substantially in the manner and for the purpoaee set forth. Wirevr DrillsEdward O. Bryden, of Lafayette, Inrt. : I claim the combination nnd arrangement of the cutlers, II IIII II. and teeth, GGGG. with the con centric hnld"r holder, D D D D,and levera, E B, nnd the combinat inn and arrangement of the elides, Q Q Rud u n, flud the levers, , with the pitman!, , and cranks, n n, when cOllstructed and operated as set forth. Adjusting Mosquito Bar3F. C. PaYne, of Hebron, Conn. : I do Ilot claim the sheave arraugement as used for h'uiging lamps, &c. llut I claim the application of the slotted projection, D. th\' hanging, weighted nrm, P. in the manner and for the purpose substantially as sd forth and described. Combination of TUX Need1.e aXd Sundial to ABcD.where tain TimeChfti-lesli. M. Pohl, of Richmond, Va. : I do not claim aa my invention the magnet needle, nor do T claim as my invention the sun-dial. \Vhat I claim U combining the magnetic needle with the sundial, so that the point. of compaSd is at all times at h:md,*ad thereby the time of day ascertained from the dial, by holding the dial horizontal, and due north ami south. Grates for Locomotive Toseph W. Poll', of Philudt'lphhl, Pa.: Ido not claim the invention of hollow or tubular grate bare or of hollow bearers therefor, having afr passages through them. But [ claim the construction of the\ublllar bar?, with hollmv upwaTlI projections, b b, fitted with movable top pieces, c c, substantially ns nnd for the purposo specified. [A notice of this Improvement i. given In another column, GaS Regulators J. H. Powers, of Newark, N. J. : I do not claim the inverted pressure cup, nor the grooved or notched inverted cupshaped valve working in a seat of quicksilver, as the cup is specified in several patenta, and the valve is specified in combination with the cup in my patent of Sept. I,1857. Nor do I claim nuy of tile other partd of the regulator as separatply considered. But I claim the arrangement of tho annular prcssnre cup, B C, and regulating valve, D, in the double annular quicksilver basin, e f, whose inncr and outer channels, e and f, are arranged at a distance apart to form between them a passage, J, through which a communication ia establi.hcd between the Interior of the cup and the atmosphere, aU substantially as described. [A description of this invention appears in another column.] Compounds for Treating Potato RotLyinan Reed, of Baltimore, Md. : I do not broadly claim the application of heat or oils or poisonoue substn.nccs to de.troy in.ect life, as this has been done before for other pm1J08C8. But I claim the treatment of the potato preparatory to planting to the process set forth. subjecting it to s' lar or artificial heat, and then to the action of the liquid described, or any other analogous or equivalent thereto. Mode of Operating Mecltanism oF Printing Telbgrafhio MachinesThomas Reeve, Joseph Reeve and Sidney M. Tyler, of Brooklyn, . Y. : What we claim as improveuwnts in the mechanical arrangementw of Barnes1 telegraphic instrument is, First, Arranging the keys in a flat lliate or key board, in a eemi-circular form, substantially as described, securing thereby a direct connection between such keys ana the swing trame. Second, Applying the pointe or clutches, 12 12, at a distance from the a haft, e, and in connection therewith mnking such a shaft a round instead of square, tor the purposes set forth. Third, The \H!e and application of an independent friction, constructed substantially as described, upon the type wheel shaft, to secure in connection with the coiled spring more prompt and instantaneous action to such shaft nnd the type wheel thereon, whenevcr the in:ii;net reh:llses the escapement wheel, o. Fourth, Disconnecting the receiving portions of the inatruments from the transmitting portions, to assist the operator in transmitting substantially as described. Bawk MacllinesS. C. Salisbury, of Milwaukie, Wis. : I claim the largt; cylinder, M, in combination with a series of small cylinder*, I, spring guard plates.equal, a' s', and die box, a2, the whole being arranged and operating as set forth. I claim cutting the bricks of the required lengthsthe from the continuously moving body of clay by means of the double knife passing through the forming die in the manner set forth. Coupling "oR Horse Railroad CaRsBlaney E. Sampson. of Boston, Mass. : I am aware that it is not new to make cars self-ahacklingwhen brought together, railroad cars often having couplings so applied ; and I am also aware that common carriage poles are made without joints. I therefore do not claim making horse cars 8.elf .shackling, nor making a pole to a horse car in one piece. I claim the described method of constructing and applying the pole eo that it shall be in position to shackle when brought against the platform at any common angle of presentntion. I ,,1.0 claim so applying the pole RS described that It shall b. supported by the car, instead of upon the horses, as is usually done. Tile Production of Illuminating Gab, Milton Sanderi, of Cincinnati, Olrio : I claim carrying the mixed vapors of water and hydrocarbon, formed in the manner described into a retort, containing carbon at a high red heat, for the purpose of producing an illuminating gas. Clothes' ""rrsgerIsaac A. Sergeant, of Springfield, Ohio : I claim, first. The yoke, B. provided with a suitable hitching arm, the said yoke be ing adapted to be temporarily attached to a wash tub, or readily disconnected therefrom, ae explained, and employed iu a benriug for a rotary clamp for wringing clothes. Bl'cunrl, the ((escribed connection with the yokPl B, I claim the movable clamp, II I J K, and pawl nne V\ dug. , by means of which the said clamp is retained -*- within the. yoke, or may be readily removed therefrom "J at will to be cleansed or dried. C Third, In the described connection with a rotary fJr clamp for wringiOg clothes I claim the hinged and yielding hitching arm, E, lorI thcclaim purposesthehinged explained. for Weighing and Registering Grain J Scheitlan, of Columbia, South Carolina : I claim, First, A bncket with two compartments for a grain weighing and registering machine, WhiCl 1is euepended freely from the ann of the balance unti the weighing is completedi and does not require to be turned or oscillated to dhdodge the grain. Second, The combination of a bncket with a tipping bottom to open and close the compartments alternately, with a tipping tray opcrating substantially as de scribed. Third, The combination of the rollerarm or its equl. valent with the scale beam and registering apparatus, in snch manner that the somo part of the mechanism which makes the count, also resets and locks the tip. ping bottom, so that no miscount can be made. Feeding Quartz, &o., to Machines for Crushing and Grinding tue SaMeCharles Powcl Stanford, of Mount Gregory, Cal. : I claim the arrangement described of a lever, I, which is adjustable by a sd screw, J, in connection with a shoe. II, in such " manner that stlid shoe is agitated by the dropping of the stamper, and some of the quartz or otll(r substance is caneed to fall into the pan or mortar at such a tiUle, and in 8uch a quantity oa deeired. [This invention consists in arranging a lever in connection with the shoe, from which the quartz or other Bubstance is fed to the pan or mortar in such a manner that it is agitated by the dropping of the stamper when ever the crushing surfaces come close enough into contact to make a fresh supply desirable.] Corn HarvestersAlbert Stoddard, of Tecumseh, Mich. : I do not cloim being the first Inventor of a corn harvester. Nor do I cfaim the parts of my machine separately. llut I claim fl\e combination with the muin fmme A, of the piuion, E, shaft, G, pinion, II, cog Wheel, If eaw, tT, shaft, K, ret!l, L, guaro, P, wJieel, Xl belt, lV, shaft?, V V, their pulleys, u n u u u u, endess belts, T T , hopper. Z, its pivot, &, slide, 4, bnr, 3, and caps, 0, wll{n these scveral parts are arranged as and for the Plp'poses set forth. IIorse Power MACTiTNie-TameB A. Stan., of Roch ester, N. Y. : I claim the con8truction on he base when combined with the wheel, I, to form a trussed arch, whereby not only is great strength secnred, but the length of tl ehau, c, and its consequent liability to vi bration is lessened. Compounds for Protectinq Trees from Insects Willium W. Taylor, of Dartmouth, M.... : The can structlon of the trongh, A, in two pieces, as descriDed, has not bl' en claimed in the present application, although it is believed to be new ; but it is designed to claim it in a separate application. I claim the application of the bitter water left In the manufacture of sea salt, or its equivalcnt, to destroy canker worms and other insecte, in their attempts to ascend trees, as set forth. Seed Planters-. II. Thomas and P. P. Mnst, of Springfield, Ohio : 'Ve claim, first, The use of flaring inclined gutter-shapcd arms G3 G3. on the shaft, which is arranged in the hopper, 0, and lift and agitates the grain, in combination with the peculiar construction of distributing slide described, substantially as and lor the purposes set forth. Second, The employment of the above wheat hopper, G, and its attachments, as described Hnd shown, in combination with a grase seed hopper, II, anel the flaring seed conductors, H', when said gross seed hopper and flaring conductors or epreaders, II', are arranged behind the wheat hopper, G, and so located thRt the back board R, of the whent hopper shall completely overhang ti,e salDe, substantially as and for the I'urpo ses set forth. [By the first feature of this Invention a more perfect agitation, lifting, Rnd certain depOBit of the grain in equal quantities, into the cells of the distributing slide, ia accomplished, also a discharge of the same Into the drill tubes. And by the second featnre, grass seed can be planted at the same time that the wheat is planted In the rear of the drill tubes, Instead of (as u,ual) in front of the sam., and tbns the disadvantage of having the grase seed planted in the deep fnrrows with the wheat Is avoided, and said seed can be planted on tbe surface, as it should be, In order to spring np speedily.] Clothes' DryeeStephen H. Tif t of Morrisville, Vt. : I claim the arrangement of the lieht yielding ban, A A A A A, cords or ropes, D D D D, standard B, and light yielding legs, C C C, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [This clothes' dryer comlsts simply of a st.ndard with a revolving cap, from which a series of arme project out laterally. The arme are IIgbt and yielding, and are set slightly oblique to a horizontal plane. The clothes' lines are arranged on the arms so as to connect them together; and when the arms are sprung down to a horizontal line by the welgbt of the clothes, they draw the clothes' line tant. Thelegsof thestandard are flexible,so as to yield with the weight of the clothe., and thusallow the standard to descend, sothatitslowerend mayreot on tbe floor and support the whole structure and the weight upon it By thus. comtructing the clothee', dryer with oblique yielding arms and yldding legB, it can be made exceedingly ligbt and cheap. We regard this ai a very cheap, simple, and nseful contrivance.] Machines for Cleaning GrainB. T. Trimmer, of Rochester, N. Y. : I claim giving the screens au unequal, reversible, gyratory motion. for the ])urpose of neutralizing the centrifugal force of the grain, und retaining it in the center thereof, in combination with the vertical vibratory motion, by means of the double reverse-acting crank!, n n, cams, s, and springs, m, or their equivalents, arranged aud operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. I also claim the combination and arrangement of the blast generator. B, triple blast tubes, D and F, and their valves, f n, and movable diaphragm, s, with the screen box, J, and return spouts, P and Q, operating conjointly, for separating, screening, and returning the grain, and for in creasing, diminishing, and modifying the blMts for the various purposee required, substantially in the manner set forth. I further claim the adj ustable deflector, R in combination with the cree n box, J.for returning the lighter grain through the screens, and re-subjecting it to the blasts, or discharging it as refuse, as described. Triangular BraOe for Locking tub Panels of Field FencesS Cbarles Van De Mark, of Oak's Cor ners , N. Y. : I do not claim the panels, or the mode of locking the same together, as the same are embraced in my aforesaid patent the do I claim triangular braces to snpport the panels of a fence, as the same have before been need. But I am not aware of any previous instance in which a triangular brace bas been introduced within an open ing in one panel, in 811ch a manner that the insertion of the end locking board of tbe next panel through the eame opening ehall hold the aforesaid triangular brace in theproperposition, and also connect the panels to gpther. I claim as an improvement on the said patent of June 2d, 1857, the brace. i, constrncted as specified, when combined with panels formed as set forth, with the c nd locking pieces, and sot together in a straight, or nearly straight line, as described. Butteb Machine ElIyaon Yerhy, of Washington. D. C. : I claim the elide F' as a disconnecting apparatus; when said slide is used In combination with the conicai pan and agitator, the said pan and agitator constructed subft antially as and for t he purpose cribed. Railroad Car BrakesWilbur B. Walt, of Ports mouth, N. H. : I dp not claim the use of brake chains, and connecting brake rods, as the same are now generally applied to car brakes. But I claim the combination and arrangement of the frame, F. together with the connecting joints, Q Q oftheor , with latch, L, attached, the shaft, I, with drum, C, attached, connecting with the shaft. A, by an eye, R', the belt, D, passing round the axle, E, the lever, K, the levers or arms, C, with brake chains, d*, and rod, IS, attached, the guide bar, G, and slot, O, the main shafts, M A, and p, with cog wheels attached thereto, and the Blots, N. and eyes or links, R and R',in the manner ubstantially as ehown In Fige. 1 and 2, and as described. Making Steel RollersHenry Waterman, of Brook lyo, N. Y. : I claim my improved compound rollers, consisting of the steel shaft, A, the iron cylinder. H, and the steel cylinder, C, forming the s1llface when fitted together and hardened in the manner siecified. Alarm Gauge for Steam Boilers-oseph Whit. more, of Lowell, Moss. : I claim the combinution of the steam whistle, W, valve, 1% rod, L. spring, K K" and its connections, and box, D, when used in connection with " steam boiler for the purposes and Bub,tantially a8 set forth. Drawing InstrumentWiIliam W. Wythee, of Phi ladelphia, Pa. : I wish it to be understood that I do not desire to confine myself to the precise form or arrangement of the eeveral parte illustrated and described. But I claim, FIrst, Causing the adjustable pencil. holder to revolve as tho beam is turned on the adjustable centre, m, by means of the disk, Q-. and endless chain, I, withthewheels and pulleys (or their equivalents) acting in conjunction with the same, for the purpose specified. Second. The adjustable slidini piece, K, with its epindle.q, and adjustable pencil-holder, L, when constructed and arranged as and for the purpose set forth. Third The spindle, d, with Its adjustable bar, N, and pulley, f.and the epindle, e, with its adjustable bar, N, and pulley, h, in combination with the adjustable point, m, and endless chain, I, the whole being arranged on the beam, A, substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. PumpsHenry Zeng, of Eiizabethport, N. J. : I do not claim, broadly, the employment of a water chamber in the upper part of the pump cylinder, nor broadly the employment of a valve therein. But I claim the combination of a loose plate or disk valve, F, with the l)iston rod. D, in the UHler llart of the cylinder. B, subdtantially as and for the purpo.e and described. ManglesD. Cumming, Jr. (assignor to D. Cumming, Sen.), of Mobile, Ala. : I do not claim, broudly, the employment or use of pressure rollers for mangling clothes, for they have been uscd and arranged in "arious ways for accoDlplishing tbe l)Urpose ; but so far as I am aware, thuy have been used in conuection with a horizontal bed or plu.ne surface on whicll the clothes were placed, Hi us making a cumbrous machine. What I claim ia tlie emp loyme nt or use of the cylinder, B, havini its axis fitted In fixed bearings, a, the cy linder, C, having au elliptical surface, c,on a portion of itB periphery, and having Its axis fitted in eliding bearings, b b.and the wedges,D D, having weights, F, attached, the whole being arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [This Invention con sists in the employment of a roo tating . cylinder having fixed bearingsa rotuting clotbes cylinder and a cylinder with a segment rc moved so as to form a plane face ; the latter cylinder having Its axis placed in yielding or adjustable bearIngs, which are acted upon by wedges and weigbts so that tbe clothe. may be operated npon or mangled In an expeditious and perfect manner.] Knitting Machines-Joeeph P. DelRhunty, of Co hoes, N. Y., assignor to himsdf snd Edgar S. Ellis. of Troy, N. Y., assignor to Clark Tomiikins, of Troy, aforesaid : Y.I claim bo arranging or adjusting Toml.kins,theof presser and connecting it with the yarn running to the needles that, when the yam breaks or fails, the presser will move and cease depreesingthebarbeofthe needles, and thereby prevent the casting off of the " quarter" or veb, substantially as Bet forth. Stoves for Burning Soft Coal Merriman P. Dorsch, of New York, N. Y, assignor to Peter Dorsch, of Schenectady, N. Y. : I am aware a perforated cone lor admittingjets ofalr to fuel is not new. I am also aware that a rosette furnished with holes has been used. I do not, therefore, claim either of these things individually. But I claim the combination of the perforated cone and rosette when arranged with regard to the fire box, and operating as set forth and represented. Steam Heating AppabatubThoma. Gordon (assignor to CITarlce II. Bullard), of Trenton, N. J. : I claim, First, The application of water-joint! to the safety valve and Iteam pipes, eubetantially as set lorth. Second, The construction of the throttle valve, P, with an inverted cup, I, in a water-joint or case, substantially as described for the purpose set forth. Third, Connecting the dome, D, with a steam pipe, by a water eupplyprpe, c, as and for the purposes speci-fied. Fourth, Arranging at the bottom of the radiator a caloric valvc, substantially as described for the purpoee specified. GaS RegulatorsCharles F. Holier (assignor to William B. Smith and William Brom nl l), of Phila delphia, Pa, : Ido not claim the co:nbination of an inlet and outlet chamber, a valve, an invt rted cup and a spring, as I am aware that Buch combination is used ill most gas regulators. But I claim the peculiar arrangement as described of the inlet and outlet chambers, the valve, the inverted cnp,the spring and guide pin, whereby the spring and the guide are effectually protected from contact with the gas, and provision is made for the return of all liquid matter through the inlet pipe, as fully set forth. Sewing MacAlbert H. Hook (assignor to Union Scwing Machine Company), 01 New York, N. Y.: I claim a narrow space between the looper finger, e, and arm, g, in combination with the rough Buriaceon g, the whole being constructed and arranged substantinlly as set forth. Illuminating Glasses foR Vault CoversThad dens Hyatt (assignor to George R. Jackson & Co.), of New York, N. Y. : I claim combining glasses of an inverted pyramidal, polygonal or conical form, with the sash or metallic portion of an Illuminating vault cover, or its equivalent, for the purpose of producing a wide Bpread and perfect diffusion of tb. ray. of light which may pass through said cover into the apartment be neath, substantially as .et forth. Machines fob Pegging ShoesLeander Lackey, of Sutton, MasB., assignor to himself and Elmer Towns end, of Boston. Mass. : I do not claim holding the last or shoe up to the pegging mechanism by means of a weighted lever and a standard connected together by a universal joint. But I claim the combination of the heavy Inertia block, p'. with the weighted lever, R, and eIther the last or the standard lor supporting tne last, the aame being for the purpose as epecified. I also claim the arrangement of the Inertia block with reference to the lower bearings. , of the universal jointthat is, bo that a vertical line paeeing through the eenterof gravity of the inertia block shall fall on one side of and at a distance from the axis of such bearings, the same being for the purpose as set forth. I also claim combining with the inertia block and its universal joint a mechaniem for revolving the Inertia block twice while a lole on the shoe last Is being pegged, such a niecbaaism aa shown In the drawings, consisting of the flangei n, the griper, o, the connection bar, p the lever, q, the pitman, r, and the cam, E. I aleo cluim so arranging and applying tho last standard on the inertia block, that the position of the standard may be varied on the block in order to change the inclination or slant of the pes as described. I also claim arranging and combining with the peg feeding mechanism, substantially aa described, a mechanism, for receiving each peg nnd condensmgasdescnedt or contreseing it iuet prior to ltd being driven into the Boleeuch a mechanism ia shown in the drawing, consisting of the slider, g1, the hook, elide bar, in1, the toggles, k\ the pitman, b\ and the mechanism for act.uating i'k'the said.pitman, as described. I also,claim the combination of the wedged pitman, b', its side cam. d*,the receded poet, Z, anil the etud of the feeder, C, the same being the mechanism for feed-In? the shoe along. I also c1uim combining with the feeding mechanism a mechanism, substantially as deecri bed. for imparting to the shoe last an intermittent, reciprocating lateral motion, slIch as will cause the machine, when ga1:in motion, to insert two rows of pegs iu the solesuch a mechanism as shmvn in the drawings, conssting of the pitman, d 2, the notch, x*. the recess, z\ the etud, e3, the heart cam, a2, and the plate, v'. Railroad Car Seats-ohn McMurtry (assignor to Jamcs B. Claw and .John Best), ofFavette county, Ky.: I do not claim the quadrant, d d and P P, with their thumb screws separately. N(ither do j. claim the mode of hinging the seats, B and f, together, aa these devices arc oat new. But I cl.im the combination and arrangement of tbe seat back, footboard and qundrnntM, for the purpose of making the sent adjustable qundrnntM,Bnd reversible at pleasure, substantially as described for the purposcs set forth. Burners for Vapor LampsG. W. Rand.ll (aa-signor to lieu ben J. Todd), of Boston, Mass. : I claim the appl ication of the valve and its spat to the generator and the button or heat absorber, tho same consisting in making such valve and scat tapering, and arranging them in the generator, and maintaining them in contact by the action of a spring, nnd connecting the valvo with a separnte button in such manner that the button, heBides performing its office of absorbingheat from the flume, may serve withthe @prtng to maintain the valve in place against its scat and to rotate the valve as epecified. UevolvinO FirearmsEdward A. Raymond and Charles Hobitaille (ignore to thcmsclvps, Jno. B. Hichurds and Thomas K, Austin), of Brooklyn, N. Y. i We do not claim any part of the invention of Petten-gill secured br patent. But we claim. First, The manner specified of controlling the moltons of the lever, h, and spring, i, by means of the spring, m, roller, q, and incline.. 10, aa and for the purposes dedcribed and 8hown. Second, lYe ciaim locking the chambers, d, by the end of the lever, h, taking the triangular re cessee, 8, in tlie rear of the chambers, as said lever completes its ul1ward movement for the purpose and as epecified. EE-ISSUES. Machini foX Foldtng PapeeS. T. Bncon, of Boston, Maes., assignee of A. Hardy, of Boston, Mass., aRsignee of J. North. of Middletown, Conn. Dated April 15, 1856 : I claim, Firstly, Producing the fold over a stationary knife or 8t rais ht rde by pressure upon the sheet when in contact with the knife cdg, substantially as described. SecondJy, The use of nippers EO constructed as to fold thc sheet over the knife edgt', seize it and carry it to its proper position for receiving another fold, Bubstantially liS described. Thirdly, The method described for releasing the shpetfrom the nipper. Fourthly, The adjustable check and the mode of releasing ite hold by the advance of the nippers, as Bet forth. Fifthly, Attaching the stntionary knives to the recl procating carriage, as set forth. Sixthly, The combination of the crank, K. slotted connecting rod, M,lever, N. and link. P, substantially as described for operating the reciprocating carriage. Seventhly, Hanging the cutting rollen, on a bar vi brated and checked as herein deecribed. Eighthty, The arrangement of the (T) levers, with double concentric shafts as described, for operating the nippel'd from one cam, as set forth. Casting Skeins foR AVagonsAndrew Leonard, of Kenosha, Wig. Dated Feb 24,1857 : I do not claim to have been the first to make thimble skeins as such. But I claim the combination of a whole thimble skein pattern, b, with a loose collar pllttern, I, subRtnntially as specified and as shown in Fig. 1, for the purpose epecified. I claim, also,the vertical position of green eand cores for thimble nkeius, when molded and combined at their base with the mold, substantially in the manner specified ; In combination with the odjuettngtopot theooree at (.) by the hand, after the mold is completed, except the casse, whether core bara or their eqnivalents for the purposeare used, substantiallyas described and sh own. Literary Notices American 6. By G. Weisscnboro, Civil Engineer, 131 Fulton street,New York. Nos. 4 to 12 Parts 1 and 2. This isalarge work containing beautifully executed lithographs of American machines and engineering works, with all the constructive details and neceesary description. In the present numbers we find the detatl. of the steamship Knoxville, with elevation. of the arrangement of ber engine room and boilers, aud all the infonnation that would be required to construct a similar engine. There arc also full and detailed it-luetrations of the passenger locomotive Talisman, built at Paterson, N. J., drawings of the steamer Francis Skiddy, with accurately drawn elevations of her beam engine, with a cylinder 70 inches in diameter and 1. feet stroke. The steam fire en"ine MisBOUri is finely drawn, and the tender of the Talisman and the engines of the Caroline, of Havana, are all contained in thes8 numbers. The accompanying letterpress contains exactly lthat kind of information which cvery engineer and mechanic wants to know, not being confined to mere details of the drawings, but embracing every sub-ject in connection with the work that ia Incapable of illustration bythe artist or draughtsman. This work when eomplete will be tbe most perfect of Its kind ever published, and will form the bafie. we hope, of a system of scientific instruction applied to all the various branches of the engineering art. The subscription is only $1 per number. and we hope that it will find Its way into the hands of all who take an interest in the progress of steam in America, of which it forms a perfect history. Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine for July excellent, the " Soldier and the Surgeon" being tlie title of the firat article. It is an able review of the sanitary condition of the British army, und should be rood by nil whohaveany taste for military matters; The otlirr rtides are very good, and " What will he do with it*" increases in interest every number. L. Scott & Uo. ,79 Fulton etreet, New York, are the publishers. Hunt's MerOlIants' MagazlnB and Comjiehciai, Review for August. No. 142 Fulton street. New York. This, the ablest, commercial periodical published in America, contains in this number a valuahle and interesting condensation of the work of Baron Von Plenker, chief director of the Austrian tobacco manufactories, upon the manufacture, trade and consumption of tho Uweed." The various kinds, qualities anrl properties of alcoholic beveragee, called spirits or nistilled liquors, have their share of attention, and much interesting information i8 given concerning their manufacture and adulteration. Full, as usual, of mercan tile news, this " is a good number of an excellent mnyazi nc. * Henry Ward Bkecheb's Sebmonb. Two recent ser f mo na of this eloquent preacher are published in pam- phlet formprice ten centsby Long & Farrelly, 23 p Ann et, New York.