ELECTED-MAGNETIC SIGNAL TELEGEAPIIS—AY. R. Smiley, New Lisbon, Ohio.—The nature of this invention relates to an apparatus for making telegraphic signals' by means of electro-magnets, and embodies improvements upon the analogous instruments heretofore in use. SCAFFOLD.— Frederick App, Selin's Grove, Pa.—The object of this invention is to provide a scaffold for house painters and other persons employed n working on the walls of buildings. PRUNING SHEARS.—D. B. Saeley, Portland, 111.—This invention relates to a new and improved implement for pruning plants, bushes, trees, etc.; and it consists of a stationary hook-shaped blade in connection with a sliding one. ! STENCH TEAP AND OVEEFLOW FOE BOWLS, CLOSETS, ETC.—John McClosky, j New York city.—This invention relates to a new and improved method for constructing the stench traps and overflows of wash bowls, sinks, water closets, etc.; whereby the same are more simple in their construction, and are more easily cleaned out and repaired, and more effectually prevent I the rising of noxious and. unpleasant gases. "WINDOW BLIND AND DOOE HINGES.—L. R. Chapman, Grand Rapids, Mlctt. —This invention has for its object to furnish a neat, simple, convenient, and reliable self-adjusting hinge for doors, window blinds, etc., which shall be s so constructed and arranged as to hold the blind or door securely locked j when swung open, in such a way as not only to hold it securely, but also * to prevent rattling. J BOAT AND DAVIT TACKLE.—Capt. Edgar Wakeman, Brooklyn, Cal.—This 1 invention has for its object to improve the construction of my improved boat and davit tackle, patented April 2, 1867, and numbered 63,585, so as to make it stronger, and more convenient, reliable, and effective. ! "WATER ELEVATORS.—V. G. Hamilton, Milton, "Wis.—This invention has i for its object to furnish an improved apparatus for raising water, which r , shall be simple and durable in construction, and convenient and effective in j operation. J WOOD-BENDING MACHINE.—Robert Fitts, Jr., Fitchburg, Mass.—This in-_ ventionhasforits object to furnish an improved machine, designed espe-i cially for bending the frames of chair seats, but which shall be equally adapted for bending woodforother purposes, and which shall be so cons' structedand arranged as to apply the pressure to the timber to be bent gradually and progressively until it is brought into the desired form. r j HAMES FASTENING.—"William Fawcett,New Yorkcity.—This invention has. j for its object to furnish an improved hame fastening, designed more partic-j ularly for the hames of light harnesses, and which shall be so constructed ' I as to hold the hames securely against side strain, and at the same time be I easily and conveniently detached and attached. : SMITHS'BELLOWS.—J. P.Hemmingsen.Marshalltown, Iowa.—This invent. tion has for its object to improve the construction of the ordinary smiths' bellows,so thatit mayreceive and retain a supply ofair.tobe given off gradually, to keep up a blast upon the fire to heat one piece of iron while the smith is working upon a piece previously heated, without the employ-i ment of a bellows blower being necessary. STEAI EXGINE.—Horace Bartine Martin, San Francisco, Cal.—This inven- 1 j tion relates to a,new osoillating steam engine, which consists of a two-1 , j ended cylinder, Inwhlch two pistons are arranged, they being connected ' i on the outside by means of a yoke. Steam is alternately let into the cylin-j ders so as to act upon one of the pistons, the cut-off being produced by the weight of the yoke, and the pistons connected therewith. SHOE KNIFE.—G. "W. Spencer, South Groveland, Mass.—This invention relatea to improvements in shoe knives, such as are employed on machines for channeling the soles of boots and shoes; and consists in certain improve- j I ments in the knife holder, and the combination with the knife of a grooving j instrument for forming a grove in the channel for the thread. PLOW TBUCK.—Joseph Clees, Darbyville, Ohio.—This invention relates to j improvements in plow trucks, the object of which is to provide a simple and convenient arrangement for adjusting the same to vary the depth and j width of the furrowing as may be required. FIFTH "WHEEL FOE VEHICLES.—HenryPoth, Pittsburgh, Pa.— The object of this invention is to provide a more simple and durable fifth wheels for vehicles than was heretofore in use. It is designed more particularly for buggies or spring wagons, andisapplicable to such vehicles when constructed either with a single or double reach. BRICK MA CHINES.-Rembrandt Lockwood and Charles C.Schmitt,New York I city.—This invention relates to improvements in brick machines, whereby ! it is designed by the employment of a sliding clay receiver, reciprocating molding apparatus, and delivering carrier arranged to receive the clay from the bottom of the mill, and carry it to the vertically reciprocating molding apparatus, where it is molded and delivered to the delivering carrying apparatus, which delivers the molded bricks from the mill, to provide an j improved and simple apparatus for accomplishing the molding and press- j ing of bricks. APPAEATUS FOE LOADING ICE.—Peter F. Whitney, Saugerties, N. Y.— j This invention relates toimprovementsin mechanism for receiving ice as it is shuted from the store houses, and delivering it into the holds of vessels. The object of which is to reduce the labor, and preserve the ice from breaking. It consists of a framing to be placed over the hatchway of a vessel, having a rotating drum, from which is suspended a carriage, which, when in the elevated position, forms the termination of a shute extending to the bulwarks or thereabouts of the vessel to receive the ice. The said carriage is lowered into the hold by the weight of the ice, under the restraining action of a friction brake, and is raised again by a weight. SPAEK EXTINGUISHER.—E. H. Garrigues, St Louis, Mo.—This invention relates to a new and improved device for extinguishing sparks from chimneys and smoke stacks. MATCH SAFE.—JesseE. Folk, Brooklyn, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in boxes or safes for keeping lucifer matches whereby they are rendered much more convenient and useful than they have hitherto been, and it consists in forming on the top of the cover of such box or safe a receptacle for the stubs or waste ends of matches. PROCESS FOE PEEPAEING ARTICLES FOK GILDING AND pLvnxc.—G- J. Sturdy and Solomon W. Young, Providence, R. I.—This invention relates to a new and improved process for finishing, gilding, or plating various metallic crticles, as hooks and eyes, buttons, eyelets, and all metallic articles of a similar nature. LXTBIMCATOR.—"WilliamMcCully, Paterson, N. J.—This invention consists in providing a single cock, in combination with an oil reservoir and suitable oil passages.by which the oil, or other lubricating material, is distributed to each of the cylinders. NEWSPAPEE FILE.—Michael Sullivan and John Reedy, New York city.— This invention relates to a new and improved " file" for the preservation of newspapers, unbound periodicals, sheet music, and all descriptions of papers, whether printed or written, which papers it is desired to preserve in order, or to keep on file before binding. HORSE HAY RAKE.—G. M. L. MoMillen, Dayton, Ohio.—This invention is a simple, cheap, convenient, and effective device for automatically locking down the teeth so as to hole! them in contact with the ground while allowing them to be easily raised by the attendant when occasion may require. SAFETY LAMP BUENEK.—John Pons, Baltimore, Md.—The object of this invention is to provide for public use a lamp so constructed and operating, that when, by being overturned, or from any other accident, the chimney j shalldropoif or ceaseto bear upon the cap, the flame of the lamp shall be automatically extinguished and all danger of explosion thereby avoided. TANNEES' TABLE.—Franklin C. Sexton, Shelbyville, Ind.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement ia apparatus used by tanners in dressing and coloring hides in the process of making leather. STACKING.—EobertMcLarn.Shirland, Pa.—The object of this invention is so to improve the process of thatching stacks of hay, grain, etc., that the labor can be more conveniently and expeditiously performed than heretofore, while the stack will be neat in appearance and will be well protected against the weather. SAFETY CATTLE TIE.—CharlesP.Winslow, Westhorough, Mass.—The ob-ect of this invention is to provide means for releasing cattle, horses, or other animals which are tied in barns or stables, in case of fire, and thereby enablinstthemto escape. STEAM ENGINE.—Henry B. Verry. New York city.—This invention relates to a new and important improvement in steam engines, and consists in the arrangement of the valves and ports whereby the steam is exhausted from the same ports through which it entered the cylinder. CAEEIAGE FOE SAWING SADDLE TEEE STUFF.—James H.Preston, Jeffer-i son City, Mo.—The object of this invention is to facilitate the construction, ' of saddle trees. Heretofore it was customary in the manufacture of saddle-( trees to rive or split the billets of wood in order to give them the'propertri-j angular cross section preparation, to working them down into "bars," " cantles," " heads," and " side trees," so-called, and other accessory parts of saddle trees that require to be beveled more or less. By means of this invention these enumerated partsmaybe sawed with the proper bevel or I triangular cross section and a great saving thereby effected in time and ) material. { LOUNGE.—Francis Hayek, New York city.—The object of this invention is provide a lounge with an arm or foot support at its open end,so that it may,; if desired, be used like a sofa by two persons who can both support their ! arms. Such an attachment is also important, as H allows a convenient posi-l tion on the foot end of the lounge, when on dark days it is desired to read on I the lounge, whose foot end generally is nearer to a window than the head , I end. For reclining postures this attachment is also convenient as it forms j a support for the feet. SMOKING PIPE AND CIGAE HOLDEE.—August Tappe, Johnstown, N.Y.— The object of this invention is to provide a new attachment to the stems or mouthpieces of pipes and cigar holders, whereby the tobacco juice isp re-I vented from entering the mouthpiece and from thereby injuring the health of the smoker. The invention consists in the application within the stem of I a perforated conical tube, suspended from aperf orated diaphragm, and of a i perforated tube projecting upward above said diaphragm, so that by the said tubes the juics will all be arrested and only smoke allowed to pass into the mouth piece. I PUDDLING-FUENACE FEAME.—P. E. Shear, Saugerties, N. Y.—The object of this invention is to construct the bit or tool-support of a puddling furnace door so that it cannot shrink and bend by coming in contact with the cold metallic surface underneath, and so that it can be moved in if its inner ex-1 posed edge has been destroyed by the excessive heat. Also, to so construct : the frame of the door. that the nre brick, built against it.can be left stronger to be less liable to burn out. FAN ATTACHMENT FOE TABLES.—J. C.Mansker.Clinton.La.—This inven-; tion relates to improvements in fan attachments for dining and other tables, i to be operated by any suitable weight or spring mechanism, or by treadles, as may be preferred. WATEE SUPPLY RE GU LA TOE FOE WATEE WOEKS.—Birdsill Holly, Lock-port, New York.—The object of this invention is to provide an effective and ] reliable meansf or governing or regulating the supply of water in the street, j of town water works. It is designed more particularly for those towns and j cities where there is no material head to give the requisite pressure for carrying the water into the upper stories of the buildings, but is also applicable solely as a fire apparatus in any city, whether supplied with artificial water works or otherwise. HAND SEED PLANTEE.—John Jeffcoat, Onawa, Iowa.—This invention relates to a new hand seed planter, which is so condensed as to be of convenient size, and easily handled, and which is cheap and can be readily made by any ordinary mechanic. It can be used single or double; that is, one per-j son can operate one or two of them at once, and the mechanism is easily adjustable to different kinds or quantities of seed to be planted. UNCUT CAPS FOE CANS.—J.I. Livingston, Pittsburgh, Pa.—This invention relates to improvements in caps for sheet-metal cans, such as are designed I to close a vessel hermetically, when packed for shipping and to be opened by cutting out a portion of the metal, the object of which is to promote an arrangement whereby the part to be cut out may be removed more readily, and whereby, also, the removable cap commonly applied to close the opening so cut out, may be attached more readily, or a plug or cork inserted in place thereof; also, to provide a cheaper construction. PEOCESSFOE BAKING BEEAD.ETC—J. Y.Betts, Coventry, England.—This invention relates to an improved process of baking, whereby the quality of the bread and other farinaceous articles operated upon will be greatly im proved, the chemical change set up by the heat of the oven being more thorough throughout the loaf, and from whicii there result an economy to the manufacturer.and lighter and more wholesome bread(with an improved appearance) than is ordinarily obtained. These advantages are attained by the introduction of steam into the ordinary or any approved oven charged with the dough to be baked, and heated in any w.ell-known or approved way. The steam will be supplied from an adjacent steam boiler. The oven is kept charged with an atmosphere of steam for the greater portion of the time that the charge of bread, biscuits, or other articles,issubmitted to the heat of the oven.but before the oven is drawn the supply of steam is cut off. The heat of the oven will superheat the steam admitted thereto; and the more effectually to insure this result, the steam supply pipe may be coiled or given a turn or two round the interior of the oven. The steam admitted to the oven will serve to keep open the pores of the bread, and allow the heat effectually to penetrate the mass.